Basic Biographical Details

Name: William Brown
Designation: Architect
Born: 1873
Died: 24 January 1953
Bio Notes: William Brown was born in 1873 in Larkhall, Lanarkshire. He was articled to Alexander Cullen of Hamilton and Motherwell in 1888, attending technical and art classes at Hamilton Academy from 1889 to 1894. On completing his apprenticeship, he remained as assistant until 1902 when he became a partner with Cullen and James Lochhead. After Lochhead's arrival the work of the practice became extremely accomplished Edwardian Baroque and classical. The practice, still known simply as Alex Cullen, had a major competition win for Hamilton Municipal Buildings in 1903, and a Glasgow office was established at Atlantic Chambers in Hope Street to supervise the Western District Hospital, a by-product of the competition for the Eastern District Hospital in which Cullen and Lochhead had been placed first but did not receive the commission. It was not until 1908 that the practice became Alex Cullen, Lochhead & Brown.

Alexander Cullen died on 20 January 1911. At the time of his death his youngest son, Alexander Cullen Junior (born 1892), was only in the first year of his apprenticeship with the practice. Lochhead and Brown continued the practice thereafter, Brown remaining in charge of the Motherwell office and Lochhead taking over the management of both the Hamilton and the Glasgow offices. They dropped Cullen's forename from the practice title which then became simply Cullen, Lochhead & Brown. Two months later, on 20 March 1911, Brown was elected LRIBA, his proposers being George Gunn, James Davidson and James Lochhead. The firm continued to prosper and branch offices were opened in Motherwell and Glasgow before 1914.

Brown became FRIBA in early 1921, proposed by Lochhead, Davidson and William Brown Whitie. In 1925 Lockhart Whiteford Hutson and Thomas Spiers Fraser, both of whom had been assisting in the practice, became partners. According to the obituary of Spiers in RIBAJ the partnership was dissolved in 1930. Brown retired in 1931; in the RIBA Kalendar of that year he gives his home address. Lochhead remained with the firm until his death in 1942.

Brown died on 24 January 1953 aged 79. He was buried in Larkhall.

Private and Business Addresses

The following private or business addresses are associated with this architect:
 AddressTypeDate fromDate toNotes
Item 1 of 3Skellyton, Larkhall, Lanarkshire, ScotlandPrivateBefore 1911After 1920 
Item 2 of 34, Clyde Street, Motherwell, Lanarkshire, ScotlandBusinessBefore 1911After 1926 
Item 3 of 3Netherwood, Shields Road, Motherwell, Lanarkshire, ScotlandPrivate1931 *1939 or after 1940 

* earliest date known from documented sources.

Employment and Training


The following individuals or organisations employed or trained this architect (click on an item to view details):
 NameDate fromDate toPositionNotes
Item 1 of 5Alexander Cullen1888c. 1893Apprentice 
Item 2 of 5Alexander Cullenc. 189324 June 1902Assistant 
Item 3 of 5Alexander Cullen24 June 19021908Partner 
Item 4 of 5Alex Cullen, Lochhead & Brown1908January 1911Partner 
Item 5 of 5Cullen, Lochhead & BrownJanuary 19111931Partner 


RIBA Proposers

The following individuals proposed this architect for RIBA membership (click on an item to view details):
 NameDate proposedNotes
Item 1 of 6James Davidson20 March 1911for Licentiateship
Item 2 of 6James Davidson1920 or 1921for Fellowship
Item 3 of 6George Gunn20 March 1911for Licentiateship
Item 4 of 6James Lochhead20 March 1911for Licentiateship
Item 5 of 6James Lochhead1920 or 1921for Fellowship
Item 6 of 6William Brown Whitie1920 or 1921for Fellowship

RIBA Proposals

This architect proposed the following individuals for RIBA membership (click on an item to view details):
 NameDate proposedNotes
Item 1 of 1James Nisbet GilmoreLate 1930 or early 1931for Licentiateship

Buildings and Designs

This architect was involved with the following buildings or structures from the date specified (click on an item to view details):
 Date startedBuilding nameTown, district or villageIslandCity or countyCountryNotes
Item 1 of 1351894Midstone HallHamilton LanarkshireScotlandDesign for entrance lodge and gateway exhibited
Item 2 of 1351898Young Men's Christian InstituteMotherwell LanarkshireScotlandAs assistant to Alex Cullen
Item 3 of 1351900Carnbooth HouseBusby LanarkshireScotlandDesign exhibited. Design also exhibited 1907
Item 4 of 1351900County Hall and Sheriff Court Houses and County Police OfficeHamilton LanarkshireScotlandCounty Police Office to Beckford Street
Item 5 of 1351901New Century TheatreMotherwell LanarkshireScotlandAs partner but title of practice not yet changed
Item 6 of 1351902Auchinlea Workmen's Home  LanarkshireScotland 
Item 7 of 1351902Bo'ness Public SchoolBo'ness / Borrowstouness West LothianScotlandExtension to north-east - secured commission by competition
Item 8 of 1351902Lanarkshire Middle Ward and District OfficesHamilton LanarkshireScotlandDesign exhibited - also exhibited 1903
Item 9 of 1351902Larkhall Police StationLarkhall LanarkshireScotland 
Item 10 of 1351902Mossend Lodging HouseMossend LanarkshireScotland 
Item 11 of 1351902The Rowan Tree InnUddingston LanarkshireScotlandRemodelling
Item 12 of 1351902Thornlie UF ManseWishaw LanarkshireScotland 
Item 13 of 135After 1902GordonbankLarkhall LanarkshireScotland 
Item 14 of 1351903Douglas ChambersHamilton LanarkshireScotland 
Item 15 of 1351903Douglas Public SchoolDouglas LanarkshireScotlandReconstruction
Item 16 of 1351903Electric TheatreFalkirk StirlingshireScotland 
Item 17 of 1351903Gaiety TheatreAyr AyrshireScotlandRebuilding after fire
Item 18 of 1351903Hamilton Municipal Buildings and Public LibraryHamilton LanarkshireScotlandWon competition and secured job; municipal offices only built before First World War
Item 19 of 1351903Jerviston HouseMotherwell LanarkshireScotlandRestoration
Item 20 of 1351903KirknoweCambusnethan LanarkshireScotland 
Item 21 of 1351903Omoa Combination PoorhouseCleland LanarkshireScotland 
Item 22 of 1351903St Andrews ChurchMotherwell LanarkshireScotland 
Item 23 of 1351903St Machan's Church hallLarkhall LanarkshireScotland 
Item 24 of 1351903Vicar ChambersFalkirk StirlingshireScotland 
Item 25 of 1351903Western District HospitalOakbank GlasgowScotland 
Item 26 of 13519044 and 6 Keith StreetHamilton LanarkshireScotland 
Item 27 of 1351904Bothwell Police StationBothwell LanarkshireScotland 
Item 28 of 1351904Coatbridge Carnegie LibraryCoatbridge LanarkshireScotland 
Item 29 of 1351904Dalziel PoorhouseMotherwell LanarkshireScotlandWon competition to secure job
Item 30 of 1351904Hamilton Parish Council ChambersHamilton LanarkshireScotlandWon competition to secure job
Item 31 of 1351904King's TheatreKilmarnock AyrshireScotlandDesign exhibited 1905
Item 32 of 1351904Kirklands Mental HospitalBothwell LanarkshireScotlandNurses' home and cottages
Item 33 of 1351904Templehall Buildings and adjacent tenements in Quarry StreetHamilton LanarkshireScotland 
Item 34 of 1351904Tenements, 3-10 Kemp StreetHamilton LanarkshireScotland 
Item 35 of 1351904Tram Car Sheds and Tramway Power StationLow Motherwell LanarkshireScotland 
Item 36 of 1351904Villa at Bent RoadHamilton LanarkshireScotland 
Item 37 of 135c. 1904Hartwood AsylumShotts LanarkshireScotlandSanatorium block added
Item 38 of 135c. 1904Tenements, 14-18 Kemp StreetHamilton LanarkshireScotland 
Item 39 of 1351905Alexandra TheatreGreenock RenfrewshireScotlandActing as consultant architects
Item 40 of 1351905Clyde ChambersWishaw LanarkshireScotland 
Item 41 of 1351905County HospitalBellshill LanarkshireScotland 
Item 42 of 1351905Dundyvan ChurchCoatbridge LanarkshireScotland 
Item 43 of 1351905Dundyvan ManseCoatbridge LanarkshireScotland 
Item 44 of 1351905GlenleeCardross DunbartonshireScotland 
Item 45 of 1351905Greenock and District Combination Hospital, GatesideGreenock RenfrewshireScotland 
Item 46 of 1351905Newmains Police StationNewmains LanarkshireScotland 
Item 47 of 1351905Overtown Police StationOvertown LanarkshireScotland 
Item 48 of 1351905Parkhead Model Lodging HouseParkhead GlasgowScotland 
Item 49 of 1351905Strathhaven SchoolStrathhaven LanarkshireScotland 
Item 50 of 1351905Tenements, Brandon StreetMotherwell LanarkshireScotland 
Item 51 of 1351905The MooringsMotherwell LanarkshireScotland 
Item 52 of 1351905Udston House, BurnbankHamilton LanarkshireScotlandAlterations
Item 53 of 1351905Wishaw Police StationWishaw LanarkshireScotland 
Item 54 of 135c. 1905Offices for the National BankHamilton LanarkshireScotland 
Item 55 of 1351906Braidwood HospitalCarluke LanarkshireScotlandNew fever pavilion and administration block, new wards, and gatelodge
Item 56 of 1351906Dalziel Co-operative Society OfficesMotherwell LanarkshireScotlandReconstruction after a fire
Item 57 of 1351906Hilltop, BlairhillCoatbridge LanarkshireScotland 
Item 58 of 1351906JarvistonMotherwell LanarkshireScotland 
Item 59 of 1351906Russell Memorial HallBothwell LanarkshireScotland 
Item 60 of 1351906Wishaw CourthouseWishaw LanarkshireScotland 
Item 61 of 1351907Board SchoolCarluke LanarkshireScotland 
Item 62 of 1351907Heathery ParkWishaw LanarkshireScotland 
Item 63 of 1351907Lanarkshire Miners' Union OfficesHamilton LanarkshireScotland 
Item 64 of 1351907Law Infant SchoolLaw LanarkshireScotland 
Item 65 of 1351907UF Church manses in the Highland area   Scotland 
Item 66 of 1351908Academy SchoolHamilton LanarkshireScotlandProposed alterations and additions
Item 67 of 1351908Langloan UF ChurchCoatbridge LanarkshireScotland 
Item 68 of 1351908Masonic TempleHamilton LanarkshireScotlandSecured commission in competition
Item 69 of 1351908Primitive Methodist ChurchHamilton LanarkshireScotland 
Item 70 of 1351908Quarter Police StationQuarter LanarkshireScotland 
Item 71 of 1351908Salvation Army CitadelHamilton LanarkshireScotland 
Item 72 of 1351908Tarbert UF ChurchTarbert ArgyllScotland 
Item 73 of 1351909Blackpool Central Library and Art GalleryBlackpool LancashireEnglandWon in open competition
Item 74 of 1351909Burgh HospitalMotherwell LanarkshireScotland 
Item 75 of 1351909ChapeltounDunlop AyrshireScotland 
Item 76 of 1351909Duthill UF ChurchCarrbridge Inverness-shireScotland 
Item 77 of 1351909East Kilbride Public SchoolEast Kilbride LanarkshireScotlandAdditions
Item 78 of 1351909Gourock Higher Grade SchoolGourock RenfrewshireScotland 
Item 79 of 1351909Hamilton Academy (and house at school)Hamilton LanarkshireScotlandWon competition and secured the job.
Item 80 of 1351909House at BothwellBothwell LanarkshireScotland 
Item 81 of 1351909Low Waters Infant SchoolHamilton LanarkshireScotland 
Item 82 of 1351909Tenements for Caledonian Railway Company  GlasgowScotlandBar to north
Item 83 of 1351910Cambuslang Police StationCambuslang LanarkshireScotland 
Item 84 of 1351910Club House, Hamilton Golf ClubHamilton LanarkshireScotland 
Item 85 of 1351910Co-operative Society premisesWishaw LanarkshireScotlandExtensions
Item 86 of 1351910Donald InstituteBothwell LanarkshireScotlandSecured commission by competition
Item 87 of 1351910House at KnowetopMotherwell LanarkshireScotland 
Item 88 of 1351910Saffronhall UF ChurchHamilton LanarkshireScotlandExtension
Item 89 of 1351910South Dalziel Parish Church HallsMotherwell LanarkshireScotland 
Item 90 of 1351911Bluevale SchoolHaghill GlasgowScotland 
Item 91 of 1351911Rorison Memorial ChurchAshgill LanarkshireScotlandExtension
Item 92 of 1351911UF ChurchMotherwell LanarkshireScotland 
Item 93 of 1351912Tenements, StenhousemuirStenhousemuir StirlingshireScotland 
Item 94 of 1351914RaheenBearsden GlasgowScotland 
Item 95 of 135Before 1914Co-operative Society premisesHamilton LanarkshireScotlandExtensions
Item 96 of 135Before 1914County of Lanark SanatoriumStonehouse LanarkshireScotlandExtensions? - probably including 20 additional beds and additions to administration block
Item 97 of 135Before 1914Shotts Fever HospitalShotts LanarkshireScotlandExtension. Further extensions later - 16 beds with addition to administration block
Item 98 of 135Before 1914Workmen's housingMotherwell LanarkshireScotland 
Item 99 of 135Before 1914Workmen's housingCleland LanarkshireScotland 
Item 100 of 135Before 1914Workmen's housing, CraigneukCraigneuk LanarkshireScotland 
Item 101 of 1351915John Hastie MuseumStrathaven LanarkshireScotland 
Item 102 of 1351918ChapeltounDunlop AyrshireScotlandGate lodge
Item 103 of 1351919Local Government Board competition, various house types   Scotland 
Item 104 of 1351919Station HotelPerth PerthshireScotlandAddition
Item 105 of 135c. 1920County of Berwick Infectious Deseases HospitalGordon BerwickshireScotland 
Item 106 of 1351921Scottish Housing Competition Section 1   ScotlandCommended design
Item 107 of 1351925The RossHamilton LanarkshireScotlandInterior work
Item 108 of 1351926HouseBellshill LanarkshireScotland 
Item 109 of 1351926War Memorial HallLanark LanarkshireScotland 
Item 110 of 1351927Burgh of Hamilton Maternity HospitalHamilton LanarkshireScotlandExtension - 9 beds
Item 111 of 1351927Clydebridge Motherwell commemoration panel  LanarkshireScotland 
Item 112 of 1351927Hamilton Municipal Buildings and Public LibraryHamilton LanarkshireScotlandTown hall added
Item 113 of 1351927Larkhall Miners' Welfare InstituteLarkhall LanarkshireScotland 
Item 114 of 1351927Police HousingBellshill LanarkshireScotland 
Item 115 of 1351928Garden Village at Kirktonfield for the Bleachers' AssociationNeilston RenfrewshireScotland 
Item 116 of 1351928Housing at Linnhouse for Hamilton District CouncilHamilton? LanarkshireScotland 
Item 117 of 1351928Housing at Newfield for Hamilton District CouncilHamilton? LanarkshireScotland 
Item 118 of 1351928Livingstone Memorial United Free ManseBlantyre LanarkshireScotland 
Item 119 of 1351928Lodge St Thomas No 306Larkhall LanarkshireScotland 
Item 120 of 1351928McGeachin's HouseLanark LanarkshireScotland 
Item 121 of 1351928Sports Pavilion for the Bleachers' AssociationNeilston RenfrewshireScotland 
Item 122 of 1351928Sports Pavilion, KirkfieldbankKirkfieldbank LanarkshireScotland 
Item 123 of 1351928Super CinemaHamilton LanarkshireScotlandPlans drawn up
Item 124 of 1351928The Yews housing for Hamilton District CouncilHamilton? LanarkshireScotland 
Item 125 of 1351928Udston House, BurnbankHamilton LanarkshireScotlandExtensions - single-storey ward pavilion, operating theatre and laundry
Item 126 of 1351929Baillieston Police StationBaillieston GlasgowScotland 
Item 127 of 1351929Douglas Police StationDouglas LanarkshireScotland 
Item 128 of 1351929Larkhall Miners' Welfare Institute Sports PavilionLarkhall LanarkshireScotland 
Item 129 of 1351929St Andrews ChurchMotherwell LanarkshireScotlandRepairs due to mineral damage
Item 130 of 135193070 housesHamilton LanarkshireScotland 
Item 131 of 1351930Police StationStrathaven LanarkshireScotland 
Item 132 of 135c. 1930County and Burgh of Inverness Infectious Diseases HospitalInverness Inverness-shireScotlandConsulting architects for additional ward blocks
Item 133 of 135c. 1930Eastfield Housing EstateGallowflat GlasgowScotland 
Item 134 of 1351931HouseStrathaven LanarkshireScotland 
Item 135 of 135c. 1912Blantyre Police StationBlantyre LanarkshireScotland 


Bibliographic References

The following books contain references to this architect:
Item 1 of 4Glendinning, M, MacInnes, R and MacKechnie, A1996A History of Scottish Architecture   
Item 2 of 4RIBA1939The RIBA Kalendar 1939-1940 London: Royal Institute of British Architects 
Item 3 of 4Who's Who in Architecture1914    
Item 4 of 4Who's Who in Architecture1926    

Periodical References

The following periodicals contain references to this architect:
 Periodical NameDateEditionPublisherNotes
Item 1 of 1Motherwell Times30 January 1953   

Archive References

The following archives hold material relating to this architect:
 SourceArchive NameSource Catalogue No.Notes
Item 1 of 4Courtesy of Rob CloseInformation via 'Contact Us' on website Sent November 2014
Item 2 of 4Cullen Lochhead & Brown ArchitectsCullen Lochhead and Brown Archive  
Item 3 of 4National Monuments Record of Scotland/NMRS, RCAHMSScottish Survey of Architectural Practices Project MS material  
Item 4 of 4RIBA Archive, Victoria & Albert MuseumRIBA Nomination Papers L v12 no741 (microfilm reel 33); F no1758 (microfilm reel 14)