Basic Biographical Details

Name: William Lawrie
Designation: Architect
Born: c. 1821
Died: 12 April 1887
Bio Notes: William Lawrie was born in Stonehaven, Kincardineshire about 1821. In 1851 he worked as a clerk of works in Fordoun, Kincardineshire but moved to become an assistant to James Matthews, in charge of an Inverness office established just before Matthews' partner Thomas Mackenzie's death in October 1854.

Although not made a partner until 1864, Lawrie was given what seems to have been a free hand in the design work and for some years the Inverness office was the more prosperous. Matthews continued the Aberdeen office alone, and it was not until 1877 that Mackenzie's son, Alexander Marshall Mackenzie, was taken into partnership, having established a successful practice of his own in his native Elgin. Thereafter Matthews ran the practice as two separate partnerships - Matthews & Mackenzie in Aberdeen and Elgin, and Matthews & Lawrie in Inverness. When Lawrie died on 12 April 1887, the Inverness practice was inherited by John Hinton Gall (born 1848), who had been his chief assistant since 1872 and who continued the business under his own name, Matthews withdrawing completely from that branch of the firm.

Matthews was a keen collector of art and during his final years was generous in donating paintings for good causes in his native town of Stonehaven. He also donated some iron chairs for the new bowling and tennis greens in the town in 1885.

He died on 12 April 1887. He had suffered from paralysis for three months following an illness. He was known for his 'genial and kindly' temperament. He never married.

Private and Business Addresses

The following private or business addresses are associated with this architect:
 AddressTypeDate fromDate toNotes
Item 1 of 14, Castle Street, Inverness, Inverness-shire, ScotlandBusinessBefore 1871  

Employment and Training

Employers

The following individuals or organisations employed or trained this architect (click on an item to view details):
 NameDate fromDate toPositionNotes
Item 1 of 2James MatthewsBefore 18541864Chief AssistantIn charge of Inverness office
Item 2 of 2Matthews & Lawrie18641887PartnerIn Inverness office

Buildings and Designs

This architect was involved with the following buildings or structures from the date specified (click on an item to view details):
 Date startedBuilding nameTown, district or villageIslandCity or countyCountryNotes
Item 1 of 981855Croy ManseCroy Inverness-shireScotlandAs assistant to James Matthews
Item 2 of 981855Ness CastleInverness (near) Inverness-shireScotlandAlterations and additions (as assistant to James Matthews)
Item 3 of 981856Black Isle Combination PoorhouseFortrose Ross and CromartyScotlandAs assistant to James Matthews
Item 4 of 981856Old CourthouseLochmaddyNorth UistInverness-shireScotlandExtension - entirely responsible, as chief assistant in charge of James Matthews's office in Inverness
Item 5 of 981856Staffin Stenscholl Parish Church  Ross and CromartyScotlandRepairs - as chief assistant to James Matthews
Item 6 of 981857Cottages, Drumcrudden Estate   ScotlandAs assistant to James Matthews
Item 7 of 981857Farmhouses and SteadingsUigSkyeInverness-shireScotlandAs assistant to James Matthews
Item 8 of 981857Kinellan Farmhouse and SteadingCoul Ross and CromartyScotlandAs assistantto James Matthews
Item 9 of 981857Nairnside Farmhouse  Inverness-shireScotlandAs assistant to James Matthews
Item 10 of 981857Steading no 1 on the Flichly EstateFlichly  ScotlandAs assistant to James Matthews
Item 11 of 981857Steading no 2 on the Flichly EstateFlichly  ScotlandAs assistantto James Matthews
Item 12 of 981857Steading, Mill of BughtMill of Bught Inverness-shireScotlandAs assistant ot James Matthews
Item 13 of 981858Daviot Free ChurchDaviot Inverness-shireScotlandAs assistant to James Matthews
Item 14 of 981858Forres House, east lodgeForres MorayshireScotlandWhen an assistant with James Matthews?
Item 15 of 981858Station HotelInverness Inverness-shireScotlandAdditions (As assistant to James Matthews)
Item 16 of 981859Dunlichity Parish ChurchDunlichity Inverness-shireScotlandRemodelling. As assistant to James Matthews
Item 17 of 981859House at AvochAvoch Ross and CromartyScotlandAs assistant to James Matthews
Item 18 of 981859Invergordon Free ChurchInvergordon Ross and CromartyScotlandCompetition design - not successful - as chief assistant to James Matthews
Item 19 of 981859Inverness District AsylumInverness Inverness-shireScotlandWon in limited competition (as assistant to James Matthews)
Item 20 of 981859Inverness PoorhouseInverness Inverness-shireScotlandWon in limited competition (as assistant with James Matthews)
Item 21 of 981859Killin Shooting LodgeKillin Inverness-shireScotlandAs assistant to James Matthews
Item 22 of 981859Mains of Dunmaglass, Steading and cottagesDaviot Inverness-shireScotlandSteading - as assistant to James Matthews
Item 23 of 981859Mills at ForresForres MorayshireScotlandAs assistant to James Matthews
Item 24 of 981859Royal Marine HotelNairn NairnshireScotlandAs assistant to James Matthews
Item 25 of 981859Unidentified Manse   ScotlandAs assistant to James Matthews
Item 26 of 981860Independent (Congregational) ChurchNairn NairnshireScotlandAs assistant to James Matthews
Item 27 of 981860Kinmylies HouseInverness Inverness-shireScotlandAddition and remodelling (as assistant to James Matthews)
Item 28 of 981860Nairn Independent ChapelNairn NairnshireScotlandAs assistant to James Matthews
Item 29 of 981860Nairn PoorhouseNairn NairnshireScotlandAs assistant to James Matthews
Item 30 of 981862Dunmaglass Shooting LodgeDunmaglass Inverness-shireScotlandAs assistant to James Matthews
Item 31 of 981862Glenaffric HotelCannich Inverness-shireScotlandAs assistant to James Matthews
Item 32 of 981862Stratherrick Shooting LodgeStratherrick Inverness-shireScotlandWith James Matthews as assistant
Item 33 of 9818631-17 and 21-39 Union Street and 24 Church StreetInverness Inverness-shireScotlandWorking as assistant to James Matthews
Item 34 of 981863Bank of ScotlandInverness Inverness-shireScotlandAs assistant to James Matthews
Item 35 of 981863West Free ChurchInverness Inverness-shireScotlandAs assistant to James Matthews
Item 36 of 98c. 1863Aldourie Castle  Inverness-shireScotlandWest end of house reconstructed using Bryce's proposal for an L-plan drawings room, but with completely different elevations. No drawings, but detials consistent with Mathews & Lawrie's work and quite unlike either Bryce or Kinnear's.
Item 37 of 981864Kingussie CourthouseKingussie Inverness-shireScotland 
Item 38 of 981864Royal Northern InfirmaryInverness Inverness-shireScotlandAdditions and alterations
Item 39 of 981865Caledonian BankGrantown on Spey MorayshireScotland 
Item 40 of 981865Portree CourthousePortreeSkyeInverness-shireScotland 
Item 41 of 98c. 1865Villa and cottage, Drummond CrescentInverness Inverness-shireScotlandHS attribution
Item 42 of 981866North of Scotland BankPortreeSkyeInverness-shireScotland 
Item 43 of 981867Duisdale HouseIsleornsaySkyeInverness-shireScotland 
Item 44 of 981867Grantown-on-Spey CourthouseGrantown-on-Spey MorayshireScotlandCompetition or chosen in preference to Peddie & Kinnear
Item 45 of 981867Tomnacross SchoolKiltarlity Inverness-shireScotland 
Item 46 of 981868Fasnakyle Free ChurchFasnakyle Inverness-shireScotland 
Item 47 of 981868Independent (Congregational) ChurchAvoch Ross and CromartyScotland 
Item 48 of 981868Inverness DispensaryInverness Inverness-shireScotland 
Item 49 of 981869Inverness Markets and arcadeInverness Inverness-shireScotland 
Item 50 of 981869Market arcade and public marketInverness Inverness-shireScotland 
Item 51 of 981869St Joseph's RC SchoolInverness Inverness-shireScotland 
Item 52 of 981871Dochfour HouseDochfour Inverness-shireScotlandWing added
Item 53 of 981871Dochfour House, farm steadingDochfour Inverness-shireScotland 
Item 54 of 981871Lovat Arms HotelBeauly Inverness-shireScotland 
Item 55 of 981872Dochfour House StablesDochfour Inverness-shireScotland 
Item 56 of 98After 1872BankInverness Inverness-shireScotland 
Item 57 of 98After 1872Ness CastleInverness (near) Inverness-shireScotlandAdditions
Item 58 of 98c. 1872SchoolBallindalloch MorayshireScotland 
Item 59 of 981873Caledonian BankPortreeSkyeInverness-shireScotland 
Item 60 of 981873Highland Railway Company OfficesInverness Inverness-shireScotland 
Item 61 of 981874Kingussie SchoolKingussie Inverness-shireScotland 
Item 62 of 981875Beauly SchoolBeauly Inverness-shireScotland 
Item 63 of 981875Caledonian BankKingussie Inverness-shireScotland 
Item 64 of 981875Cannich Bridge SchoolCannich Inverness-shireScotland 
Item 65 of 981875Inverness Town HouseInverness Inverness-shireScotlandWon in competition assessed by Bryce
Item 66 of 981875Lochmaddy Sheriff CourthouseLochmaddyLewisRoss and CromartyScotland 
Item 67 of 981875Merkinch Public SchoolInverness Inverness-shireScotland 
Item 68 of 981875Tomnacross SchoolKiltarlity Inverness-shireScotlandFurther work
Item 69 of 981876Invermoriston SchoolInvermoriston Inverness-shireScotland 
Item 70 of 981876Sheriff CourthouseFort William Inverness-shireScotland 
Item 71 of 981876Urquhart SchoolDrumnadrochit Inverness-shireScotland 
Item 72 of 981877(?)Aigas HouseStrathglass Inverness-shireScotland 
Item 73 of 981877Caledonian BankLochmaddyLewisRoss and CromartyScotland 
Item 74 of 981877Commercial buildings with Bank on ground floorInverness Inverness-shireScotland 
Item 75 of 981877Crubenmore Shooting LodgeCrubenlodge/Crubenmore Lodge Inverness-shireScotland 
Item 76 of 981877Free ChurchBeauly Inverness-shireScotland 
Item 77 of 981877Kingussie Free ChurchKingussie Inverness-shireScotland 
Item 78 of 981877Stonehaven Town hallStonehaven KincardineshireScotland 
Item 79 of 981877Trinity Congregational Church  AberdeenScotland 
Item 80 of 981877Tuirnaig Shooting LodgePoolewe Ross and CromartyScotland 
Item 81 of 98187821-23 High StreetInverness Inverness-shireScotland 
Item 82 of 981878Braes Free Church   Scotland 
Item 83 of 981878Fettes Farmhouse and SteadingRedcastle Ross and CromartyScotland 
Item 84 of 981878Gairloch Free ChurchGairloch Ross and CromartyScotland 
Item 85 of 981878Lochbroom Parish ChurchLochbroom Ross and CromartyScotlandRepairs and alterations
Item 86 of 981879Hill TerraceInverness Inverness-shireScotland 
Item 87 of 981879House in Viewfield StreetNairn NairnshireScotland 
Item 88 of 981879Royal Clan Tartan WarehouseInverness Inverness-shireScotland 
Item 89 of 981879Royal HotelFortrose Ross and CromartyScotlandRemodelling
Item 90 of 981880House for Roderick MacraeBeauly Inverness-shireScotland 
Item 91 of 981880Houses, Southside RoadInverness Inverness-shireScotland 
Item 92 of 981881Drumnadrochit HotelDrumnadrochit Inverness-shireScotland 
Item 93 of 981881Inverness District AsylumInverness Inverness-shireScotlandAlterations and additions
Item 94 of 981882Bona Free ChurchBona Inverness-shireScotland 
Item 95 of 981882Northton of Bunachton Farmhouse and SteadingNorthton of Bunachton Inverness-shire?Scotland 
Item 96 of 981885Greyfriars Free ChurchInverness Inverness-shireScotlandInternal remodelling
Item 97 of 981887Arnisdale Free ChurchArnisdale Inverness-shireScotland 
Item 98 of 981967Parish ChurchDyke MorayshireScotlandSouth front remodelled

References

Bibliographic References

The following books contain references to this architect:
 Author(s)DateTitlePartPublisherNotes
Item 1 of 1Scotlands People Website Wills & Testaments  Inverness Sheriff Court SC29/44/23

Periodical References

The following periodicals contain references to this architect:
 Periodical NameDateEditionPublisherNotes
Item 1 of 5Aberdeen People's Journal30 October 1886  p5
Item 2 of 5Aberdeen Press and Journal16 April 1887  p6
Item 3 of 5Dundee Advertiser21 May 1885  p6
Item 4 of 5Dundee Courier17 August 1883  p8
Item 5 of 5Dundee Evening Telegraph & Post2 April 1886  p3

Archive References

The following archives hold material relating to this architect:
 SourceArchive NameSource Catalogue No.Notes
Item 1 of 1Professor David M Walker personal archiveProfessor David M Walker, notes and collection of archive material Personal information from: Mrs AGR Mackenzie; John G Marr; Ian G Lindsay; Robert W R Mackenzie (of Perth); Mrs Adams ('Dr Marshall Mackenzie's quine'); David Stokes (interview with Charles McKean on 17 December 1985)