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Basic Biographical Details

Name: John Burnet & Son
Designation: Architectural practice
Started: 1882
Ended: 1919
Bio Notes: John Burnet was born at Craighead House, Kirk o' Shotts on 27 September 1814, the son of Lieutenant George Burnet of the Kirkcudbright and Galloway Militia, and his wife Margaret Wardlaw, who was the daughter of a Dalkeith merchant, John Wardlaw. He was educated at Dunipace Parish School and thereafter apprenticed as a carpenter, graduating to architecture through experience as a clerk of works with a Mr Smith, architect and builder, who can be safely identified with John Smith, originally of Alloa and after 1826 of Glasgow, as Burnet's earliest clients were in the Alloa-Clackmannan area. Such architectural training as he had probably came from Smith's son James. Burnet commenced practice on his own account in 1843 with free churches at Shandon, Alloa and Clackmannan, all in a simple round-arched Italian style. By 1845 he was sufficiently prosperous to marry Elizabeth Hay Bennet, the daughter of Lindsay Bennet, merchant, Leith. She was an ambitious lady and a driving force behind the practice. Within a few years he had taken his younger brother William Cadell Burnet (born 1828) into the practice as pupil and for a time assistant, but the latter preferred to settle in London. Initially he shared an office with another brother, George, who was a merchant there, but subsequently transferred his business to the United States.

Burnet was essentially self-taught from a large and important library which included Durand, Letarouilly, Viollet-le-Duc and the Architectural Publication Society's Dictionary, for which he was Glasgow correspondent perhaps through connections formed by his brother. He rose in prominence in the mid-1850s with the pure Greek temple of Elgin Place Church, with the Clapperton/Middeton warehouse in Miller Street, which was remarkable for its central well and laminated timber roof structure, and with Madeira Court on Argyle Street, which was strongly influenced by Charles Wilson's work. Thereafter his practice flourished in part as a result of success in limited competitions, but he acquired good connections among the Glasgow merchants and shipowners for whom he designed large baronial houses at Auchendennan, Arden, Kildalton and Kilmahew in the mid-1860s. By that date he had also become an accomplished Gothic designer, most notably at Woodlands Church and the Glasgow Stock Exchange, where he exploited features from William Burges's London Law Courts design - his brother William was architectural clerk to the competition - a skilful plagiarism which did not escape Burges's attention, although he seems to have allowed the matter to pass without comment. In his final years he was responsible for three of the city's most important buildings: the Clydesdale Bank, the Merchants' House and the Cockerell-inspired reconstruction of the Union Bank, in the later stages of which he was assisted by his son John James, certainly after his return from Paris at the end of 1876 and probably earlier.

Burnet is known to have travelled and sketched in Germany, France and Italy but dates are lacking. His visits to Germany probably related to the education of his eldest son George Wardlaw Burnet, who studied at Heidelberg in the mid-1870s, while those in France certainly related to his the education of his youngest son John James Burnet (born on 31 May 1857) at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts. John James had been educated at the Collegiate School and the Western Academy in Glasgow, and at Blair Lodge Academy, a once-famous private boarding establishment at Polmont. After approximately two years' training in his father's office from 1871, his parents seem to have intended him to study at the Royal Academy Schools under Richard Phené Spiers. In the event Spiers had advised him to study at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts in Paris rather than at his own School. Initially his parents did not approve, not so much because of the expense but because France was Catholic, the Commune was only just over, and the political relationship between the United Kingdom and the new Third Republic was not encouraging. But first his mother and then his father were won over, and in the autumn of 1871 his father took him to Paris to meet his future master Jean Louis Pascal, who was then about to become patron of the Atelier Blouet-Gilbert-Questel and had just succeeded Lefuel as Chief Inspector for the completion of the Louvre. In 1920 John James recalled their meeting:
'I will never forget the sight of this short well-built man, his coat off and a cigar in his mouth, who rose from his desk as one of his assistants led us up the long and lofty gallery which formed his office in the new buildings to present one letter of introduction from his former pupil Phené Spiers. His fine intellectual head with his rather long black hair and keen though kindly eyes, and his beautiful courtesy as he greeted my father in perfect English as a brother artist immediately won my admiration.'
In Pascal's atelier John James respected his parents' warning about Paris to such a degree that his cheerful moral rectitude earned him the petit-nom of 'Joseph' while his Scottish complexion brought that of 'confiture de groseilles'. Unlike his parents and brothers who were all very tall, John James grew only to about 5' 10''.

There is considerable conflict of information about the dates of John James's time in Paris. These are usually given as 1874-77, which are those in 'Who's Who in Glasgow' 1909 and in 'Who's Who in Architecture' 1914, 1923 and 1926. These were presumably supplied by John James himself: but his RIBA nomination paper gives the date of his entry to the Ecole as 1872, which was probably the year of his entry to Pascal's atelier as a probationer. The records of the Ecole show that he passed the entrance exam in 1874. Thereafter his progress was very rapid; he reached the première classe in the following year and completed the course in 1876, gaining his Diplôme du Gouvernement in architecture and engineering. But the 'Architect's Journal' of 2 June 1920 gives the date of his first meeting with Pascal as 1874, while the RIBA Journal of 26 June 1920 gives the date as 'the latter half of 1877', probably really 1871 or 1872 and a misreading of John James's handwriting. In the RIBA Journal he gives the period he spent with Pascal as 'nearly three years' whereas his nomination paper indicates four, but that perhaps excludes the time he spent in Paris as an assistant with François Rolland.

In Pascal's atelier, John James found that 'it did not seem to take [Pascal] an instant to realise the possibilities of any sketch that his pupil might put before him, and he always left us either happily convinced that our sketch was not worth further trouble, or with our eyes opened to artistic possibilities in it of which we had not dreamed, giving us courage to go through the days and nights required to make the finished drawings. He had a wonderful power of accepting the conception of his pupil and helping him to develop it in his own way…'.

While at Pascal's, John James developed a close friendship with a more senior pupil, Henri Paul Nénot, with whose family he may have lived as there is record of his affectionate acknowledgement of their kindness: very unusually his Ecole dossier does not give the address of his lodgings. Both Pascal and Nénot were to remain lifelong friends, the former visiting the Burnets in Glasgow and later in London. While the influence of Nénot was to be obvious at John James's Glasgow Athenaeum, in later years John James felt that he had not been influenced stylistically by Pascal; and while this is superficially true, Pascal's teaching and love of sculptural treatment both left their mark on him, as did the Ecole's emphasis on logic. In Goodhart Rendel's words, he acquired
'a tremendous love of order and system. He never lost hold of the essentials and thought no one in England knew anything about them. He used to say that nothing should be done without a decision behind it.'

At the end of the course John James made an extended tour of France and Italy, returning to Glasgow at the end of 1876 to assist his father with the detailing of the new façade and secretary's department at the Union Bank in Ingram Street. Although he was still in Paris when the overall design was finalised in April 1876, and although he never claimed any responsibility for it, it appears in the lists of his works published when he received the Royal Gold Medal in 1920 and again when he died in 1938. It was not completed until February 1879, giving him ample time to refine its superb detailing.

Burnet Senior was elected FRIBA on 4 December 1876, his proposers being John Honeyman, John Macvicar Anderson and Wyatt Papworth, editor of the Architectural Publication Society's Dictionary, but his active role as an architect soon came to an end after John James's return from the Ecole des Beaux-Arts: Henry Edward Clifford may have had a significant role even earlier, as may the elder Burnet's nephew William Landless.

The first building which John James himself regarded as his own was the Fine Art Institute in Glasgow, which he won in competition in May 1878. Its stated aim was to combine 'Greek with modern French Renaissance' and the inclusion of a magnificent frieze by the Mossmans was well calculated to appeal in Glasgow where Thomson, Sellars and the Barclays had ensured that Greek still had a strong hold. Although the interior was pure Greek with a Pascalesque use of sculpture in the stairhall, the yellow and brown decorative scheme with pine woodwork stained a golden colour had elements of Japonisme, a recurring theme in John James's interiors.

For the Glasgow Municipal Buildings competitions of 1880-82 John James produced superb schemes, that for the second being unique in having a cour d'honneur, but they attracted no favour from the assessors, mainly because they departed from Carrick's outline plans but perhaps also because their Beaux-Arts classicism was far removed from the assessors' Italianate tastes. Much of the quality John James's designs would have had, had he been called upon to build them, was realised in both the façade and the interiors of the Clyde Navigation Trust building in 1882-86, even although his full intentions for this incrementally built structure were never realised because of the First World War.

The Clyde Navigation Trust commission enabled the Burnet practice to weather the recession better than most. On 3 January 1881 John James was admitted ARIBA on the strength of his diplôme, his proposers being John Honeyman, Charles Barry and his father; and in the Spring of that year John James made a second tour of France and Italy with his advocate brother George, on this occasion sketching little and simply taking in what he saw. In the following year, 1882, his father took him into partnership, the practice title now becoming John Burnet & Son.

On 13 August 1886 John Archibald Campbell was taken into partnership, the practice title changing to John Burnet Son & Campbell. Campbell had been born in Anderston, Glasgow on 26 January 1859, the son of Archibald Campbell, merchant, and his wife Grace Victoria Gibson: his paternal grandfather was William Campbell of Tullichewan, a connection which brought a number of commissions in and around Alexandria. His father had died aged 35 on 9 January 1861 when he was barely two years old. He had been educated privately, probably because his mother travelled a great deal on the continent, taking her children with her: this had brought a useful command of languages and from an early age he was fluent in both French and German. He had been articled to John Burnet Senior in 1877 at the age of eighteen, and whilst there had been befriended by John James Burnet. In 1880 he had followed John James to Pascal's atelier and been admitted to the Ecole des Beaux-Arts. He had returned to the Burnet practice in 1883, and in 1885 had won the Tite prize. Although in their earlier years they were close friends, Campbell and John James Burnet were very different in both background and personality: Campbell was tall, bearded and very reserved in manner, his family and business connections being such that he did not need to seek publicity. Theodore Fyfe, who was with them both as apprentice and assistant, remembered them as working independently, collaborating only on some competition projects, for which they tended to send in separate designs. Others remembered them consulting each other for advice. Neither John James nor Campbell ever fully clarified Campbell's contribution to the partnership but Shawlands Church, the Ewing Gilmour Institute and the Free Church at Alexandria and a competition design for the Free Church at Elie are known to be Campbell's, and the Tullichewan Arms at Alexandria must be presumed to be his.

In the same year, 1886, John James married Jean Watt Marwick, youngest of the four six-feet-tall daughters of Glasgow's Town Clerk, Sir James Marwick: like the Burnets, the Marwicks were Congregationalists. She was a classic late Victorian beauty with an enchanting smile but although she was a wonderful hostess when occasion demanded, she was a hypochondriac and spent much of her time in bed. There were to be no children of the marriage, but as John James's brother George died early when Sheriff Substitute of Aberdeen (as a result of the collapse of his bamboo bicycle), they undertook the education of his children John and Edith.

The year 1886 was also an auspicious one for the practice. John James established a national reputation by winning the competition for the Edinburgh International Exhibition of that year with a domed scheme which, on a much smaller scale, recalled the façade of Leopold Hardy's Paris Exhibition building of 1878. He also secured the commission for the new Glasgow Athenaeum, the façade of which drew inspiration from Nénot's Grand Prix design for an Athenée.

Both these buildings were pure Beaux-Arts and very sculptural in treatment. But they soon found that while such treatments were readily acceptable for great public projects and particularly cultural ones, they had to be more adaptable for private client work, especially when domestic. Saughfield Terrace (now University Gardens), begun in 1882 or earlier, had pure Beaux-Arts details but had Glaswegian canted oriels above its first-floor balcony: Charing Cross Mansions, designed in 1891, had the outline and sculptural grande horloge of a Parisian Mairie, but again Glaswegian canted oriels were integrated into the composition and the fenestration as a whole answered the function of the rooms within rather than being strictly to rule as it would have been in France.

From the autumn of 1886 until early in 1889 there was a third Beaux-Arts architect in the office, Alexander Nisbet Paterson, whose family, like Campbell's, was extremely well-off: they were muslin merchants. He was the younger brother of James Paterson the French-trained Glasgow School painter, and an excellent watercolourist whose skills in presentation were to be seen in the perspectives of the new buildings on the Duke of Hamilton's Arran estate in the late 1880s and early 1890s. But prior to the elder Burnet's retirement the French schooling of the three leading practitioners in the office brought some problems in its day-to-day running. Neither John James nor Campbell was at all cost-conscious and French building science scared the elder Burnet stiff as inappropriate for the Scottish climate and a foreign language to the Scottish building trade. The frustration and delays endured by Alexander McGibbon and William Kerr in drawing out the tower of St Molio's at Shiskine with hollow walls, only to be told to redraw them solid by the elder Burnet, a procedure repeated over several weeks, became the stuff of office legend.

John Burnet Senior retired in 1889 or 1890 at the age of seventy-five. Outwith the office his interests were sketching and fishing. He died in Glasgow on 15 January 1901, leaving moveable estate of £3,210 5s 2d. He was predeceased by his second son Lindsay, who was a mechanical engineer; by his daughter Elizabeth; and by his eldest son George Wardlaw. Only John James and Margaret (Mrs John Edwards) survived him.

After the elder Burnet retired, the architecture of the practice changed radically. Both John James Burnet and Campbell realised that they had to adapt to the London scene if they were to keep abreast of fashion and have any chance in national competitions, most of which had London assessors, Waterhouse in particular. Superb designs with cylindrical corner turrets on the Norman Shaw model were produced for the Central Thread Agency in Glasgow and for the North British Hotel in Edinburgh but neither found favour with the clients. This dramatic shift in style was first seen at Burnet's Athenaeum Theatre of 1891-93 which pioneered the redevelopment of Glasgow's narrow houseplots as tall elevator buildings. Although American in general concept, it took Burnet's work into a sculpturesque neo-Baroque, some of the details of which derived from Shaw but was overall closer to the work of John Belcher and Beresford Pite, both of whom shared Burnet's enthusiasm for the sculpture of Michaelangelo and Alfred Stevens. As at the Fine Art Institute, the interior had a Japanese colour scheme in Burnet's favourite colours - azure blue, yellow and gold.

In 1895 Burnet's neo-Baroque was developed in a more academic form at the single-storey telling room added to his father's Savings Bank. Its doorpiece was, very unusually, directly based on an English Baroque source, the porch of St Mary's Church at Oxford, but with some remarkable 'New Sculpture' by George Frampton. To further his experiments in neo-Baroque the Burnets made a further study tour in Germany and Italy in that same year: he saw Italian architecture completely anew, writing long letters to Campbell with (in Fyfe's words) 'the fresh delight of a debutante about her first ball'. Burnet Baroque, and the giant arch and canted bay theme of the Athenaeum Theatre in particular, were rapidly assimilated by Burnet Son & Campbell's competitors. By 1900 it had become the common language of Glasgow building and even spread to Edinburgh where Burnet's former assistant Andrew Robb Scott adopted the features of his North British competition design in the hotel buildings he designed for William Hamilton Beattie on the east side of North Bridge.

In 1896 the Burnets made their first visit to the USA in the company of Dr Donald Mackintosh of the Western Infirmary. Old contacts at the Ecole made introductions easy and Burnet became a member of the American Beaux-Arts Cosmos Club and a corresponding member of the American Institute of Architects; but by that date he also had family connections there, his uncle George and his sons, and his younger accountant brother-in-law James Marwick: he had settled in New York: he became auditor of Illinois and Ohio, and founder of the giant firm of Marwick, Mitchell and Peat which had a London office. The primary purpose of the 1896 visit was to study laboratory and operating theatre design, but Burnet had become interested in American architecture, and particularly American domestic architecture, at least a decade earlier. American shingle-style influences had first appeared in his domestic work in 1886 at the Edinburgh International Exhibition manager's house, Corrienessan at Loch Ard and Nunholme in Dowanhill, and still more in his competition designs for the Clyde Yacht Club at Hunger's Quay in 1889. This low-profiled big-roofed broad-eaved style quickly spread into Burnet's ecclesiastical work at St Molio's, Shiskine (1887), Dundas Memorial Church at Grangemouth (1894), the Gardner Memorial Church at Brechin (1896-1900), and the MacLaren Memorial Church at Stenhousemuir and the Burnet family's own church Broomhill Congregational in 1899-1908, all with squat pyramid-roofed towers and mixed Romanesque and late Gothic detail. They were a low-cost easy-to-heat alternative to the tall Early English Dunblane Cathedral-inspired churches with which the practice had made its name in ecclesiastical architecture at Port Glasgow and Shawlands, and most famously at Glasgow Barony for which Burnet had won a major competition assessed by John Loughborough Pearson in 1886. With the earlier of these church designs Burnet and Campbell were assisted by Andrew Robb Scott.

Burnet Son & Campbell's low-profiled idiom also had a brief vogue in their public buildings, most notably at Campbell's Ewing Gilmour Institute at Alexandria in 1888, and, rather later, at Burnet's Public Library and Museum in Campbeltown, built in 1896-98. In style these were a distinctive Scottish renaissance which had its origins in the addition they made at William Burn's neo-Jacobean Auchterarder House in 1886. It was brilliantly exploited at Baronald, Lanark, in 1890, at the Pathological Institute of the Western Infirmary in Glasgow in 1895 and at Alloa Public Baths in 1899. Altogether bolder and more original than the work of Rowand Anderson and his school in this vein, Burnet and Campbell Scots Renaissance was as rapidly assimilated by their competitors as Burnet Baroque, most notably by the practice's former assistants Clifford and Paterson, and by Honeyman & Keppie, but in the hands of lesser practitioners the idiom could become seriously debased: except at Fairnalie, built in 1904-06, Burnet did not pursue it into the twentieth century.

In 1897 Burnet's partnership with John Archibald Campbell was dissolved by mutual consent, the practice returning to its former title of John Burnet & Son. Of that event Burnet's niece Edith observed that 'drink had something to do with it': but they remained friends although by that date Campbell had become closer to Keppie, whose bachelor lifestyle was similar to his own. While it is unlikely to have had any real bearing on the break-up, Quiz's article on the partners in September 1893 had been a mischievous attempt to exploit any difference there might have been between them, describing the Athenaeum Theatre as 'a little like its author, clever but a trifle "cocksure"' and Campbell's Free Church at Alexandria as being 'as good as has been done by the firm as far as it goes, Barony not excepted'. Whatever personal differences there may have been, the initiative for the dissolution probably came from Campbell as he had not succeeded in establishing his own identity as an architect. The division of the practice was carried out in a very civilised way, the staff being given some say in which partner they wanted to stay with, and Campbell quickly established a larger clientele, designing in a style subtly different from Burnet's. It is also probable that Campbell had begun to become concerned by the practice's very high running costs which must have eroded profits. Fyfe provides a vivid picture of the drawing office which, like William Leiper's, was given a studio atmosphere with good pictures and sculpture:
'Burnet rarely worked at a drawing board except in his house. His spruce and perfectly turned out figure and his active springy step could be seen passing through the office occasionally though prevailing custom made the senior draughtsmen take sheaves of drawings and tracings into the principal's room. This was seeing "Johnny", sometimes a matter of trepidation. To the pupils he was an awful mystery and a supreme man, though very human, and he always said he didn't mind a "yell" as it showed that a man was enjoying his work and they felt lucky enough to get a passing smile from him once a month. On the comparatively rare occasions when he sat down at some draughtsman's desk he usually sketched out isometric diagrams with a soft pencil on tracing paper and after he had left the junior staff crowded round and reverently regarded these masterpieces, as such they generally were of their kind; for a capacity to turn any aspect of construction or design inside out in sketch form I have never known anyone who could touch John James Burnet - he was in a class by himself.'
Projects always started with small-scale pencil sketch designs, the equivalent of the Ecole's esquisse, and for a short period about 1895, he experimented with photographic enlargement of these from 1/8th to 1/2 scale lest the draughtsmen did not interpret them boldly enough, until his office manager George Galloway became seriously concerned at the bills incurred. Legend has it that he showed them to Burnet's father, but by that date he was rarely seen in the office. To quote Fyfe further:
'He was a master in the art of designing on tracing paper, which means that his fastidious taste was never satisfied till he had gone through a process of trial and error that to his draughtsmen seemed inexhaustible; and he never expected any tracing - however slight - to be destroyed until all possible use for it had disappeared. This and his insistence on scale by rigid adherence to the most minute facts of the small scale in the half-inch and so on to full-size drawings were the mainsprings of his design methods … It was a commonplace that he would not look at a scheme (he would say "I can't see it") unless it were presented to him in every possible aspect and drawn to "the millionth of an inch" in exactness.'
Others recorded how the final result was studied under a large reducing glass and sometimes even miniaturised to 1/8th again and compared to the esquisse to ensure that the qualities of the original concept had not been compromised. If a scheme failed to satisfy, all these tracings were laid aside and a fresh start made, no matter how much time had been spent on them.

Inevitably the practice never made much money but the staff - far more numerous than in any other Glasgow office - learned much from these design methods. Burnet took his role as a teacher very seriously and the staff would regularly receive an individual 'pep talk' with both standing, always with the exhortation to study the classics and frequent reference to his books, those of Paul Letarouilly being particular favourites.

In December 1897 Burnet's RIBA membership was raised to FRIBA, his proposers being Campbell Douglas, John Honeyman and Richard Phené Spiers. This event was somewhat overdue as his father had been admitted as long ago as 1876, and Burnet himself had been elected ARSA in 1893. His hesitation in becoming a Fellow probably related to the registration and 'profession or an art' disputes, but it had become essential because of the wider professional links he had established in France and in America. At some point in his career, either in 1896 or perhaps earlier at an Ecole reunion, he had become a friend of the American architect Charles Follen McKim and other leading American architects of the Beaux-Arts School. The impact of McKim's work on Burnet was to be seen only briefly in his remodelling of his father's Glasgow Savings Bank with a colonnaded top floor in 1898-1900, but the wider impact of his 1896 visit to the USA was soon evident in two seven-storey elevator office buildings designed in 1899, such buildings having become practicable with the enhanced electricity supply from Port Dundas Power Station in 1897. Of these Atlantic Chambers was a dumb-bell plan building extending back from Hope Street to Cadogan Street. Its Hope Street elevation was kept very simple with a central chimneybreast dividing a low eaves gallery with the deeply shadowed cornice favoured by Sullivan and the Chicago school; this feature was repeated on the Cadogan Street elevation which had close spaced canted bays again of Chicago derivation. At the much larger Waterloo Chambers, which was originally to have been two storeys higher, a very American galleried atrium plan was adopted. Its façade was much more deeply modelled than at Atlantic Chambers, with a double-height broad-architraved entrance, Greek Ionic columns rising from canted bays and again a dwarf eaves gallery at the top, all clamped together between narrow pylon bags which were soon to become a feature of his more monumental compositions.

Although these buildings were at the time the finest exemplars of the new elevator office building genre in Glasgow, they did not lead to further commissions for similar buildings, a field in which Burnet was quickly overtaken by his former partner Campbell, the unrelated Frank Burnet & Boston and most of all by James Miller, an ex-Caledonian Railway employee who had gradually superseded him as architect to that company. It was in Edinburgh, not in Glasgow that the ideas in the Waterloo Chambers façade were to be developed, first at the Civil Service and Professional Supply's department store of 1903-07 and then at R W Forsyth's store in 1906-10. In Glasgow Burnet's one major commercial building was McGeoch's ironmongery warehouse where the facades were the finest British expression of the Sullivanian concept of a mullioned grid of windows, here married to a baroque doorpiece with Michaelangelesque figures of tradesmen by Phyllis Archibald and a very Glasgow oriel bay solution to the turning of the corner. It had no progeny in Glasgow at the time, and it was to be in London that Burnet developed the concept further.

Although Burnet and Campbell had occasionally submitted designs for English competitions they had had no success in extending their practice south of the Border. But in 1903-04 Burnet's career took on a new dimension when the Office of Works headed by Lord Windsor as First Commissioner and the Trustees of the British Museum selected Burnet to design the Edward VII Galleries from a list of seven names submitted by the RIBA, their decision being made on the basis of folios of photographs of executed work. In 1905 Burnet established a London base in the name of John J Burnet only at 1 Montague Place, a grace-and-favour house rented to him by the Museum, which was initially both house and office; and by the same year he had developed a masterplan which would have extended the Museum on all four sides and laid out a very Parisian British Museum Avenue on the north axis. To develop these schemes Burnet took south with him Thomas Smith Tait, a pupil of James Donald, who had been recruited as his personal assistant in 1902, and Andrew Bryce; and he also brought in the classical scholar Theodore Fyfe, a former pupil and assistant who had established his own practice in London. Only the Edward VII Galleries, which had been funded by a bequest made in 1899, were actually carried out. Burnet adopted the Ionic order of Smirke's colonnades in a subtly updated form, but the façade as a whole reflected contemporary French and American ideas drawing some inspiration from Ginain's Faculté de Médecine in Paris, but more on the scale of Louis Duc's Palais de Justice, lengthened from nine bays to nineteen.

While the British Museum was building Burnet received two major London commissions for commercial buildings. The first of these was the curved frontage General Buildings in Aldwych, built in 1909-11 in a simplified version of his eaves galleried Glasgow style with superb sculptural details by Albert Hodge. The second was the Kodak Building on Kingsway, built in 1910-11, where his client, George Eastman was American and unafraid of a modern solution. Several alternative sketch schemes were handed out to the senior draughtsmen in the London office and that developed by Tait was preferred by the client. It followed the familiar Burnet formula of the two-storeyed base but the design of the upper floors, giant pilasters enclosing steel-framed glazing with metal spandrel panels, was a drastic simplification of anything Burnet had designed before and the familiar eaves gallery was now replaced by a deep Egyptian cavetto cornice. The basic concept appears to have been drawn from Albert Kahn and Ernest Wilby's Owen Building at Detroit, built in 1907, which Burnet may have seen on his second visit to the USA in 1908. Although Burnet himself did not develop the Kodak bay design further, it was to be the prototype of countless commercial buildings of the 1920s and 1930s, particularly in Glasgow.

By the time the Kodak building was under construction Burnet was spending only a few days a month in the Glasgow office where the main responsibility was in the hands of William John Blain, James Wilkie Weddell and a senior draughtsman called Bow who never had his own practice. There is a hint in James Miller's obituary that Burnet approached him with a view to merging their Glasgow practices but at that date Miller's was the more successful and he preferred to remain independent. But in 1907 Burnet recruited a pupil of Peddie & Washington Browne who had studied in Paris from 1905, though not at the Ecole as he claimed to have done. He was Norman Aitken Dick, big, red-haired, stand-offish and somewhat short of temper, who was an extremely fast draughtsman. Most importantly he had money at a time the practice needed it, and in 1909 he bought a ten-year partnership which was confined to the Glasgow practice of John Burnet & Sons, a development which was a matter of some disappointment to Blain and Weddell. At that date Burnet still did all the designing and Dick's role was essentially that of office manager and chief draughtsman for the major projects the Glasgow office now had in hand: the Alhambra Theatre, an austere twin-towered design of red brick banded with black and panels of white-glazed tile towards the top, built in 1910-11; the Sick Children's Hospital at Yorkhill, again red brick with a very American glazed porte-cochere; and in 1913-22 the Albert Kahn-like Wallace Scott Tailoring Institute at Cathcart, an American garden factory with broad-bayed pilastrades stretched between corner pylons, a brick version of the British Museum colonnades with the spandrels of the windows patterned in the French manner. All three of these buildings were American in inspiration, directly related to his second study visit to the United States in 1908 which was concerned with warehouse and hospital design and a third late in 1910 which was primarily concerned with museum and gallery design on which he produced a detailed report to Sir Frederic Kenyon, the new Director of the British Museum, in March 1911. Also in America at that time was William Forsyth, the son of his most important private client, Robert Wallace Forsyth, who had returned full of ideas on the organisation of industry for the Wallace Scott Tailoring Institute. But their inspiration may not have been wholly American: also of significance was a visit to Germany and Austria later in 1911, in the course of which he saw the work of Otto Wagner and his circle and just possibly that of Peter Behrens.

The completion of the King Edward VII Galleries in 1914 brought Burnet a knighthood and the bronze medal of the Paris Salon, followed by the Gold in 1922. In parallel with this cascade of honours, Burnet was belatedly elected RSA in 1914, and ARA in 1921. He was now an influential figure at the RIBA, although never its President, securing the Royal Gold Medal for Pascal in 1914, for Rowand Anderson in 1916, and for Henri Paul Nénot in 1917, and working closely with Sir John Simpson to expand the RIBA's links with Europe and the United States. He also had a major role in the founding of the Royal Incorporation of Architects in Scotland, his friendship with Simpson resolving the RIBA Council's initial opposition to Rowand Anderson's Institute of Architects in Scotland being granted a charter: Simpson was then President of the RIBA. But in the practice itself there had been problems with the Office of Works and the British Museum Trustees over a leak in the roof - which was eventually traced and rectified - the strength of the floors and most seriously fees; as ever Burnet's perfectionism had cost money. The year 1912 had also been marred by the first of two serious rows with Tait. In July it was announced that Tait and James Mitchell Whitelaw, a brilliant draughtsman who had joined the London office in 1907, had come second in the unofficial 'Builder' competition for the completion of the rebuilding of the Regent Street Quadrant in conformity with Shaw's Piccadilly Hotel. Burnet was not best pleased: his consent to enter had not been sought and more seriously the bay design was based on Burnet's Civil Service and Professional Supply and Forsyth department stores. But they survived and after Whitelaw was drowned at Bournemouth in July 1913 the matter was allowed to drop. But early in 1914 there was a much more serious disagreement when Burnet discovered that Tait had been helping Trehearne & Norman with their new buildings on Kingsway to augment his income as he had married Constance Hardy, the daughter of a London stationmaster, in 1910 and his son Gordon had been born in 1912. Tait abruptly left for New York to work as an assistant with Donn Barber, leaving his wife and son Gordon at home. Burnet quickly regretted their disagreement and appealed to him to return home as junior partner but he declined. When he did return it was as chief draughtsman to Trehearne & Norman on the Kingsway buildings, an appointment which ended in 1915 when he joined the drawing office in the arsenal at Woolwich. After Whitelaw's death Theodore Fyfe moved into Burnet's office on a full-time basis to complete such work at the Museum as was still outstanding and later to help design the Institute of Chemistry in Russell Square. Fyfe's family believe that a partnership with Burnet was then in prospect and it may well have been, but that possibility died with the First World War. Neither the London nor the Glasgow offices had much work after 1915 and by that year the quarrel with Tait had been made up, Tait assisting Burnet on an evening and weekend basis from that year. But throughout the war the Burnets suffered increasing financial hardship and by 1918 some of their most loved possessions had had to be sold, the departure of their tapestries being found particularly distressing and regretted for the rest of their lives.

After the war the London office recovered rather more quickly than the Glasgow one, Tait and Burnet's office manager, David Raeside, being taken into partnership in 1919 on the latter's return from war service, the practice title becoming Sir John Burnet & Partners. In Glasgow the situation at John Burnet & Son - the original practice title had been retained throughout Dick's ten-year partnership - was more complicated: Burnet's niece Edith Mary Wardlaw Burnet and her husband Thomas Harold Hughes had both hoped to work in the London office; but despite having paid for his education, Burnet was not keen on having women in the office at that point and made the excuse that there was no separate lavatory, while Tait and Raeside demurred at the prospect of Hughes becoming a fourth partner. The problem was temporarily resolved by giving Hughes a partnership in John Burnet & Son, but Dick resented his presence, openly referring to his refined wash drawings as the 'pansy productions of that wishy washy College of Art b****r'. As a result Hughes worked entirely on his own in a small first-floor room with the door closed, almost exclusively on war memorials. The catalyst for the end of this unhappy state of affairs was the practice's trusted chief clerk, Duncan, who withdrew the moneys due to contractors and disappeared. Burnet and Dick had to make good the loss, the latter by repurchasing his partnership, and for the good name of the firm the police were not called. Hughes withdrew to teach at Glasgow School of Art and the practice became Burnet Son & Dick.

(See separate entries for the period 1886-97 (Burnet Son & Campbell) and for the London practice from 1905 (Sir John James Burnet).)

Private and Business Addresses

The following private or business addresses are associated with this architectural practice:
 AddressTypeDate fromDate toNotes
Item 1 of 2167, St Vincent Street, Glasgow, ScotlandBusiness 1902 or 1904 
Item 2 of 2239, St Vincent Street, Glasgow, ScotlandBusiness1902 or 19041919 

Employment and Training

Employees or Pupils

The following individuals were employed or trained by this architectural practice (click on an item to view details):
 NameDate fromDate toPositionNotes
Item 1 of 67William LeckAfter 1877Before 1889Assistant 
Item 2 of 67Robert Findlay18811885Assistant 
Item 3 of 67John Burnet (senior)188213 August 1886Partner 
Item 4 of 67(Sir) John James Burnet18821919Partner 
Item 5 of 67Andrew Balfourc. 1882Before 1886Assistant 
Item 6 of 67Alexander Nisbet PatersonBefore 1883(?) Apprentice(?) 
Item 7 of 67Stewart Henbest Capper18841884Apprentice 
Item 8 of 67William Kerr18851890Apprentice 
Item 9 of 67John James JoassNovember 188513 August 1886Apprentice 
Item 10 of 67John McLean (or Maclean) Crawfordc. 18851886Assistant(?) 
Item 11 of 67James Henry Wallacec. 1895Before 1914Assistant 
Item 12 of 67Andrew Sharp1896Before 1900Assistant 
Item 13 of 67John Forsyth McIlwraith18971898Improver 
Item 14 of 67Leslie Dowie18971899Senior Assistant 
Item 15 of 67Alexander Wingate18971899Assistant 
Item 16 of 67James Cumming Wynnes18971899Assistant 
Item 17 of 67(Major) James Milne-Davidson18971899Apprentice 
Item 18 of 67William Arthur Laurie Carrick1897c. 1900Apprentice 
Item 19 of 67Alan George MacNaughtan18971901Apprentice 
Item 20 of 67George Ronald Bryce18971901Apprentice 
Item 21 of 67Stewart McLauchlan18971902Assistant 
Item 22 of 67Thomas Stewart Purdie1897March 1903Assistant 
Item 23 of 67James Wright (junior)18971908Assistant 
Item 24 of 67William John Blain1897After 1911Chief Assistant 
Item 25 of 67William Ernest Watson21 July 18981 January 1901Apprentice 
Item 26 of 67William Bow3 September 1898 Apprentice 
Item 27 of 67James Austen LairdLate 1898Early 1901Assistant 
Item 28 of 67John Stewart18991900Senior Assistant 
Item 29 of 67Bridgeford MacDougall Pirie18991902Assistant 
Item 30 of 67Charles Turnbull Ewing18991903ApprenticeRemained as assistant until 1905
Item 31 of 67James Wilkie WeddellMay 18991906(?)ApprenticeMay have been assistant for latter part of this period
Item 32 of 67John Alfred Taylor HoustonMay 1900April 1901Assistant 
Item 33 of 67William Arthur Laurie Carrickc. 19001905Assistant 
Item 34 of 67Gordon Lorimer Wright19011902Assistant 
Item 35 of 67James Robertson Adamson19011905Apprentice 
Item 36 of 67James Grant ShearerNovember 1901March 1906Assistant 
Item 37 of 67Herbert Lewis Honeyman19021907(?)Apprentice 
Item 38 of 67Thomas Smith Tait19021914Assistant 
Item 39 of 67William Ferguson (junior) (or William Moncrieff Ferguson, or Willie Ferguson)After 1902(?)1911Assistant 
Item 40 of 67Charles Turnbull Ewing19031905Draughtsman 
Item 41 of 67(Captain) Eric Sinclair Bell1903Before 1910Apprentice 
Item 42 of 67William Bowc. 1903 Draughtsman 
Item 43 of 67Francis George Glyn Robertson (or Frank George Glyn Robertson)19041906Assistant 
Item 44 of 67(Colonel) George Hunter Gardner-McLean19051907(?)Assistant 
Item 45 of 67George Gordon Macfarlane19051910Apprentice 
Item 46 of 67John Hatton Markhamc. 1905 Architect 
Item 47 of 67Alexander Wright19061907Senior Assistant 
Item 48 of 67Edward Grigg Wylie19061908Assistant 
Item 49 of 67William Bryce Binnie (Major)19061908Apprentice 
Item 50 of 67James Wilkie Weddell1906July 1916Senior Assistant 
Item 51 of 67Donald (F?) RossAugust 19061911Apprentice 
Item 52 of 67Launcelot Hugh RossFebruary 19071911AssistantAlso in John James Burnet's London office during same period
Item 53 of 67Norman Aitken DickDecember 19071909Draughtsman 
Item 54 of 67James Macgregor Harvey19081913Apprentice 
Item 55 of 67Cedric John Mathison Young19091911ApprenticeHolidays only (whilst a student)
Item 56 of 67Norman Aitken Dick19091919Partner 
Item 57 of 67Henry Hubbard (or Harry Hubbard)c. 19091914Assistant 
Item 58 of 67Richard McLeod Morrison Gunnc. 1910 *1910 or 1911(?)Assistant(?)Gunn is thought to have worked in Burnet's office around this time but this is not certain.
Item 59 of 67Donald (F?) Ross19111912Junior Assistant 
Item 60 of 67James Bennett1912After 1915Assistant 
Item 61 of 67James Napier1912c. 1926AssistantWith the exception of war service
Item 62 of 67William BowAfter 1912 Chief Draughtsman 
Item 63 of 67Alfred George Lochhead19131914Assistant 
Item 64 of 67Robert Leslie Rollo19131914Assistant 
Item 65 of 67James Macgregor Harvey19131915Draughtsman 
Item 66 of 67Stewart Phyn CrombieBefore 19141914Apprentice 
Item 67 of 67___ FergusonBefore 19141914Assistant 

* earliest date known from documented sources.


Buildings and Designs

This architectural practice was involved with the following buildings or structures from the date specified (click on an item to view details):
 Date startedBuilding nameTown, district or villageIslandCity or countyCountryNotes
Item 1 of 1341882Clyde Navigation Trust Building  GlasgowScotland 
Item 2 of 1341882Drumsheugh Baths  EdinburghScotland 
Item 3 of 1341882Sauchfield Terrace and Crescent  GlasgowScotland 
Item 4 of 1341882Sick Children's Dispensary  GlasgowScotlandUnsuccessful competition design
Item 5 of 1341883BellfieldDumbarton DunbartonshireScotlandReinstatement after fire
Item 6 of 1341884KilneissMoniaive DumfriesshireScotlandMajor reconstruction and addition of studio
Item 7 of 1341885Birmingham Law Courts  BirminghamEnglandCompetition design - reached 2nd tier but unplaced
Item 8 of 1341885Coats Memorial Baptist ChurchPaisley RenfrewshireScotlandCompetition design - unplaced
Item 9 of 1341885Edinbarnet  DunbartonshireScotlandHouse and conservatories
Item 10 of 1341885Edinburgh International Exhibition of Industry, Science and Art, 1886  EdinburghScotlandWon competition and secured job with C C Lindsay engineer
Item 11 of 1341885Edinburgh International Exhibition, manager's house  EdinburghScotland 
Item 12 of 1341885Hartwood AsylumShotts LanarkshireScotlandCompetition design, selected but not successful
Item 13 of 1341885Newark Free Church and hallPort Glasgow RenfrewshireScotlandWon competition and secured job
Item 14 of 1341885Schoolwell Street ManseStevenston AyrshireScotlandAdditions
Item 15 of 1341885St Andrews Free Church  EdinburghScotlandCompetition design - unsuccessful
Item 16 of 1341885University of Glasgow Students' Union  GlasgowScotland 
Item 17 of 1341895Longrow UP ChurchCampbeltown ArgyllScotlandNew organ case
Item 18 of 1341895University of Glasgow halls of residence  GlasgowScotlandProposals - not executed
Item 19 of 1341897Craigdhu MansionsCampbeltown ArgyllScotland 
Item 20 of 1341897Greenhead Court  GlasgowScotland 
Item 21 of 1341897Lochranza Hotel ArranButeScotland 
Item 22 of 1341897McLaren Memorial church, hall and manseStenhousemuir/Larbert StirlingshireScotland 
Item 23 of 1341897Public Library and MuseumCampbeltown ArgyllScotland 
Item 24 of 1341897RothmarCampbeltown ArgyllScotland 
Item 25 of 1341897Western Infirmary  GlasgowScotlandPlans dated - detail of ventilator of milk house in new kitchen and offices
Item 26 of 134After 1897(?)HotelsWhiting BayArranButeScotlandBy John James Burnet, either under Burnet Son & Campbell or John Burnet & Sons
Item 27 of 134After 1897(?)New houseWhiting BayArranButeScotlandDate unclear; may have been done earlier, under Burnet, Son & Campbell
Item 28 of 134After 1897(?)Stables, DoonholmAyr AyrshireScotlandBy John James Burnet, either under Burnet Son & Campbell or John Burnet & Sons
Item 29 of 134c. 1897The TowansPrestwick AyrshireScotland 
Item 30 of 1341898218-220 St Vincent Street  GlasgowScotlandInteriors
Item 31 of 1341898Barony Parish Church  GlasgowScotlandFurther work, arcaded reredos of presbytery and completion of scheme
Item 32 of 1341898Finlaystone HouseLangbank RenfrewshireScotlandComplete reconstruction of house, lodge, terraces and formal garden
Item 33 of 1341898Glasgow International Exhibition of 1901Kelvingrove GlasgowScotlandCompetition design - unplaced
Item 34 of 1341898Glasgow Royal Asylum for Lunatics, entrance lodge & gateway  GlasgowScotland 
Item 35 of 1341898Glasgow Savings Bank Headquarters  GlasgowScotlandFurther storey added
Item 36 of 1341898KilnsideCamelon, Falkirk StirlingshireScotland 
Item 37 of 1341898LedcamerochKilwinning AyrshireScotland 
Item 38 of 1341898National Bank of Scotland  GlasgowScotlandUnsuccessful competition design
Item 39 of 1341899Atlantic Chambers  GlasgowScotland 
Item 40 of 1341899Broomhill Congregational Church and hallsPartick GlasgowScotland 
Item 41 of 1341899DalgormLamlashArranButeScotland 
Item 42 of 1341899Property of Kirkland Trust  GlasgowScotlandAlterations
Item 43 of 1341899Rose CottageLamlashArranButeScotland 
Item 44 of 1341899Tenements for Caledonian Railway Company  GlasgowScotland 
Item 45 of 1341899Tron Kirk  GlasgowScotlandForecourt screen wall and ventilating shaft
Item 46 of 1341899University of Glasgow, Engineering Building  GlasgowScotland 
Item 47 of 1341899Warehouse, offices and shops  GlasgowScotland 
Item 48 of 1341899Waterloo Chambers  GlasgowScotland 
Item 49 of 134After 1899Clydesdale Bank Headquarters, St Vincent Place  GlasgowScotlandAlterations
Item 50 of 134After 1899Elder Maternity HomeGovan GlasgowScotland 
Item 51 of 134After 1899HotelFort Augustus Inverness-shireScotland 
Item 52 of 134After 1899House, 6 Park Circus Place  GlasgowScotlandInterior work
Item 53 of 134Late 1800s'Crafts made in Arran' shopLamlashArranButeScotlandAttribution by HS
Item 54 of 1341900Drumsheugh Baths  EdinburghScotlandRebuilding and addition
Item 55 of 1341900Glasgow Royal Asylum for Lunatics, piggeries  GlasgowScotland 
Item 56 of 1341900Glasgow Royal Infirmary  GlasgowScotlandCompetition design - unplaced
Item 57 of 1341900Middleton's Building, 61-67 Miller Street  GlasgowScotlandAdditions
Item 58 of 1341900Skinner's Bakery and tea roomCharing Cross GlasgowScotlandBakery in Newton Street and tearoom in adjoining block in Sauchiehall Street
Item 59 of 1341900University of Glasgow, Anatomy Building  GlasgowScotlandWith J O Scott as consultant
Item 60 of 1341900University of Glasgow, Botany Building  GlasgowScotlandOriginal building
Item 61 of 1341900Windsor House  GlasgowScotlandExtensive additions and alterations
Item 62 of 134After 1900(?)InglistonBishopton RenfrewshireScotlandBy John James Burnet with James Wright Junior as assistant - may have been done earlier, under firm of Burnet Son & Campbell
Item 63 of 134c. 19007 Park Terrace  GlasgowScotlandInteriors
Item 64 of 134c. 1900Dunlossit House Estate, memorial cross  ArgyllScotlandAttribution
Item 65 of 134c. 1900Waiting room at pierBrodickArranButeScotlandAttribution
Item 66 of 1341901Elder Cottage HospitalGovan GlasgowScotland 
Item 67 of 1341901Elder Public LibraryGovan GlasgowScotlandOriginal building
Item 68 of 1341901Royal Faculty of Physicians and Surgeons  GlasgowScotlandIncorporation of no 236 and alterations and adaptations
Item 69 of 1341901Small church for Lord Inverclyde (Mausoleum?)Wemyss Bay RenfrewshireScotland 
Item 70 of 1341901St Gerardine's Church and hallLossiemouth MorayshireScotland 
Item 71 of 1341901University of Glasgow, surgical laboratory  GlasgowScotland 
Item 72 of 1341902Aerated Water Factory  GlasgowScotlandStable added
Item 73 of 1341902Black's warehouse  GlasgowScotlandFurther work
Item 74 of 1341902Craig HouseGatehead ( near) AyrshireScotlandNew conservatory and extensive alterations
Item 75 of 1341902St James' Episcopal ChurchGoldenacre EdinburghScotlandPaving and furnishing of chancel, including choir stalls, hanging lamps, communion rail and organ case
Item 76 of 1341902Western Infirmary  GlasgowScotlandDispensary and outpatients department (HS List dates this as c1913)
Item 77 of 134190342 Workmen's DwellingsHelensburgh DunbartonshireScotland 
Item 78 of 1341903Professional & Civil Service Supply Association  EdinburghScotland 
Item 79 of 1341903University of Glasgow, Chemistry Building  GlasgowScotland 
Item 80 of 1341903Workers housing for Harland Engineering CompanyAlloa ClackmannanshireScotland 
Item 81 of 134c. 1903Gallanach HouseOban ArgyllScotlandNew wing and remodelling of offices
Item 82 of 1341904British MuseumBloomsbury LondonEnglandKing Edward VII Wing (North Wing) and British Museum Avenue running N from new wing laid out.
Item 83 of 1341904FairnalieSelkirk SelkirkshireScotlandSucceeded Lorimer
Item 84 of 1341904Glasgow Royal Asylum for Lunatics, chapel  GlasgowScotland 
Item 85 of 1341904Glasgow Stock Exchange  GlasgowScotlandAdditions
Item 86 of 1341904House for William Bottomley  GlasgowScotland 
Item 87 of 1341904King's Weighhouse ChurchMayfair LondonEnglandNew chancel and furnishings
Item 88 of 1341904Marine HotelElie FifeScotlandComplete rebuilding
Item 89 of 1341904RachanBiggar LanarkshireScotland 
Item 90 of 1341904Warehouse for William McGeoch & Co  GlasgowScotland 
Item 91 of 1341905CastlecraigKirkurd PeeblesshireScotlandExtensive alterations and additions, including interiors
Item 92 of 1341905Clyde Navigation Trust Building  GlasgowScotlandSecond phase of building
Item 93 of 1341905McLaren Memorial church, hall and manseStenhousemuir/Larbert StirlingshireScotlandManse added to complex
Item 94 of 134c. 1905Free Church Offices and Savings Bank  EdinburghScotlandAlterations
Item 95 of 13419061, 2 Park Gardens Lane  GlasgowScotland 
Item 96 of 1341906Grand HotelSt Andrews FifeScotlandNew entrance porch and major interior alterations of ground floor and basement
Item 97 of 1341906R W Forsyth Ltd Department Store  EdinburghScotlandProject begun
Item 98 of 1341907Glasgow Royal Asylum for Lunatics  GlasgowScotlandAdditions to south wing of east house
Item 99 of 1341907Marine HotelElie FifeScotlandAdditions
Item 100 of 1341907The Merchants' House  GlasgowScotlandAddition of upper storeys, alterations to tower and interior work
Item 101 of 1341907University of Glasgow, Engineering Building  GlasgowScotlandAdditions
Item 102 of 1341908Glasgow Royal Asylum for Lunatics  GlasgowScotlandNew boiler house
Item 103 of 1341908St Philip's Episcopal Church  EdinburghScotland 
Item 104 of 1341908University of Glasgow Students' Union  GlasgowScotlandExtension - building deepened in plan on south side
Item 105 of 1341908University of Glasgow, gymnasium  GlasgowScotland 
Item 106 of 1341909Alhambra Theatre  GlasgowScotland 
Item 107 of 1341909Black's warehouse  GlasgowScotlandAlterations
Item 108 of 1341909Glasgow Royal Asylum for Lunatics  GlasgowScotlandNew south west wing and alterations to west house
Item 109 of 1341909Usher Hall  EdinburghScotlandCompetition design for the Mound site - not successful (exhibited at RSA as 'sketch suggestion for site')
Item 110 of 1341910Elder Cottage Hospital, nurses' homeGovan GlasgowScotland 
Item 111 of 1341910Glasgow Royal Asylum for Lunatics  GlasgowScotlandLaundry extension
Item 112 of 1341910Marine HotelElie FifeScotlandAdditions
Item 113 of 1341910Tennant Mansion, 195 West George Street  GlasgowScotlandReconstruction and enlargement of Tennant mansion as offices for Nobel Explosives Company
Item 114 of 1341910Trochraigue HouseGirvan AyrshireScotlandAddition of tower and other work
Item 115 of 1341910Western Infirmary  GlasgowScotlandClinical laboratory. Also work on this 1914
Item 116 of 1341911Duart CastleCraignure (near)MullArgyllScotlandExecuted scheme which had been prepared in consultation with Ross & MacGibbon
Item 117 of 1341911Royal Hospital for Sick ChildrenYorkhill GlasgowScotland 
Item 118 of 1341911Western Infirmary  GlasgowScotlandNew diatetic kitchen
Item 119 of 1341912Cumberland InfirmaryCarlisle CumberlandEnglandOutpatients Department
Item 120 of 1341912Kidston HallKilmacolm/Kilmalcolm RenfrewshireScotland 
Item 121 of 1341912Kilmarnock Infirmary and Fever Hospital, Mount PleasantKilmarnock AyrshireScotlandNew ward added
Item 122 of 1341912Union Bank  GlasgowScotlandRemodelled
Item 123 of 134June 1912Duart CastleCraignure (near)MullArgyllScotlandSurvey plans drawn up - 'John Burnet & Son - received December 16 1912'
Item 124 of 1341913Jordanhill Teacher Training CollegeJordanhill GlasgowScotlandCompetition design - not successful
Item 125 of 1341913Jordanhill Training College, lodge and gatesJordanhill GlasgowScotlandWas offered the commission for the lodge and gates but declined
Item 126 of 1341913Wallace Scott Tailoring InstituteCathcart GlasgowScotland 
Item 127 of 1341914Alhambra Theatre  GlasgowScotlandFurther work
Item 128 of 1341914Clyde Navigation Trust Building  GlasgowScotlandThird phase on Broomielaw proposed; not carried out due to outbreak of World War I
Item 129 of 1341914Cumberland Street Reformed Presbyterian Church  GlasgowScotlandHall
Item 130 of 1341914Letham HillHelensburgh DunbartonshireScotland 
Item 131 of 1341915Kilmarnock Infirmary and Fever Hospital, Mount PleasantKilmarnock AyrshireScotlandNew ward block
Item 132 of 1341915Trochraigue HouseGirvan AyrshireScotlandInterior work
Item 133 of 1341916Hastings LodgeMaxwell Park GlasgowScotlandDining room
Item 134 of 1341917Glasgow University, Memorial Tablet Bute Hall  GlasgowScotland 

References

Bibliographic References

The following books contain references to this architectural practice:
 Author(s)DateTitlePartPublisherNotes
Item 1 of 7Angus, Elizabeth1991John James Burnet: the University of Glasgow memorial Chapel 1913-1929 University of Glasgow MPhil dissertation 
Item 2 of 7Burnet, John & Son, and Lindsay, Charles C1886The International Exhibition of Industry, Science and Art   
Item 3 of 7Burrows, E J1924Modern Architectural Art: Sir John Burnet & Partners Cheltenham 
Item 4 of 7Edwards, A Trystan1930The architectural work of Sir John Burnet and Partners (Masters of Architecture Series) Geneva 
Item 5 of 7Gray, A Stuart1985Edwardian Architecture: A Biographical Dictionary   
Item 6 of 7Rankin, Robert B1953Sir John Burnet RA, RSA, LLD and his works in RIAS Quarterly no 94, November 1953 
Item 7 of 7Service, Alastair1975Edwardian Architecture and its Origins