Basic Biographical Details

Name: Matthews & Mackenzie
Designation: Architectural practice
Started: 1877
Ended: After 1899
Bio Notes: The partnership of Matthews & Mackenzie had its origin in that of Mackenzie & Matthews. Just before Thomas Mackenzie's death in October 1854 an Inverness office was established with William Lawrie in charge as resident assistant. For ten years both the Aberdeen and the Inverness practices continued under James Matthews' sole name, Lawrie finally becoming a partner in 1864. The practice title of Matthews & Lawrie tended to be used in the Inverness area only, work in and around Aberdeen being usually undertaken in Matthews' name only.

By 1877 Alexander Marshall Mackenzie (born 1848), son of Thomas Mackenzie and a pupil in Matthews' Aberdeen office from 1863 to 1868, had amply demonstrated his capacity to gain clients through his own independent practice, which he had commenced in Elgin at the early age of twenty-two. Matthews re-admitted him as a partner, but in respect of Aberdeen and Elgin-based business only, Matthews's other partner William Lawrie retaining his semi-independent position in Inverness where the practice continued under the name of Matthews & Lawrie. From 1883 onward Mackenzie undertook virtually all of the design work of the Aberdeen office, Matthews being preoccupied with civic duties as provost, principally on Rosemount Viaduct and the Union Terrace improvements. The Inverness practice was taken over by John Hinton Gall in his own name only after Lawrie's death in 1887 and Matthews eventually retired completely in 1893 at the age of seventy-three, leaving Mackenzie as sole partner.

Private and Business Addresses

The following private or business addresses are associated with this architectural practice:
 AddressTypeDate fromDate toNotes
Item 1 of 2Aberdeen, ScotlandBusiness   
Item 2 of 2Elgin, ScotlandBusiness   

Employment and Training

Employees or Pupils

The following individuals were employed or trained by this architectural practice (click on an item to view details):
 NameDate fromDate toPositionNotes
Item 1 of 32Andrew Thomson  Inspector of Works 
Item 2 of 32Andrew Thomson  Chief Assistant 
Item 3 of 32George Watson  Apprentice 
Item 4 of 32Robert John Macbeth18721877Apprentice 
Item 5 of 32Robert John Macbeth18771880Assistant 
Item 6 of 32James Matthews18771893Partner 
Item 7 of 32Alexander Marshall Mackenzie1877After 1899Partner 
Item 8 of 32John Smith Murdoch1878c. 1883Apprentice 
Item 9 of 32George Watt18791884Apprentice 
Item 10 of 32Alexander BrownBefore 1880c. 1880Surveyor 
Item 11 of 32Robert Baillie Pratt18811885Apprentice 
Item 12 of 32James Brown Nicol18831888Apprentice 
Item 13 of 32Herbert Hardy WigglesworthSeptember 1883September 1888Apprentice 
Item 14 of 32George Watt18841885Assistant 
Item 15 of 32Alexander Mackintosh18841885(?)AssistantRemained as assistant for one year
Item 16 of 32John Anderson18851890 or 1891ApprenticeRemained as assistant
Item 17 of 32James Carmichaelc. 1885c. 1890(?)Apprentice 
Item 18 of 32Robert Baillie Pratt18861887Assistant 
Item 19 of 32Arthur Hay Livingstone MackinnonAugust 1887September 1890Apprentice 
Item 20 of 32James Brown Nicol18881889Assistant 
Item 21 of 32William Edgar Gauld18881893 or 1894Apprentice 
Item 22 of 32Herbert Hardy WigglesworthOctober 1888February 1889Assistant 
Item 23 of 32John Ellis18901895Apprentice 
Item 24 of 32John Anderson1890 or 18911891Assistant 
Item 25 of 32Alexander CowieAugust 1892August 1897Apprentice 
Item 26 of 32William Edgar Gauld1893 or 18941895Senior Assistant 
Item 27 of 32John Anderson1894(?) * Chief Assistant 
Item 28 of 32Alexander George Robertson Mackenzie21 August 18941898Apprentice 
Item 29 of 32Clement Georgec. 1894After 1899Apprentice 
Item 30 of 32John Ellis18951896Assistant 
Item 31 of 32Alexander CowieAugust 1897February 1898Draughtsman 
Item 32 of 32Alexander George Robertson Mackenzie1898Early 1900Chief Assistant 

* earliest date known from documented sources.

Buildings and Designs

This architectural practice was involved with the following buildings or structures from the date specified (click on an item to view details):
 Date startedBuilding nameTown, district or villageIslandCity or countyCountryNotes
Item 1 of 152 New Machar Parish ChurchNew Machar AberdeenshireScotlandAlterations and repairs
Item 2 of 152 Wartle HouseRayne AberdeenshireScotlandTwo storey wing at east remodelled
Item 3 of 152c. 1850North of Scotland BankInverurie AberdeenshireScotland'Probably' (Buildings of Scotland)
Item 4 of 1521867Monboddo HouseFordoun KincardineshireScotlandRenovations; alterations and additions
Item 5 of 1521877Ardoe House  AberdeenshireScotlandOriginal building with Lawrie
Item 6 of 1521877Congregational ChurchAberfeldy PerthshireScotland 
Item 7 of 1521877Cromdale SchoolCromdale Inverness-shireScotland 
Item 8 of 1521877North of Scotland BankEllon AberdeenshireScotland 
Item 9 of 1521877St Margaret of Scotland Episcopal Church and church hallLeven FifeScotlandWon and executed commission
Item 10 of 1521877Terraced houses, 6 Queen's Gate and 2-12 Forest Road  AberdeenScotland 
Item 11 of 1521877Union Terrace Gardens  AberdeenScotland 
Item 12 of 15218781 Queens Gate  AberdeenScotlandWith Pirie as assistant
Item 13 of 1521878Braemar Parish ChurchBraemar AberdeenshireScotlandAlterations and additions including spire
Item 14 of 1521878Offices, Shops and Dwelling Houses on Bridge Street  AberdeenScotland 
Item 15 of 1521878St Drostan's Episcopal ChurchTarfside AngusScotland 
Item 16 of 1521878St Machar's Episcopal ChurchBucksburn AberdeenScotland 
Item 17 of 1521879Leochel Cushnie ChurchLeochel Cushnie AberdeenshireScotlandRestoration
Item 18 of 1521879Villa, 23 Queens Road  AberdeenScotland 
Item 19 of 1521880245 Union Street  AberdeenScotland 
Item 20 of 152188044 Castle Street  AberdeenScotlandAlterations?
Item 21 of 1521880Central SchoolFraserburgh AberdeenshireScotland 
Item 22 of 1521880Free Church ManseDyce AberdeenshireScotland 
Item 23 of 1521880House for James Crombie, Queens Road  AberdeenScotland 
Item 24 of 1521880New Deer Congregational ChurchNew Deer AberdeenshireScotland 
Item 25 of 1521880Shops, offices and dwelling houses, Bridge Street  AberdeenScotland 
Item 26 of 1521880St James ChurchLossiemouth    
Item 27 of 1521880Steading, Linkwood Farm Elgin (near) MorayScotland 
Item 28 of 152c. 1880Villa and stable building, 19 Queen's Road  AberdeenScotland 
Item 29 of 152c. 1880Villa, 1 Queen's Road  AberdeenScotlandHS attribution
Item 30 of 152188185 Union Place  AberdeenScotland 
Item 31 of 1521881Brucklay HouseNew Deer AberdeenshireScotlandAlterations including addition of harl
Item 32 of 1521881Chivas Brothers Shop  AberdeenScotland 
Item 33 of 1521881Mackinnon's Buildings  AberdeenScotland 
Item 34 of 1521881North of Scotland Bank  AberdeenScotlandAdditions onto Lodge Walk
Item 35 of 1521882(?)Aberdeen Art Gallery  AberdeenScotlandWon competition and secured job
Item 36 of 1521882Aberdeen Dairy Company Premises  AberdeenScotland 
Item 37 of 1521882Aberdeen Grammar School  AberdeenScotlandAdditions
Item 38 of 1521882Craigiebuckler ChurchCraigiebuckler AberdeenshireScotland 
Item 39 of 1521882House for Provost Jamieson, Queen's Road  AberdeenScotland 
Item 40 of 1521882House, 3 Queens Gate  AberdeenScotland 
Item 41 of 1521882Inglismaldie CastleInglismaldie AberdeenshireScotlandReconstruction after fire
Item 42 of 1521882Robertson FountainHuntly AberdeenshireScotland 
Item 43 of 1521882St Clement's Free Church  AberdeenScotland 
Item 44 of 1521883Ardoe House  AberdeenshireScotlandInterior work
Item 45 of 1521883Crimonmogate House  AberdeenScotlandAdditions
Item 46 of 1521883Glenrinnes Parish ChurchGlenrinnes BanffshireScotland 
Item 47 of 1521883Golf Club House  AberdeenScotlandAdditions
Item 48 of 1521883Harbour Offices and Warehouse for C & A Johnston  AberdeenScotland 
Item 49 of 1521883Insch Parish ChurchInsch AberdeenshireScotland 
Item 50 of 1521883North of Scotland BankInsch AberdeenshireScotland 
Item 51 of 1521883North of Scotland Bank  AberdeenScotland 
Item 52 of 1521883Northern Assurance Company Head Office  AberdeenScotland 
Item 53 of 1521883Showroom for James Bannochie  AberdeenScotlandLong ground floor room
Item 54 of 1521883St Clement's ChurchFootdee AberdeenScotlandAlterations
Item 55 of 152c. 1883Boharm Old Parish ChurchBoharm BanffshireScotlandWest birdcage belfry
Item 56 of 152188427 Union Place  AberdeenScotlandAlterations
Item 57 of 1521884Blairmore HouseGlass AberdeenshireScotland 
Item 58 of 1521884Dalmuinzie HouseBieldside AberdeenScotland 
Item 59 of 1521884Dingwall HouseMilltimber AberdeenScotland 
Item 60 of 1521884Elgin Town HallElgin MorayshireScotlandWon in competition
Item 61 of 1521884Forgue HallForgue AberdeenshireScotland 
Item 62 of 1521884Forsyth Hotel  AberdeenScotlandAlterations
Item 63 of 1521884Gordons' Chapel  AberdeenScotlandAlterations
Item 64 of 1521884Gray's School of Art  AberdeenScotlandWon competition and secured job
Item 65 of 1521884House, 17 Rubislaw Den North  AberdeenScotland 
Item 66 of 1521884Houses, 44 and 46 Polmuir Road  AberdeenScotland 
Item 67 of 1521884Sick Children's Hospital  AberdeenScotlandAlterations
Item 68 of 1521884Two Houses, Queen's Road  AberdeenScotland 
Item 69 of 152188522 Union Place  AberdeenScotland 
Item 70 of 152188546-50, 54-62, 64-70 Schoolhill  AberdeenScotland 
Item 71 of 1521885Ballogie House  AberdeenshireScotlandAdditions
Item 72 of 1521885Botriphnie ManseBotriphnie BanffshireScotland 
Item 73 of 1521885Foveran HouseFoveran AberdeenshireScotlandAddition of tower, new lodge
Item 74 of 1521885Freefield House  AberdeenshireScotlandIonic porch and alterations
Item 75 of 1521885Glenburnie Park  AberdeenScotland 
Item 76 of 1521885House for Mr WathBanff BanffshireScotland 
Item 77 of 1521885House, Ruthrieston Terrace  AberdeenScotland 
Item 78 of 1521885J Murray Garden HouseRubislaw Den AberdeenScotland 
Item 79 of 1521885Robert Gordon's College, archway  AberdeenScotland 
Item 80 of 1521885Skene Street Congregational Church  AberdeenScotland 
Item 81 of 1521886Commercial Building, St Nicholas Lane and Correction Wynd  AberdeenScotland 
Item 82 of 1521886Enzie Parish ChurchEnzie MorayshireScotland 
Item 83 of 1521886Forsyth Hotel  AberdeenScotlandAdditions
Item 84 of 1521886House of Glenmuick with East lodgeBallater AberdeenshireScotlandAlterations and additions
Item 85 of 1521886Houses and Shops, 29-31 Fountainhall Road  AberdeenScotland 
Item 86 of 1521886North of Scotland BankWick CaithnessScotland 
Item 87 of 1521886Old Meldrum Parish ChurchOld Meldrum / Oldmeldrum AberdeenshireScotlandInternal alterations
Item 88 of 1521886Pitmurchie HouseTorphins? AberdeenshireScotlandReconstruction
Item 89 of 1521886Pratt & Keith warehouse  AberdeenScotlandAdditions and alterations to convert building to hotel
Item 90 of 1521886Premises for Mitchell and Muill  AberdeenScotland 
Item 91 of 1521886Stewart's HallHuntly AberdeenshireScotlandRestoration after fire damage and new Scots Baronial tower
Item 92 of 1521886Two Houses, Fountainhall Road  AberdeenScotland 
Item 93 of 1521886Warehouse for J Lyall Grant  AberdeenScotland 
Item 94 of 1521886Wordie Buildings  AberdeenScotland 
Item 95 of 1521887Church of Scotland Training College  AberdeenScotlandAdditions
Item 96 of 1521887Craigiebuckler Manse  AberdeenScotland 
Item 97 of 1521887Free Church College Library  AberdeenScotlandComplete remodelling and conversion
Item 98 of 1521887Lossiemouth Free ChurchLossiemouth MorayshireScotland 
Item 99 of 1521887Premises for Alexander Flett, 26-38 Holburn Street and Union Grove  AberdeenScotland 
Item 100 of 1521887Richmondhill House  AberdeenshireScotland 
Item 101 of 1521888Avochie HouseHuntly (near) AberdeenshireScotland 
Item 102 of 1521888Brucklay HouseNew Deer AberdeenshireScotlandAdditions (piers, gates etc & West Lodge?)
Item 103 of 1521888Glendavan HouseDinnet AberdeenshireScotland 
Item 104 of 1521888Gordon SchoolsHuntly AberdeenshireScotlandAdditions
Item 105 of 1521888Langley, 25 Forest Road  AberdeenScotland 
Item 106 of 152188921 and 23 Beechgrove Avenue  AberdeenScotland 
Item 107 of 152188927 Albyn Place  AberdeenScotland 
Item 108 of 1521889Central Public Library  AberdeenScotlandSecond premiated competition design
Item 109 of 1521889Church of Scotland Training College  AberdeenScotlandFurther additions
Item 110 of 1521889House, Mid Stocket Road  AberdeenScotland 
Item 111 of 1521889Lattach House and addition to SteadingGlass AberdeenshireScotland 
Item 112 of 1521889Old House of Glack and New House of Glack  AberdeenshireScotlandConversion of Old and New Houses of Glack into Daviot Asylum. Old House became nurses' home.
Item 113 of 1521889Oldyne SteadingGlass AberdeenshireScotland 
Item 114 of 1521889Pitsligo New Parish ChurchPeathill AberdeenshireScotland 
Item 115 of 1521889Sandside HouseReay CaithnessScotland 
Item 116 of 1521890Arbuthnott ChurchArbuthnott KincardineshireScotlandRestoration after fire
Item 117 of 1521890Beldorney CastleGlass AberdeenshireScotlandAdditions and repairs (also restoration of gatehouse)
Item 118 of 1521890ChurchBrechin AngusScotlandUnspecified work
Item 119 of 1521890Edinglassie House  AberdeenshireScotlandAdditions
Item 120 of 1521890Free South Church  AberdeenScotland 
Item 121 of 1521890Middle School  AberdeenScotland 
Item 122 of 1521890Muchalls CastleMuchalls KincardineshireScotlandRestoration
Item 123 of 1521890Ruthrieston Parish ChurchRuthrieston AberdeenScotland 
Item 124 of 1521890Udny Parish ChurchUdny Green AberdeenshireScotlandRenovation
Item 125 of 1521891Aberdeen University, Marischal College  AberdeenScotlandAdditions
Item 126 of 1521891Birnie KirkBirnie MorayshireScotlandRestoration
Item 127 of 1521891Craigiebuckler Church hallCraigiebuckler AberdeenScotland 
Item 128 of 1521891Crimonmogate House  AberdeenScotlandAlterations
Item 129 of 1521891Crown Street Free Church  AberdeenScotland 
Item 130 of 1521891Dalhebity HouseBieldside AberdeenScotlandAdditions
Item 131 of 1521891Grand Hotel  AberdeenScotlandAdditions
Item 132 of 1521891Music Hall  AberdeenScotlandAlterations and redecoration
Item 133 of 1521891Pratt & Keith warehouse  AberdeenScotlandFurther additions
Item 134 of 1521892Crathie ManseCrathie AberdeenshireScotland 
Item 135 of 1521892Dyce ManseDyce AberdeenshireScotlandAdditions
Item 136 of 1521892House, 26 Rubislaw Den South  AberdeenScotland 
Item 137 of 1521892House, Union Street and Bon Accord Terrace  AberdeenScotlandRebuilding of facade
Item 138 of 1521892Keig SchoolKeig AberdeenshireScotlandAdditions
Item 139 of 1521892Marykirk ChurchMarykirk KincardineshireScotlandAlterations
Item 140 of 1521892Parish ManseAboyne AberdeenshireScotland 
Item 141 of 1521892Three Houses, Belvidere Crescent  AberdeenScotland 
Item 142 of 1521892Tonley House  AberdeenshireScotlandReconstruction
Item 143 of 1521894Aberdeen Grammar School  AberdeenScotlandFurther additions
Item 144 of 1521895Aberdeen Municipal Buildings and Tolbooth  AberdeenScotlandSecond premiated design in competition for reconstruction (20 premium)
Item 145 of 1521896King's CollegeOld Aberdeen AberdeenScotlandEast window on north side, restoration of tracery for Robertson Smith Memorial Window
Item 146 of 1521896Manchester Royal Infirmary: Piccadilly site  ManchesterEnglandUnsuccessful competition entry
Item 147 of 1521896St George's Free ChurchMontrose AngusScotlandAdditions
Item 148 of 1521897Macduff Free ChurchMacduff BanffshireScotland 
Item 149 of 1521897North of Scotland Bank  AberdeenScotlandInterior decoration
Item 150 of 1521897Stable etc, Denburn Road  AberdeenScotland 
Item 151 of 1521901Dalmuinzie HouseBieldside AberdeenScotlandFurther work
Item 152 of 1521901Sick Children's Hospital  AberdeenScotlandFurther work


Bibliographic References

The following books contain references to this architectural practice:
Item 1 of 3Bailey, Rebecca M1996Scottish architects' papers: a source book Edinburgh: The Rutland Pressp97
Item 2 of 3Pride, Glen L1999The Kingdom of Fife2nd EditionThe Rutland Pressp67
Item 3 of 3Richardson, Harriet2010Building Our Health: The Architecture of Scottish Hospitals Historic Scotlandp56

Periodical References

The following periodicals contain references to this architectural practice:
 Periodical NameDateEditionPublisherNotes
Item 1 of 3Aberdeen Press and Journal5 May 1933  Alexander Marshall Mackenzie
Item 2 of 3Builder12 May 1933  Alexander Marshall Mackenzie
Item 3 of 3RIAS Quarterly1933AutumnRoyal Incorporation of Architects in Scotland (RIAS)Alexander Marshall Mackenzie

Archive References

The following archives hold material relating to this architectural practice:
 SourceArchive NameSource Catalogue No.Notes
Item 1 of 1Professor David M Walker personal archiveProfessor David M Walker, notes and collection of archive material Personal information from: Mrs AGR Mackenzie; John G Marr; Ian G Lindsay; Robert W R Mackenzie (of Perth); Mrs Isobel Adams (nee Gordon), Broughty Ferry ('Dr Marshall Mackenzie's quine'); David Stokes (interview with Charles McKean on 17 December 1985)