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Basic Biographical Details

Name: Henry Edward Clifford
Designation: Architect
Born: 12 September 1852
Died: 15 October 1932
Bio Notes: Henry (Harry) Edward Clifford was born at North Naparama, Trinidad, on 12 September 1852, the second son and fourth child of F Henry Clifford, a sugar planter, and his wife Rebecca Anderson. The Cliffords were originally a Church of Ireland Wexford family but had settled in Trinidad very soon after its capture in 1797. There, in partnership with Hugh Anderson, the Cliffords leased the Woodbrook plantation from the Murray family, but in 1843 the lease expired and Clifford's father became supervisor of the Andersons' North Naparama estate. Three years earlier, on 5 November 1840, Clifford's father had married into that family, his mother being the daughter of John Anderson, a wool carder with a lint mill between Campbeltown and Machrihanish: this brought extensive family connections there which were to be useful later.

In 1859 Clifford's father died of a stroke and his mother, then thirty-five, brought her two sons and two daughters to Glasgow where she made a living as a needlewoman. The elder son Robert became a clerk and her two daughters began teaching young ladies from home, an activity which eventually grew into 'Clifford House' at Pollokshields.

In October 1867 Clifford was articled to John Burnet Senior for five years and remained a further five as draughtsman; he may previously have been the office boy, as the recollections of Clifford's son state that he joined the office at the age of thirteen. He left to commence practice on his own account first at 113 West Regent Street and then at 196 St Vincent Street, having won 100 in a newspaper competition for a workman's cottage. In his earliest years of independent practice (1878 to 1880) he studied at Glasgow School of Art where he won the Queen's Prize for a dining room wall and the Haldane Prize both in 1879. By 1884 his practice, hitherto supplemented by teaching at Glasgow School of Art, had begun to pick up and he took rooms at 140 Bath Street, apparently within the office of John Honeyman whose practice was then in decline. This arrangement, which may have been with a view to a partnership, ended in 1885 when he formed a partnership with Burnet's nephew and former assistant William Landless under the style of Landless & Clifford at 227 West George Street, but in the difficult conditions of the mid-1880s Landless (who was said to have a drink problem) abandoned private practice in July 1887 to become architect to Leeds School Board. Thereafter Clifford practised on his own account from several addresses in St Vincent Street, much of the business being around Campbeltown. His home address between 1877 and throughout the 1880s was his mother and sisters' school in Pollokshields, first at 13 (now 167) Nithsdale Road, Pollokshields, and later at 12 Moray Place. In the early 1890s he built himself a weekend house, Redclyffe at Troon, but continued to live with his mother and sisters during the week. In the mid-1890s he appears to have considered moving his practice to England as in 1894 he joined the Society of Architects and had an address at Trismore Lodge, Alexandra Road, Watford. Nothing is known of his English practice at that time. It was probably not extensive.

On 7 December 1904 at the age of 52, Clifford married 29-year-old Alice Gibson, daughter of William Gibson, physician and surgeon at Campbeltown in the Longrow Free Church there, one of the witnesses being the Ayr architect James Kennedy Hunter. Their honeymoon was spent in Cannes.

In the earlier years of their marriage the Cliffords continued to live with Clifford's mother and sisters during the week, their only child William Henry Morton Clifford being born at Kirkland, Campbeltown on 30 July 1909, but two years later they built a new house in Elphinstone Road, Whitecraigs, where Clifford had already built several houses. It was named Woodbrook after the Trinidad estate.

Clifford achieved national fame in 1901 by winning the Glasgow Royal Infirmary competition but following a difference of opinion between the directors and their assessor Rowand Anderson, the commission was given to James Miller, Clifford securing appointment to the Royal Victoria Infirmary as consolation prize in 1902. His domestic work achieved a European reputation with the publication of Stoneleigh in Das Englische Haus in 1904-5 and on 11 June 1906 he was elected FRIBA, his proposers being James Miller, John James Burnet, David Barclay and C J MacLean. In 1909 he took into partnership his principal assistant Thomas Melville Lunan, who also had good connections in the golfing world. Born in 1878, Lunan had been articled to James Miller from 1896 to 1901, and had studied at the Glasgow School of Art before moving to Watson & Salmond, a partnership with adjacent offices to Clifford's at 225 St Vincent Street and with whom he shared staff on the basis of need. Lunan was a good architect of the Miller school and the Clifford & Lunan partnership was initially very successful, winning the competition assessed by Burnet for the new City Hall at Perth in the first year of its existence. However, Lunan was seriously affected by his experiences in the Great War and returned demoralised and unable to work, obliging Clifford to buy out his partnership. Clifford continued thereafter on his own until his retirement on medical advice in December 1923. His practice was absorbed by that of Watson & Salmond.

Having been advised to live in a warmer and dryer climate, Clifford bought a two-acre plot at Reigate where he built a substantial house which was also named Woodbrook. He continued practice in a small way, designing one major house, Crosshill at Wendover, for friends from Campbeltown. His health recovered, but in 1929 his investments were seriously diminished by the Wall Street Crash and the consequent sharp decline of the London Stock Market. He suffered a severe heart attack in July 1930 and by 1931 his wife was also ill with phlebitis and other problems. Because of nursing and other costs, Clifford decided to sell Woodbrook, but before it could be sold he died of a stroke on 1 October 1932, his funeral being from the Royal Hotel Campbeltown to Kilkerran Cemetery on 9 October. He left moveable estate of 2937 18s 0d. His wife died only nine months later.

John Watson II, who knew Clifford well in his later years, described him as tall and good-looking but rather shy and retiring; his son's memoir, however, suggests a more assertive personality. He took no active part in public affairs and his business was founded solely on their professional merit coupled with family, golfing, sailing and cricketing connections. Except for Pollokshields Burgh Hall, which has affinities with the Scots Renaissance of Burnet Son & Campbell, his work tended to be essentially English rather than Scottish in inspiration from c.1890. His churches and houses were consistently in a robust 15th-century and early-16th-century manner, Cathcart Parish Church designed in 1914 differing little in style from his work of twenty years earlier. At the turn of the century his public and commercial buildings were stylistically more adventurous with modern movement characteristics most notably at the very fine Aird and Coghill printing works of 1901 and in the design for the Glasgow Royal Infirmary but by 1909 he had adopted a more conventional but very competent Edwardian Renaissance manner, influenced by his admiration for the work of Richard Norman Shaw.

Private and Business Addresses

The following private or business addresses are associated with this architect:
 AddressTypeDate fromDate toNotes
Item 1 of 1313, Nithsdale Road, Glasgow, ScotlandPrivate  Now 167 Nithsdale Road
Item 2 of 13113 (or 13?), West Regent Street, Glasgow, ScotlandBusiness18781879 
Item 3 of 13196, St Vincent Street, Glasgow, ScotlandBusiness1884 *1885 
Item 4 of 13227, West George Street, Glasgow, ScotlandBusiness1885 Partnership of Landless & Clifford located here.
Item 5 of 13193, St Vincent Street, Glasgow, ScotlandBusiness1887 *1888 
Item 6 of 1312, Moray Place, Glasgow, ScotlandPrivatec. 1890  
Item 7 of 13Trismore Lodge, Alexandra Road, Watford, Hertfordshire, EnglandPrivate/business1896  
Item 8 of 13178, St Vincent Street, Glasgow, ScotlandBusiness1900  
Item 9 of 13225, St Vincent Street, Glasgow, ScotlandBusiness1902Before 1920 
Item 10 of 13Woodbrook, Elphinstone Road, Whitecraigs, Glasgow, ScotlandPrivateAfter 1904  
Item 11 of 13Redclyffe, Troon, Ayrshire, ScotlandPrivatec. 1904  
Item 12 of 13209, St Vincent Street, Glasgow, ScotlandBusiness1920 *  
Item 13 of 13Woodbrook, Pilgrim's Way, Reigate, Surrey, EnglandPrivateAfter 1923  

* earliest date known from documented sources.


Employment and Training

Employers

The following individuals or organisations employed or trained this architect (click on an item to view details):
 NameDate fromDate toPositionNotes
Item 1 of 4John Burnet (senior)October 1867c. October 1872Apprentice 
Item 2 of 4John Burnet (senior)c. October 18721878Draughtsman 
Item 3 of 4Landless & Clifford1885July 1887Partner 
Item 4 of 4Clifford & Lunan19091923Partner 

Employees or Pupils

The following individuals were employed or trained by this architect (click on an item to view details):
 NameDate fromDate toPositionNotes
Item 1 of 12Robert Yates MayorAfter 1881Before 1887ApprenticeServed part of his apprenticeship in Clifford's office
Item 2 of 12Hugh Dale1887c. 1892ApprenticeRemained as assistant until 1906
Item 3 of 12Hugh Dalec. 1892Before 1906Chief Assistant 
Item 4 of 12John St Clair Williamson19011906Assistant 
Item 5 of 12Thomas Melville Lunan19031909Senior Assistant 
Item 6 of 12Richard McLeod Morrison Gunnc. 1904c. 1909Apprentice 
Item 7 of 12James Maclaren HoneymanOctober 19071909Apprentice 
Item 8 of 12Alan Douglas McEwanc. 1907 or c. 1908 Apprentice 
Item 9 of 12Alexander Young1908Before 1910AssistantIn charge of branch office in Newton Stewart for Clifford
Item 10 of 12Allan J LawrieBefore 19091909Draughtsman 
Item 11 of 12James Bunyan19231925  
Item 12 of 12Charles Findlater Reid192331 March 1925Assistant 

RIBA

RIBA Proposers

The following individuals proposed this architect for RIBA membership (click on an item to view details):
 NameDate proposedNotes
Item 1 of 4David Barclay11 June 1906for Fellowship
Item 2 of 4(Sir) John James Burnet11 June 1906for Fellowship
Item 3 of 4C J MacLean11 June 1906for Fellowship
Item 4 of 4James Miller11 June 1906for Fellowship

RIBA Proposals

This architect proposed the following individuals for RIBA membership (click on an item to view details):
 NameDate proposedNotes
Item 1 of 12George Nicholas Beattie20 July 1911for Licentiateship
Item 2 of 12James Carrick19 December 1910for Licentiateship
Item 3 of 12Charles Ewan20 March 1911for Licentiateship
Item 4 of 12Robert Ewan (junior)20 March 1911for Licentiateship
Item 5 of 12William Ferguson (junior) (or William Moncrieff Ferguson, or Willie Ferguson)24 June 1912for Licentiateship
Item 6 of 12James Maclaren HoneymanMid 1919for Associateship
Item 7 of 12William Alexander Kidd20 July 1911for Licentiateship
Item 8 of 12Thomas Melville LunanLate 1920 or early 1921for Fellowship
Item 9 of 12John Campbell McKellar3 December 1906for Fellowship
Item 10 of 12David Salmond9 June 1913for Fellowship
Item 11 of 12(Professor) William James SmithLate 1920for Associateship
Item 12 of 12John Watson2 December 1912for Fellowship

Buildings and Designs

This architect was involved with the following buildings or structures from the date specified (click on an item to view details):
 Date startedBuilding nameTown, district or villageIslandCity or countyCountryNotes
Item 1 of 221 515 Great Western Road  GlasgowScotlandDate unknown
Item 2 of 221 Bellahouston Park  GlasgowScotlandGate lodge - date unknown
Item 3 of 221 Golf ClubhouseElliot, Arbroath AngusScotlandDate unknown
Item 4 of 221 Ronan's House, Thorntonhall EstateThorntonhall LanarkshireScotlandDate unknown
Item 5 of 2211879Govanhill and Crosshill Burgh HallGovanhill and Crosshill GlasgowScotlandCompetition design exhibited - not successful
Item 6 of 2211879Utilitas Land Company's Cottages and Villas  Newcastle upon TyneEnglandWon competition and secured job
Item 7 of 2211880Two tenements, Kenmure Street  GlasgowScotland 
Item 8 of 2211881Tenement, Albert Street and Cadder StreetPollokshields GlasgowScotland 
Item 9 of 2211881Tenement, Kenmure Street  GlasgowScotland 
Item 10 of 2211882Craigard, DalintoberCampbeltown ArgyllScotland 
Item 11 of 2211884Baths, Leslie StreetPollokshields GlasgowScotlandCompetition design - not successful
Item 12 of 2211885Campbeltown Christian InstituteCampbeltown ArgyllScotland 
Item 13 of 2211885Hartwood AsylumShotts LanarkshireScotlandCompetition design, selected but not successful
Item 14 of 2211885Hyndland Primary School  GlasgowScotland 
Item 15 of 2211885St Kiaran's Episcopal Church and parsonageCampbeltown ArgyllScotlandDesign for church and rectory - only rectory and church gates executed to Clifford & Landless design
Item 16 of 2211885Wolseley Street School  GlasgowScotland 
Item 17 of 2211886Shops, New City Road and Cromwell Street  GlasgowScotlandAlterations
Item 18 of 2211886Troon Golf ClubhouseTroon AyrshireScotland 
Item 19 of 2211886Victoria HallCampbeltown ArgyllScotland 
Item 20 of 2211887Bakery, Paisley Road and Kinning Place  GlasgowScotlandAdditions
Item 21 of 2211887(?)Gentlemen's Golf ClubhouseMachrihanish ArgyllScotland 
Item 22 of 2211887Kiloran ChurchCarradale ArgyllScotland 
Item 23 of 2211887(?)Ladies' Golf ClubhouseMachrihanish ArgyllScotland 
Item 24 of 2211887Mission HallCampbeltown ArgyllScotland 
Item 25 of 2211887Two tenements, Highburgh RoadHillhead GlasgowScotland 
Item 26 of 221c. 1887BellviewCampbeltown ArgyllScotland 
Item 27 of 2211888Pollokshields Burgh HallMaxwell Park GlasgowScotland 
Item 28 of 2211888Tenement, Dale StreetBridgeton GlasgowScotland 
Item 29 of 2211888Tenements, Dale Street and Main StreetBridgeton GlasgowScotland 
Item 30 of 2211888Victoria Public Baths  GlasgowScotlandAdditions
Item 31 of 2211889City of Glasgow District Asylum for Pauper LunaticsGartcosh GlasgowScotlandThird premiated competition design (50 premium)
Item 32 of 2211889Gaelic Free Church and hallCampbeltown ArgyllScotlandHall added
Item 33 of 2211890sKillean Home Farm buildingsTayinloan ArgyllScotland 
Item 34 of 2211890Privies, ashpit and washhouse  GlasgowScotland 
Item 35 of 2211890Public House  GlasgowScotland 
Item 36 of 2211890Warehouse, Adelphi Street  GlasgowScotland 
Item 37 of 2211890Washington Street School  GlasgowScotland 
Item 38 of 2211890Workshops and saloon  GlasgowScotlandConversion into workshops and saloon
Item 39 of 2211891Offices, Millar [or Miller?] Street and Sydney Court  GlasgowScotlandAdditions
Item 40 of 2211891Tenement, Albert Street  GlasgowScotland 
Item 41 of 2211892Bothwell Chambers  GlasgowScotlandAlterations to central section
Item 42 of 2211892Factory, workshop and stable for John Gray & Co  GlasgowScotland 
Item 43 of 2211892Property in Bothwell Street  GlasgowScotlandAlterations to entrances
Item 44 of 2211892Shop, Paisley Road  GlasgowScotlandAlterations to shopfront
Item 45 of 2211892Tenement, Grace Street  GlasgowScotlandAddition of WCs
Item 46 of 2211892The Knowe, Queen's Drive  GlasgowScotlandAdditions to east, including new billiard room at 1st floor
Item 47 of 2211892The Willow Tea Rooms  GlasgowScotlandAlterations to doorway of shop
Item 48 of 2211892Villa, Glencairn Drive  GlasgowScotlandAlterations and additions
Item 49 of 2211892Villa, Nithsdale Drive  GlasgowScotland 
Item 50 of 2211892Villa, Nithsdale Road and Dargavel Avenue  GlasgowScotland 
Item 51 of 2211893SchoolCampbeltown ArgyllScotland 
Item 52 of 2211893Titwood Established Church  GlasgowScotlandOriginal building at Glencairn Drive/Leslie Road
Item 53 of 2211893Unspecified School   Scotland 
Item 54 of 221c. 1893RedclyffeTroon AyrshireScotland 
Item 55 of 2211894Argyle Free Church  GlasgowScotlandConversion of church into bonded store
Item 56 of 2211894Photographic studio  GlasgowScotlandAddition of printing room
Item 57 of 2211894Tenements, Robertson Lane and York LaneAnderston GlasgowScotlandAddition of WCs
Item 58 of 2211894Titwood Established Church  GlasgowScotlandAddition of two rooms, kitchen and bathroom
Item 59 of 2211894Villa, Springkell Avenue and St Andrews Drive  GlasgowScotlandAddition of washhouse
Item 60 of 221189532 Mansionhouse RoadLangside GlasgowScotland 
Item 61 of 2211895Cottage at Lake of MenteithMenteith PerthshireScotland 
Item 62 of 2211895Pier BuildingsKirn ArgyllScotland 
Item 63 of 2211895Tenements, Shields Road and Terregles Avenue  GlasgowScotland 
Item 64 of 2211895The ClubCampbeltown ArgyllScotland 
Item 65 of 2211895Villa, Glencairn Drive  GlasgowScotlandAlterations
Item 66 of 221c. 1895Arntamie  StirlingshireScotland 
Item 67 of 2211896EastcliffCampbeltown ArgyllScotlandRebuilding of house of 1828
Item 68 of 2211896Glasgow School of Art  GlasgowScotlandUnsuccessful competition design
Item 69 of 2211896Knockbay HouseCampbeltown ArgyllScotland 
Item 70 of 2211896RedholmeCampbeltown ArgyllScotland 
Item 71 of 2211896ReigateAyr AyrshireScotlandAdditions - 'Buildings of Scotland' attribution
Item 72 of 2211896Tenements, Prestwick RoadNewton on Ayr AyrshireScotland 
Item 73 of 2211896The HallCampbeltown ArgyllScotlandAlterations
Item 74 of 221c. 1896Thornliebank Public SchoolThornliebank RenfrewshireScotland 
Item 75 of 2211897Argyle Free Church  GlasgowScotlandFurther plans for conversion submitted to Dean of Guild
Item 76 of 2211897Craigard HotelOban ArgyllScotlandNew bedrooms and porch at south door
Item 77 of 2211897HighcroftWhitecraigs GlasgowScotland 
Item 78 of 2211897Ladies Golf Club-house Troon AyrshireScotland 
Item 79 of 2211897Public HouseAnderston GlasgowScotlandAlterations to bar and addition of WC
Item 80 of 2211897RavenswoodPollokshields GlasgowScotland 
Item 81 of 2211897Troon Golf ClubhouseTroon AyrshireScotlandAddition
Item 82 of 2211897Warehouse for William Connal & Co, storekeepers  GlasgowScotlandAddition of office
Item 83 of 2211898ArdvoulinPollokshields GlasgowScotland 
Item 84 of 2211898Bank, West Nile Street  GlasgowScotland 
Item 85 of 2211898House, High Askomill RoadCampbeltown ArgyllScotland 
Item 86 of 2211898Lifeboat HouseCampbeltown ArgyllScotlandClifford's role unclear
Item 87 of 2211898Villa in Sutherland AvenuePollokshields GlasgowScotland 
Item 88 of 2211898Whitecraigs HouseWhitecraigs, Eastwood GlasgowScotland 
Item 89 of 2211899Dalintober Infant SchoolCampbeltown ArgyllScotland 
Item 90 of 2211899Lochhead DistilleryCampbeltown ArgyllScotlandNew kilns and bonded warehouse
Item 91 of 2211899Millknowe SchoolCampbeltown ArgyllScotlandAdditions
Item 92 of 2211899Pollokshields Established ChurchPollokshields GlasgowScotlandAlterations to vestry, session room etc
Item 93 of 2211899School, Logan Street and Wolseley Street  GlasgowScotland 
Item 94 of 2211899UF ChurchNewlands GlasgowScotlandWith Hugh Dale working as assistant
Item 95 of 2211899Villa, 30 Mansionhouse Road, MillbraeLangside GlasgowScotland 
Item 96 of 2211899Warehouse and shops, Ingram Street  GlasgowScotlandNew building and also later in the same year addition of WCs
Item 97 of 2211899Wolseley Street School  GlasgowScotlandAlterations
Item 98 of 221c. 1899Fraser Ross's premises  GlasgowScotland 
Item 99 of 221c. 1899Orchardhill ChurchGiffnock RenfrewshireScotland 
Item 100 of 221190034 Sherbrooke AvenuePollokshields GlasgowScotland 
Item 101 of 221190048 Hamilton AvenuePollokshields GlasgowScotland 
Item 102 of 2211900Glasgow Royal Infirmary  GlasgowScotlandFirst premiated competition design, recommended by RR Anderson as assessor, but job went to Miller
Item 103 of 2211900StoneleighKelvinside GlasgowScotland 
Item 104 of 2211900Torrisdale CastleCarradale ArgyllScotlandNorth wing added
Item 105 of 2211900Workshops, Ingram Street and Albion Street  GlasgowScotland 
Item 106 of 221c. 1900DunlossitMachrihanish ArgyllScotland 
Item 107 of 2211901Aird and Coghill's premises  GlasgowScotland 
Item 108 of 2211901Double Villa, Hamilton Avenue and Albert Road  GlasgowScotland 
Item 109 of 2211901Elmvale Primary School  GlasgowScotlandWith Hugh Dale as assistant
Item 110 of 2211901Office for Alexander Muir & Sons, mason & builders  GlasgowScotland 
Item 111 of 2211901School, Campbell Street  GlasgowScotland 
Item 112 of 2211901SwallowholmeMachrihanish ArgyllScotland 
Item 113 of 2211901Tenements, Bank Street  GlasgowScotland 
Item 114 of 2211901Villa, 27 Montgomerie Drive  GlasgowScotlandAlterations
Item 115 of 2211901Villa, Hamilton Drive  GlasgowScotland 
Item 116 of 2211901Warehouse, James Watt Street  GlasgowScotland 
Item 117 of 221190231 Dalziel DrivePollokshields GlasgowScotland 
Item 118 of 221190299 Springkell AvenuePollokshields GlasgowScotland 
Item 119 of 2211902Bothwell Circus  GlasgowScotland 
Item 120 of 2211902Cathcart Old Parish Manse  GlasgowScotland 
Item 121 of 2211902CraigstonStewarton AyrshireScotland 
Item 122 of 2211902Guiltreehill, 96 Springkell AvenuePollokshields GlasgowScotland 
Item 123 of 2211902Offices for Glasgow and South Western Railway Company  GlasgowScotland 
Item 124 of 2211902Offices, Millar [or Miller?] Street and Sydney Court  GlasgowScotland 
Item 125 of 2211902St Michael's ChurchCarntyne GlasgowScotland 
Item 126 of 2211902Tenement, Argyll StreetCampbeltown ArgyllScotland 
Item 127 of 2211902Tenements, Fotheringay RoadPollokshields GlasgowScotland 
Item 128 of 2211902Tillie and Henderson Building  GlasgowScotlandFurther work
Item 129 of 2211902Victoria InfirmaryLangside GlasgowScotlandDesign of new ward pavilion (third pavilion); andf other additions, inlcuding operating theatre and tool house
Item 130 of 2211902Villa, Dalziel Drive  GlasgowScotland 
Item 131 of 2211903All Saints Episcopal ChurchJordanhill GlasgowScotlandCompetition design - unsuccessful
Item 132 of 2211903Caledonia Place  GlasgowScotlandSingle storey extension to rear of no 27
Item 133 of 2211903Campbeltown and Kintyre District Combination HospitalCampbeltown ArgyllScotland 
Item 134 of 2211903Clydesdale Cricket Club pavilion  GlasgowScotlandAddition of cricket pavilion to athletic club
Item 135 of 2211903GraigendTroon AyrshireScotland 
Item 136 of 2211903House, 27 Newton Place  GlasgowScotlandAlterations and addition of smoking room
Item 137 of 2211903Six villas at Kirklee Circus  GlasgowScotland 
Item 138 of 2211903Sorn CastleMauchline AyrshireScotlandAlterations, perhaps turbine house (1910)
Item 139 of 221190412 Blythswood Square  GlasgowScotlandAdditions and alterations
Item 140 of 2211904BalvonieSkelmorlie AyrshireScotland 
Item 141 of 2211904Bonded store, 20 Oswald Street  GlasgowScotlandAlterations
Item 142 of 2211904CroftmohrSkelmorlie AyrshireScotland 
Item 143 of 2211904Highland Church HallCampbeltown ArgyllScotlandReconstruction of Lowlanders Church for Highland Churtch halls
Item 144 of 2211904Laundry, Smith StreetHillhead GlasgowScotland 
Item 145 of 2211904Scotstoun East Church  GlasgowScotlandWith Hugh Dale as chief assistant
Item 146 of 2211904St Paul's RC SchoolWhiteinch GlasgowScotland 
Item 147 of 2211904Tenements, Smith Street  GlasgowScotland 
Item 148 of 2211904Village HallSkelmorlie AyrshireScotland 
Item 149 of 2211904Warehouse, Adelphi Street  GlasgowScotlandAddition of water tower
Item 150 of 2211905CarradaleNewlands GlasgowScotlandHS attribution
Item 151 of 2211905House for Fred N HendersonTroon AyrshireScotland 
Item 152 of 2211905Premises, Pollokshaws Road  GlasgowScotland 
Item 153 of 2211905St Margaret's ChurchTollcross GlasgowScotlandAdditions may be by Clifford or Watson Salmond & Gray?
Item 154 of 2211905Store, Pollokshaws Road  GlasgowScotland 
Item 155 of 2211905Troon Golf ClubhouseTroon AyrshireScotlandAddition
Item 156 of 221c. 1905StoneleighLangside GlasgowScotlandAttribution by HS
Item 157 of 221c. 1905Villas, 9-11 Yorke RoadTroon AyrshireScotland'Stylistically similar' to Clifford's work (Buildings of Scotland)
Item 158 of 2211906Bonded warehouse  GlasgowScotlandAddition to south - to a similar design to 1897 work
Item 159 of 2211906John Street SchoolBridgeton GlasgowScotlandAddition?
Item 160 of 2211906School, St John Street and Stewart RoadCampbeltown ArgyllScotland 
Item 161 of 221Before 1906Annan AcademyAnnan DumfriesshireScotlandDetached block to SE added
Item 162 of 2211907Broomhill Established Church  GlasgowScotlandIst premiated design ( R R Anderson assessor), but not adopted.
Item 163 of 2211907Scottish National Exhibition, 1908Saughton EdinburghScotlandCompetition design - unsuccessful
Item 164 of 2211907Tenement, Main StreetCampbeltown ArgyllScotland 
Item 165 of 2211907 or 1908Perth Town HallPerth PerthshireScotlandWon competition and secured job
Item 166 of 2211908Battlefield West Church  GlasgowScotland 
Item 167 of 2211908Govan High SchoolGovan GlasgowScotlandUnsuccessful competition design
Item 168 of 2211908Shennanton HouseKirkcowan WigtownshireScotland 
Item 169 of 2211908Sorn CastleMauchline AyrshireScotlandEntrance lodge and gateway and Turbine House
Item 170 of 221c. 1908Carsriggan House  WigtownshireScotlandAlterations and additions
Item 171 of 221c. 1908Crosbie HouseTroon AyrshireScotland 
Item 172 of 221c. 1908Glenrazie  Dumfriesshire?ScotlandAdditions and alterations
Item 173 of 221c. 1908Merton Hall  WigtownshireScotlandReconstruction and additions
Item 174 of 221c. 1908Shennanton Estate, home farm and model farm steading  WigtownshireScotland 
Item 175 of 221c. 1908Shennanton Estate, laundry, power block and garage block  WigtownshireScotland 
Item 176 of 2211909Hyndland Public School  GlasgowScotlandWon competition to secure job
Item 177 of 2211909Kilmaronock ChurchKilmaronock DunbartonshireScotlandPlaster ceiling vault
Item 178 of 2211909Tenement, Rose Street and Buccleuch Street  GlasgowScotland 
Item 179 of 2211910Cairn o'Mount  GlasgowScotland 
Item 180 of 2211910Glasgow School Board Offices  GlasgowScotland 
Item 181 of 2211910Sorn ChurchSorn AyrshireScotlandRefurnishing - and platform area redesigned
Item 182 of 2211910Torrisdale CastleCarradale ArgyllScotlandSouth wing added
Item 183 of 2211910Usher Hall  EdinburghScotlandSecond premiated competition design - unclear whether by Clifford alone, or with Lunan
Item 184 of 2211911Kilmaronock UF ChurchGartocharn DunbartonshireScotland 
Item 185 of 2211911New shops and warehouses   Scotland 
Item 186 of 2211911Villa, Mayfield Road and Esslemont Road  EdinburghScotland 
Item 187 of 2211911WoodbrookWhitecraigs GlasgowScotland 
Item 188 of 221c. 1911Offices, Argyle Street  GlasgowScotland 
Item 189 of 2211912Dewar's bonded warehousePerth PerthshireScotland 
Item 190 of 2211912ManseRutherglen LanarkshireScotland 
Item 191 of 2211912Masonic LodgeCampbeltown ArgyllScotland 
Item 192 of 221c. 1912GlenholmTroon AyrshireScotland 
Item 193 of 2211913ArdenHelensburgh DunbartonshireScotlandUnspecified work
Item 194 of 2211913Pollokshields Established ChurchPollokshields GlasgowScotlandCreation of a 'chancel'. Organ divided.
Item 195 of 2211913Printing offices  GlasgowScotland 
Item 196 of 2211913Victoria Infirmary, Clinical Research LaboratoryLangside GlasgowScotland 
Item 197 of 2211914Campbeltown Cottage HospitalCampbeltown ArgyllScotlandNorth wing, operating and X-Ray room added
Item 198 of 2211914Cathcart Established Church and manse  GlasgowScotlandBuilding interrupted by war. Restarted in 1923
Item 199 of 2211914Cork warehouse  GlasgowScotland 
Item 200 of 2211914Pollokshields Established ChurchPollokshields GlasgowScotlandEccelsia in vestibule
Item 201 of 2211914Portland Established Church and HallsTroon AyrshireScotland 
Item 202 of 221c. 1914House for Michael DiackMilngavie GlasgowScotland 
Item 203 of 2211915Colston Wellpark Church  GlasgowScotland 
Item 204 of 2211916Chapelpark, Ewenfield RoadAyr AyrshireScotland 
Item 205 of 2211917Sorn CastleMauchline AyrshireScotlandEast gatehouse, Cleuch Cottage
Item 206 of 2211919Cour House and estate buildings  ArgyllScotlandCommenced job - house and farm manager's house
Item 207 of 2211920Dunira HouseComrie PerthshireScotlandPorte-cochere, billiard room wing, extensive alterations and formal garden terraces - in association with T H Mawson
Item 208 of 2211920Scotstoun East Church  GlasgowScotlandWar memorial tablet
Item 209 of 221c. 1920Balinakill HouseClachan, North Kintyre ArgyllScotlandAlterations/additions?
Item 210 of 221c. 1920Council housesCampbeltown ArgyllScotland 
Item 211 of 221c. 1920East Renfrewshire Golf Club  RenfrewshireScotland 
Item 212 of 2211921Highlanders' Memorial Church  GlasgowScotlandSedilia and communion table
Item 213 of 2211921More's Hotel  GlasgowScotlandAddtitons?
Item 214 of 2211922Victoria Infirmary, MortuaryLangside GlasgowScotland 
Item 215 of 2211923(?)Campbeltown War MemorialCampbeltown ArgyllScotlandClifford responsible, according to his son's memoir
Item 216 of 2211923Chapel ParkAyr AyrshireScotland 
Item 217 of 2211924WoodbrookReigate SurreyEnglandFor himself
Item 218 of 221c. 19241 Redlands Terrace  GlasgowScotland 
Item 219 of 2211927St John's and Renfield UF Church  GlasgowScotlandCompetition design - not successful
Item 220 of 221c. 1927CrosshillWendover BuckinghamshireEngland 
Item 221 of 221Before 1932(?)Tenement development, DalintoberCampbeltown ArgyllScotlandDesigned; built posthumously

References

Bibliographic References

The following books contain references to this architect:
 Author(s)DateTitlePartPublisherNotes
Item 1 of 3Clifford, William Henry Morton1986Recollections about my father Typescript, per Iain D Paterson, in DMW archive 
Item 2 of 3Murray, Ian (parts written by John Watson Junior) The Victoria Infirmary of Glasgow 1890-1938  p86
Item 3 of 3Paterson, Ian and Ogilvie, Sheila M Notes on H E Clifford Not published 

Periodical References

The following periodicals contain references to this architect:
 Periodical NameDateEditionPublisherNotes
Item 1 of 2Glasgow Herald17 October 1932   
Item 2 of 2RIAS Quarterly193342Royal Incorporation of Architects in Scotland (RIAS)p33

Archive References

The following archives hold material relating to this architect:
 SourceArchive NameSource Catalogue No.Notes
Item 1 of 2National Monuments Record of Scotland/NMRS, RCAHMSInventory of Drawings  
Item 2 of 2RIBA Archive, Victoria & Albert MuseumRIBA Nomination Papers F v17 p5 no1099 (microfilm reel 12)

Images

© All rights reserved.  Courtesy of Glasgow Institute of Architects (per Iain Paterson) 

© All rights reserved. Courtesy of Glasgow Institute of Architects (per Iain Paterson)