Basic Site Details

Name: Fife and Kinross District Asylum
Town, district or village: Springfield, Cupar
City or county: Fife
Country: Scotland
Parish: Cupar
Status:  
Grid ref:
Notes: Totel cost of original scheme (1860-66): 30,000 (including furnishings). Cost of superintendent's house, lodge and gateway: 1,645.

Alternative Names

The following alternative names are associated with this building/design:
 NameCurrent name?Notes
Item 1 of 6Fife & Kinross Lunatic Asylum  
Item 2 of 6Fife and Kinross Asylum  
Item 3 of 6Kinross District Asylum  
Item 4 of 6Springfield Asylum  
Item 5 of 6Stratheden Asylum  
Item 6 of 6Stratheden HospitalYes 

Building Type Classification

The building is classified under the following categories:
 ClassificationOriginal classification?Notes
Item 1 of 3Psychiatric hospital  
Item 2 of 3Mortuary  
Item 3 of 3Chapel  

Events

The following date-based events are associated with this building:
 FromToEvent typeNotes
Item 1 of 241860  Competition held
Item 2 of 24March 1863  Drawings dated
Item 3 of 2418641866ConstructionBuilt, including superintendent's house, lodge and gateway
Item 4 of 241869  Detached block
Item 5 of 241879  Detached block (cost: 7,000)
Item 6 of 241888  Additions
Item 7 of 241891  Additions
Item 8 of 241892  New Block
Item 9 of 241902  Two new blocks
Item 10 of 241904  General additions and alterations
Item 11 of 241908  General additions and alterations
Item 12 of 2419111913 New block (cost: 19,000; contractor: G Good & Co)
Item 13 of 241912  Male side; female side; verandah at male side; dining hall; recreation hall; emergency staircase; electric cable extension; alterations to administrative block; proposed general store
Item 14 of 2419271929 Institution for Fife & Kinross District Board of Control; home for 89 nurses; six attendants' houses (cost: c. 30,000)
Item 15 of 241930  Twelve cottages
Item 16 of 241933  Central kitchen
Item 17 of 2419341935 Extensions: new 100-bed treatment hospital and administrative accommodation (cost: c. 53,400), mortuary and chapel
Item 18 of 2419351937 Extension accommodating 100 patients and 16 nurses, plus mortuary
Item 19 of 24c. 1936  Site plan
Item 20 of 2412 December 1952 * Addition'Extension' to be made (per Builder 12 Dec 1952, p892)
Item 21 of 24After 1954Before 1958 Units for patients with mental health problems
Item 22 of 241968 Alterations and additionsPsychiatric inpatient unit for adolescents. administration and central blocks, classrooms and dormitory wing
Item 23 of 241972 ReconstructionWards upgraded
Item 24 of 24Before 1981 Alterations and additionsWard upgrade

* earliest date known from documented sources.


People

Design and Construction

The following individuals or organisations have carried out design/construction work. Where architects or practices worked together, matching letters appear beside their names in the Partnership Group column.
 NameRolePartnership GroupFromToNotes
Item 1 of 61Brown & WardropArchitectural practiceA1860 Competition design
Item 2 of 61James Maitland WardropArchitectA1860 Competition design
Item 3 of 61Thomas Brown IIArchitectA1860 Competition design
Item 4 of 61Charles George Hood KinnearArchitectB18631866Built, including superintendent's house, lodge and gateway
Item 5 of 61John Dick PeddieArchitectB18631866Built, including superintendent's house, lodge and gateway
Item 6 of 61Peddie & KinnearArchitectural practiceB18631866Built, including superintendent's house, lodge and gateway
Item 7 of 61Charles George Hood KinnearArchitectC1869 Further block
Item 8 of 61John Dick PeddieArchitectC1869 Further block
Item 9 of 61Peddie & KinnearArchitectural practiceC1869 Further block
Item 10 of 61Charles George Hood KinnearArchitectD1879 Detached block (cost: 7,000)
Item 11 of 61John Dick PeddieArchitectD1879 Detached block (cost: 7,000)
Item 12 of 61John More Dick PeddieArchitectD1879 Detached block (cost: 7,000)
Item 13 of 61Peddie, Kinnear & PeddieArchitectural practiceD1879 Detached block (cost: 7,000)
Item 14 of 61Charles George Hood KinnearArchitectE1888 Additions
Item 15 of 61John More Dick PeddieArchitectE1888 Additions
Item 16 of 61Kinnear & PeddieArchitectural practiceE1888 Additions
Item 17 of 61Charles George Hood KinnearArchitectF1891 Further additions
Item 18 of 61David Suttie McIlroyArchitectF1891 Further additions - as assistant to Kinnear & Peddie
Item 19 of 61James Alexander ArnottArchitectF1891(?) as assistant to Kinnear & Peddie
Item 20 of 61John More Dick PeddieArchitectF1891 Further additions
Item 21 of 61Kinnear & PeddieArchitectural practiceF1891 Further additions
Item 22 of 61James Ross GillespieArchitectG1892 New block
Item 23 of 61James ScottArchitectG1892 New block - as assistant to James Ross Gillespie (and effectively in charge of design for the practice)
Item 24 of 61Gillespie & ScottArchitectural practiceH1902 Two new blocks
Item 25 of 61James Ross GillespieArchitectH1902 Two new blocks
Item 26 of 61James ScottArchitectH1902 Two new blocks
Item 27 of 61William WalkerArchitectH1902 Two new blocks - as apprentice/assistant to Gillespie & Scott
Item 28 of 61Gillespie & ScottArchitectural practiceK1904 General additions and alterations
Item 29 of 61James Ross GillespieArchitectK1904 General additions and alterations
Item 30 of 61James ScottArchitectK1904 General additions and alterations
Item 31 of 61Gillespie & ScottArchitectural practiceL1908 General additions and alterations
Item 32 of 61James Ross GillespieArchitectL1908 General additions and alterations
Item 33 of 61James ScottArchitectL1908 General additions and alterations
Item 34 of 61Andrew David HaxtonArchitectI1911(?)1913New block (cost: 19,000; contractor: G Good & Co)
Item 35 of 61Gillespie & ScottArchitectural practiceI1911(?)1913New block (cost: 19,000; contractor: G Good & Co)
Item 36 of 61James Ross GillespieArchitectI1911(?)1913New block (cost: 19,000; contractor: G Good & Co)
Item 37 of 61James ScottArchitectI1911(?)1913New block (cost: 19,000; contractor: G Good & Co)
Item 38 of 61Gillespie & ScottArchitectural practiceJ1912 Male side; female side; verandah at male side; dining hall; recreation hall; emergency staircase; electric cable extension; alterations to administrative block; proposed general store
Item 39 of 61James Ross GillespieArchitectJ1912 Male side; female side; verandah at male side; dining hall; recreation hall; emergency staircase; electric cable extension; alterations to administrative block; proposed general store
Item 40 of 61James ScottArchitectJ1912 Male side; female side; verandah at male side; dining hall; recreation hall; emergency staircase; electric cable extension; alterations to administrative block; proposed general store
Item 41 of 61Andrew David HaxtonArchitectK19271929Institution for Fife & Kinross District Board of Control; home for 89 nurses; six attendants' houses (cost: c. 30,000)
Item 42 of 61Andrew David HaxtonArchitectL1930 Twelve cottages
Item 43 of 61Andrew David HaxtonArchitectM1933 Central kitchen and alterations (cost: 5,000)
Item 44 of 61Andrew David HaxtonArchitectN19341935Extensions: new 100-bed treatment hospital and administrative accommodation (cost: c. 53,400), mortuary and chapel
Item 45 of 61Walter AlisonArchitectO19351937Extension accommodating 100 patients and 16 nurses, plus mortuary: won competition to secure job
Item 46 of 61Gillespie & ScottArchitectural practiceMc. 1936 Site plan
Item 47 of 61James ScottArchitectMc. 1936 Site plan
Item 48 of 61John HoltArchitectUAfter 1954Before 1958Units for patients with mental health problems - for South East Regional Hospital Board
Item 49 of 61South East Regional Hospital Board, Architect's Department (or South Eastern Hospital Board)Architectural Department (New Towns etc)UAfter 1954Before 1958Units for patients with mental health problems
Item 50 of 61Walter Scott UAfter 1954Before 1958Units for patients with mental health problems - for South East Regional Hospital Board
Item 51 of 61(Sir) Harry Anthony Wheeler (or simply Sir Anthony Wheeler)ArchitectS1968 Psychiatric inpatient unit for adolescents. administration and central blocks, classrooms and dormitory wing
Item 52 of 61Andrew Glen WeirArchitectS1968 Psychiatric inpatient unit for adolescents. administration and central blocks, classrooms and dormitory wing
Item 53 of 61Donald McInnesArchitectS1968 Psychiatric inpatient unit for adolescents. administration and central blocks, classrooms and dormitory wing
Item 54 of 61Frank SprosonArchitectS1968 Psychiatric inpatient unit for adolescents. administration and central blocks, classrooms and dormitory wing
Item 55 of 61Wheeler & SprosonArchitectural practiceS1968 Psychiatric inpatient unit for adolescents. administration and central blocks, classrooms and dormitory wing
Item 56 of 61Bamber Gray & PartnersArchitectural practiceT1972 Wards upgraded
Item 57 of 61Douglas Haig BamberArchitectT1972 Wards upgraded
Item 58 of 61Gilbert Andre GrayArchitectT1972 Wards upgraded
Item 59 of 61James Robertson LaidlawArchitectT1972 Wards upgraded
Item 60 of 61L A Rolland & PartnersArchitectUBefore 1981 War upgrade
Item 61 of 61Lawrence ('Larry') Anderson Lyon RollandArchitectUBefore 1981 Ward upgrade

Clients

The following individuals or organisations have commissioned work on this building/design:
 NameNotes
Item 1 of 1Fife Joint Asylum Committee 

References

Bibliographic References

The following books contain references to this building:
 Author(s)DateTitlePartPublisherNotes
Item 1 of 7Commissioners in Lunacy1865Annual Report, 1865   
Item 2 of 7Darragh, Alison2011Prison or Palace? Heaven or Hell? An architectural and social study of the development of public lunatic asylums in Scot Unpublished PhD thesis, University of St Andrewsvol 2, pp 232-4
vol 3, pp 75-8
Item 3 of 7Gifford, John1988Fife (The Buildings of Scotland)  p412
Item 4 of 7Millar, A H1895Fife pictorial and historical CuparVolume I, p 140
Item 5 of 7Pride, Glen L1999The Kingdom of Fife2nd EditionThe Rutland Pressp105
Item 6 of 7RIBA1981Directory of Practices 1981   
Item 7 of 7Richardson, HarrietN.D.Scottish Hospitals Survey Unpublished typescript (copy in DMW Archive)Listed as Stratheden Hospital

Periodical References

The following periodicals contain references to this building:
 Periodical NameDateEditionPublisherNotes
Item 1 of 29Architect6 July 1888XL Supplement, p 2
Item 2 of 29Architect26 June 1891XLV Supplement, p 1
Item 3 of 29Architect20 October 1911LXXXVI Supplement, p 14
Item 4 of 29Architect and Building News22 February 1929CXXI p 282
Item 5 of 29Architect and Building News1933Jul-Dec p311
Item 6 of 29Architect and Building News13 January 1933  Central kitchen
Item 7 of 29Architect and Building News13 January 1933CXXXIII p 91
Item 8 of 29Architect and Building News11 May 1934CXXXVIII p 174
Item 9 of 29Architect and Building News18 January 1935CXLI p 118
Item 10 of 29British Architect25 July 1879XII p 32
Item 11 of 29Builder1913CIV p 258
Item 12 of 29BuilderLate 1914CVII p 88 - obituary of Gillespie
Item 13 of 29Builder15 July 1927CXXXIII p 112
Item 14 of 29Builder12 October 1928CXXXV p 613
Item 15 of 29Builder29 August 1930CXXXIX p 361
Item 16 of 29Builder1 September 1933CXLV p 361
Item 17 of 29Builder16 November 1934CXLVII p 870
Item 18 of 29Builder15 November 1935CXLIX pp 869 & 878
Item 19 of 29Builder22 May 1936CL p 1046
Item 20 of 29Builder30 April 1937CLII p 950
Item 21 of 29Builder12 December 1952  p892
Item 22 of 29Building News20 February 1863X p 148
Item 23 of 29Building News12 August 1864XI p 621
Item 24 of 29Building News1865XII p 292
Item 25 of 29Building News29 June 1866   
Item 26 of 29Building News1898LXXIV p 254
Item 27 of 29North British Advertiser16 May 1863   
Item 28 of 29North British Advertiser17 April 1869   
Item 29 of 29Scotsman31 July 2010  p.49: obituary of Walter Scott

Archive References

The following archives hold material relating to this building:
 SourceArchive nameSource catalogue no.Notes
Item 1 of 8Courtesy of Frank SprosonCorrespondence with Yvonne Hillyard, 2011  
Item 2 of 8Courtesy of James Robertson LaidlawInformation sent to Dictionary Sent April 2010
Item 3 of 8Edinburgh University LibraryAnderson Collection (Plans and drawings)  
Item 4 of 8National Monuments Record of Scotland/NMRS, RCAHMSDick Peddie and McKay Collection DPM 1860/12/7
Item 5 of 8National Monuments Record of Scotland/NMRS, RCAHMSHaxton & Watson Collection HW 1920/11/38-41 & 43
Item 6 of 8RIBA Archive, Victoria & Albert MuseumRIBA Nomination Papers James Alexander Arnott: L v3 no172 (microfilm reel 30); Andrew David Haxton: L v24 no1962; David Suttie McIlroy: L v5 no305; William Walker: L v26 no2132
Item 7 of 8Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of ScotlandCanmore260713 
Item 8 of 8St Andrews University LibraryJames Gillespie and Scott Archive Bundles nos 881, 961, 1339, 1452-9, 1550-3, 2401