Basic Site Details

Name: Hartwood Asylum
Town, district or village: Shotts
City or county: Lanarkshire
Country: Scotland
Parish:  
Status: Demolished
Grid ref:
Notes: Cost of initial asylum building when opened in 1895 £152,430
.
Nurses' home is C Listed. Work for which plans prepared in 1935 to cost £230,000 (this sum given in 'Builder' but maybe really £23,000?). Assessor of competition John Carrick.

Alternative Names

The following alternative names are associated with this building/design:
 NameCurrent name?Notes
Item 1 of 5District Asylum for Lanark Alternative original name
Item 2 of 5Hartwood HospitalYes 
Item 3 of 5Hartwood Mental Hospital  
Item 4 of 5Lanark District Asylum  
Item 5 of 5Lanarkshire Mental Hospital  

Building Type Classification

The building is classified under the following categories:
 ClassificationOriginal classification?Notes
Item 1 of 1Psychiatric hospital  

Events

The following date-based events are associated with this building:
 FromToEvent typeNotes
Item 1 of 141885  Competition - 10 architects asked to prepare competitive plans
Item 2 of 141887  Competition held but building did not proceed at that time
Item 3 of 141889 or 1890 Build/constructionOriginal building
Item 4 of 1420 May 1895 Opened 
Item 5 of 1418971898 Additions (2 large separate blocks to the rear of main building erected)
Item 6 of 14January 1897 Contracts advertisedFor "Two blocks of cottages at Hartwood Asylum," architect not named
Item 7 of 14March 1897 Tenders submittedTwo blocks of cottages. Architect given as J Lamb Murray
Item 8 of 1419041907 Sanatorium block added
Item 9 of 141906  Sanatorium built -26 beds for the isolation of TB patients.
Item 10 of 141916  New reception block
Item 11 of 1419261931 Nurses home constructed and opened
Item 12 of 141926 Design exhibitedNurses' home
Item 13 of 141935  Plans prepared for various new blocks
Item 14 of 141936 Design exhibitedMale staff hostel

People

Design and Construction

The following individuals or organisations have carried out design/construction work. Where architects or practices worked together, matching letters appear beside their names in the Partnership Group column.
 NameRolePartnership GroupFromToNotes
Item 1 of 42Francis ('Frank') StirratArchitect 1885 Second premium in competition
Item 2 of 42David BarclayArchitectC1885 Competition design, selected but not successful
Item 3 of 42H & D BarclayArchitectural practiceC1885 Competition design, selected but not successful
Item 4 of 42Hugh BarclayArchitectC1885 Competition design, selected but not successful
Item 5 of 42Campbell DouglasArchitect, ValuerD1885 Competition design, selected but not successful
Item 6 of 42Campbell Douglas & SellarsArchitectural practiceD1885 Competition design, selected but not successful
Item 7 of 42James SellarsArchitect, ValuerD1885 Competition design, selected but not successful
Item 8 of 42Bruce & HayArchitectural practiceE1885 Competition design, selected but not successful
Item 9 of 42Donald BruceArchitectE1885 Competition design, selected but not successful
Item 10 of 42Edward Alexander Buckingham HayArchitectE1885 Competition design, selected but not successful
Item 11 of 42(Sir) John James BurnetArchitectF1885 Competition design, selected but not successful
Item 12 of 42John Burnet & SonArchitectural practiceF1885 Competition design, selected but not successful
Item 13 of 42John Burnet (senior)ArchitectF1885 Competition design, selected but not successful
Item 14 of 42Baldie & TennantArchitectural practiceG1885 Competition design, selected but not successful
Item 15 of 42Robert BaldieArchitectG1885 Competition design, selected but not successful
Item 16 of 42William TennantArchitectG1885 Competition design, selected but not successful
Item 17 of 42John Baird the SecondArchitectH1885 Competition design, selected but not successful
Item 18 of 42Boucher & HigginsArchitectural practiceI1885 Competition design, selected but not successful
Item 19 of 42Henry HigginsArchitectI1885 Competition design, selected but not successful
Item 20 of 42Henry Edward CliffordArchitectJ1885 Competition design, selected but not successful
Item 21 of 42Landless & CliffordArchitectural practiceJ1885 Competition design, selected but not successful
Item 22 of 42William LandlessArchitectJ1885 Competition design, selected but not successful
Item 23 of 42Baird & ThomsonArchitectural practiceQ1885 Unsuccessful competition design
Item 24 of 42James ThomsonArchitectQ1885 Unsuccessful competition design
Item 25 of 42John Lamb MurrayArchitect 1889 or 1890(?)1897(?)Appointed for job (though he was not one of the 10 architects asked to prepare plans for the 1885 competition)
Item 26 of 42Alexander CullenArchitectKc. 1904c. 1907Sanatorium block added
Item 27 of 42Alexander YoungArchitectKc. 1904c. 1907Sanatorium block added - working as assistant to Alexander Cullen
Item 28 of 42James LochheadArchitectKc. 1904c. 1907Sanatorium block added
Item 29 of 42William BrownArchitectKc. 1904c. 1907Sanatorium block added
Item 30 of 42Cullen, Lochhead & BrownArchitectural practiceL1916 New reception block built
Item 31 of 42James LochheadArchitectL1916 New reception block
Item 32 of 42Cullen, Lochhead & BrownArchitectural practiceNAfter 1925Before 1940Male staff hostel
Item 33 of 42Lockhart Whiteford HutsonArchitectNAfter 1925Before 1940Male staff hostel
Item 34 of 42Cullen, Lochhead & BrownArchitectural practiceM19261931Nurses' home
Item 35 of 42James LochheadArchitectM19261931Nurses' home
Item 36 of 42Lockhart Whiteford HutsonArchitectM19261931Nurses' home
Item 37 of 42Cullen, Lochhead & BrownArchitectural practiceO1935 Plans prepared for various new blocks
Item 38 of 42James LochheadArchitectO1935 Plans prepared for various new blocks
Item 39 of 42Lockhart Whiteford HutsonArchitectO1935 Plans prepared for various new blocks
Item 40 of 42Cullen, Lochhead & BrownArchitectural practiceP1936 Male staff hostel
Item 41 of 42James LochheadArchitectP1936 Male staff hostel
Item 42 of 42Lockhart Whiteford HutsonArchitectP1936 Male staff hostel

Clients

The following individuals or organisations have commissioned work on this building/design:
 NameNotes
Item 1 of 2Lanark District Lunacy BoardFor works in 1897
Item 2 of 2Lanarkshire Mental Hospitals Joint Committee 

Related Buildings, Structures and Designs

Child Structures

This structure or site has the following component or child structures (click on an item to view details):
 Building NameNotes
Item 1 of 1Hartwoodhill Colony for mental defectives 

References

Bibliographic References

The following books contain references to this building:
 Author(s)DateTitlePartPublisherNotes
Item 1 of 7Darragh, Alison2011Prison or Palace? Heaven or Hell? An architectural and social study of the development of public lunatic asylums in Scot Unpublished PhD thesis, University of St Andrewsvol 2, pp 258-62
vol 3, pp 104-6
Item 2 of 7Harper, Roger H1983Victorian Architectural Competitions: An Index to British and Irish Architectural Competitions… London: Mansell Publishing 
Item 3 of 7Richardson, HarrietN.D.Scottish Hospitals Survey Unpublished typescript (copy in DMW Archive)Listed as Hartwood Hospital
Item 4 of 7Royal Glasgow Institute of the Fine Arts1926   213
Item 5 of 7Royal Glasgow Institute of the Fine Arts1932   335
Item 6 of 7Royal Glasgow Institute of the Fine Arts1936   352
Item 7 of 7Who's Who in Architecture1914   Reference to Bruce and Hay

Periodical References

The following periodicals contain references to this building:
 Periodical NameDateEditionPublisherNotes
Item 1 of 10Architect26 March 1886  Bruce & Hay designs entered under the name 'Health' (cost £98,984); Francis Stirrat designs entered under name 'Hartwood Hill' (£100,000); Landless & Clifford design enterted under name 'Isolation' (cost £120,000). Carrick recommended all three designs - the Board made the decision on cost.
Item 2 of 10Architect20 April 1888  Bruce & Hay designs. Abandonment, result of change in membership of Board. Dansken measurer sought £1448, offered £1000. Bruce & Hay sought £3000, offered £2000.
Item 3 of 10Builder28 March 1885XLVIII p445
Item 4 of 10Builder23 January 1897  p88 - contracts open for two blocks of cottages at Hartwood Asylum
Item 5 of 10Builder6 March 1897  p235 - tenders for two blocks of cottages. Lamb named as architect for this work
Item 6 of 10BuilderNovember 1935CXLIX p801
Item 7 of 10Building News4 November 1887  Campbell Douglas & Sellars' competition design
Item 8 of 10Evening Citizen14 May 1895   
Item 9 of 10Hamilton Advertiser18 May 1895   
Item 10 of 10Scotsman15 May 1895   

Archive References

The following archives hold material relating to this building:
 SourceArchive nameSource catalogue no.Notes
Item 1 of 6Cullen Lochhead & Brown ArchitectsCullen Lochhead and Brown Archive Drawings (dated 1927) L4
Item 2 of 6Historic Environment ScotlandListed Buildings Register49672Nurses' home
Item 3 of 6Historic Environment ScotlandListed Buildings Register43858Hospital
Item 4 of 6Lanarkshire Health BoardLanarkshire Health Board Hartwood Hospital Minutes from 1883
Item 5 of 6National Monuments Record of Scotland/NMRS, RCAHMSScottish Survey of Architectural Practices Project MS material  
Item 6 of 6RIBA Archive, Victoria & Albert MuseumRIBA Nomination Papers Lockhart Whiteford Hutson: F no3785 (combined box 28); Alexander Young: L v21 no1697