© All rights reserved. Quiz 6 July 1893 (Courtesy of Iain Paterson) © All rights reserved. © Trustees of the National Library of Scotland: Building News & March 1890 

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Basic Biographical Details

Name: Campbell Douglas
Designation: Architect, Valuer
Born: 14 June 1828
Died: 14 April 1910
Bio Notes: Campbell Douglas (known as 'Cam' to his family and friends) was born in 1828 at Kilbarchan where his father Robert Douglas was parish minister. His mother was Janet Monteath. Along with the other members of the family he was educated up to university level by his father, and according to his last partner, A N Paterson, attended classes at the University of Glasgow at the age of about 13 or 14. In 1842 he was articled to J T Rochead who had just commenced practice on his own account and in 1843 he 'came out' (left the Established Church) with his father, joining the newly formed Free Church, which was to be one of his most important clients in his early years. In 1847 he left Glasgow to widen his experience at Durham (presumably with Ignatius Bonomi), Liverpool, Brighton and Newcastle-upon-Tyne where he worked for John Dobson; and according to the biographical note in 'Quiz' he also spent some time in Ireland. In 1855 or 1856 he returned to Glasgow to set up practice but in his earliest years his practice was mainly in Fife, his elder brother Robert having set up business as an iron founder and mechanical engineer in Cupar in 1846, and in Kirkcaldy in 1854. The practice came into national prominence with the commission for the Scots Gothic Briggate Free Church in Glasgow and the competition win for the tall-spired North Leith Free Church, memorable for its elaborate tracery, in 1859. A marked tendency to attract the best draughtsmen on the market began with the recruitment of Bruce Jones Talbert at around the same date.

In the autumn of 1860 Campbell Douglas took into partnership John James Stevenson and shortly thereafter an Edinburgh branch office was opened at 24 George Street where the top floor of the Edinburgh Life Building was shared with the stained glass artist and decorator Daniel Cottier, an arrangement which lasted until about 1865. Douglas had known Stevenson since about 1852, Stevenson and Douglas’s brother Carstairs Douglas having shared a flat as divinity students. In August 1856 Stevenson, then still pursuing his parents’ wish that he should become a Free Church minister, had invited Douglas to Augsburg where the principle of a partnership was agreed once Stevenson had completed an articled apprenticeship. From Douglas’s point of view this unusual proposition held considerable promise as the Stevensons were wealthy and had close business links with the even wealthier Tennants. Born in Glasgow on 24 August 1831 Stevenson was the sixth of the ten children of James Stevenson, then a Glasgow cotton trader. James had moved to Jarrow in 1843 to found the Jarrow Chemical Works in which the Tennants were minority shareholders. His sons James Cochrane, Alexander and Archibald had joined him in the business, taking over its management when their father retired to Edinburgh in 1854. John James had been intended for the church from his early years and he had been sent to the University of Glasgow in 1845-48 in preparation for Edinburgh’s Free College in 1851-54. That had included study in Tubingen in 1853 and followed by further study in France, Sardinia and Italy. Throughout his continental studies Stevenson had pursued a parallel interest in architecture and with his father’s consent he had begun a two year apprenticeship with David Bryce in January 1857, followed by a further two years’ experience in George Gilbert Scott’s office in London.

Although the Briggate and North Leith Church, and still more excellent Scots Baronial Hartfield showed that Campbell Douglas had real ability he was thereafter content to take on a more managerial and job-getting role. Stevenson's first-hand knowledge of Italy made a big impact on the Glasgow scene with his Italian Gothic Kelvinside Free Church, quickly followed by Townhead Church on Garngad Hill where the spire was of French inspiration, a development which may have been related to the arrival in the office (c.1862) of William Leiper who had travelled in France and had had experience in the office of John Loughborough Pearson and William White in London. Another outstanding draughtsman, John McKean Brydon joined the practice in the following year (1863) and remained until 1866 when he left for William Eden Nesfield's in London.

John James Stevenson inherited a substantial shareholding in the Jarrow Chemical Company on his father's death in 1866. Two years later he withdrew from his partnership with Douglas for what he described as 'an interval in the practice of my profession' travelling and writing the book eventually published as House Architecture in 1880. At the end of it he settled in London in 1870, and late in the following year he formed a partnership with Edward Robert Robson, whom he had known in Scott's office and who had also grown up in County Durham. The break with Douglas was wholly amicable and relations remained close, Stevenson's office becoming the stepping-stone to London for many of the most promising assistants from Campbell Douglas's office throughout the 1870s and 1880s, most notably George Washington Browne, John Marjoribanks McLaren, William Wallace, William Flockhart and Francis William Troup. Together Douglas and Stevenson formed one of the greatest teaching partnerships of mid Victorian times. Like Leiper's and J J Burnet's later, the office at 226 St Vincent Street was a studio rather than just a drawing office and as Campbell Douglas and his wife Elizabeth Menzies, whom he had married in 1865, (she was daughter of Allan Menzies, professor of conveyancing at the University of Edinburgh, and niece of Charles Cowan, MP, who through family connections brought the commissions for Westerlea at Murrayfield and the Cowan Institute in Penicuik) lived upstairs it had a family atmosphere, William Flockhart recollecting 'the musical At homes to which his assistants were always asked … the staff was in turn treated but as a larger family'. 'Quiz' described Douglas as 'a charming host either in town or country [who] sings a good song, and tells and appreciates the finer points of a good story'.

With the departure of Stevenson, Douglas was for some years sole partner. Up to 1870 the business of his firm had been almost exclusively churches and large houses, but with the commission for the Scottish Amicable Building, first mooted in that year but not built until 1873, followed in 1872 by that for St Andrews Halls the practice moved into an altogether different league of major commercial buildings and public projects. Douglas's phenomenal success in this field was made possible by the energy and ability of James Sellars, his partner from March 1872, if not earlier. Sellars was born in the Gorbals on 2 December 1843, the son of a house-factor of the same name. He was articled to Hugh Barclay at the age of 13 in 1857, and remained there until 1864 when he joined the office of James Hamilton who had a significant practice in Belfast as well as in Glasgow, and remained there for three years. Thereafter he assisted in several offices until he joined Campbell Douglas's office in 1870. He had earned his partnership by winning the first competition for the Stewart Memorial out of fifty designs submitted in 1870, and 'awoke to find himself famous': and when the result was quashed and the competition re-advertised at half the original outlay he drew even greater attention to himself by winning that competition also on 31 January 1871. He was admitted to the Glasgow Institute of Architects in March 1872, his certificate being signed by Alexander Thomson and John Baird, and in the autumn he took a brief sketching holiday in Paris and Normandy, which he put to good use later. This visit probably related to the presence in the office from 1871 of Charles Alfred Chastel de Boinville, a pupil of A Guyot and an ex-assistant of Geoffroy of Cherbourg who had sought employment in Glasgow in the wake of the Franco-Prussian war. As Chastel de Boinville returned to Paris in 1872 it is possible that Sellars travelled with him. Sellars went abroad only twice: as Lindsay Miller observed 'when young he had not the means, when able no time'.

What Chastel de Boinville specifically contributed to the work of the practice in the year or so he spent with it is difficult to establish now, though it is possible that he had some hand in the spectacular French Gothic spire of the Queen's Park Church; but his presence coincided with a radical change in the stylistic direction of the practice in 1871-73. The Scottish Amicable building and the Claremont Street Wesleyan Church had cinquecento detailing, but at St Andrews Halls a monumental neo Greek was adopted. Superficially the design had much in common with Alexander Thomson's work in its uncompromisingly rectangular shapes and banded masonry but it also had an even more direct relationship to the post-Schinkel Berlin School, while much of the smaller detail was markedly French Beaux-Arts, a tendency still more markedly seen at Finneston Church and the Queen Insurance Building of 1877-80. Parallel developments were to be seen in the work of Hugh and David Barclay with whom Sellars retained close links, and it may be that they were the other Glasgow practice Chastel de Boinville assisted in 1871-72, although Leiper's French Beaux-Arts Partick Burgh hall suggests him as an equally likely candidate.

These developments in the Campbell Douglas & Sellars and Barclay practices ran counter to those elsewhere in Britain, their only parallels being John Honeyman's library and museum in Paisley of 1868 and James Hibbert's Harris Library and Museum at Preston of 1882, and probably it was the esteem in which Thomson was held in Glasgow which made them possible. Also directly related to Sellars's acquaintance with Chastel de Boinville was the French-roofed New Club and his unexecuted design for rebuilding the Trades House of Glasgow which were wholly of French Second empire inspiration and closer in style to London buildings of the same date. The designs submitted in the two Glasgow Municipal Buildings Competitions of 1880-81 were similarly a fairly pure French Beaux-Arts, Sellars's tendencies in that direction probably having been encouraged by the success of the Burnet practice following J J Burnet's return from Paris late in 1877. More individual, though still with French-inspired details, were the Glasgow Herald Building and the giant City of Glasgow Bank buildings of 1878-80 where giant Corinthian orders were combined with pedimented attic features of which were probably of J J Stevenson/E R Robson inspiration. Throughout this period Douglas's design role is unclear, though he probably determined the general direction of the practice while acknowledging that the elevations were the product of Sellars's 'fertile brain and facile pencil', A N Paterson observed that at least in the earlier years of the partnership the drawings bore many annotations in Campbell Douglas's handwriting.

Douglas's practice took a further step in a Beaux-Arts direction when John Keppie, a draughtsman who worked closely with Sellars was encouraged to attend the Ecole des Beaux-Arts. Born in 1862, the son of James Keppie a wealthy tobacco importer with houses in Hillhead and Prestwick, Keppie was educated at Ayr Academy. He was articled to Campbell Douglas & Sellars c.1880 and, unusually, attended classes at the University of Glasgow as well as at Glasgow School of Art. His dossier at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts is missing but he appears to have joined the Atelier Jean Louis Pascal in 1885 and remained there until at least the autumn of 1886 when he travelled in Northern Italy. He was a fine watercolourist and had remarkable success in the Tite prize competitions, winning its silver medals in that year and again in 1887. He returned from Paris to the Campbell Douglas & Sellars office without completing the course in order to assist Sellars with the firm's entry for the Glasgow International Exhibition of 1888, the competition for which had been advertised in January 1887 and was won on 31 March 1887 with a weather boarded design with galvanised metal domes in a Moorish, probably basically French colonial, idiom.

In the 1880s Sellars became influenced by the work of Rowand Anderson, probably through Campbell Douglas & Sellars's continuing friendship with George Washington Browne. Interest in the early Renaissance work of Anderson and Browne showed first at the octagonal Free Abbey Church in Dunfermline in 1881 and progressed through Scots Renaissance and Scots Georgian influenced designs to the competition design for Renfrew County Buildings, close in design to Anderson's Edinburgh Medical School, and Anderson's College of Medicine in Glasgow which mixed Early Italian Renaissance and later Scots seventeenth-century motifs, both of 1888.

Sellars's death was a direct consequence of the Glasgow International Exhibition. Campbell Douglas took severely ill and was unable to come downstairs to the office for months. James Barr, Sellars's civil engineer co-adjutor recorded that 'twenty-two hours' arduous and unremitting toil was no unusual event'. At the exhibition site a rusty nail pierced his boot causing an injury that failed to clear up and was neglected from want of time. He saw the exhibition through to the opening on 8 May and was offered a knighthood which he declined, probably out of deference to his senior partner, observing that 'he couldn't live up to it': Sellars had in fact always adopted a lower profile than his senior partner, preferring not to become a Fellow of the RIBA along with Douglas when the latter was admitted on 9 June 1879, his proposers being the elder Burnet, Charles Barry Junior and his old colleague R J Johnson. The final accounts occupied Sellars for the whole of the summer and were a struggle against failing health, which a holiday in the West Highlands was too late to improve. He died of blood poisoning at his house, 9 Montgomerie Crescent on 9 October and was buried on the 11th at Lambhill where a very Greek memorial by Keppie marked his grave. A portrait of him by Georgina M Greenlees is in the Glasgow Art Gallery collection.

After Sellars died, Campbell Douglas's practice gradually dwindled. Keppie formed a partnership with John Honeyman at the beginning of 1889 and by agreement with Campbell Douglas he took Anderson's College of Medicine with him as a setting up commission. Douglas retained the other work of the practice and took into partnership the less talented but very competent Alexander Morrison, one of his leading draughtsmen. The matter was handled discreetly and nothing of what this unusual arrangement was about became common knowledge. Honeyman had, however, been more seriously affected than most by the slump in business after the failure of the City of Glasgow Bank. Family illness - his second wife and sons had consumption - and living up to his ship-owner in-laws had drained his finances almost to the point of bankruptcy. Campbell Douglas seems to have encouraged the move to rescue him, in the knowledge that the Keppies had the money to re-found the practice.

Initially the practice of Campbell Douglas & Morrison had a fair degree of success, winning the competitions for the public libraries at Ayr and Perth and coming second to Dunn and Findlay at the Adam Smith Memorial and Beveridge Halls at Kirkcaldy. Their work was refined in detail if unadventurous. Recovered in health Douglas resumed his high public profile contributing a paper on 'The Architectural Education of the Public' to the Edinburgh meeting of the National Association for the Advancement of Art in 1889. It sets out his philosophy, includes a moving tribute to Alexander Thomson and gives more than a hint of his Free Church radicalism. He was active in both the Glasgow Institute of Architects and the Glasgow Architectural Association, of which he was three times President, and was a council member of the RIBA, becoming Vice President in 1891. His other interests were foreign travel and botany: and he was a prominent advocate of the merits of cremation.

In 1901 Campbell Douglas 'found it necessary' to dissolve the partnership with Morrison who disappeared from the post office directories in 1906 after a few years of unsuccessful practice from his home address. The problem is said to have been Morrison's addiction to drink. But by that date Douglas was, at seventy-three, too old to carry on the practice alone and he merged it with that of Alexander Nisbet Paterson within two years. He took little active interest in the design side of the practice thereafter and a bad recurrence of a previous illness - presumably that of 1887-88 - caused him to retire to Edinburgh in 1906.

Aside from his architectural practice, Campbell Douglas was active in public life. He was a Justice of the Peace for Argyllshire, and was a member of the Scottish Liberal Club, the Liberal and University Clubs, Glasgow and the National Liberal Club, London.

Campbell Douglas died of a bladder disease on 14 April 1910, leaving what was then the substantial sum of £8,023.

Private and Business Addresses

The following private or business addresses are associated with this architect, valuer:
 AddressTypeDate fromDate toNotes
Item 1 of 7158, Hope Street, Glasgow, ScotlandBusiness1860 *  
Item 2 of 7157, Hope Street, Glasgow, ScotlandBusinessBefore 18611868 
Item 3 of 7186, Sauchiehall Street, Glasgow, ScotlandPrivate1862  
Item 4 of 724, George Street, Edinburgh, ScotlandBusiness1865  
Item 5 of 7266, St Vincent Street, Glasgow, ScotlandBusiness18681906 
Item 6 of 7167, St Vincent Street, Glasgow, ScotlandPrivate1891 *  
Item 7 of 725, Braid Avenue, Edinburgh, ScotlandPrivate19061910 

* earliest date known from documented sources.


Employment and Training

Employers

The following individuals or organisations employed or trained this architect, valuer (click on an item to view details):
 NameDate fromDate toPositionNotes
Item 1 of 7John Thomas Rochead18431847Apprentice 
Item 2 of 7Ignatius Bonomic. 1847 AssistantDouglas probably sought experience here
Item 3 of 7John Dobsonc. 18471855 or 1856Assistant 
Item 4 of 7Campbell Douglas & Stevenson18601868Partner 
Item 5 of 7Campbell Douglas & Sellars1871Late 1888 or early 1889Senior Partner 
Item 6 of 7Campbell Douglas & Morrisonc. 18891901Senior Partner 
Item 7 of 7Campbell Douglas & PatersonEarly 19031906Partner 

Employees or Pupils

The following individuals were employed or trained by this architect, valuer (click on an item to view details):
 NameDate fromDate toPositionNotes
Item 1 of 8John Rhindc. 18541860Assistant(?)Probably initially an apprentice, then an assistant.
Item 2 of 8Bruce James Talbert1860 Draughtsman 
Item 3 of 8John James Stevenson1860Late 1860Assistant 
Item 4 of 8William Harvey Ross18681870Apprentice 
Item 5 of 8James Sellars18701871 or 1872Assistant(?) 
Item 6 of 8Andrew Lindsay MillerBefore 1873(?)Before 1873(?)Assistant(?)Uncertain
Item 7 of 8John Duncan MacLeod190131 August 1903Chief Assistant 
Item 8 of 8Thomas McMillanc. 19011903Junior Draughtsman 

RIBA

RIBA Proposers

The following individuals proposed this architect, valuer for RIBA membership (click on an item to view details):
 NameDate proposedNotes
Item 1 of 3Charles Barry (junior)9 June 1879for Fellowship
Item 2 of 3John Burnet (senior)9 June 1879for Fellowship
Item 3 of 3Robert James Johnson9 June 1879for Fellowship

RIBA Proposals

This architect, valuer proposed the following individuals for RIBA membership (click on an item to view details):
 NameDate proposedNotes
Item 1 of 15(Sir) John James Burnet29 November 1897for Fellowship
Item 2 of 15Charles Alfred Chastel de Boinville4 January 1882for Associateship
Item 3 of 15William Chastel de Boinville9 January 1882for Associateship
Item 4 of 15William Tait Conner2 March 1891for Associateship
Item 5 of 15John Fairweather11 June 1894for Associateship
Item 6 of 15Robert William Horn11 March 1895for Associateship
Item 7 of 15James Lochhead11 June 1894for Associateship
Item 8 of 15Alexander McGibbon9 June 1884for Associateship
Item 9 of 15Thomas Anderson Moodie5 March 1900for Associateship
Item 10 of 15James Archibald Morris11 March 1889for Fellowship
Item 11 of 15Alexander Ross9 January 1893for Fellowship
Item 12 of 15George Sinclair30 November 1896for Associateship
Item 13 of 15Francis William Troup11 March 1889for Associateship
Item 14 of 15John White4 December 1893for Associateship
Item 15 of 15James Anderson Williamson9 June 1884for Associateship

Buildings and Designs

This architect, valuer was involved with the following buildings or structures from the date specified (click on an item to view details):
 Date startedBuilding nameTown, district or villageIslandCity or countyCountryNotes
Item 1 of 1591855Free ChurchWallacetown AyrshireScotland 
Item 2 of 1591856RamornieCupar (near) FifeScotland 
Item 3 of 1591857Alloway Parish ChurchAlloway AyrshireScotland 
Item 4 of 1591857Briggate Free School  GlasgowScotland 
Item 5 of 1591857Invertiel Free ChurchKirkcaldy FifeScotland 
Item 6 of 1591857Millport Free ChurchMillportGreat CumbraeButeScotland 
Item 7 of 1591858Brisbane AcademyLargs Ayrshire  
Item 8 of 1591858North Leith Free ChurchLeith EdinburghScotlandWon in competition
Item 9 of 1591859Briggate Free Church  GlasgowScotland 
Item 10 of 1591859Govan Iron Works Wesleyan Methodist Chapel  GlasgowScotlandProposal
Item 11 of 1591859HartfieldCove ArgyllScotland 
Item 12 of 1591859Lion Street UP Church  GlasgowScotland 
Item 13 of 1591859St John's Free ChurchArdrossan AyrshireScotland 
Item 14 of 1591860Westerlea House  EdinburghScotland 
Item 15 of 1591861Barclay ChurchBruntsfield EdinburghScotlandFirst premium in competition, but Pilkington got commission
Item 16 of 1591861Corn ExchangeCupar FifeScotland 
Item 17 of 1591861Free Church Normal SeminaryCowcaddens GlasgowScotlandAdditions and alterations
Item 18 of 1591861McDonald Mission ChurchCowcaddens GlasgowScotland 
Item 19 of 1591861Moulin (Pitlochry) Free ChurchPitlochry PerthshireScotland 
Item 20 of 1591861St Peter's Mission Church  GlasgowScotland 
Item 21 of 159c. 1861Auchenheglish and lodgeLoch Lomond DunbartonshireScotland 
Item 22 of 1591862Kelvinside Free ChurchKelvinside GlasgowScotland 
Item 23 of 1591863Campsie Free ChurchCampsie StirlingshireScotland 
Item 24 of 1591863Clola Free ChurchClola AberdeenshireScotland 
Item 25 of 1591863Kilbarchan Girls' SchoolKilbarchan RenfrewshireScotland 
Item 26 of 1591863ManseAlloway AyrshireScotland'Buildings of Scotland' attribution
Item 27 of 159c. 1863Reformed Presbyterian Church  LondonderryNorthern Ireland 
Item 28 of 1591864Ralston House and lodgesPaisley RenfrewshireScotlandAdditions for Orr
Item 29 of 1591864WestoeSouth Shields County DurhamEngland 
Item 30 of 1591865Campbeltown Town HouseCampbeltown ArgyllScotlandInternal reconstruction
Item 31 of 1591865Townhead ChurchGarngad GlasgowScotlandPrincipally by Douglas, according to A N Paterson
Item 32 of 159186667-79 St Vincent Street  GlasgowScotland 
Item 33 of 1591866Greyfriars ChurchDumfries DumfriesshireScotlandCompetition design
Item 34 of 1591866St John's Presbyterian ChurchKensington LondonEnglandConsulted about alterations to pulpit and accoustics
Item 35 of 1591867Cove CastleCove ArgyllScotland 
Item 36 of 1591867Dunoon Pier and OfficesDunoon ArgyllScotland 
Item 37 of 1591867Episcopal ChurchCampbeltown ArgyllScotland 
Item 38 of 1591867Free Church ManseDalrymple AyrshireScotland'Buildings of Scotland' attribution
Item 39 of 1591867Kilarrow Parish Manse IslayArgyllScotlandHS says it is 'thought to be by' Campbell Douglas
Item 40 of 1591867Kirkland  EdinburghScotland 
Item 41 of 1591868English Free ChurchCampbeltown ArgyllScotland 
Item 42 of 1591868Kirkcaldy Cemetery, monument to Dr John AlexanderKirkcaldy FifeScotland 
Item 43 of 1591868(?)Mossbank Industrial SchoolHogganfield GlasgowScotland 
Item 44 of 159Before 1868Keil HouseCampbeltown ArgyllScotlandOriginal part
Item 45 of 1591870Greystane HouseInvergowrie PerthshireScotland 
Item 46 of 1591870Scottish Amicable Building  GlasgowScotlandBegun by Campbell Douglas alone, completed by Campbell Douglas & Sellars
Item 47 of 1591870Stables and workshops  GlasgowScotlandBegun by Campbell Douglas alone; completed in partnership with Sellars
Item 48 of 159c. 1870Bullionfield Paper WorksInvergowrie Perthshire/AngusScotlandProbably did architectural features
Item 49 of 1591871Burnbank UP Church  GlasgowScotland 
Item 50 of 1591871Stewart Memorial fountain for Wellington ParkKelvingrove GlasgowScotlandWon in competition
Item 51 of 159After 1871Langholm Cottage HospitalLangholm DumfriesshireScotlandDate not known
Item 52 of 159c. 1871Claremont Street Wesleyan Church  GlasgowScotland 
Item 53 of 1591872City of Glasgow Assurance Company Headquarters  GlasgowScotlandUnsuccesful competiton design
Item 54 of 1591872Cowcaddens Free ChurchCowcaddens GlasgowScotland 
Item 55 of 1591872Dysart Free ChurchDysart FifeScotland 
Item 56 of 1591872Glasgow Public Halls  GlasgowScotlandCunningham of Liverpool took the design to sketch-plan stage; the degree to which his scheme influenced the final design is not known, but Campbell Douglas was his 'associate' from the beginning
Item 57 of 1591872Keil HouseCampbeltown ArgyllScotlandRemodelling and large extension
Item 58 of 1591872Queen's Park Church  GlasgowScotland 
Item 59 of 1591873St Enoch's Free ChurchPartick GlasgowScotlandWon competition and secured job
Item 60 of 1591874Bank of Scotland Buildings  GlasgowScotland 
Item 61 of 1591874Lenzie UP ChurchLenzie Dunbartonshire/LanarkshireScotlandGothic design - executed
Item 62 of 1591874Scotia Music Hall, tenement and shops  GlasgowScotlandRebuilding of Black's theatre, £15,000. Known then as the Scotia Variety Theatre, and tenement added in front.
Item 63 of 1591875Cupar Free ChurchCupar FifeScotlandWon competition to secure job
Item 64 of 1591875NetherhallLargs AyrshireScotland 
Item 65 of 1591875The Merchants' House  GlasgowScotlandUnsuccessful competition design
Item 66 of 1591875Wellington Place Baptist Church  GlasgowScotlandCompetition design - not successful
Item 67 of 159After 1875Belhaven Mission  GlasgowScotland 
Item 68 of 1591876Alloway Parish ChurchAlloway AyrshireScotlandS transept
Item 69 of 1591876Blackfriars Park ChurchWester Craigs GlasgowScotland 
Item 70 of 1591876Hillhead Established ChurchHillhead GlasgowScotlandWon in limited competition, Sellars was appointed but requested to produce a revised scheme based on Leiper's entry
Item 71 of 159After 1876ChurchKamesburgh / Port BannatyneButeButeScotland 
Item 72 of 1591877Ayr Town HallAyr AyrshireScotlandExtension to High Street, and alterations - placed third in competition but secured job
Item 73 of 1591877Belhaven UP ChurchDowanhill GlasgowScotlandWon competition to secure job
Item 74 of 1591877Kelvinside AcademyKelvinside GlasgowScotland 
Item 75 of 159June 1877Trades House  GlasgowScotlandPlans for new building submitted for invited competition; subsequently abandoned after failure to reach a decision
Item 76 of 1591877 or c. 1878Tower Building  GlasgowScotland 
Item 77 of 1591878City of Glasgow Bank  GlasgowScotland 
Item 78 of 1591878Finnieston Free ChurchKelvingrove GlasgowScotland 
Item 79 of 1591878Her Majesty's Theatre, Gorbals StreetGorbals GlasgowScotland 
Item 80 of 159c. 1878Milton Street SchoolCowcaddens GlasgowScotland 
Item 81 of 159c. 1878Queen Insurance Building  GlasgowScotland 
Item 82 of 1591879Anderston Free ChurchHillhead GlasgowScotland 
Item 83 of 1591879Craigs HouseCarmunnock GlasgowScotland 
Item 84 of 1591879Glasgow Herald Building  GlasgowScotlandExtensive rebuilding, remodelling back (Buchanan Street)
Item 85 of 1591879Glasgow Medical Mission, CaltonCalton GlasgowScotland 
Item 86 of 1591879Helensburgh Free ChurchHelensburgh DunbartonshireScotlandSession House
Item 87 of 1591879New Club  GlasgowScotlandWon competition to secure job
Item 88 of 1591880Wylie and Lochhead's FactoryCharing Cross GlasgowScotland 
Item 89 of 159c. 1880Mission Hospital  SafedSyria 
Item 90 of 1591881Free Abbey ChurchDunfermline FifeScotland 
Item 91 of 1591881Sick Children's HospitalGarnethill GlasgowScotlandReconstruction of former mansion to form children's hospital
Item 92 of 1591881Spiers InstitutionCowdenbeath FifeScotlandDesign exhibited - unclear whether executed
Item 93 of 1591881Woodside Parish ChurchWoodside GlasgowScotlandCompetition design - not successful
Item 94 of 1591882Pathhead Public HallPathhead, Kirkcaldy FifeScotland 
Item 95 of 1591882Trades House  GlasgowScotlandWon second competition and secured job for new building on Virginia Street site at rear
Item 96 of 1591882Victoria InfirmaryLangside GlasgowScotlandWon competition - building of first part - admin block and first pavilions
Item 97 of 1591883'A Glasgow Board School'  GlasgowScotlandSketch design
Item 98 of 1591883Lochgoilhead Free ChurchLochgoilhead ArgyllScotland 
Item 99 of 1591883Mugdock HouseMugdock StirlingshireScotlandMansion adjoining 14th-century tower
Item 100 of 1591883Sinclairtown Town Hall and librarySinclairtown, Kirkcaldy FifeScotland 
Item 101 of 1591883Wylie & Lochhead's  GlasgowScotlandTerra cotta portion
Item 102 of 1591884Carnegie BathsDunfermline FifeScotlandAddition of galleries
Item 103 of 1591884Glasgow Medical Mission, GorbalsGorbals GlasgowScotland 
Item 104 of 1591885Dysart Town HallDysart FifeScotlandAdded to tolbooth of 1576
Item 105 of 1591885Hartwood AsylumShotts LanarkshireScotlandCompetition design, selected but not successful
Item 106 of 1591885Mission Hospital  TiberiasIsrael 
Item 107 of 1591885Proudfoot InstituteMoffat DumfriesshireScotland 
Item 108 of 1591886Business Premises, 137-139 Trongate  GlasgowScotland 
Item 109 of 1591886Ruthwell Parish ChurchRuthwell DumfriesshireScotlandAlterations and apse - to house Ruthwell Cross
Item 110 of 159c. 1886St Andrews Free Church  EdinburghScotlandWon competition and secured job
Item 111 of 1591887Couper Institute and libraryCathcart GlasgowScotland 
Item 112 of 1591887Speirs SchoolBeith AyrshireScotland 
Item 113 of 1591887St Andrew's Scots ChurchBournemouth HampshireEngland 
Item 114 of 1591888Anderson's College Medical SchoolKelvinhaugh GlasgowScotland 
Item 115 of 1591888Baptist ChurchGreenock RenfrewshireScotland 
Item 116 of 1591888Paisley County Buildings (Sheriff Court), Meeting Room and OfficesPaisley RenfrewshireScotlandUnsuccessful competition design published
Item 117 of 159Before 1888(?)Hampstead Presbyterian ChurchHampstead LondonEngland 
Item 118 of 1591889Bonhill Free ChurchBonhill DunbartonshireScotlandAlts and adds
Item 119 of 1591891Ayr Public LibraryAyr AyrshireScotlandWon competition and secured job
Item 120 of 1591891NetherhallLargs AyrshireScotlandAddition
Item 121 of 1591891Victoria InfirmaryLangside GlasgowScotlandSecond part, including nurses' home and additional pavilion
Item 122 of 1591892Canaan House  EdinburghScotland 
Item 123 of 159After 1892Cottages at NetherhallLargs AyrshireScotlandIn partnership with Paterson or perhaps on his own depending on date
Item 124 of 159c. 1892Property, Lochee Road and Union Place  DundeeScotland 
Item 125 of 1591893Bridgend UP ChurchBridgend, Perth PerthshireScotland 
Item 126 of 1591893Cowan InstitutePenicuik MidlothianScotland 
Item 127 of 1591894Adam Smith Memorial and Beveridge Halls and LibraryKirkcaldy FifeScotlandCompetition design - placed second
Item 128 of 1591894Discharged Prisoners' Aid Society  GlasgowScotland 
Item 129 of 1591894Lochgoilhead and Kilmorich Parish ChurchLochgoilhead ArgyllScotlandAlterations and new north porch
Item 130 of 1591895Inveraray Free ChurchInveraray ArgyllScotland 
Item 131 of 1591895Sandeman Public LibraryPerth PerthshireScotlandWon competition and secured job
Item 132 of 159After 1895Large schools  Glasgow (and neighbourhood)Scotland 
Item 133 of 1591896Milngavie Free Church and HallMilngavie DunbartonshireScotland 
Item 134 of 1591896Paisley Technical SchoolPaisley RenfrewshireScotlandCompetition design
Item 135 of 1591896Roshven HouseKinlochmoidart Inverness-shireScotlandSubstantial additions
Item 136 of 1591897Dalry UP ChurchSt John's Town of Dalry KirkcudbrightshireScotland 
Item 137 of 1591897Kirkcaldy Burgh Infectious Diseases HospitalKirkcaldy FifeScotland 
Item 138 of 159c. 1897Sick Children's HospitalGarnethill GlasgowScotlandAdditions
Item 139 of 1591898DoonholmAyr AyrshireScotlandAddition
Item 140 of 1591899Victoria InfirmaryLangside GlasgowScotlandThird part, including isolation pavilion and operating rooms
Item 141 of 1591899Warehouse, North Canal Bank Street  GlasgowScotland 
Item 142 of 1591900Glasgow Royal Infirmary  GlasgowScotlandCompetition design - unplaced
Item 143 of 1591900St Michael's HouseInveresk MidlothianScotland 
Item 144 of 1591901High ChurchLinlithgow West LothianScotlandWith McMillan as assistant - S aisle added and semi-octagonal hall incorporated
Item 145 of 1591903Barr & Stroud's Optical Instrument WorksAnniesland GlasgowScotlandWith William Arrol & Co
Item 146 of 1591903Buildings on Ann Street for Baird  GlasgowScotland 
Item 147 of 1591903Clyde Street SchoolHelensburgh DunbartonshireScotlandBegun by Paterson but completed in partnership?
Item 148 of 1591903Hamilton Municipal Buildings and Public LibraryHamilton LanarkshireScotlandCompetition design - not successful
Item 149 of 1591903RedholmHelensburgh DunbartonshireScotlandLibrary and billiard room wing, and detached laundry
Item 150 of 1591903University Press, Offices for R Maclehose & CoAnniesland GlasgowScotland 
Item 151 of 159Before 1903Large School building  GlasgowScotland 
Item 152 of 1591904Free Church College  GlasgowScotlandCompetition design to refurbish church after fire - not successful
Item 153 of 1591904Unspecified House at HelensburghHelensburgh DunbartonshireScotland 
Item 154 of 159Before 1904Lochboisdale ChurchLochboisdaleSouth UistInverness-shireScotland 
Item 155 of 1591905Hermitage SchoolHelensburgh DunbartonshireScotlandAddition of physics wing and art department
Item 156 of 1591905Sauchfield Terrace and Crescent  GlasgowScotlandKitchen outhouse with segmentally pedimented dormer to rear at No 7
Item 157 of 1591906King's College Hospital  LondonEnglandUnsuccessful competition design
Item 158 of 1591906National Bank of Scotland, St Enoch Square  GlasgowScotland 
Item 159 of 1591910Hermitage SchoolHelensburgh DunbartonshireScotlandAddition of the gymnasium

References

Bibliographic References

The following books contain references to this architect, valuer:
 Author(s)DateTitlePartPublisherNotes
Item 1 of 4Boog Watson, Charles Brodie1915Alexander Cowan of Moray House & Valleyfield: his Kinsfolk and Connections Perth: Privately published 
Item 2 of 4Murray, Ian (parts written by John Watson Junior) The Victoria Infirmary of Glasgow 1890-1938  p85
Item 3 of 4Post Office Directories     
Item 4 of 4Stevenson, Hew2009Jobs for the Boys: the story of a family in Britain's Imperial Heyday Dove Books 

Periodical References

The following periodicals contain references to this architect, valuer:
 Periodical NameDateEditionPublisherNotes
Item 1 of 5Builder23 April 1910   Obituary
Item 2 of 5Building News7 March 1890   
Item 3 of 5Building News26 August 1910  p311- Details of Campbell Douglas estate
Item 4 of 5Quiz6 July 1893   
Item 5 of 5RIBA Journal11 June 1910XVIILondon: Royal Institute of British ArchitectsObituary pp606-608

Archive References

The following archives hold material relating to this architect, valuer:
 SourceArchive NameSource Catalogue No.Notes
Item 1 of 4British Architectural Library, RIBARIBA Biographical Files  
Item 2 of 4Professor David M Walker personal archiveProfessor David M Walker, notes and collection of archive material Additional research by Iain Paterson
Item 3 of 4RIBA Archive, Victoria & Albert MuseumRIBA Drawings Collection  
Item 4 of 4RIBA Archive, Victoria & Albert MuseumRIBA Nomination Papers F v5 p148, microfiche 93/C6 (no list of works)

Images

© All rights reserved. Quiz 6 July 1893 (Courtesy of Iain Paterson) 

© All rights reserved. Quiz 6 July 1893 (Courtesy of Iain Paterson)

© All rights reserved. © Trustees of the National Library of Scotland: Building News & March 1890 

© All rights reserved. © Trustees of the National Library of Scotland: Building News & March 1890