Basic Biographical Details

Name: Herbert Hardy Wigglesworth
Designation: Architect
Born: 1866
Died: 24 August 1949
Bio Notes: Herbert Hardy Wigglesworth was born in Belfast in 1866, the son of Alfred Wigglesworth who started out as a 'warehouseman fancy' and his wife Selina. The family moved from Northern Ireland where all the children were born to Aberdeen at some point after 1873 and before 1881 when his father was the manager of a linen works there. By 1901 the family business had moved to Dundee and imported jute and sisal from West Africa. There was still a company trading under the name 'Wigglesworth' in about 1915.

Herbert Hardy Wigglesworth was articled in September 1883 to Matthews & Mackenzie of Aberdeen in whose office he had the advantage of working alongside the brilliant draughtsman Alexander Mackintosh. He remained with the Mackenzies for four months before following Mackintosh to London early in 1889, where he became an assistant to Ernest George and Harold Ainsworth Peto. This enabled him to study at the Royal Academy Schools. He passed the qualifying exam in 1890 and was admitted ARIBA on 12 January 1891, his proposers being George, Peto and Ernest Turner, also of London. During that period he made several study tours in Italy, France, Belgium and Germany, generally of two months' duration.

Early in 1892, after nearly three years with George & Peto, Wigglesworth undertook a three-month study tour of the United States, in the course of which he obtained a job with the distinguished New York architect George Browne Post, gaining experience of the design and construction of large commercial buildings which was soon to be reflected in the design of the Courier building at Dundee.

At the beginning of 1893 Wigglesworth returned to London to commence independent practice at 9 Barton Street, Westminster, but was almost immediately taken into partnership by David Barclay Niven who married Wigglesworth's sister Sarah shortly thereafter.

Wigglesworth was admitted FRIBA on 5 March 1900, his proposers now being George, John Macvicar Anderson and Leonard Aloysius Stokes. In the same year, 1900, Niven moved house to Farnham. There he became acquainted with Harold Falkner who had commenced practice there three years earlier. Born on 28 November 1875, Falkner was an arts and crafts architect who had been apprenticed first to the local builders Tompsett & King and then to Reginald Blomfield. Falkner was well-off, having inherited £10,000 and considerable property in 1896. He was taken into partnership in 1900, the partnership title becoming Niven, Wigglesworth & Falkner, but he dealt only with domestic work in the Farnham area. Incompatibility resulted in the partnership being dissolved in 1903, although the practice title was retained until 1906 and for some purposes until as late as 1909.

Wigglesworth had important Swedish connections. In 1910 he was executant architect for Axel Haig's Swedish church in Marylebone, and in 1920-22 architect of the Swedish Chamber of Commerce Building in Trinity Square, London, for which he was made a Knight of the Order of Vasa by King Gustav of Sweden. But on the completion of Hambro's Bank in 1926 Niven dissolved the partnership. Partly because of illness Wigglesworth's contribution to the practice income had been lower then Niven's and the separation of their businesses appears to have been to enable Niven's interest in the practice to be sold to Arthur Kenyon. Their parting was not acrimonious as Wigglesworth's affectionate memoir on Niven's death clearly shows. Wigglesworth continued briefly on his own before merging his practice with that of Alexander George Robertson Mackenzie. His relationship with the Mackenzie family had remained close and he was to write a memoir of Alexander Marshall Mackenzie when he died in 1933.

Wigglesworth had joined the Art Workers Guild in 1917 but resigned in 1929.

Wigglesworth retired from his partnership with the Mackenzies in 1931 to devote himself to watercolour painting, mainly in Sussex. He died on 24 August 1949. A G R Mackenzie described him as 'a man of charming personality; to his assistants and to those who had the privilege of working with him he was a constant source of inspiration whether by enthusiastic appreciation or kindly, if sometimes drastic, but always constructive criticism… He was a connoisseur and collector of objets d'art [and] had wide interests in many countries.'

Private and Business Addresses

The following private or business addresses are associated with this architect:
 AddressTypeDate fromDate toNotes
Item 1 of 85, South St Swithin Street, Aberdeen, ScotlandPrivate1881 Family home
Item 2 of 818, Maddox Street, London, EnglandBusiness1891 *  
Item 3 of 85, Spencer Park, Wandsworth Common, London, EnglandPrivate1891 *  
Item 4 of 8Weymouth Park, Walton on Thames, Surrey, EnglandPrivateAfter 18911900 
Item 5 of 89, Barton Street, Westminster, London, EnglandBusiness18931893 
Item 6 of 834, Mecklenburgh Square, London, EnglandBusiness1900 *  
Item 7 of 8Gwydir Chambers/104, High Holborn, London, EnglandBusinessBefore 1900After 1905 
Item 8 of 8Glenmerle, Burwood Road, Hersham, Surrey, EnglandPrivate1911 Staying with his aunt Marion Hardy.

* earliest date known from documented sources.


Employment and Training

Employers

The following individuals or organisations employed or trained this architect (click on an item to view details):
 NameDate fromDate toPositionNotes
Item 1 of 6Matthews & MackenzieSeptember 1883September 1888Apprentice 
Item 2 of 6Matthews & MackenzieOctober 1888February 1889Assistant 
Item 3 of 6Ernest George & Peto1 March 18891892Assistant 
Item 4 of 6George Browne Post18921892Assistant(?) 
Item 5 of 6Niven & Wigglesworth18931926Partner 
Item 6 of 6Wigglesworth & Marshall Mackenziec. 19271931Partner 

RIBA

RIBA Proposers

The following individuals proposed this architect for RIBA membership (click on an item to view details):
 NameDate proposedNotes
Item 1 of 6John Macvicar Anderson5 March 1900for Fellowship
Item 2 of 6Ernest George12 January 1891for Associateship
Item 3 of 6Ernest George5 March 1900for Fellowship
Item 4 of 6Harold Ainsworth Peto12 January 1891for Associateship
Item 5 of 6Leonard Aloysius Scott Stokes5 March 1900for Fellowship
Item 6 of 6Ernest Turner12 January 1891for Associateship

RIBA Proposals

This architect proposed the following individuals for RIBA membership (click on an item to view details):
 NameDate proposedNotes
Item 1 of 23Herbert Mayer Barker24 June 1912for Licentiateship
Item 2 of 23George Ronald Bryce20 July 1911for Licentiateship
Item 3 of 23Archibald Bulloch3 December 1906for Associateship
Item 4 of 23Herbert William Cruickshank (or Herbert William Cruikshank)Mid 1920for Associateship
Item 5 of 23John Kirkwood Currie3 March 1919for Associateship
Item 6 of 23William Edgar Gauld9 June 1913for Fellowship
Item 7 of 23Walter Symington Athol GordonLate 1916 or early 1917for Fellowship
Item 8 of 23James Henry Gray27 February 1911for Associateship
Item 9 of 23James Mitchell White Halley4 July 1910for Licentiateship
Item 10 of 23Arthur William Kenyon2 December 1907for Associateship
Item 11 of 23Leslie Gordon LunanMid 1921for Associateship
Item 12 of 23Alexander George Robertson Mackenzie2 December 1901for Associateship
Item 13 of 23Alexander George Robertson Mackenzie3 March 1913for Fellowship
Item 14 of 23Alastair Marshall McMichael1 March 1920for Associateship
Item 15 of 23James Morrison29 November 1926for Associateship
Item 16 of 23James MorrisonLate 1928 or early 1929for Associateship - re-application or reinstatement?
Item 17 of 23John Holden Peacock20 July 1911for Licentiateship
Item 18 of 23Alexander Robert Robertson1 December 1902for Associateship
Item 19 of 23David Salmond9 June 1913for Fellowship
Item 20 of 23John Myrtle Smith4 March 1907for Associateship
Item 21 of 23Alexander ToughMid 1930for Associateship
Item 22 of 23John Wilson Walker4 December 1905for Associateship
Item 23 of 23William Barnet Wyllie4 March 1907for Associateship

Buildings and Designs

This architect was involved with the following buildings or structures from the date specified (click on an item to view details):
 Date startedBuilding nameTown, district or villageIslandCity or countyCountryNotes
Item 1 of 21After 1893Carisbrook Castle Ship Interior, Castle Line     
Item 2 of 211895KincardineKincardine O'Neil AberdeenshireScotlandHouse and lodge etc
Item 3 of 211895Tantallon Castle Ship Interior, Castle Line     
Item 4 of 211895Teith ViewDoune PerthshireScotland 
Item 5 of 211897BengairnCastle Douglas (near) KirkcudbrightshireScotlandSketch design exhibited
Item 6 of 211897NethercliffeWalton on Thames SurreyEngland 
Item 7 of 211899“Hillington” Walton on Thames SurreyEngland 
Item 8 of 211901Courier Building  DundeeScotland 
Item 9 of 211902Scandinavian Sailors’ Home, West India DocksPoplar/Limehouse LondonEngland 
Item 10 of 21After 190319-21 Hatton Garden  LondonEngland 
Item 11 of 21After 190354 Harley Street  LondonEngland 
Item 12 of 211910Ottershaw Park  SurreyEngland 
Item 13 of 211910Swedish ChurchMarylebone LondonEnglandExecutant architect for designs of Axel Haig
Item 14 of 211914Dunford LodgeWoking SurreyEngland 
Item 15 of 211920Swedish Chamber of Commerce  LondonEngland 
Item 16 of 21192127 Portland Place  LondonEnglandConverted for the Swedish Legation
Item 17 of 211926Hambro's Bank  LondonEngland 
Item 18 of 211929Proposed office building, Waterloo Road  LondonEngland 
Item 19 of 211930Swedish Seaman's Church and hostelSouthwark LondonEngland 
Item 20 of 211933The HockettsCookham Dean BerkshireEngland 
Item 21 of 211934St John's College, Sports PavilionCambridge CambridgeshireEngland 

References

Bibliographic References

The following books contain references to this architect:
 Author(s)DateTitlePartPublisherNotes
Item 1 of 1Beauty's Awakening Beauty's Awakening: The Centenary Exhibition of the Art Workers' Guild Brighton Museum September -November 1984, Royal Pavilion Brighton 

Periodical References

The following periodicals contain references to this architect:
 Periodical NameDateEditionPublisherNotes
Item 1 of 3Builder2 September 1949  Obituary
Item 2 of 3RIBA JournalAugust 1949 London: Royal Institute of British ArchitectsMemoir by A G R Mackenzie
Item 3 of 3RIBA JournalDecember 1949v57London: Royal Institute of British Architectsp72 - obituary

Archive References

The following archives hold material relating to this architect:
 SourceArchive NameSource Catalogue No.Notes
Item 1 of 5Census records onlineCensuses  
Item 2 of 5Courtesy of Andrew BradfordInformation sent to David Walker Sent 2017
Item 3 of 5Courtesy of Frank KelsallInformation sent to Dictionary Further research by Frank Kelsall
Item 4 of 5Courtesy of Sarah Wigglesworth, granddaughter of Herbert Hardy WigglesworthInformation sent to David Walker Sent February 2013
Item 5 of 5RIBA Archive, Victoria & Albert MuseumRIBA Nomination Papers A v11 p66 (microfiche 48/A5); F v13 p80 (microfiche 119/A7)