© All rights reserved. The Bailie 1935 (RIBA Conference in Glasgow Edition) (courtesy of Iain Paterson) 

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Basic Biographical Details

Name: (Colonel) George Hunter Gardner-McLean
Designation: Architect
Born: 18 November 1885
Died: 24 December 1961
Bio Notes: George Hunter Gardner-McLean was born in Glasgow on 18 November 1885, the son of John Gardner McLean, solicitor and Lorenza Hamlin Hunter (subsequently Henry). He was educated in Londonderry and at Hutcheson's School for Boys in Glasgow, and began his architectural training in 1900, serving a five-year apprenticeship with an unspecified firm and studying at the Glasgow School of Art and Royal Technical College. After completing his apprenticeship he worked in the office of John James Burnet for two years, and from 1912 to 1915 was an assistant in the Public Works Department, Glasgow. From 1915 to 1918 he served in the First World War as a Captain with the Royal Engineers and was wounded and mentioned in dispatches. After the war he served in the Territorial Army and was promoted Major in 1921. Thereafter he commanded the 52nd (Lowland) Divisional Engineers, Royal Engineers Territorial Army with the rank of Lieutenant-Colonel (1931), Brevet Colonel (1935) and Colonel (1936).

Not long after the end of the First World War he joined in partnership with Hugh Campbell at 156 St Vincent Street as Campbell & Gardner-McLean. This partnership appears to have ended in 1925 when Gardner-McLean seems to have entered into partnership with Alexander Gardner, who may have been a relative, at 134 Bath Street. On the latter's death on 2 February 1926 he became the sole partner of the firm, the Gardner name being retained.

Gardner-McLean had a particular interest in church buildings and for a number of years he served on the Church of Scotland Committee on artistic matters and on the Council of the Glasgow Ecclesiological Society. He was admitted LRIBA in early 1931, his proposers being John Maurice Arthur, George Arthur Boswell and the then secretary of the Glasgow Institute of Architects. Throughout the 1930s he had an impressive record of public service. He was appointed to the Council of the RIAS in 1931 and to the Executive Committee of the Scottish Development Council in 1934; became chairman of the Building Materials Committee in 1936; and was appointed to the Executive Committee of the Scottish Empire Exhibition in the same year. The earlier of these led to his appointment as OBE in 1935 and admission as a Fellow of the Royal Society of Edinburgh. He was elected FRIBA on 9 January 1939, proposed by William Brown Whitie, John Stewart and James Lochhead. For some years he was a member of the Council of the Glasgow Institute of Architects and became its President in 1938-40. He was also chairman of the Garden Cities and Town Planning Association in Scotland from 1937 and for several years from 1938 acted as Chairman of the Scottish Building Centre in Glasgow, of which he was a director.

Gardner-McLean's other interests were the Clan McLean Association of which he was Vice-President, riding, climbing and golf. He married Mary Hutchison Pate (or Lambie - she was a widow), daughter of Robert Hutchison Pate, shipping company cashier, at Queens Park St George's Church on 14 January 1935 at the age of fifty and had a son and a daughter. In that year he was awarded the OBE. During the Second World War he was Deputy Chief Engineer Scottish Command with the rank of Colonel and became Chief of the Directorate of Emergency Works in Scotland. He was appointed Deputy Lieutenant of Lanarkshire in 1950. He died of cancer and cerebral thrombosis at Canniesburn on 24 December 1961. A portrait of him taken shortly before his death by the photographer Bassano is in the National Portrait Gallery.

Private and Business Addresses

The following private or business addresses are associated with this architect:
 AddressTypeDate fromDate toNotes
Item 1 of 6156, St Vincent Street, Glasgow, ScotlandBusinessBefore 19191924 or 1925 
Item 2 of 6212, St Vincent Street, Glasgow, ScotlandBusiness1924 or 1925 *  
Item 3 of 6134, Bath Street, Glasgow, ScotlandBusiness19291933With Alexander Gardner
Item 4 of 68, Ruthven Street, Glasgow, ScotlandPrivateBefore 1930Before 1939 
Item 5 of 66, India Street, Glasgow, ScotlandBusinessc. 1934After 1950 
Item 6 of 619, Tavistock Drive, Glasgow, ScotlandPrivateBefore 19351961 

* earliest date known from documented sources.


Employment and Training

Employers

The following individuals or organisations employed or trained this architect (click on an item to view details):
 NameDate fromDate toPositionNotes
Item 1 of 4John Burnet & Son19051907(?)Assistant 
Item 2 of 4Glasgow Office of Public Works Architectural Department (later Glasgow Corporation City Engineer's Department)19121915Assistant 
Item 3 of 4Campbell & Gardner-McLean19191925(?)Partner 
Item 4 of 4Gardner & Gardner-McLean1925(?) Partner 

Employees or Pupils

The following individuals were employed or trained by this architect (click on an item to view details):
 NameDate fromDate toPositionNotes
Item 1 of 2John Stevenson junior19361939Assistant 
Item 2 of 2John Grenfell Hird (or Hurd)c. 1940 Assistant 

RIBA

RIBA Proposers

The following individuals proposed this architect for RIBA membership (click on an item to view details):
 NameDate proposedNotes
Item 1 of 5John Maurice ArthurEarly 1931for Licentiateship
Item 2 of 5George Arthur BoswellEarly 1931for Licentiateship
Item 3 of 5James Lochhead9 January 1939for Fellowship
Item 4 of 5John Stewart9 January 1939for Fellowship
Item 5 of 5William Brown Whitie9 January 1939for Fellowship

RIBA Proposals

This architect proposed the following individuals for RIBA membership (click on an item to view details):
 NameDate proposedNotes
Item 1 of 5James Hastie MacLeod25 June 1946for Associateship
Item 2 of 5Robert Barr Rankin6 January 1953For Associateship
Item 3 of 5Arthur Frank ShapleyEarly 1943for Licentiateship
Item 4 of 5John Stevenson junior21 October 1941for Associateship
Item 5 of 5Arthur Mackenzie Watt-Low (or Watt Low)12 December 1944for Licentiateship

Buildings and Designs

This architect was involved with the following buildings or structures from the date specified (click on an item to view details):
 Date startedBuilding nameTown, district or villageIslandCity or countyCountryNotes
Item 1 of 23After 1919Garage and storesPolmadie GlasgowScotland 
Item 2 of 23After 1919InstituteLarbert StirlingshireScotland 
Item 3 of 23After 1919Metallic Manufacturing CompanyArdrossan AyrshireScotland 
Item 4 of 23After 1919Offices of Clyde Bonding Company Ltd   Scotland 
Item 5 of 23After 1919Residence(s)Bearsden GlasgowScotland 
Item 6 of 23After 1919Residence(s)Whitecraigs GlasgowScotland 
Item 7 of 23After 1919Residence(s)MillportGreat CumbraeButeScotland 
Item 8 of 23After 1919Residence(s)Newlands GlasgowScotland 
Item 9 of 23After 1919Residence(s)Helensburgh DunbartonshireScotland 
Item 10 of 23c. 1925(?)Factory for the British Oxygen Company LtdPolmadie GlasgowScotland 
Item 11 of 231929St David's Church, hall church  GlasgowScotland 
Item 12 of 231930Gartcosh Parish ChurchGartcosh GlasgowScotlandDesign exhibited
Item 13 of 231932Caledonian Baking Co  GlasgowScotland 
Item 14 of 231932Newton Mearns Parish ChurchNewton Mearns RenfrewshireScotlandDesign exhibited
Item 15 of 231933Burns Memorial Church, Church halls and roomsKilsyth StirlingshireScotlandDesign exhibited
Item 16 of 231933Caledonia BakeryKilsyth StirlingshireScotlandDesign exhibited
Item 17 of 231934Scottish National Development Council Exhibition House, Kelvin Hall  GlasgowScotland 
Item 18 of 231935Broom CottageHelensburgh DunbartonshireScotland 
Item 19 of 231935West FairfieldHelensburgh DunbartonshireScotland 
Item 20 of 231937Scottish Special Areas - exhibition house   Scotland 
Item 21 of 231938Glasgow Empire Exhibition, Gas PavilionBellahouston GlasgowScotland 
Item 22 of 231938St David's ChurchKnightswood GlasgowScotland 
Item 23 of 231958Maritime House  GlasgowScotland 

References

Bibliographic References

The following books contain references to this architect:
 Author(s)DateTitlePartPublisherNotes
Item 1 of 4RIBA1930The RIBA Kalendar 1930-1931 London: Royal Institute of British Architects 
Item 2 of 4RIBA1939The RIBA Kalendar 1939-1940 London: Royal Institute of British Architects 
Item 3 of 4RIBA1950The RIBA Kalendar 1950-1951 London: Royal Institute of British Architects 
Item 4 of 4Scottish Biographies1938  E J Thurston (pub.) 

Periodical References

The following periodicals contain references to this architect:
 Periodical NameDateEditionPublisherNotes
Item 1 of 1Builder5 January 1962   

Archive References

The following archives hold material relating to this architect:
 SourceArchive NameSource Catalogue No.Notes
Item 1 of 1RIBA Archive, Victoria & Albert MuseumRIBA Nomination Papers L no3837 (box 17); F no3517 (box 24)

Images

© All rights reserved. The Bailie 1935 (RIBA Conference in Glasgow Edition) (courtesy of Iain Paterson) 

© All rights reserved. The Bailie 1935 (RIBA Conference in Glasgow Edition) (courtesy of Iain Paterson)