Basic Biographical Details

Name: H & D Barclay
Designation: Architectural practice
Started: 1871
Ended: After 1932
Bio Notes: Hugh Barclay was born in 1828, the son of David Barclay, sculptor and was articled to William Spence. Around 1854 he and another apprentice at Spence's, Alexander Watt, formed the partnership of Barclay & Watt. They established a reputation very early, first with the remarkable triple-arched cast-iron façade at 60-66 Jamaica Street in 1856-57 which took Baird and Spence's early experiments with cast-iron facades into a more three-dimensional form, and then with the refined and original classicism of the Ewing Place Church in Waterloo Street and the Corinthian Corn Exchange reconstruction on Hope Street, both in 1858. In or about 1857 James Sellars joined the practice as an apprentice, followed on 1 January 1861 by Hugh's much younger brother David, born 1846; all three became members of Alexander Thomson's circle, David Barclay writing a memoir of him in 1904. The connection with Thomson was clearly a close one: David Barclay was married to Jane Ewing Walker, daughter of John E Walker, stabler and cab-hirer and Alexander Thomson's most important client. During his apprenticeship David started drawing under the painter A D Robertson and at the end of it undertook the continental study tour which was the foundation of his French and German influenced neo classicism.

The early success of the Barclay & Watt practice was not sustained. In the mid-1860s it appears to have been seriously short of commissions. James Sellars left for James Hamilton's, although at least for a time some sort of working relationship remained, Dr Colin Sinclair (who joined the firm some years after Sellars's death) being uncertain as to its extent; and at or about the same date Alexander Watt left to commence practice independently from 67 Renfield Street. But by January 1871 Hugh's business had picked up sufficiently for David to become a partner, their first joint work being the very sophisticated Italian Romanesque Duke Street United Presbyterian Church. The Convalescent Home at Kilmun followed in 1873 and in 1875 the firm made its name for a second time with the Albany Academy in Ashley Street which established their reputation for educational buildings. It set a pattern for a long series of rather Germanic Italianate-profiled board schools in which sophisticated neo-Schinkelesque banded rustication, pilastrades, architrave frames spanning several bays, unfluted Ionic columns and herms were their favourite motifs. Considerable numbers of their schools were built for the Glasgow area school boards throughout the later 1870s and earlier 1880s: Melville Street (1878), Pollokshields (two blocks, 1879 and 1882), Abbotsford Place, (two blocks again, 1879 and 1893), Springfield (1881), Harmony Row and Rutland Crecent (1883) and Hillhead High (1884), all in Glasgow, and Jean Street (1883) and Clune Park (1886) in Port Glasgow, the grandest of them being the privately funded new building for Glasgow Academy at Kelvinbridge (1878). Of these Rutland Crescent was virtually indistinguishable from the work of James Sellars.

In 1879 Charles Barry, Junior, President of the Royal Institute of British Architects, awarded the Barclays the commission for the new Municipal Buildings at Greenock. It was then by far the most ambitious project of the kind undertaken in Scotland, with a central public hall and an internal carriage drive closely modelled on English precedents, and one which escalated during construction when the Municipal Buildings in Glasgow threatened to put it in the shade. In deference perhaps to the assessor's known preferences, its facades were more Renaissance than Greek with domed corner towers, pedimented attic pavilions, and a 250-foot tower crowned by a Corinthian peristyle, all liberally enriched with granite-shafted columns and caryatid figures. It took the firm into the premier league and enabled it to ride out not only the severe recession of the 1880s but the professional disaster of David's arrest on a charge of culpable homicide (of which he was acquitted) following the collapse of a playshed at Pollokshields in 1882. The brothers won the competition for the unbuilt municipal buildings opposite the Clark Town Hall in Paisley in 1883 and secured the commission for the giant Sellarsesque Greek Ionic temple of St George-in-the -Fields in 1885, clearly designed as a challenge to Thomas Lennox Watson's Roman Corinthian Wellington UP Church of 1882.

In the later 1880s the Barclays abandoned pure neo-Greek detail in favour of straightforward Italian palazzo treatments first seen at Annette Street School in Govanhill in 1886, but best exemplified at Lorne Street, Govan (1892) which has Ionic aedicules, fluted dwarf attic pilasters and diamond panels. These buildings were still very chaste in design but after Hugh's death in November 1892, uninhibited competition with the Northern European early Renaissance forms of architects such as James Thomson and his sons became the norm: indeed David set the pace for it in his competition win for J & P Coats Central Thread Agency Buildings on Bothwell Street in 1891, a long façade of thickly crowded aedicules, gables, turrets and chimneys which completely outdid the pioneer Glasgow examples of the genre, Thomas Lennox Watson's Citizen Building of 1889 on St Vincent Street Place and Alfred Waterhouse's Prudential Building on West Regent Street of 1890. Much more impressive as architecture than the Central Thread Agency was the giant Cumming and Smith warehouse of 1892 on Sauchiehall Street with its towering façade of deep giant arched recesses, extruded bay windows and dwarf-colonnaded eaves gallery, the arched recesses being enlarged and enriched red sandstone variants of those of his brother's cast-iron façade in Jamaica Street of thirty-five years earlier.

Hugh Barclay died on 25 November 1892. Like his contemporary Campbell Douglas, he was a man of impressive appearance with a full beard. He never sought election to the RIBA, but David was nominated as part of Charles Barry junior and John Honeyman's recruiting campaign, his proposers being Honeyman, John Baird, and George Bell, and was admitted FRIBA on 3 January 1881. Like Rowand Anderson he subsequently allowed his fellowship to lapse, probably as a result of the disagreements within the Institute on registration, but in 1899 he was re-nominated as President of an Allied Society, the Glasgow Institute of Architects.

In deference to his brother's memory, David retained the practice title of H & D Barclay but throughout the 1890s his architecture became bigger-scaled, a trend first seen at Cumming and Smith's warehouse on Sauchiehall Street in 1891 which reached gargantuan proportions in the reticulated façade of Hunter Blair's warehouse on Queen Street in 1899. In 1901 he won the limited competition for the Glasgow and West of Scotland College of Science and Technology, then the largest single educational building constructed in the UK. The final design has details in common with his building of the 1890s but the inspiration for its giant buttressed facades came from Julien Guadet's Hotel des Postes in Paris.

By 1909 David Barclay was reported as having designed no fewer than 40 schools but his late work is variable in quality. His last work, the twin-spired Jordanhill Training College (1913-1915), was again won in competition, but was curiously idiosyncratic in design.

David Barclay was smaller in stature than his brother with a big moustache, approachable but 'very downright and decided', qualities still evident in his correspondence on the building of the Royal College at the University of Strathclyde. In later years at least he was the driving force behind the practice. He was also more active in public life, serving on the RIBA Council and becoming Deacon of the Mason Incorporation, Master of the Lodge of Glasgow St John no 3, and Provincial Grand Architect of the Province of Glasgow. He died on 13 July 1917, leaving moveable estate of £3,480 13s 10d. He was survived by a son, also an architect, who emigrated to Canada, and three daughters.

The practice was continued under the same name until 1942 by Dr Colin Sinclair (1879-1957) who had joined the firm as an apprentice shortly before Hugh Barclay's death. He remained as assistant until 1907 when he joined Professor Gourlay's staff at the Royal College, returning to take over the practice in the year of Barclay's death.

Private and Business Addresses

The following private or business addresses are associated with this architectural practice:
 AddressTypeDate fromDate toNotes
Item 1 of 4112, West Regent Street, Glasgow, ScotlandBusiness1876 *  
Item 2 of 4136, Wellington Street, Glasgow, ScotlandBusiness1881 *1890(?) 
Item 3 of 4245, St Vincent Street, Glasgow, ScotlandBusiness18921917 
Item 4 of 4121, West Regent Street, Glasgow, ScotlandBusinessBefore 1929After 1932 

* earliest date known from documented sources.


Employment and Training

Employees or Pupils

The following individuals were employed or trained by this architectural practice (click on an item to view details):
 NameDate fromDate toPositionNotes
Item 1 of 23William Forsyth McGibbonDecember 18701875Apprentice 
Item 2 of 23Hugh Barclay18711892Partner 
Item 3 of 23David Barclay18713 July 1917Partner 
Item 4 of 23William Forsyth McGibbon1875Before 1878Draughtsman 
Item 5 of 23Hugh Campbell1878c. 1883Apprentice 
Item 6 of 23Alexander Cunningham Forrester18811882Assistant 
Item 7 of 23George Simpson18821885Junior Assistant 
Item 8 of 23John James Honeyman18831889Assistant 
Item 9 of 23Hugh Campbellc. 18831890Assistant 
Item 10 of 23Robert William Horn15 December 18841889ApprenticeRemained as assistant and then chief assistant by 1896.
Item 11 of 23Robert William Horn18891892Assistant 
Item 12 of 23Robert William Horn18921895Chief Assistant 
Item 13 of 23(Dr) Colin Sinclair18921897Apprentice 
Item 14 of 23John Galt18961901Apprentice 
Item 15 of 23(Dr) Colin Sinclair18971900Assistant 
Item 16 of 23John Begg Campbell1898c. 1903Apprenticeunder David Barclay
Item 17 of 23(Dr) Colin Sinclair19001911Senior AssistantPart-time, whilst assisting Charles Gourlay at the Royal Technical College
Item 18 of 23John Galt1901After 1910Assistant 
Item 19 of 23John Begg Campbellc. 19031910Assistantunder David Barclay
Item 20 of 23Frank Anderson Baillie Preston1906 Assistant 
Item 21 of 23(Dr) Colin Sinclair1911After 1932Partner(?) 
Item 22 of 23Duncan Macpherson Hunter19131918Apprentice 
Item 23 of 23Sidney Wesley BirnageJanuary 1929November 1932Apprentice 

Buildings and Designs

This architectural practice was involved with the following buildings or structures from the date specified (click on an item to view details):
 Date startedBuilding nameTown, district or villageIslandCity or countyCountryNotes
Item 1 of 153 Academy buildingGreenock RenfrewshireScotlandAdditions - date unknown
Item 2 of 153 Dunvegan CastleDunveganSkyeInverness-shireScotlandRestoration and additions
Item 3 of 1531872City of Glasgow Bank  GlasgowScotlandRefronting
Item 4 of 1531872Convalescent HomeKilmun ArgyllScotland 
Item 5 of 1531872Duke Street UP Church  GlasgowScotland 
Item 6 of 1531872Houses for North British Railway CompanyCowlairs GlasgowScotland 
Item 7 of 1531873Mission SanatoriumSaltcoats AyrshireScotland 
Item 8 of 153187413, 15 Turnberry Road  GlasgowScotland 
Item 9 of 15318745-11 Turnberry Road  GlasgowScotland 
Item 10 of 1531874Corner tenement, Turnberry Road and Hyndland Road  GlasgowScotlandJoint architect with H & D Barclay, but not in partnership
Item 11 of 1531874Mansion House for Charles ConnellWhiteinch GlasgowScotland 
Item 12 of 1531874Village of Dwellings for Steel Company of Scotland, HillsideCambuslang LanarkshireScotland 
Item 13 of 1531875Albany Academy  GlasgowScotlandDavid Barclay mainly responsible
Item 14 of 1531875Bank at East KilbrideEast Kilbride LanarkshireScotland 
Item 15 of 1531875Church at BallantraeBallantrae AyrshireScotland 
Item 16 of 1531875Tenement of mansion flats, Hamilton CrescentPartick GlasgowScotland 
Item 17 of 1531876Bank at KilsythKilsyth StirlingshireScotland 
Item 18 of 1531876Wellington Place Baptist Church  GlasgowScotlandCompetition design
Item 19 of 1531877City of Glasgow Bank, New StreetDalry AyrshireScotland 
Item 20 of 1531877Established ChurchCleland LanarkshireScotland 
Item 21 of 1531877Glasgow AcademyKelvin Bridge GlasgowScotland 
Item 22 of 1531877Partick AcademyPartick GlasgowScotlandDavid Barclay mainly responsible
Item 23 of 1531877Regent Place UP ChurchDennistoun GlasgowScotland 
Item 24 of 1531878Abbotsford School  GlasgowScotlandDavid Barclay mainly responsible
Item 25 of 1531878Pollokshields School  GlasgowScotlandAlbert Drive building - David Barclay responsible
Item 26 of 1531879Greenock Municipal BuildingsGreenock RenfrewshireScotlandWon competition and secured job
Item 27 of 1531879St Andrew's Free ChurchGreenock RenfrewshireScotland 
Item 28 of 1531880Polmadie Public SchoolPolmadie GlasgowScotlandDavid Barclay mainly responsible
Item 29 of 153c. 1880Grove Street School  GlasgowScotland 
Item 30 of 15318811-7 Hughenden Terrace, Hughenden Road and 6 Montague Lane  GlasgowScotland 
Item 31 of 1531882Albert Road Academy  GlasgowScotland 
Item 32 of 1531882Pollokshields School  GlasgowScotlandMelville Street building
Item 33 of 1531882Springfield School  GlasgowScotland 
Item 34 of 153188310-20 Hyndland Road and 1 Montague Lane  GlasgowScotland 
Item 35 of 153188317-45 Cleveden Road and 1-98 Beaconsfield Road  GlasgowScotland 
Item 36 of 1531883Govan High SchoolGovan GlasgowScotland 
Item 37 of 1531883Harmony Row SchoolGovan GlasgowScotland 
Item 38 of 1531883Paisley Municipal BuildingsPaisley RenfrewshireScotlandScheme only
Item 39 of 1531883Rutland Crescent School  GlasgowScotland 
Item 40 of 1531884Hillhead High SchoolHillhead GlasgowScotland 
Item 41 of 1531884Jean Street SchoolPort Glasgow RenfrewshireScotland 
Item 42 of 1531885Hartwood AsylumShotts LanarkshireScotlandCompetition design, selected but not successful
Item 43 of 1531886Clune Park SchoolPort Glasgow RenfrewshireScotland 
Item 44 of 1531886Govanhill School Annette StreetGovanhill GlasgowScotland 
Item 45 of 1531886Lamlash and Kilbride Parish ChurchLamlashArranButeScotland 
Item 46 of 1531886St Georges in the Fields Church  GlasgowScotland 
Item 47 of 1531888Clydesdale Paint, Colour and Oil Works  GlasgowScotland 
Item 48 of 1531889Bryden Memorial Mission Hall and HomeSaltcoats AyrshireScotland 
Item 49 of 1531889City of Glasgow District Asylum for Pauper LunaticsGartcosh GlasgowScotlandSecond premiated competition design (£100 premium)
Item 50 of 1531889Hillhead Congregational Church  GlasgowScotland 
Item 51 of 1531890Queen Anne Board SchoolDunfermline FifeScotland 
Item 52 of 1531890Stewartville SchoolPartick GlasgowScotland 
Item 53 of 1531891Cumming & Smith's warehouse  GlasgowScotland 
Item 54 of 1531891Fairfield Public SchoolGovan GlasgowScotland 
Item 55 of 1531891Glasgow Art Gallery and MuseumKelvingrove GlasgowScotlandCompetition entry - unplaced
Item 56 of 1531891J & P Coats Offices  GlasgowScotlandWon competition and secured job; built in three phases - 1891, 1898 and 1901
Item 57 of 1531891Renton Parish ChurchRenton DunbartonshireScotland 
Item 58 of 1531892Commercial SchoolDunfermline FifeScotlandReconstruction after fire
Item 59 of 1531892Lorne Street School  GlasgowScotland 
Item 60 of 1531893Abbotsford School  GlasgowScotlandAdditions
Item 61 of 1531893Balinakill HouseClachan, North Kintyre ArgyllScotlandAddition
Item 62 of 1531894Broomloan Road Public SchoolGovan GlasgowScotlandSecond red sandstone building - separate from the Watt building
Item 63 of 1531894Lennoxtown SchoolLennoxtown StirlingshireScotland 
Item 64 of 1531895Burgh ChambersMillportGreat CumbraeButeScotland 
Item 65 of 1531895Design for a building (probably St Vincent Street or West George Street)  GlasgowScotland 
Item 66 of 1531895Miss Cranston's Tea Rooms, Buchanan Street  GlasgowScotlandDesign only - Browne secured commission
Item 67 of 1531895Mount Florida School  GlasgowScotland 
Item 68 of 1531895Proposed building in Buchanan Street  GlasgowScotland 
Item 69 of 1531896Glasgow School of Art  GlasgowScotlandUnsuccessful competition design
Item 70 of 1531896Halifax Public HallHalifax YorkshireEnglandCompetition design - placed second
Item 71 of 1531896Stanley Printing Works  GlasgowScotland 
Item 72 of 153After 1896Police Station for the Burgh of PartickPartick GlasgowScotland 
Item 73 of 153Before 1896WhitehouseLamlashArranButeScotland 
Item 74 of 1531897Chalmers Free Church  GlasgowScotland 
Item 75 of 1531897Cunninghame Free Church  GlasgowScotlandWon competition and secured job
Item 76 of 1531897Finnieston School  GlasgowScotland 
Item 77 of 1531897Miss Cranston's Tea Rooms, Argyle Street  GlasgowScotland 
Item 78 of 1531897Warehouse and offices for St George's Co-operative Society Ltd  Glasgow?Scotland 
Item 79 of 153189891-111, 117-127 and 118-134 Dowanhill Street and 58-60 Dowanside Road  GlasgowScotlandDesigned in collaboration with George S Kenneth
Item 80 of 1531898Lyceum Cinema (II)Govan GlasgowScotland 
Item 81 of 1531898Lyceum TheatreGovan GlasgowScotland 
Item 82 of 1531898Sailors' Orphan HomesKilmacolm/Kilmalcolm RenfrewshireScotland 
Item 83 of 1531898The GarrochtyKingarthButeButeScotland 
Item 84 of 153After 1898Crieff Public SchoolCrieff PerthshireScotland 
Item 85 of 153After 1898Stafford LibraryStafford StaffordshireEnglandPlans
Item 86 of 15318992, 2A and 4 Lorraine Road  GlasgowScotland 
Item 87 of 1531899Glass works  GlasgowScotland 
Item 88 of 1531899Govan Combination Poorhouse and AsylumGovan GlasgowScotlandAdditions - including extension to hospital block of McLachan and Children's Blocks
Item 89 of 1531899Technical Higher Grade and Primary SchoolDunfermline FifeScotland 
Item 90 of 1531899Warehouse of Hunter Barr and Co, Queen Street  GlasgowScotland 
Item 91 of 15319002-8 Kensington Road  GlasgowScotland 
Item 92 of 1531900Empress TheatrePartick GlasgowScotland 
Item 93 of 1531900Queen's Park Higher Grade School  GlasgowScotland 
Item 94 of 1531900St Leonard's Primary SchoolDunfermline FifeScotland 
Item 95 of 1531900St Margaret's WorksDunfermline FifeScotlandLarge additions
Item 96 of 153c. 19003-9 Lorraine Road  GlasgowScotland 
Item 97 of 153c. 190045-67 Dowanside Road and 106 and 115 Dowanhill Street  GlasgowScotlandDesigned in collaboration with George S Kenneth
Item 98 of 153Late 1900 or early 1901Glasgow and West of Scotland Technical College  GlasgowScotlandWon competition to secure job, after being invited to submit design
Item 99 of 153190178-104 Dowanhill Street and 38-40 Highburgh Road  GlasgowScotlandDesigned in collaboration with George S Kenneth
Item 100 of 1531901Albert Road Academy  GlasgowScotlandAdditions
Item 101 of 1531901Gartmore House  PerthshireScotlandReconstruction
Item 102 of 1531901Govan High SchoolGovan GlasgowScotlandExtension
Item 103 of 1531901Pittencrieff School and schoolmaster's houseDunfermline FifeScotlandNew building to west
Item 104 of 1531901St Columba's Church (Gaelic)  GlasgowScotlandUnsuccessful competition design
Item 105 of 15319021-9 Beaumont Gate  GlasgowScotlandDesigned in collaboration with George S Kenneth
Item 106 of 153190211-24 Kensington Gate  GlasgowScotland 
Item 107 of 153190214-18 Beaumont Gate  GlasgowScotlandDesigned in collaboration with George S Kenneth
Item 108 of 153190228-30 and 32-34 Highburgh Road and 10 and 13 Beaumont Gate  GlasgowScotlandDesigned in collaboration with George S Kenneth
Item 109 of 153190233 Victoria Crescent Road (Kings Gate)  GlasgowScotland 
Item 110 of 153190235-37 Victoria Crescent Road (Kings Gate)  GlasgowScotland 
Item 111 of 153190243 Victoria Crescent Road and walls  GlasgowScotland 
Item 112 of 153190248 and 48A Dowanside Road (Kings Gate)  GlasgowScotlandDesigned in collaboration with George S Kenneth
Item 113 of 1531902Albany Academy  GlasgowScotlandAddition to S
Item 114 of 1531902Gartmore House, Gartartan Lodge  PerthshireScotland 
Item 115 of 1531902P & R Fleming's  GlasgowScotland 
Item 116 of 1531903Bellahouston AcademyBellahouston GlasgowScotlandAddition of swimming pool and gymnasium block - with Samuel Preston as clerk of works
Item 117 of 1531903Govan District AsylumGovan GlasgowScotlandAdditions - infirm ward pavilions and homes
Item 118 of 1531903Hamilton Municipal Buildings and Public LibraryHamilton LanarkshireScotlandCompetition design - not successful
Item 119 of 1531903Kilbarchan Baptist ChurchKilbarchan RenfrewshireScotland 
Item 120 of 153After 1903Stranraer High School and Academy BuildingsStranraer WigtownshireScotland 
Item 121 of 1531904ClairinchHelensburgh DunbartonshireScotland 
Item 122 of 1531904Gaelic UF ChurchPartick GlasgowScotland 
Item 123 of 1531904Gartmore Parish ChurchGartmore StirlingshireScotland 
Item 124 of 1531904Hillhead High SchoolHillhead GlasgowScotlandAdditions
Item 125 of 15319051A and 2-18A Westbourne Gardens  GlasgowScotlandAlterations and billiard room in no 2A
Item 126 of 1531905Howie and McGregor's  GlasgowScotland 
Item 127 of 1531905Partick, Hillhead and Maryhill Joint Hospital for Infectious Diseases  GlasgowScotlandReception
Item 128 of 1531906Grange SchoolBo'ness / Borrowstouness West LothianScotland 
Item 129 of 1531907Govan High SchoolGovan GlasgowScotlandExtension
Item 130 of 1531907Swedenborgian New Jerusalem Church  GlasgowScotland 
Item 131 of 1531907Technical Higher Grade and Primary SchoolDunfermline FifeScotlandExtension in New Row
Item 132 of 1531907Technical School Primary DepartmentDunfermline FifeScotland 
Item 133 of 1531907Wilton Parish Church  GlasgowScotland 
Item 134 of 1531907 or 1908Carnegie District Library, BaldridgeburnDunfermline FifeScotlandAwarded commission after competition
Item 135 of 15319085-9 Crown Road South  GlasgowScotland 
Item 136 of 1531908Bridge Street UF ChurchAlexandria DunbartonshireScotland 
Item 137 of 1531908Old Monkland School Board Higher Grade SchoolCoatbridge LanarkshireScotland 
Item 138 of 1531908Watt Memorial SchoolGreenock RenfrewshireScotland 
Item 139 of 1531909College of Hygiene and Physical Training and schoolDunfermline FifeScotland 
Item 140 of 1531909German Church  GlasgowScotland 
Item 141 of 1531909High SchoolDunfermline FifeScotlandPrimary department added
Item 142 of 1531909Highholm SchoolPort Glasgow RenfrewshireScotland 
Item 143 of 1531909Premises  GlasgowScotland 
Item 144 of 1531909Woodlands Methodist Church  GlasgowScotland 
Item 145 of 1531911Usher Hall  EdinburghScotlandCompetition design - not successful
Item 146 of 1531912Garage  GlasgowScotland 
Item 147 of 1531912Gateside Public SchoolCambuslang LanarkshireScotlandUnsuccessful competition entry but awarded premium (2nd place?)
Item 148 of 1531913Jordanhill College, David Stow Building  GlasgowScotland 
Item 149 of 1531913Jordanhill Teacher Training CollegeJordanhill GlasgowScotlandBarclay won competition to secure job; Sinclair worked with him and completed construction after his death
Item 150 of 1531926Govan Combination Poorhouse and AsylumGovan GlasgowScotlandNurses' home extended, original asylum extended and Female Defectives Home built
Item 151 of 1531932Chemical WorksSt Rollox GlasgowScotland 
Item 152 of 1531934Croftpark Public School  GlasgowScotland 
Item 153 of 1531938Glasgow and West of Scotland Technical College  GlasgowScotlandAdditions

References

Bibliographic References

The following books contain references to this architectural practice:
 Author(s)DateTitlePartPublisherNotes
Item 1 of 2Walker, Frank Arneil1986South Clyde Estuary: An Illustrated Architectural Guide to Inverclyde and Renfrew  p88, p108, p112, p117, p118
Item 2 of 2Williamson, Riches, Higgs1990Glasgow (The Buildings of Scotland)  p393

Periodical References

The following periodicals contain references to this architectural practice:
 Periodical NameDateEditionPublisherNotes
Item 1 of 1Building News4 July 1892  pp10, 30