Basic Site Details

Name: Inverness District Asylum
Town, district or village: Inverness
City or county: Inverness-shire
Country: Scotland
Grid ref:
Notes: Competition limited to three entrants - James Matthews, George Fowler Jones and Peddie & Kinnear.

Cost of original building: £38,900.

Macbeth's obituary describes the work by Ross & Macbeth as 'enlargement and improvement' and the cost was 'about £31,000'

Alternative Names

The following alternative names are associated with this building/design:
 NameCurrent name?Notes
Item 1 of 3Craig Dunain HospitalYes 
Item 2 of 3Northern Counties District Asylum, Kinmylies  
Item 3 of 3Northern Counties Lunatic AsylumYes 

Building Type Classification

The building is classified under the following categories:
 ClassificationOriginal classification?Notes
Item 1 of 1Psychiatric hospital  

Street Addresses

The following street addresses are associated with this building:
 AddressMain entrance?Notes
Item 1 of 1Leachkin Road  


The following date-based events are associated with this building:
 FromToEvent typeNotes
Item 1 of 251859  Competition designs
Item 2 of 2518591864Construction 
Item 3 of 25April 1860  Date of drawings of Peddie & Kinnear schemes
Item 4 of 251874  Airing courts removed
Item 5 of 251881 Alterations and additionsAdditions
Item 6 of 252 June 1891  Byre/piggeries built
Item 7 of 2528 June 1895 Journal referenceGas house, stables and additions
Item 8 of 2518961898AdditionFurther male and female wards
Item 9 of 2510 April 1896 Journal referenceAlterations and additions
Item 10 of 2524 September 1897 Journal referenceHeating of new hospital wing
Item 11 of 255 October 1897 Journal referenceEnginehouse stack and boiler house
Item 12 of 2514 January 1898 Journal referenceAlterations and additions
Item 13 of 251 March 1901 Journal referencePiggeries and slaughterhouse
Item 14 of 2528 January 1902 Journal referenceDining rooms
Item 15 of 2529 May 1903 Journal referenceWorkshops
Item 16 of 2514 March 1905 Journal referenceAlterations and additions to Kinmylies House (Also see entry for this)
Item 17 of 252 February 1906 Journal referenceGrieve's house, cart shed and straw barn and corn room etc at Kinmylies House (see separate entry)
Item 18 of 2517 May 1907 Journal referenceMortuary
Item 19 of 2518 March 1913 Journal referenceCottages
Item 20 of 251927  New recreation hall
Item 21 of 2519321936 New nurses' home
Item 22 of 251932c. 1936Build/constructionIsolation blocks for consumption and typhoid sufferers
Item 23 of 251970s AdditionNew kitchen
Item 24 of 252000 Closed 
Item 25 of 252009 Destruction/demolitionMain building burnt down


Design and Construction

The following individuals or organisations have carried out design/construction work. Where architects or practices worked together, matching letters appear beside their names in the Partnership Group column.
 NameRolePartnership GroupFromToNotes
Item 1 of 59George Fowler JonesArchitect 1859 Unsuccessful competition design. James Matthews appointed
Item 2 of 59James MatthewsArchitectA18591864Won in limited competition (with William Lawrie as assistant)
Item 3 of 59William LawrieArchitectA18591864Won in limited competition (as assistant to James Matthews)
Item 4 of 59Charles George Hood KinnearArchitectC1859 5 alternative schemes for competition - not successful
Item 5 of 59John Dick PeddieArchitectC1859 5 alternative schemes for competition - not successful
Item 6 of 59Peddie & KinnearArchitectural practiceC1859 5 alternative schemes for competition - not successful
Item 7 of 59James MatthewsArchitectB1881 Alterations and additions
Item 8 of 59John Hinton GallArchitectB1881 Alterations and additions - as chief assistant to Matthews & Lawrie
Item 9 of 59Matthews & LawrieArchitectural practiceB1881 Alterations and additions
Item 10 of 59William LawrieArchitectB1881 Alterations and additions
Item 11 of 59Alexander RossArchitectD1891 Byre
Item 12 of 59Robert John MacbethArchitectD1891 Byre
Item 13 of 59Ross & MacbethArchitectural practiceD1891 Byre
Item 14 of 59Alexander RossArchitectE1895 Gas house, stables and additions
Item 15 of 59Robert John MacbethArchitectE1895 Gas house, stables and additions
Item 16 of 59Ross & MacbethArchitectural practiceE1895 Gas house, stables and additions
Item 17 of 59Alexander RossArchitectF1896 Alterations and additions - probably new hospital wing
Item 18 of 59Robert John MacbethArchitectF1896 Alterations and additions - probably new hospital wing
Item 19 of 59Ross & MacbethArchitectural practiceF1896 Alterations and additions - probably new hospital wing
Item 20 of 59Alexander RossArchitectG1897 Heating of new hospital wing, enginehouse stack and boiler house
Item 21 of 59Robert John MacbethArchitectG1897 Heating of new hospital wing, enginehouse stack and boiler house
Item 22 of 59Ross & MacbethArchitectural practiceG1897 Heating of new hospital wing, enginehouse stack and boiler house
Item 23 of 59Joseph Arthur SmithArchitect After 1897Before 1933Extensions - possibly as assistant to Ross & Macbeth (if so, between 1897 and 1899)
Item 24 of 59Alexander RossArchitectH1898 Alterations and additions
Item 25 of 59Donald MacDonaldArchitectH1898 Additions and alterations - as apprentice to Ross & Macbeth
Item 26 of 59Robert John MacbethArchitectH1898 Alterations and additions
Item 27 of 59Ross & MacbethArchitectural practiceH1898 Alterations and additions
Item 28 of 59William Wardlaw SclandersArchitectH1898 Alterations and additions - as assistant to Ross & Macbeth
Item 29 of 59Alexander RossArchitectI1901 Piggeries and slaughterhouse
Item 30 of 59Robert John MacbethArchitectI1901 Piggeries and slaughterhouse
Item 31 of 59Ross & MacbethArchitectural practiceI1901 Piggeries and slaughterhouse
Item 32 of 59William Wardlaw SclandersArchitectI1901 Piggeries and slaughterhouse - as assistant to Ross & Macbeth
Item 33 of 59Alexander RossArchitectJ1902 Dining rooms
Item 34 of 59Robert John MacbethArchitectJ1902 Dining rooms
Item 35 of 59Ross & MacbethArchitectural practiceJ1902 Dining rooms
Item 36 of 59William Wardlaw SclandersArchitectJ1902 Dining rooms - as assistant to Ross & Macbeth
Item 37 of 59Alexander RossArchitectK1903 Workshops
Item 38 of 59Robert John MacbethArchitectK1903 Workshops
Item 39 of 59Ross & MacbethArchitectural practiceK1903 Workshops
Item 40 of 59William Wardlaw SclandersArchitectK1903 Workshops - as assistant to Ross & Macbeth
Item 41 of 59Alexander RossArchitectL1905 Alterations and additions
Item 42 of 59Robert John MacbethArchitectL1905 Alterations and additions
Item 43 of 59Ross & MacbethArchitectural practiceL1905 Alterations and additions
Item 44 of 59William Wardlaw SclandersArchitectL1905 Alterations and additions - as assistant to Ross & Macbeth
Item 45 of 59Alexander RossArchitectM1906 Grieve's house, cart shed and straw barn and corn room etc
Item 46 of 59Robert John MacbethArchitectM1906 Grieve's house, cart shed and straw barn and corn room etc
Item 47 of 59Ross & MacbethArchitectural practiceM1906 Grieve's house, cart shed and straw barn and corn room etc
Item 48 of 59Alexander RossArchitectN1907 Mortuary
Item 49 of 59Robert John MacbethArchitectN1907 Mortuary
Item 50 of 59Ross & MacbethArchitectural practiceN1907 Mortuary
Item 51 of 59William Wardlaw SclandersArchitectN1907 Mortuary - as assistant to Ross & Macbeth
Item 52 of 59Alexander RossArchitectO1913 Cottages; also new recreation hall (no date)
Item 53 of 59Alexander Ross & SonArchitectural practiceO1913 Cottages; also recreation hall (no date)
Item 54 of 59John Alistair RossArchitectO1913 Cottages; also recreation hall (no date)
Item 55 of 59Alexander Ross & SonArchitectural practiceP1932 Nurses' home and sanatorium
Item 56 of 59John Alistair RossArchitectP1932 Nurses' home and sanatorium
Item 57 of 59George Bennett Mitchell & SonArchitectural practiceZ1970s New kitchen
Item 58 of 59Henry Alan Shanks Hamilton Z1970s New kitchen
Item 59 of 59Robert Roger AlexanderArchitectZ1970s New kitchen


The following individuals or organisations have commissioned work on this building/design:
Item 1 of 1Highland Health BoardClient for 1970s kitchen

Related Buildings, Structures and Designs

Child Structures

This structure or site has the following component or child structures (click on an item to view details):
 Building NameNotes
Item 1 of 1Kinmylies House 


Bibliographic References

The following books contain references to this building:
Item 1 of 6Darragh, Alison2011Prison or Palace? Heaven or Hell? An architectural and social study of the development of public lunatic asylums in Scot Unpublished PhD thesis, University of St Andrewsvol 2, pp 231-2, 288 (superintendent's house), 294-5 (recreation hall), 359, 369-71, 391 (mortuary), 397 (laundry), 398 (kitchens), 414 (billiard room)
Item 2 of 6Gifford, John1992Highland and Islands (The Buildings of Scotland) Penguin Booksp193
Item 3 of 6Harper, Roger H1983Victorian Architectural Competitions: An Index to British and Irish Architectural Competitions… London: Mansell Publishing 
Item 4 of 6Macleod, I1964Craig Dunain Hospital 1864-1964   
Item 5 of 6RIBA1980Directory of Practices 1980   
Item 6 of 6Richardson, HarrietN.D.Scottish Hospitals Survey Unpublished typescript (copy in DMW Archive)Listed as Craig Dunain Hospital

Periodical References

The following periodicals contain references to this building:
 Periodical NameDateEditionPublisherNotes
Item 1 of 20Aberdeen Journal15 August 1860   
Item 2 of 20Aberdeen Journal13 June 1881   
Item 3 of 20Architect and Building News1932Jan-Jun p54
Item 4 of 20Architect and Building News8 April 1932  p56
Item 5 of 20Builder6 August 1859XVII p527
Item 6 of 20Builder3 May 1912  Obituary of Macbeth
Item 7 of 20Inverness Advertiser7 January 1862   
Item 8 of 20Inverness Courier2 June 1891   
Item 9 of 20Inverness Courier28 June 1895   
Item 10 of 20Inverness Courier10 April 1896   
Item 11 of 20Inverness Courier24 September 1897   
Item 12 of 20Inverness Courier5 October 1897   
Item 13 of 20Inverness Courier14 January 1898   
Item 14 of 20Inverness Courier1 March 1901   
Item 15 of 20Inverness Courier28 January 1902   
Item 16 of 20Inverness Courier29 May 1903   
Item 17 of 20Inverness Courier14 March 1905   
Item 18 of 20Inverness Courier2 February 1906   
Item 19 of 20Inverness Courier17 May 1907   
Item 20 of 20Inverness Courier18 March 1913   

Archive References

The following archives hold material relating to this building:
 SourceArchive nameSource catalogue no.Notes
Item 1 of 3Highland Health Board ArchivesHighland Health Board Archives Booklet on hospital
Item 2 of 3National Monuments Record of Scotland/NMRS, RCAHMSDick Peddie and McKay Collection DPM 1860/117/1 (Peddie & Kinnear drawings)
Item 3 of 3RIBA Archive, Victoria & Albert MuseumRIBA Nomination Papers John Hinton Gall: L v17 no1275; Robert John Macbeth: F v17 no 1115; Donald MacDonald: L v22 no 1718; John Alistair Ross: L no3765 (box 16) & F no2946 (box 14); William Wardlaw Sclanders: L v20 no1572 (particular phases of work not specified); Joseph Arthur Smith: F no3102 (box 17)