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Basic Biographical Details

Name: Edward Alexander Buckingham Hay
Designation: Architect
Born: 29 May 1855
Died: 2 February 1934
Bio Notes: Edward Alexander Buckingham Hay was born at Minetta(?) Cottage, Govan on 29 May 1855, the son of Alexander Hay, a general merchant and coalmaster from Belhelvie, Aberdeenshire and his wife Sophia Buckingham from West Buckland, Devon. He was first educated privately then at Glasgow High School before entering Glasgow School of Art in 1870. He was articled to John McLeod from 1872 to 1877, remaining with him as an assistant and taking classes at Anderson's College. 1n 1880 he went into partnership with Donald Bruce (born 1834).

In 1881 Bruce was appointed surveyor to the Town Council of Kinning Park, designing the municipal buildings in that year, but the appointment terminated with Kinning Park's independent existence in 1905.

Although Bruce made extensive study tours in England, Ireland and France throughout his career, Bruce & Hay worked mainly in a rather dry and mechanical free classic manner with incised column details which appear to be of French origin. Their Netherlandish designs were rather more successful. The practice had a considerable number of competition wins, notably the asylum at Hartwood which was not built at that time (1886); the Scottish Wholesale Co-operative Buildings in Morrison Street, Glasgow, which were completely unparalleled among commercial buildings in terms of size and degree of elaboration in their time; and the United Cooperative Baking Society's buildings, also in Glasgow. The two last resulted in the SCWS and its subsidiaries becoming a particularly loyal client. They were also successful in two Glasgow School Board competitions and another for the Bothwell board which resulted in their becoming architects to that board for thirty years from 1884. Bruce also executed schools for both Glasgow and Govan School Boards, as well as churches and schools for the Archdiocese of Glasgow.

Bruce and Hay were both admitted LRIBA in the mass intake of 20 July 1911, proposed by John Bennie Wilson and the Glasgow Institute of Architects.

Bruce died at Clydemount, Barrhill Road, Gourock, on 20 February 1919, leaving Hay as sole partner.

Hay married twice: first on 23 February 1882 at Westwood, Bellahouston to Annie Laing, the daughter of a property agent, the minister being that of Montrose Street Evangelical Church; and second on 13 October 1910 at 12 Beech Avenue to Jessie Dick Anderson, the daughter of an oil merchant, the minister being that of Govan Baptist Church. He died at Alaington (or Allaington), 30 Dalkeith Avenue, Glasgow on 2 February 1934 after a period of declining health, leaving moveable estate of 9,368 0s 9d, and was buried in the Southern Necropolis. He was survived by his second wife, and four grown children, two sons and two daughters, from his first marriage. His youngest daughter died in 1920.

Private and Business Addresses

The following private or business addresses are associated with this architect:
 AddressTypeDate fromDate toNotes
Item 1 of 4261, West George Street, Glasgow, ScotlandBusiness1880After 1931 
Item 2 of 4Kirkland Villa, Bellahouston, Glasgow, ScotlandPrivate1882 *  
Item 3 of 414, Walmer Crescent, Glasgow, ScotlandPrivate1888 *1891 
Item 4 of 4Alaington/(Allaington?)/30, Dalkeith Avenue, Drumbeck, Glasgow, ScotlandPrivateBefore 19111934 

* earliest date known from documented sources.

Employment and Training


The following individuals or organisations employed or trained this architect (click on an item to view details):
 NameDate fromDate toPositionNotes
Item 1 of 3John McLeod18721877Apprentice 
Item 2 of 3John McLeod18771880Assistant 
Item 3 of 3Bruce & Hay1880Before 1934Partner 


RIBA Proposers

The following individuals proposed this architect for RIBA membership (click on an item to view details):
 NameDate proposedNotes
Item 1 of 1John Bennie Wilson20 July 1911for Licentiateship - as President of the Glasgow Institute of Architects

Buildings and Designs

This architect was involved with the following buildings or structures from the date specified (click on an item to view details):
 Date startedBuilding nameTown, district or villageIslandCity or countyCountryNotes
Item 1 of 75 Cadogan Buildings  GlasgowScotland 
Item 2 of 75After 1877Warehouses  GlasgowScotlandAs assistant to John McLeod
Item 3 of 751878Garnethill Synagogue  GlasgowScotlandAs assistant to John McLeod
Item 4 of 751880Christian Institute  GlasgowScotlandOriginal building - as assistant to John McLeod
Item 5 of 751880Methlan Park HouseDumbarton DunbartonshireScotlandPossibly involved, as assistant to John McLeod
Item 6 of 751880Tenement, Keir Street and Leslie Street  GlasgowScotland 
Item 7 of 751881Hydepark Bakery  GlasgowScotland 
Item 8 of 751881Tenement, Leven Street  GlasgowScotland 
Item 9 of 75After 1881St Mungo Halls and OfficesKinning Park GlasgowScotland 
Item 10 of 751882Municipal Buildings, Kinning ParkKinning Park GlasgowScotland 
Item 11 of 751884Commercial Bank with flats aboveLauriston GlasgowScotland 
Item 12 of 751884Hillhead Congregational Church  GlasgowScotlandProposed design - not executed
Item 13 of 751885Camden Street School  GlasgowScotlandExtension
Item 14 of 751885Hartwood AsylumShotts LanarkshireScotlandCompetition design, selected but not successful
Item 15 of 751885United Co-operative Bakery  GlasgowScotlandVarious additions (see event table)
Item 16 of 75c. 1885Gusset Building  GlasgowScotland 
Item 17 of 751886Scottish Co-operative Wholesale Society (SCWS) Buildings  GlasgowScotlandWith James Davidson - Dalintober Street/Wallace block
Item 18 of 751888Scottish Co-operative Wholesale Society (SCWS) Buildings  GlasgowScotlandLinking block
Item 19 of 751889Brass works, Buchan Street  GlasgowScotland 
Item 20 of 751889Stables and carriage shed  GlasgowScotland 
Item 21 of 751891Scottish Co-operative Wholesale Society (SCWS) Buildings  GlasgowScotland4-storey stables, ham curing and grocery store (Carnoustie Street)
Item 22 of 751891Warehouses and creamery for Cowlairs Co-operative SocietySpringburn GlasgowScotland 
Item 23 of 751892101-103 High Street  GlasgowScotland 
Item 24 of 751892114 CauseysidePaisley RenfrewshireScotlandAlteration
Item 25 of 751892Aerated Water Factory  GlasgowScotland 
Item 26 of 751892Centre Street Grain Mills  GlasgowScotlandMill at rear added
Item 27 of 751892West Kilbride Co-operative Seaside HomeSeamill, West Kilbride AyrshireScotlandHS attribution - no reference given
Item 28 of 751893Scottish Co-operative Wholesale Society (SCWS) Buildings  GlasgowScotland 
Item 29 of 751894Warehouse for T Hodge  GlasgowScotland 
Item 30 of 751895ArdenHelensburgh DunbartonshireScotlandAdditions, greenhouse, stables, coachhouses and two servants' houses
Item 31 of 751895Centre Street Grain Mills  GlasgowScotlandGrain store
Item 32 of 751895Meadowside Shipbuilding Yard office  GlasgowScotland 
Item 33 of 751895Scottish Co-operative Wholesale Society (SCWS) Headquarters Building  GlasgowScotland 
Item 34 of 75c. 1895Kinning Park Colour WorksKinning Park GlasgowScotland 
Item 35 of 751896Ibrox UP ChurchIbrox GlasgowScotlandAdditions (chancel and transepts)
Item 36 of 751896Ibrox UP Church mission premisesIbrox GlasgowScotland 
Item 37 of 751896Rutland House  GlasgowScotland 
Item 38 of 751896Workshop, Copland Road  GlasgowScotland 
Item 39 of 751897Bakery for R Nish  GlasgowScotland 
Item 40 of 751897Co-operative Manufacturing Society Factory, ColinsleePaisley RenfrewshireScotlandAdditions
Item 41 of 751897Engineering workshop, Graham Square  GlasgowScotland 
Item 42 of 751897Working Men's ClubBriggton  Scotland 
Item 43 of 751897Workshop and stables for United Co-operative Society Bakery  GlasgowScotland 
Item 44 of 75c. 1897(?)520 Sauchiehall Street and 341 Renfrew Street  GlasgowScotlandAdditions
Item 45 of 751898Copeland (or Copland) & Lye premises  GlasgowScotlandBath Street corner section
Item 46 of 751898Elder Park Public SchoolGovan GlasgowScotland 
Item 47 of 751898Standard Oil Works  GlasgowScotlandAttributed by Hume - all three phases of work
Item 48 of 751899Bellahouston AcademyBellahouston GlasgowScotlandAddition of west block as pupil teachers' institute
Item 49 of 751899Warehouse for Ogg Borthers  GlasgowScotland 
Item 50 of 75c. 1899Stables  GlasgowScotland 
Item 51 of 751901Albert Chambers  GlasgowScotland 
Item 52 of 751901Kinning Park BathsKinning Park GlasgowScotland 
Item 53 of 751902Kinning Park Co-operative Society BuildingKinning Park GlasgowScotland 
Item 54 of 751902Marion LodgeHelensburgh DunbartonshireScotland 
Item 55 of 751903Carnegie LibraryKinning Park GlasgowScotland 
Item 56 of 751903Partick Academy  GlasgowScotland 
Item 57 of 751904Balshagray Road School  GlasgowScotland 
Item 58 of 751904Co-operative Building, High Street  GlasgowScotland 
Item 59 of 751904Factory Block and Office for John Wallace and Son agricultural engineers  GlasgowScotlandSingle storey block
Item 60 of 751904Partick Academy  GlasgowScotlandAlso swimmimg pool and workshops
Item 61 of 751906Ibrox Board SchoolIbrox GlasgowScotland 
Item 62 of 751906St Ignatius RC ChurchWishaw LanarkshireScotlandAddition of south aisle
Item 63 of 751907St Gilbert's ChurchPollokshields GlasgowScotlandUncertain involvement
Item 64 of 751908Contractors' Depot  GlasgowScotland 
Item 65 of 751909Boat Shed, Eaglesham Street  GlasgowScotland 
Item 66 of 751909Kinning Park Co-operative Society BuildingKinning Park GlasgowScotlandWarehouse in Coburg Street added
Item 67 of 751909Notre Dame Training CollegeDowanhill GlasgowScotlandIn conjunction with Pugin and Pugin
Item 68 of 751910Our Lady and St Margaret's RC Primary School  GlasgowScotland 
Item 69 of 751911Belvidere Road SchoolBellshill LanarkshireScotland 
Item 70 of 751911Office block for the Glasgow Patents CoKinning Park GlasgowScotland 
Item 71 of 751912Hydepark Bakery  GlasgowScotland5-storey bakehouse added
Item 72 of 751914Warehouse, Sussex Street  GlasgowScotlandWith Burnet & Boston
Item 73 of 75Before 1917(?)Drapery and furnishing warehouse, Glasgow Cross  GlasgowScotland 
Item 74 of 751922St Constantine's RC ChurchGovan GlasgowScotland 
Item 75 of 751931Premises for James MorrisonBridgeton GlasgowScotland 


Bibliographic References

The following books contain references to this architect:
Item 1 of 3Johnston, W T2003Artists of Scotland Officina Publications CDROM 
Item 2 of 3Post Office Directories     
Item 3 of 3Who's Who in Architecture1914    

Periodical References

The following periodicals contain references to this architect:
 Periodical NameDateEditionPublisherNotes
Item 1 of 1RIAS Quarterly193448Royal Incorporation of Architects in Scotland (RIAS)Obituary

Archive References

The following archives hold material relating to this architect:
 SourceArchive NameSource Catalogue No.Notes
Item 1 of 2Professor David M Walker personal archiveProfessor David M Walker, notes and collection of archive material Additional research (birth and death dates and parentage) by Iain Paterson
Item 2 of 2RIBA Archive, Victoria & Albert MuseumRIBA Nomination Papers L v18 no1324


© All rights reserved.  Courtesy of RCAHMS. Licensor www.rcahms.gov.uk (Glasgow Contemporaries at the Dawn of the XXth Century) 

© All rights reserved. Courtesy of RCAHMS. Licensor www.rcahms.gov.uk (Glasgow Contemporaries at the Dawn of the XXth Century)