Basic Biographical Details

Name: Bruce & Hay
Designation: Architectural practice
Started: 1880
Bio Notes: Donald Bruce was born in Caithness in 1834, son of Alexander Bruce, farmer, and his wife Catherine Andrew, and was educated at Wick Academy and the Watt Institute, Edinburgh. In 1863 he was articled to William Spence in Glasgow. He studied at Glasgow School of Art and remained with Spence as assistant and latterly principal assistant, working mainly on commercial buildings and country houses. While with Spence he appears to have commenced a small private practice, designing Reformed Presbyterian churches at Penpont and Loanhead in 1875.

In 1880 he formed a partnership with Edward Alexander Buckingham Hay. Hay had been born at Minetta(?) Cottage, Govan on 29 May 1855, the son of Alexander Hay, a general merchant and coalmaster from Belhelvie, Aberdeenshire and his wife Sophia Buckingham from West Buckland, Devon. He had first been educated privately, then at Glasgow High School before entering Glasgow School of Art in 1870. He had been articled to John McLeod from 1872 to 1877, remaining with him as an assistant and taking classes at Anderson's College.

In 1881 Bruce was appointed surveyor to the Town Council of Kinning Park, designing the municipal buildings in that year, but the appointment terminated with Kinning Park's independent existence in 1905.

Although Bruce made extensive study tours in England, Ireland and France throughout his career, Bruce & Hay worked mainly in a rather dry and mechanical free classic manner with incised column details which appear to be of French origin. Their Netherlandish designs were rather more successful. The practice had a considerable number of competition wins, notably the asylum at Hartwood which was not built at that time (1886); the Scottish Wholesale Co-operative Buildings in Morrison Street, Glasgow, which were completely unparalleled among commercial buildings in terms of size and degree of elaboration in their time; and the United Cooperative Baking Society's buildings, also in Glasgow. The two last resulted in the SCWS and its subsidiaries becoming a particularly loyal client. They were also successful in two Glasgow School Board competitions and another for the Bothwell board which resulted in their becoming architects to that board for thirty years from 1884. Bruce also executed schools for both Glasgow and Govan School Boards, as well as churches and schools for the Archdiocese of Glasgow.

Bruce and Hay were both admitted LRIBA in the mass intake of 20 July 1911, proposed by John Bennie Wilson and the Glasgow Institute of Architects. By then Bruce was living at Clydemount, Barrhill Road, Gourock, where he died of hypertrophy of the prostate on 20 February 1919. He left moveable estate of 13,531 3s 2d. Hay continued the practice as sole partner thereafter.

Hay married twice: first on 23 February 1882 at Westwood, Bellahouston to Annie Laing, the daughter of a property agent, the minister being that of Montrose Street Evangelical Church; and second on 13 October 1910 at 12 Beech Avenue to Jessie Dick Anderson, the daughter of an oil merchant, the minister being that of Govan Baptist Church. He died at Allaington, 30 Dalkeith Avenue, Glasgow on 2 February 1934 after a period of declining health, leaving moveable estate of 9,368 0s 9d, and was buried in the Southern Necropolis. He was survived by his second wife, and four grown children, two sons and two daughters, from his first marriage. His youngest daughter died in 1920.

Private and Business Addresses

The following private or business addresses are associated with this architectural practice:
 AddressTypeDate fromDate toNotes
Item 1 of 1261, West George Street, Glasgow, ScotlandBusiness1880After 1911 

Employment and Training

Employees or Pupils

The following individuals were employed or trained by this architectural practice (click on an item to view details):
 NameDate fromDate toPositionNotes
Item 1 of 9Malcolm Livingston McIsaac  Apprentice 
Item 2 of 9Donald Bruce1880Before 1919Partner 
Item 3 of 9Edward Alexander Buckingham Hay1880Before 1934Partner 
Item 4 of 9Alexander Adamc. 1880c. 1885Apprentice 
Item 5 of 9George Sinclair18851890Apprentice 
Item 6 of 9George Sinclair18901892Assistant(?) 
Item 7 of 9James Hoey Craigie1890Before 1894Assistant 
Item 8 of 9Andrew Rollo18921895Apprentice 
Item 9 of 9Thomas Gilchrist Gilmour18971900Apprentice 

Buildings and Designs

This architectural practice was involved with the following buildings or structures from the date specified (click on an item to view details):
 Date startedBuilding nameTown, district or villageIslandCity or countyCountryNotes
Item 1 of 76 Cadogan Buildings  GlasgowScotland 
Item 2 of 761880Tenement, Keir Street and Leslie Street  GlasgowScotland 
Item 3 of 76After 1880ChurchCarluke LanarkshireScotland 
Item 4 of 761881Hydepark Bakery  GlasgowScotland 
Item 5 of 761881Tenement, Leven Street  GlasgowScotland 
Item 6 of 76After 1881St Mungo Halls and OfficesKinning Park GlasgowScotland 
Item 7 of 761882Municipal Buildings, Kinning ParkKinning Park GlasgowScotland 
Item 8 of 761884Commercial Bank with flats aboveLauriston GlasgowScotland 
Item 9 of 761884Hillhead Congregational Church  GlasgowScotlandProposed design - not executed
Item 10 of 761885Camden Street School  GlasgowScotlandExtension
Item 11 of 761885Hartwood AsylumShotts LanarkshireScotlandCompetition design, selected but not successful
Item 12 of 761885United Co-operative Bakery  GlasgowScotlandVarious additions (see event table)
Item 13 of 76c. 1885Gusset Building  GlasgowScotland 
Item 14 of 761886Scottish Co-operative Wholesale Society (SCWS) Buildings  GlasgowScotlandWith James Davidson - Dalintober Street/Wallace block
Item 15 of 761888Scottish Co-operative Wholesale Society (SCWS) Buildings  GlasgowScotlandLinking block
Item 16 of 761889Brass works, Buchan Street  GlasgowScotland 
Item 17 of 761889Stables and carriage shed  GlasgowScotland 
Item 18 of 761891Scottish Co-operative Wholesale Society (SCWS) Buildings  GlasgowScotland4-storey stables, ham curing and grocery store (Carnoustie Street)
Item 19 of 761891Warehouses and creamery for Cowlairs Co-operative SocietySpringburn GlasgowScotland 
Item 20 of 761892101-103 High Street  GlasgowScotland 
Item 21 of 761892114 CauseysidePaisley RenfrewshireScotlandAlteration
Item 22 of 761892Aerated Water Factory  GlasgowScotland 
Item 23 of 761892Centre Street Grain Mills  GlasgowScotlandMill at rear added
Item 24 of 761892Viewpark Parish ChurchUddingston GlasgowScotlandFormerly known as Thornwood Mission Church
Item 25 of 761892West Kilbride Co-operative Seaside HomeSeamill, West Kilbride AyrshireScotlandHS attirbution - no reference given
Item 26 of 761893Scottish Co-operative Wholesale Society (SCWS) Buildings  GlasgowScotland 
Item 27 of 761894Warehouse for T Hodge  GlasgowScotland 
Item 28 of 761895ArdenHelensburgh DunbartonshireScotlandAdditions, greenhouse, stables, coachhouses and two servants' houses
Item 29 of 761895Centre Street Grain Mills  GlasgowScotlandGrain store
Item 30 of 761895Meadowside Shipbuilding Yard office  GlasgowScotland 
Item 31 of 761895Scottish Co-operative Wholesale Society (SCWS) Headquarters Building  GlasgowScotland 
Item 32 of 76c. 1895Kinning Park Colour WorksKinning Park GlasgowScotland 
Item 33 of 761896Ibrox UP ChurchIbrox GlasgowScotlandAdditions (chancel and transepts)
Item 34 of 761896Ibrox UP Church mission premisesIbrox GlasgowScotland 
Item 35 of 761896Rutland House  GlasgowScotland 
Item 36 of 761896Workshop, Copland Road  GlasgowScotland 
Item 37 of 761897Bakery for R Nish  GlasgowScotland 
Item 38 of 761897Co-operative Manufacturing Society Factory, ColinsleePaisley RenfrewshireScotlandAdditions
Item 39 of 761897Engineering workshop, Graham Square  GlasgowScotland 
Item 40 of 761897Working Men's ClubBriggton  Scotland 
Item 41 of 761897Workshop and stables for United Co-operative Society Bakery  GlasgowScotland 
Item 42 of 76c. 1897(?)520 Sauchiehall Street and 341 Renfrew Street  GlasgowScotlandAdditions
Item 43 of 761898Copeland (or Copland) & Lye premises  GlasgowScotlandBath Street corner section
Item 44 of 761898Elder Park Public SchoolGovan GlasgowScotland 
Item 45 of 761898(?)Muiredge SchoolUddingston GlasgowScotlandReference from Bellshill Speaker, 15th April 1899
Item 46 of 761898Standard Oil Works  GlasgowScotlandAttributed by Hume - all three phases of work
Item 47 of 761899Bellahouston AcademyBellahouston GlasgowScotlandAddition of west block as pupil teachers' institute
Item 48 of 761899Warehouse for Ogg Borthers  GlasgowScotland 
Item 49 of 76c. 1899Stables  GlasgowScotland 
Item 50 of 761901Albert Chambers  GlasgowScotland 
Item 51 of 761901Kinning Park BathsKinning Park GlasgowScotland 
Item 52 of 761902Kinning Park Co-operative Society BuildingKinning Park GlasgowScotland 
Item 53 of 761902Marion LodgeHelensburgh DunbartonshireScotland 
Item 54 of 761903Carnegie LibraryKinning Park GlasgowScotland 
Item 55 of 761903Partick Academy  GlasgowScotland 
Item 56 of 761904Balshagray Road School  GlasgowScotland 
Item 57 of 761904Co-operative Building, High Street  GlasgowScotland 
Item 58 of 761904Factory Block and Office for John Wallace and Son agricultural engineers  GlasgowScotlandSingle storey block
Item 59 of 761904Partick Academy  GlasgowScotlandAlso swimmimg pool and workshops
Item 60 of 761906Ibrox Board SchoolIbrox GlasgowScotland 
Item 61 of 761906St Ignatius RC ChurchWishaw LanarkshireScotlandAddition of south aisle
Item 62 of 761907Bothwell Park SchoolBellshill GlasgowScotlandReference from Bellshill Speaker, 24th December 1907
Item 63 of 761907Bothwellhaugh SchoolBothwell GlasgowScotlandReference from Bellshill Speaker, 24th December 1907
Item 64 of 761907St Gilbert's ChurchPollokshields GlasgowScotlandUncertain involvement
Item 65 of 761908Contractors' Depot  GlasgowScotland 
Item 66 of 761909Boat Shed, Eaglesham Street  GlasgowScotland 
Item 67 of 761909Kinning Park Co-operative Society BuildingKinning Park GlasgowScotlandWarehouse in Coburg Street added
Item 68 of 761909Notre Dame Training CollegeDowanhill GlasgowScotlandIn conjunction with Pugin and Pugin
Item 69 of 761910Our Lady and St Margaret's RC Primary School  GlasgowScotland 
Item 70 of 761911Belvidere Road SchoolBellshill LanarkshireScotland 
Item 71 of 761911Office block for the Glasgow Patents CoKinning Park GlasgowScotland 
Item 72 of 761912Hydepark Bakery  GlasgowScotland5-storey bakehouse added
Item 73 of 761914Warehouse, Sussex Street  GlasgowScotlandWith Burnet & Boston
Item 74 of 76Before 1917(?)Drapery and furnishing warehouse, Glasgow Cross  GlasgowScotland 
Item 75 of 761922St Constantine's RC ChurchGovan GlasgowScotland 
Item 76 of 761931Premises for James MorrisonBridgeton GlasgowScotland 


Bibliographic References

The following books contain references to this architectural practice:
Item 1 of 2Glasgow Contemporaries1901Glasgow Contemporaries at the Dawn of the Twentieth Century  p146
Item 2 of 2Who's Who in Glasgow1909