Basic Biographical Details

Name: Matthews & Lawrie
Designation: Architectural practice
Started: 1864
Ended: 1887
Bio Notes: The partnership of Matthews & Lawrie grew out of Mackenzie & Matthews. Just before Thomas Mackenzie's death in October 1854 an Inverness office was established with William Lawrie in charge as resident assistant. Although Lawrie was given what seems to have been a free hand in the design work, for ten years the firm continued under James Matthews' name, Lawrie finally becoming a partner in 1864. For some years the Inverness office was the more prosperous. Matthews continued the Aberdeen office alone, and it was not until 1877 that Mackenzie's son, Alexander Marshall Mackenzie, was taken into partnership, having established a successful practice of his own in his native Elgin. Thereafter Matthews ran the practice as two separate partnerships - Matthews & Mackenzie in Aberdeen and Elgin, and Matthews & Lawrie in Inverness. When Lawrie died in 1887, the Inverness practice was inherited by John Hinton Gall (born 1848), who had been his chief assistant since 1872 and who continued the business under his own name, Matthews withdrawing completely from that branch of the firm.

Private and Business Addresses

The following private or business addresses are associated with this architectural practice:
 AddressTypeDate fromDate toNotes
Item 1 of 1Inverness, Inverness-shire, ScotlandPrivate   

Employment and Training

Employees or Pupils

The following individuals were employed or trained by this architectural practice (click on an item to view details):
 NameDate fromDate toPositionNotes
Item 1 of 11Duncan McMillan18641868AssistantIn Aberdeen office, under James Matthews
Item 2 of 11James Matthews18641887PartnerIn Aberdeen office
Item 3 of 11William Lawrie18641887PartnerIn Inverness office
Item 4 of 11John Malcolmc. 1865c. 1867ApprenticeIn Aberdeen office, under James Matthews
Item 5 of 11John Malcolmc. 1867c. 1868AssistantIn Aberdeen office, under James Matthews
Item 6 of 11Arthur Clynec. 1868c. 1873ApprenticeIn Aberdeen office, under James Matthews
Item 7 of 11John Hinton Gall18721887AssistantIn Inverness office, under William Lawrie
Item 8 of 11William Henry Allan Munroc. 18721876Apprentice 
Item 9 of 11Alexander Mackintosh1878 or 18791883Apprentice 
Item 10 of 11John BainApril 18831887ApprenticeIn Inverness office, under William Lawrie
Item 11 of 11David William Kennedy18841887ApprenticeIn Inverness office, under William Lawrie

Buildings and Designs

This architectural practice was involved with the following buildings or structures from the date specified (click on an item to view details):
 Date startedBuilding nameTown, district or villageIslandCity or countyCountryNotes
Item 1 of 67c. 1863Aldourie Castle  Inverness-shireScotlandWest end of house reconstructed using Bryce's proposal for an L-plan drawings room, but with completely different elevations. No drawings, but details consistent with Mathews & Lawrie's work and quite unlike either Bryce or Kinnear's.
Item 2 of 671864Brotherstone HouseBenholm/Fordoun KincardineshireScotland 
Item 3 of 671864Kingussie CourthouseKingussie Inverness-shireScotland 
Item 4 of 671864Royal Northern InfirmaryInverness Inverness-shireScotlandAdditions and alterations
Item 5 of 671865Caledonian BankGrantown on Spey MorayshireScotland 
Item 6 of 671865Portree CourthousePortreeSkyeInverness-shireScotland 
Item 7 of 67c. 1865Villa and cottage, Drummond CrescentInverness Inverness-shireScotlandHS attribution
Item 8 of 671866North of Scotland BankPortreeSkyeInverness-shireScotland 
Item 9 of 671866Perth Station HotelPerth PerthshireScotlandUnsuccessful competition design
Item 10 of 671867Duisdale HouseIsleornsaySkyeInverness-shireScotland 
Item 11 of 671867Grantown-on-Spey CourthouseGrantown-on-Spey MorayshireScotlandCompetition or chosen in preference to Peddie & Kinnear
Item 12 of 671867Parish ChurchDyke MorayshireScotlandSouth front remodelled
Item 13 of 671867St Machar's CathedralOld Aberdeen AberdeenScotlandRepairs in consultation with George Gilbert Scott (his advice not fully taken - ceiling largely renewed)
Item 14 of 671867Tomnacross SchoolKiltarlity Inverness-shireScotland 
Item 15 of 671868Fasnakyle Free ChurchFasnakyle Inverness-shireScotland 
Item 16 of 671868Independent (Congregational) ChurchAvoch Ross and CromartyScotland 
Item 17 of 671868Inverness DispensaryInverness Inverness-shireScotland 
Item 18 of 67Before 1868(?)Old House of Glack and New House of Glack  AberdeenshireScotlandUnspecified work by James Matthews - unclear whether in partnership with William Lawrie or with Alexander Marshall Mackenzie
Item 19 of 671869Inverness Markets and arcadeInverness Inverness-shireScotland 
Item 20 of 671869Market arcade and public marketInverness Inverness-shireScotland 
Item 21 of 671869St Joseph's RC SchoolInverness Inverness-shireScotland 
Item 22 of 671871Dochfour HouseDochfour Inverness-shireScotlandWing added
Item 23 of 671871Dochfour House, farm steadingDochfour Inverness-shireScotland 
Item 24 of 671871Lovat Arms HotelBeauly Inverness-shireScotland 
Item 25 of 671872Dochfour House StablesDochfour Inverness-shireScotland 
Item 26 of 67After 1872BankInverness Inverness-shireScotland 
Item 27 of 67After 1872Ness CastleInverness (near) Inverness-shireScotlandAdditions
Item 28 of 67c. 1872SchoolBallindalloch MorayshireScotland 
Item 29 of 671873Caledonian BankPortreeSkyeInverness-shireScotland 
Item 30 of 671873Highland Railway Company OfficesInverness Inverness-shireScotland 
Item 31 of 671874Kingussie SchoolKingussie Inverness-shireScotland 
Item 32 of 671875Beauly SchoolBeauly Inverness-shireScotland 
Item 33 of 671875Caledonian BankKingussie Inverness-shireScotland 
Item 34 of 671875Cannich Bridge SchoolCannich Inverness-shireScotland 
Item 35 of 671875Inverness Town HouseInverness Inverness-shireScotlandWon in competition assessed by Bryce
Item 36 of 671875Lochmaddy Sheriff CourthouseLochmaddyLewisRoss and CromartyScotland 
Item 37 of 671875Merkinch Public SchoolInverness Inverness-shireScotland 
Item 38 of 671875Tomnacross SchoolKiltarlity Inverness-shireScotlandFurther work
Item 39 of 671876Invermoriston SchoolInvermoriston Inverness-shireScotland 
Item 40 of 671876Sheriff CourthouseFort William Inverness-shireScotland 
Item 41 of 671876Urquhart SchoolDrumnadrochit Inverness-shireScotland 
Item 42 of 671877(?)Aigas HouseStrathglass Inverness-shireScotland 
Item 43 of 671877Caledonian BankLochmaddyLewisRoss and CromartyScotland 
Item 44 of 671877Commercial buildings with Bank on ground floorInverness Inverness-shireScotland 
Item 45 of 671877Crubenmore Shooting LodgeCrubenlodge/Crubenmore Lodge Inverness-shireScotland 
Item 46 of 671877Free ChurchBeauly Inverness-shireScotland 
Item 47 of 671877Kingussie Free ChurchKingussie Inverness-shireScotland 
Item 48 of 671877Stonehaven Town hallStonehaven KincardineshireScotland 
Item 49 of 671877Trinity Congregational Church  AberdeenScotland 
Item 50 of 671877Tuirnaig Shooting LodgePoolewe Ross and CromartyScotland 
Item 51 of 67187821-23 High StreetInverness Inverness-shireScotland 
Item 52 of 671878Braes Free Church   Scotland 
Item 53 of 671878Fettes Farmhouse and SteadingRedcastle Ross and CromartyScotland 
Item 54 of 671878Gairloch Free ChurchGairloch Ross and CromartyScotland 
Item 55 of 671878Lochbroom Parish ChurchLochbroom Ross and CromartyScotlandRepairs and alterations
Item 56 of 671879Hill TerraceInverness Inverness-shireScotland 
Item 57 of 671879House in Viewfield StreetNairn NairnshireScotland 
Item 58 of 671879Royal Clan Tartan WarehouseInverness Inverness-shireScotland 
Item 59 of 671879Royal HotelFortrose Ross and CromartyScotlandRemodelling
Item 60 of 671880House for Roderick MacraeBeauly Inverness-shireScotland 
Item 61 of 671880Houses, Southside RoadInverness Inverness-shireScotland 
Item 62 of 671881Drumnadrochit HotelDrumnadrochit Inverness-shireScotland 
Item 63 of 671881Inverness District AsylumInverness Inverness-shireScotlandAlterations and additions
Item 64 of 671882Bona Free ChurchBona Inverness-shireScotland 
Item 65 of 671882Northton of Bunachton Farmhouse and SteadingNorthton of Bunachton Inverness-shire?Scotland 
Item 66 of 671885Greyfriars Free ChurchInverness Inverness-shireScotlandInternal remodelling
Item 67 of 671887Arnisdale Free ChurchArnisdale Inverness-shireScotland 

References

Bibliographic References

The following books contain references to this architectural practice:
 Author(s)DateTitlePartPublisherNotes
Item 1 of 4Bailey, Rebecca M1996Scottish architects' papers: a source book Edinburgh: The Rutland Pressp97
Item 2 of 4Gifford, John1980Architects of the Highlands in the Nineteenth Century, A SketchNo 7, September 1980, pp29-48The Scottish Georgian Society Bulletin, Edinburgh, 1980pp37-39
Item 3 of 4Gray, A Stuart1985Edwardian Architecture: A Biographical Dictionary  pp248-249
Item 4 of 4In Memoriam1898In Memoriam: an obituary of Aberdeen and Vicinity  James Matthews