Basic Biographical Details

Name: James Maclaren
Designation: Architect
Born: 11 March 1829
Died: 16 June 1893
Bio Notes: James Maclaren was born in Dundee on 11 March 1829, the son of William Maclaren and Mary Anderson, and was christened on 22 March. He was articled to David Smith who had succeeded to James Black's practice, but Smith died in 1845 or early 1846 and he completed his apprenticeship with ____ Johnstone who was a land surveyor rather than an architect. Nevertheless he managed to secure a place in the office of David Bryce in Edinburgh from which he won the Soane Medallion in 1848 at the early age of nineteen, the subject being a vast complex of public baths. In 1850 he returned to Dundee to commence practice with his brother William, perhaps at his father's wish. William had been born on 12 May 1831 (christened 22 May); nothing is known of his training. The partnership was very brief: it is not yet known whether William died or followed another profession. In that same year James won the competition for the Peel Monument at Forfar and soon thereafter he was appointed architect and surveyor to the Panmure estate, perhaps through the influence of Bryce: this gave him control over the feuing of Barnhill, Monifieth and Carnoustie, and brought him many domestic commissions, enabling him to marry Jemima Margaret Miller c.1853. By 1854 at the latest he had secured the patronage of the Cox family, and in that same year, although only twenty-five, he was the founder-editor of the Scottish architectural journal, 'The Building Chronicle' which was published in Edinburgh and was an important forum for architectural debate until it ceased publication in 1857.

JAmes Maclarne was the leading architect in mi-Victorian Dundee, designing the former Savings Bank, the offices of Cox Borthers (latterly Sidlaw Industries) and of Din Brothers Buist & Co (now Friarfield House), Lamb's Hotel (later the Alliance Trust headquarters) and the campanile-like Cox's Stack at CAmperdown Works. He designed numerous mansionhouses, notably Clemont Park and Ashludie, now a hospital.

Initially Maclaren's public and commercial architecture derived from Bryce, Graeco-Roman neo-classical for monuments and public buildings and astylar Renaissance for commercial buildings. Influenced perhaps by the stylistic debate in his Building Chronicle he built no baronial houses. The earliest were neo-Jacobean of the Burn school sometimes with curvilinear gables, but from the early 1860s his houses adopted a more freestyle treatment with neo-Jacobean, Second Empire and sometimes completely non-period elements, an idiom also adopted by his nephew and pupil David Maclaren who commenced practice on his own account with James Ireland in 1872. From the later 1870s James Maclaren similarly adopted a more free interpretation of Renaissance for his commercial buildings, a development which may have been associated with George Shaw Aitken, who had been taken on as his chief assistant in 1871 and became his partner in 1873, the practice now assuming the name of Maclaren & Aitken, the office then being within the building Maclaren had built for himself at 10 Bank Street.

Aitken had been born in Edinburgh in 1836, the son of Robert Shaw Aitken, a silversmith in Bread Street, and had been articled to John Dick Peddie c. 1850, remaining with him as an assistant until he joined Maclaren. The partnership was briefly very successful but ended soon after March 1879 as a result of disagreements and litigation over the specification of stone from the Ferrybank estate near Cupar, which had been acquired by Maclaren. It was a fine white sandstone but proved unreliable on exposure to the weather. Aitken thereafter practised on his own account in Dundee for a year or two before moving back to Edinburgh and Maclaren continued on his own with his eldest son George Gordon Maclaren, who had been born 26 June 1855 and apprenticed to his father.

The Ferrybank stone affair adversely affected the practice and George had neither London nor Edinburgh experience. In the early 1880s the patronage of Maclaren's most important client, the Cox family, gradually slipped away to the much more up-to-date John Murray Robertson whose inspiration was partly American, and although the firm still had a very substantial domestic practice from the Panmure estate feus, it had lost the commanding position it had previously enjoyed. Nevertheless Maclaren's position as father of the profession in Dundee was still very much evident when he called a meeting in June 1884 to devise a uniform set of rules for the measurement of the work of the various trades. His efforts led to the Dundee Mode of Measurement in 1898 and ultimately the Scottish National Building Code of 1915. At the June 1884 meeting Charles Ower observed that it was the first time the architects in the area had met professionally and proposed an organisation on the lines of London's Architectural Association. In the same month the Dundee Institute of Architecture Science and Art was founded with James Maclaren as its first president, 1884-86.

James Maclaren died at Ferrybank on 16 June 1893. Prior to his death he appears to have recognised that the practice was becoming out of date as a younger son, John Turnbull Maclaren, born 1864, was sent to an unspecified office in the United States to gain experience, returning on his father's death as a partner. It appears that John Turnbull Maclaren practised briefly as 'J T Maclaren & Son' in the months just after his father's death. He exhibited a design for some work on Lyndhurst at the Glasgow Institute of Architects in 1893 under this name.

George Gordon Maclaren who had set up house in Invermark Terrace, Barnhill, retained his father's management of the Panmure feus for the Dalhousie Trustees and concentrated his interests in Broughty Ferry where he had become a parish councillor and a burgh commissioner, successfully promoting a scheme for a municipal gasworks, though not the scheme for municipal swimming baths and private baths of which he was the principal advocate. Stylistically his work was a pale version of his father's. In 1896 he suffered a heart attack and from the summer of 1898 he was confined to his house. He died on 31 June 1899, survived by a widow Isabella Stenhouse and a young family. He left a moveable estate of £1,633 15s 10d.

John Turnbull Maclaren continued the practice as sole practitioner into the early years to the twentieth century but his American experience was not significantly reflected in the firm's buildings. The more ambitious designs of the later 1890s and early 1900s were known to be the work of Andrew Graham Patrick, born in Perth in 1864. He had been recruited as leading draughtsman from David Smart's office in Perth in 1894. He had attracted the Maclarens' notice by winning an open competition at Port Townsend, USA, but his fiancé had declined to emigrate with him. In 1908 Maclaren took Charles Geddes Soutar into partnership, a move which took the practice back into the premier league, the office now being at 10 Reform Street. Soutar was born in 1878 of a Forfar family and apprenticed to Charles & Leslie Ower, 1892-98, latterly working under William Gillespie Lamond by whom he was profoundly influenced. During this period he took classes at Dundee Technical College, latterly under Patrick Hill Thoms who also had a considerable influence on the development of his domestic style. In 1899 following the break-up of the Charles & Leslie Ower partnership he moved to the office of John Murray Robertson to widen his experience, but returned to Leslie Ower in 1900, remaining with him as assistant until 1902, from which year he practised on his own account with some success. He remained on good terms with Charles Ower, for whom he designed Aystree in 1903. In 1908 he merged his practice with Maclaren's as Maclaren Sons & Soutar. With his white or cream suits and stylish boating hats he brought a breath of fresh air to the practice, which had remained somewhat staid despite the recruitment of Patrick: a staff photograph of that time, now in the RCAHMS, well illustrates the difference between the partners, Maclaren being a portly figure in a sombre city suit.

In 1920 the practice merged with J & F Salmond, a firm of civil engineers, land surveyors and architects based at 6 High Street, the firm now becoming Maclaren Soutar Salmond with John Turnbull Maclaren, Charles Geddes Soutar and William Salmond as partners. In 1921 Maclaren retired and Patrick was taken into partnership, but the name of the firm remained unchanged, the merged firms now moving to 15 South Tay Street.

Maclaren enjoyed a very long retirement, dying at the house he had built for himself, Whinsby, Abercromby Street, Barnhill on 20 March 1948. Although described in his RIAS obituary as 'always easily approachable,' in later years at least he was remembered by the Patrick family as somewhat humourless. He left the then very substantial sum of £75,123, and endowed an RIAS student scholarship.

The Salmond practice had a long if architecturally undistinguished history. It was founded in 1826 by James Sime, Schoolmaster of Strathmartine, as surveyor. In 1853 James Salmond was taken into partnership as Sime & Salmond, but in 1855 Sime died. James was subsequently joined by his brother Frank who had been trained as a civil engineer with the Caledonian Railway under its engineer-in-chief George Graham, becoming a partner under the style of J & F Salmond in 1873. James Salmond retired in 1904 and died in 1905, at which date Frank's son William joined the firm as a partner. Frank Salmond died in 1911 leaving William as sole partner. Their architectural practice prior to the merger had consisted almost exclusively of farm steadings, farmhouses, and farm cottages.

Until 1922 none of the partners had sought membership of the RIBA, but in that year Soutar was admitted Fellow, his proposers being Alexander Nisbet Paterson, William Brown Whitie and Patrick Hill Thoms: Paterson and Whitie he knew through the RIAS of which he was an active member and was to become president in 1936-38.

In 1929 Maclaren Soutar Salmond took over the practice of David Wishart Galloway who had been killed in a motorcycle accident in that year, and for rather more than a decade maintained his office at 2 Market Street, Brechin as a branch, but this was de-merged to A B Roger as an independent practice in the 1940s.

Around 1933 the practice was joined as prospective partner by Thomas Steuart Fothringham, born 5 April 1907, who had been educated at Wellington and had read architecture at Trinity College Cambridge with Ian Gordon Lindsay and R A C Simpson. In the event his association with the practice was relatively short as he inherited the Pourie and Fothringham estates in April 1936 and did not return to the practice after serving as a Major in the Black Watch during the Second World War.

Charles Soutar's interest in the practice did not survive the Second World War either, and without him it went into a gradual decline. Although his practice was not particularly large, Soutar was a prominent figure in Scottish architecture between the wars. He was an outstanding Arts and Crafts architect with wide artistic interests and was remembered by his friends as generous in spirit and of infinite human kindness. Along with his client David Band of Band & Whyte and the schools inspector John Taylor Ewen, he was one of the principal patrons of the Arbroath artist James Waterston Herald. Although a very able designer and a fine draughtsman and watercolourist Patrick was content to take a secondary role in charge of the drawing office, producing beautiful presentation drawings for clients. Soutar became a very active member of the RIBA, and was elected to the Council for 1923-24, 1925-26 and 1935-44, serving as Vice-President from 1939 to 1944. Thomas Forbes Maclennan recalled that at these meetings he remained informal in style to the end, preferring plus fours to a city suit. Soutar moved house to Wheatfields, Forfar in 1941. In 1946 he began to suffer from Alzheimer's disease and had to withdraw from the practice completely. He died on 14 November 1952.

Soutar's architect son David did not remain with the practice, preferring to take a civil service job in Aberdeen. The practice was continued by the ageing Andrew Patrick and by William Salmond whose expertise lay chiefly in valuation. The latter was an old-fashioned gentleman of impressive presence, very tall, infinitely courteous and patient, qualities which served him well as the long-serving chairman of the Dundee rent tribunal. After Andrew Patrick died in 1951 the architectural work was in the hands of the practice's middle-aged chief assistant Stuart O Barron who had become a partner on Soutar's retirement. Salmond remained senior partner until his death on 2 March 1956, Barron thereafter becoming sole partner. He took Ian Imlach into partnership c.1970, but it was too late to save the practice, which closed in 1972. At the date of closure very few of the practice drawings had survived. A card index to them compiled by Soutar during the First World War survives at RCAHMS, but gives no indication of what was built anew, what was altered or which were competition drawings that may not have been successful.

Private and Business Addresses

The following private or business addresses are associated with this architect:
 AddressTypeDate fromDate toNotes
Item 1 of 6Ferrybank, Cupar, Fife, ScotlandBusiness 1893 
Item 2 of 624, Meadowside, Dundee, ScotlandBusiness(?)1865 *  
Item 3 of 610, Bank Street, Dundee, ScotlandBusiness1868  
Item 4 of 612, Bank Street, Dundee, ScotlandBusiness1869  
Item 5 of 624, Bank Street, Dundee, ScotlandBusinessAfter 1871  
Item 6 of 631, Reform Street, Dundee, ScotlandBusinessc. 1953  

* earliest date known from documented sources.


Employment and Training

Employers

The following individuals or organisations employed or trained this architect (click on an item to view details):
 NameDate fromDate toPositionNotes
Item 1 of 6David Smith 1845 or 1846ApprenticeCommenced apprenticeship
Item 2 of 6___ Johnstone1845 or 1846 ApprenticeCompleted apprenticeship
Item 3 of 6David Bryce1848 *1850Assistant 
Item 4 of 6J & W Maclaren1850c. 1852Partner 
Item 5 of 6Maclaren & Aitken1873c. March 1879Partner 
Item 6 of 6James Maclaren & Sonc. 18791893Partner 

* earliest date known from documented sources.

Employees or Pupils

The following individuals were employed or trained by this architect (click on an item to view details):
 NameDate fromDate toPositionNotes
Item 1 of 5George Gordon Maclaren  Apprentice 
Item 2 of 5David Maclarenc. 1863c. 1868Apprentice 
Item 3 of 5David Maclarenc. 1868Early 1870Assistant 
Item 4 of 5George Shaw Aitkenc. 1869(?)c. 1873Chief Assistant 
Item 5 of 5George Jamieson18811885Junior Assistant 

Buildings and Designs

This architect was involved with the following buildings or structures from the date specified (click on an item to view details):
 Date startedBuilding nameTown, district or villageIslandCity or countyCountryNotes
Item 1 of 212 Ballintuim HouseBallintuim PerthshireScotlandAlterations? - date not known
Item 2 of 212 Broughty Ferry HouseBroughty Ferry DundeeScotlandAlterations and additions to late Georgian house built for General Hunter - date not known
Item 3 of 212 Buildings for W & J DonForfar AngusScotlandDate unknown: partnership details uncertain
Item 4 of 212 EllenvilleBroughty Ferry DundeeScotlandDate not known
Item 5 of 212 Muirdrum SchoolMuirdrum AngusScotlandDate unknown: architect and partnership details uncertain
Item 6 of 212 Warehouse for Duff on Baltic Street  DundeeScotlandDate unknown: architect and partnership details uncertain
Item 7 of 212 Warehouse for Gibson Farquharson & Co  DundeeScotlandDate unknown: architect and partnership details uncertain
Item 8 of 212 Warehouse on Commercial Street for Symers  DundeeScotlandDate unknown: architect and partnership details uncertain
Item 9 of 2121848Soane Medallion Competition Design for Public baths     
Item 10 of 2121849Design for Mansion in the Old Scotch Style     
Item 11 of 2121850Oak Lodge  DundeeScotland 
Item 12 of 2121850Sir Robert Peel Monument, Forfar CemeteryForfar AngusScotlandMonument: won in competition
Item 13 of 212c. 1850Camphill HouseBroughty Ferry DundeeScotlandAdditions and alterations
Item 14 of 212c. 1850Villa (called Ida Bank c.1857)Broughty Ferry DundeeScotlandHS attribution
Item 15 of 212c. 1850West Ferry stationWest Ferry DundeeScotland 
Item 16 of 21218512-4 Constitution Terrace  DundeeScotland 
Item 17 of 2121851Erskine ChurchArbroath AngusScotland 
Item 18 of 2121851Terrace houses, Constitution Terrace and Constitution Street  DundeeScotland 
Item 19 of 2121851Terraced houses, Windsor Street  DundeeScotlandHouses at north end
Item 20 of 212c. 1851Mount RosaBroughty Ferry DundeeScotland 
Item 21 of 212c. 1851The HermitageBroughty Ferry DundeeScotland 
Item 22 of 2121853Old South SchoolForfar AngusScotland 
Item 23 of 2121854Clement ParkLochee DundeeScotland 
Item 24 of 2121854Panbride Free ChurchCarnoustie AngusScotland 
Item 25 of 2121855Arbirlot Primary School and schoolhouseArbirlot AngusScotland 
Item 26 of 2121855Terrace of houses, Airlie Place  DundeeScotlandTook over feuing of northern area from Peddie: redesigned it as a square of tenements built in 1871, and since demolished
Item 27 of 212c. 1855BeechwoodLochee DundeeScotland 
Item 28 of 212c. 1855FoggyleeLochee DundeeScotland 
Item 29 of 212c. 1855Jaffe Brothers Warehouse  DundeeScotland 
Item 30 of 2121856Lochee UP ChurchLochee DundeeScotlandReconstruction
Item 31 of 2121856Panbride House  AngusScotland 
Item 32 of 2121856Parish ChurchAberlemno AngusScotlandRemodelling
Item 33 of 2121857Free Church Female SchoolCarmyllie AngusScotlandNew building
Item 34 of 2121857Seabourne LodgeBroughty Ferry DundeeScotlandAttribution
Item 35 of 2121858Bartley LodgeBroughty Ferry DundeeScotlandHS attribution
Item 36 of 2121858Covenanters MonumentWigtown WigtownshireScotland 
Item 37 of 212c. 185959 Magdalen Green  DundeeScotland 
Item 38 of 2121860Proposed Monument to the Memory of George Kinloch  PerthshireScotlandWon in competition
Item 39 of 2121860SeaviewMonifieth AngusScotland 
Item 40 of 212c. 186010 Dudhope Terrace  DundeeScotlandOriginal building
Item 41 of 212c. 186011 Dudhope Terrace  DundeeScotland 
Item 42 of 212c. 1860Airlie LodgeBarnhill DundeeScotland 
Item 43 of 212c. 1860Cairniehill House and stables  AngusScotland 
Item 44 of 212c. 1860Carlogie HouseCarnoustie AngusScotland 
Item 45 of 212c. 1860CedarbankBarnhill DundeeScotland 
Item 46 of 212c. 1860CraigleeWest Ferry DundeeScotland 
Item 47 of 212c. 1860HeathbankBarnhill DundeeScotlandFor himself
Item 48 of 212c. 1860Oil Works and Houses for Workforce at Stannergate  DundeeScotland 
Item 49 of 212c. 1860Old Scotch Independent Chapel  DundeeScotlandAttribution or type of work uncertain
Item 50 of 212c. 1860Panbride Free Church MansePanbride AngusScotland 
Item 51 of 212c. 1860Panmure Villa LodgeBroughty Ferry DundeeScotlandAttribution
Item 52 of 212c. 1860ReresmountBarnhill DundeeScotland 
Item 53 of 212c. 1860Stirling House  DundeeScotlandStables to Craigie House
Item 54 of 212c. 1860The GorseBarnhill DundeeScotlandSince largely rebuilt (HS List claims that Maclaren responsible for L plan addition at east)
Item 55 of 212c. 1860Villa, Constitution Terrace  DundeeScotlandAttribution on grounds of style
Item 56 of 2121861Farmhouse  AngusScotlandAddition
Item 57 of 2121861ManseGuthrie AngusScotland 
Item 58 of 2121862Kelly CastleArbroath AngusScotlandRestoration
Item 59 of 2121862Parish ChurchInverkeilor AngusScotlandRepairs
Item 60 of 2121862TaymountWest Ferry DundeeScotland 
Item 61 of 212c. 1862North of Scotland BankCarnoustie AngusScotland 
Item 62 of 2121863Congregational Church and hallBroughty Ferry DundeeScotland 
Item 63 of 212c. 1863Kincraig House and LodgeWest Ferry DundeeScotlandHS attribution
Item 64 of 21218641-13 Castle TerraceBroughty Ferry DundeeScotlandAttribution by HS
Item 65 of 2121864Balthayock CastleBalthayock PerthshireScotlandRestoration
Item 66 of 2121864Balthayock House  PerthshireScotlandHouse
Item 67 of 2121864Newbigging UP ChurchNewbigging AngusScotlandRebuilding
Item 68 of 212c. 1864Clocksbriggs House  AngusScotland 
Item 69 of 212c. 1864Glencadam HouseBrechin AngusScotland 
Item 70 of 2121865Ashludie HouseMonifieth AngusScotland 
Item 71 of 2121865BeechwoodLochee DundeeScotlandFurther work
Item 72 of 2121865BroomhallWest Ferry DundeeScotlandAttribution by HS
Item 73 of 2121865Camperdown Works, Cox's Stack  DundeeScotland 
Item 74 of 2121865(?)Corporation Buildings, St Andrew Square  EdinburghScotland 
Item 75 of 2121865Lamb's Temperance Hotel  DundeeScotland 
Item 76 of 2121865Villa at Barnhill Links for John PatonBarnhill, Broughty Ferry DundeeScotland 
Item 77 of 2121865Webster Public hallArbroath AngusScotland 
Item 78 of 212c. 1865Ardle CottageBroughty Ferry DundeeScotland 
Item 79 of 212c. 1865Chalmers Free Church and SchoolHawkhill DundeeScotland 
Item 80 of 212c. 1865Ramsay PlaceBroughty Ferry DundeeScotlandHS attribution
Item 81 of 212c. 1865RowanleaBarnhill DundeeScotland 
Item 82 of 212c. 1865The WyldeBarnhill DundeeScotland 
Item 83 of 2121866Beach HouseBroughty Ferry DundeeScotlandOriginal villa
Item 84 of 2121866John Knox Free ChurchArbroath AngusScotland 
Item 85 of 2121866ManseInverkeilor AngusScotland 
Item 86 of 2121866West Park Hall and Lodge  DundeeScotland 
Item 87 of 2121867Dundee Savings Bank  DundeeScotland 
Item 88 of 212c. 1867BryansWest Ferry DundeeScotland 
Item 89 of 2121868Russell Congregational ChapelHawkhill DundeeScotlandArchitect of this church according to Gifford
Item 90 of 2121868Shiell & Small's Chambers  DundeeScotlandOriginal building according to Gifford
Item 91 of 2121868Tenements, 1-5 Blackness Avenue  DundeeScotland 
Item 92 of 2121868Tenements, Gowrie PlaceHawkhill Dundee  
Item 93 of 212Before 1868Church at AirdrieAirdrie LanarkshireScotland 
Item 94 of 212Before 1868Church at ForfarForfar AngusScotland 
Item 95 of 2121869Barnhill CemeteryNernhill DundeeScotlandLodge
Item 96 of 2121869Tenement blockBroughty Ferry DundeeScotland 
Item 97 of 2121870Colliston Parish ChurchColliston AngusScotland 
Item 98 of 2121870John Brown Brewers  DundeeScotland 
Item 99 of 2121870Lochee UP Church and hallLochee DundeeScotland 
Item 100 of 2121870Panmure Golf ClubhouseMonifieth AngusScotlandHS attribution
Item 101 of 212c. 1870Anniston House  AngusScotlandAlterations
Item 102 of 212c. 1870AshleaMonifieth AngusScotland 
Item 103 of 212c. 1870Baronhill HouseForfar AngusScotland 
Item 104 of 212c. 1870Belmont House  DundeeScotlandUnspecified additions - probably bay window of east wing
Item 105 of 212c. 1870BenholmForfar AngusScotland 
Item 106 of 212c. 1870Bloomfield HouseLochee DundeeScotland 
Item 107 of 212c. 1870CambustayBroughty Ferry DundeeScotland 
Item 108 of 212c. 1870Carmyllie Parish Kirk ManseCarmyllie AngusScotlandAddition of bay window - probably (HS)
Item 109 of 212c. 1870NetherleaBroughty Ferry DundeeScotland 
Item 110 of 212c. 1870Taybank HouseMonifieth AngusScotlandAddition
Item 111 of 212c. 1870TayparkWest Ferry DundeeScotlandWest additions - in association with Peddie & Kinnear?
Item 112 of 212c. 1870Turin HouseRescobie AngusScotland 
Item 113 of 212187143 BonnygateCupar Fife  
Item 114 of 2121871Airlie Terrace  DundeeScotland 
Item 115 of 2121871Dundee Town House  DundeeScotlandSecond premiated competition design for extension (City Chambers) - £30
Item 116 of 2121871Free South ChurchMonifieth AngusScotland 
Item 117 of 2121871Houses for Robert Lickley, Windsor Street  DundeeScotland 
Item 118 of 2121871Manse of Garvock-St CyrusSt Cyrus KincardineshireScotlandRepairs
Item 119 of 2121871West Free Church ManseLochee DundeeScotlandor 1884?
Item 120 of 2121872BallinardBroughty Ferry DundeeScotlandOriginal house
Item 121 of 2121872Duncarse House and lodge  DundeeScotlandExtension
Item 122 of 2121872Dundee Improvement Scheme Plan of Alternate Routes  DundeeScotlandWith James Salmond
Item 123 of 2121872Tenements, Airlie Place  DundeeScotland 
Item 124 of 212Before 1872Dudhope Wynd Free Church School  DundeeScotland 
Item 125 of 212Before 1872School, Long Wynd  DundeeScotland 
Item 126 of 2121873Barnhill Convalescent HomeBarnhill DundeeScotlandBegun by Maclaren, completed in partnership
Item 127 of 2121873Offices for Don Brothers Buist  DundeeScotlandBegun by Maclaren and completed in partnership
Item 128 of 212After 1873Bearhill HouseBrechin AngusScotlandReconstruction and additions
Item 129 of 2121874BeechwoodLochee DundeeScotlandIce house
Item 130 of 2121874Carmyllie Parish Church  AngusScotlandEnlarged and internally remodelled
Item 131 of 2121874ChellwoodMonifieth AngusScotland 
Item 132 of 2121874Clepington ChurchHilltown DundeeScotlandCompetition design? Mission chapel according to Gifford built by Maclaren & Aitken at this date.
Item 133 of 2121874Clepington Church Hall  DundeeScotlandCommission for church lost to Alexander Johnston
Item 134 of 2121874East SchoolBroughty Ferry DundeeScotland 
Item 135 of 2121874Good Templar HallBroughty Ferry DundeeScotland 
Item 136 of 2121874Improvement Act Tenements, Victoria Road  DundeeScotlandWon competition: design mainly by Aitken
Item 137 of 2121874Lindsay Street Works  DundeeScotlandBy Aitken
Item 138 of 2121874North of Scotland Bank  DundeeScotlandReconstruction by Maclaren
Item 139 of 2121874TighnduinMonifieth AngusScotland 
Item 140 of 2121874West SchoolWest Ferry DundeeScotland 
Item 141 of 212c. 1874South SchoolBroughty Ferry DundeeScotland 
Item 142 of 2121875Balgay Hill Bar  DundeeScotland 
Item 143 of 2121875Queen Street UP ChurchBroughty Ferry DundeeScotlandMostly by Aitken
Item 144 of 2121875St Aidan's ChurchBroughty Ferry DundeeScotlandOrgan chamber
Item 145 of 2121875Tenements on Rosefield Street  DundeeScotland 
Item 146 of 212c. 1875Seafield HouseBroughty Ferry DundeeScotlandSuperceded 1868 Peddie & Kinnear scheme; executed house probably based on a lost Peddie & Kinnear scheme of c.1870
Item 147 of 2121876Abbey ChurchArbroath AngusScotlandAlterations including new windows and new vestibule
Item 148 of 2121876Colliston Parish ChurchColliston AngusScotlandBroad transepts and E gable added
Item 149 of 2121876Dundee Flour Mills  DundeeScotland 
Item 150 of 2121876(?)East Free Church ManseBroughty Ferry DundeeScotlandBy Maclaren
Item 151 of 2121876Tayfield SteadingGlencarse PerthshireScotlandAdditions
Item 152 of 2121877Calcutta Buildings  DundeeScotlandMainly by Aitken. Gifford gives Maclaren as architect.
Item 153 of 2121877Ethelstone HouseWest Ferry DundeeScotlandNew house and offices
Item 154 of 2121877Northern Assurance Buildings  DundeeScotland 
Item 155 of 2121877TircarraBarnhill DundeeScotland 
Item 156 of 2121878BallinardBroughty Ferry DundeeScotlandAddition?
Item 157 of 2121878Boys' Industrial SchoolDownfield DundeeScotland 
Item 158 of 2121878Ryehill UP Church  DundeeScotlandBegun in partnership, completed by G S Aitken in independent practice.
Item 159 of 2121878Shiell & Small's Chambers  DundeeScotlandRebuilding
Item 160 of 2121879CraigowanBroughty Ferry DundeeScotlandMainly by Aitken
Item 161 of 2121879Dundee & District Tramways Depot  DundeeScotlandPossibly in partnership with Aitken?
Item 162 of 212After 1879MundamallaNewtyle AngusScotland 
Item 163 of 2121880Chance InnInverkeilor AngusScotlandAdditions
Item 164 of 2121880Parish ChurchInverkeilor AngusScotlandWalls heightened, new roof and refurnishing
Item 165 of 212c. 188042-44 Bell Street  DundeeScotland 
Item 166 of 212c. 1880House at Elliot BleachfieldArbroath AngusScotland 
Item 167 of 212c. 1880Thistle Hall  DundeeScotlandReconstruction
Item 168 of 2121881Abbey Church ManseArbroath AngusScotland 
Item 169 of 2121881Ardestie Farmhouse and SteadingPanmure Estate  Scotland 
Item 170 of 2121881Bell Baxter AnnexeCupar FifeScotland 
Item 171 of 2121881LyndhurstLochee DundeeScotland 
Item 172 of 2121881Northern Assurance Buildings  DundeeScotlandFurther drawings - possibly end of building
Item 173 of 2121881Northern Assurance Company Offices  DundeeScotland 
Item 174 of 2121881Residence. Lochee Lochee  DundeeScotland 
Item 175 of 2121881Shops and dwelling-houses, Overgate  DundeeScotland 
Item 176 of 2121882Lochee UP Church and hallLochee DundeeScotlandHall added
Item 177 of 2121882St Paul's Free Church  DundeeScotlandTraceried openings in flat roof inserted
Item 178 of 2121882Villa for T DavidsonCupar FifeScotland 
Item 179 of 2121883Clement ParkLochee DundeeScotlandAddition to gate lodges
Item 180 of 2121883Colluthie HouseMoonzie FifeScotlandAddition of new front
Item 181 of 2121883Corn ExchangeCupar FifeScotlandImprovements
Item 182 of 2121883Cupar Spinning Mills, workmen's housesCupar FifeScotland 
Item 183 of 2121883Warehouses on Charles Street for David Stewart  DundeeScotland 
Item 184 of 212After 1883Clepington Works Buildings  DundeeScotlandDate unknown: partnership uncertain
Item 185 of 2121885Abbey ChurchArbroath AngusScotlandNew front and tower. Also probably hall.
Item 186 of 2121885Half-time School, Camperdown WorksLochee DundeeScotland 
Item 187 of 212c. 1885Afton Place  DundeeScotland 
Item 188 of 212c. 1885Barry Free Church ManseBarry AngusScotland 
Item 189 of 212c. 1885Bay HouseWest Ferry DundeeScotlandReconstruction - probably with the addition of the east wing
Item 190 of 212c. 1885Building on the east side of Wellgate  DundeeScotland 
Item 191 of 212c. 1885Tenements on King's Road  DundeeScotland 
Item 192 of 212c. 1885Tenements, Bonnybank  DundeeScotland 
Item 193 of 2121886Offices for Cox Brothers  DundeeScotland 
Item 194 of 212Before 1886Prinlaws Place StepsNewport-on-Tay FifeScotland 
Item 195 of 2121888Barry Free ChurchBarry AngusScotland 
Item 196 of 2121889Baxter Institute for Female EducationCupar FifeScotlandReconstruction
Item 197 of 2121889Grove AcademyBroughty Ferry DundeeScotlandFirst phase
Item 198 of 2121890Clepington Mission hall  DundeeScotland 
Item 199 of 2121890Empress Hygienic Laundry  DundeeScotlandAlterations
Item 200 of 212c. 189017, 18 Baxter Park Terrace and 35 Park Avenue  DundeeScotland 
Item 201 of 212c. 1890Red Court, house, coachhouse, stable, lodge and laundryWest Ferry DundeeScotlandCompletion after dispute between Blanc and his client
Item 202 of 2121891Mercantile Buildings, Dundee Perth & London Shipping Company Offices  DundeeScotlandNew building at 20 Dock Street
Item 203 of 21218921-7 Union Street and 52-58 Nethergate  DundeeScotlandRemodelled and attic floor added
Item 204 of 2121892Bonnygate UP ManseCupar FifeScotland 
Item 205 of 2121892Thistle Hall  DundeeScotlandRemodelled and attic floor added
Item 206 of 2121892Villa for Dr T G NasmythCupar FifeScotland 
Item 207 of 2121893Gagie HouseGagie AngusScotlandInternal reconstruction and external embellishments following a fire
Item 208 of 212Late 1800s44-56 Bell Street  DundeeScotlandHS attribution
Item 209 of 212Late 1800sAbertay HouseBroughty Ferry DundeeScotlandExtension
Item 210 of 212Late 1800sViewfirthMonifieth AngusScotlandHS attribution
Item 211 of 212Late 1800sVilla, Hill StreetBroughty Ferry DundeeScotlandHS attribution
Item 212 of 212Mid 1800sTerrace of houses, East Links PlaceBroughty Ferry DundeeScotlandHS attribution

References

Bibliographic References

The following books contain references to this architect:
 Author(s)DateTitlePartPublisherNotes
Item 1 of 4Dundee Yearbook1893   James Maclaren obituary
Item 2 of 4Scotlands People Website Wills & Testaments  Cupar Sheriff Court SC20/50/69 & 70
Item 3 of 4Who's Who in Architecture1914    
Item 4 of 4www.familysearch.org www.familysearch.org Church of Jesus Christ of the Latter-Day Saints: Website 

Periodical References

The following periodicals contain references to this architect:
 Periodical NameDateEditionPublisherNotes
Item 1 of 1Builder18 November 1848  p554

Archive References

The following archives hold material relating to this architect:
 SourceArchive NameSource Catalogue No.Notes
Item 1 of 1National Monuments Record of Scotland/NMRS, RCAHMSNMRS Manuscripts Family tree