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Basic Biographical Details

Name: Lawrence ('Larry') Anderson Lyon Rolland
Designation: Architect
Born: 6 November 1937
Died:  
Bio Notes: Lawrence ('Larry') Anderson Lyon Rolland was born in Leven on 6 November 1937, the son of Lawrence Anderson Rolland, architect, and his wife Winifred Lyon. He was educated at Leven School and George Watsonís College, Edinburgh. He studied at the School of Architecture, Duncan of Jordanstone College of Art, Dundee from 1954 to 1959. During this period the School of Architecture had three heads: John Needham, Chessor Matthews and latterly James Paul. During his student years he won a travelling scholarship with which he made a study trip to Scandinavia. He also visited France and Italy as a student, travelling with fellow students in his fatherís office van.

During his final exams at College, Rollandís father was taken ill and admitted to hospital. The younger Rolland joined the practice immediately. Without having as yet passed Part III of his course he was unable to sign certificates but by dint of hard work and help received from a number of people including James Mottram who was the current President of the RIAS and from Sinclair Gauldie, he was able to maintain and develop the practice. His father died in October 1959. He was admitted ARIBA in 1960 and ARIAS in 1962.

In 1965 he merged the practice with Robert Hurd & Partners, operated at that date by Ian Begg as senior partner, Begg too having lost his partner, Robert Hurd, at a relatively young age. The practices retained their separate names, L A Rolland & Partners and Robert Hurd & Partners and separate offices but were in fact one business. Early work included many new housing developments in a number of burghs in Fife and in Perthshire. The practice also built up a reputation for restoration work and finding new uses of old buildings as well as for the design of a range of new buildings.

Not long after this the practice entered into negotiations with the Town Council of Burntisland, having been appointed by the Secretary of State to give advice on the now ruinous Rossend Castle. They then purchased and restored the building as a flagship office for the combined practice positioned approximately halfway between the office in Leven and that in Manor Place in Edinburgh . The first move was to place the practiceís Quantity Surveyors in this building, while retaining the offices in Leven and Edinburgh. As the practice grew the bulk of the staff from each office worked in the commodious Rossend Castle. The practice flourished and a London office was opened; after being commissioned to undertake the restoration and extension of the Minshull Crown Courts in Manchester, they took over Melvin Lansley & Mark of Berkhamstead in 1990 and opened a Manchester office. Offices were also opened in Glasgow, Aberdeen, Inverness and Kyle of Lochalsh. New partners were invited to join the practice, initially David Pirie, followed by Harry Bunch, Jimmy Shepherd, Alan Clyde, Jim Stevenson and Rollandís son, Mike. In 1988 the name became The Hurd Rolland Partnership.

Rolland took an active interest in matters relating to the profession from early in his career. Initially he was involved with the Dundee Institute of Architects. From 1979-81 he served as President of the RIAS. During this period he also served as Founder Chairman, Scottish Construction Industry Group, 1979-81. In 1979 he was elected a General Trustee of the Church of Scotland. He was Vice President of the RIBA in charge of Practice Matters [date?] and from 1985-87 President of the RIBA. He was then elected to the Board of the ARB (Architectsí Registration Board) and Chairman of the ARBís Education and Practice Advisory Group, Chairman of the RIBA Education Fund Committee and Chairman of Trustees, RIBA Education Fund. He also served as Chairman of the Court of the University of Dundee, 1998-2004, was a Member of Building EDC NEDC, 1982-88 and Chairman, Board of Governors, Duncan of Jordanstone College of Art, 1993-94.

Because of his involvement with the profession Rolland had the opportunity to meet many internationally renowned architects at home and abroad including Richard Meier, Arata Isozaki, Frank Gehry, Kenzo Tange, Charles Correa, Denise Scott Brown, Robert Venturi (with whom the practice entered the competition for the Chambers Street museum extension), Ove Arup, Jack Coia, Patrick Nuttgens, Ralph Erskine, Michael Hopkins, Norman Foster, Richard Rogers, Colin Stansfield Smith and Edward Cullinan. Because of his professional connections and because he participated in the SAG trips he also had the opportunity to visit a wide range of buildings all over the world. He was Vice President of the Commonwealth Association of Architects , European Section, which covered the UK, Malta and Cyprus which resulted in many visits to Cyprus. The practice entered the competition for the new Athens Parthenon Museum in association with a practice in Cyprus.

The practice won many awards and commendations including those from the Saltire Society, Stone Federation, Concrete Society, Civic Trust, Europa Nostra, R.I.B.A. and Times Conservation Award.

In 1960 Rolland married Mairi Melville, an Edinburgh music graduate and a practising musician. Rolland and his wife share a love of music and architecture and have enjoyed recitals and performances and visiting buildings all over the world. They have four children, two sons, one of whom became an architect and is currently senior partner in the practice, and two daughters. He enjoys fishing as recreatiion.

Private and Business Addresses

The following private or business addresses are associated with this architect:
 AddressTypeDate fromDate toNotes
Item 1 of 3Armadale House, Leven, Fife, ScotlandPrivatec. 1960  
Item 2 of 3Torbain, Balfour Street, Leven, Fife, ScotlandPrivate1962 *  
Item 3 of 3Albion House, Shorehead, Leven, Fife, ScotlandBusinessBefore 1965After 1970 

* earliest date known from documented sources.


Employment and Training

Employers

The following individuals or organisations employed or trained this architect (click on an item to view details):
 NameDate fromDate toPositionNotes
Item 1 of 2L A Rolland & Partners1959After 1975Partner 
Item 2 of 2The Hurd Rolland Partnership1988 Partner 

Buildings and Designs

This architect was involved with the following buildings or structures from the date specified (click on an item to view details):
 Date startedBuilding nameTown, district or villageIslandCity or countyCountryNotes
Item 1 of 62 Bank of Scotland Headquarters, The Mound  EdinburghScotlandAlterations
Item 2 of 621960s29 houses and schoolKyle of Lochalsh Ross and CromartyScotland 
Item 3 of 62c. 1961Factory for Central Farmers Ltd, Halbeath Industrial EstateDunfermline FifeScotland 
Item 4 of 621963DrumkilboMeigle PerthshireScotlandRestoration
Item 5 of 621965Largo Parish ChurchUpper Largo FifeScotlandRearrangement of interior
Item 6 of 621966Ashintully Castle  PerthshireScotlandRestoration
Item 7 of 621967Auchtermuchty redevelopmentAuchtermuchty FifeScotland 
Item 8 of 621968Housing, 6-12 High RoadAuchtermuchty FifeScotland 
Item 9 of 621968Marygate HousingPittenweem FifeScotland 
Item 10 of 621968St Katharine's Court housingNewburgh FifeScotlandRestoration
Item 11 of 62c. 1968(?)Myres View housing developmentAuchtermuchty FifeScotland 
Item 12 of 62Late 1960sFactory for Glengair Ltd., Muiredge, BuckhavenMuiredge, Buckhaven FifeScotland 
Item 13 of 621970Parish ChurchNewburn FifeScotlandConversion to house
Item 14 of 62c. 19741, 2 MidshoreSt Monans FifeScotlandRestoration
Item 15 of 621975Madras Road HousingAuchtermuchty FifeScotland 
Item 16 of 621975Provost's LandLeslie FifeScotlandRestoration
Item 17 of 621975Rossend CastleBurntisland FifeScotlandRestoration. Partner in charge
Item 18 of 62Before 19757 houses for Mr GilliesUpper Largo FifeScotland 
Item 19 of 62Before 1975Aultmore DistilleryKeith BanffshireScotlandRecovery plant added
Item 20 of 62Before 1975Commercial BankLeven FifeScotlandAlterations?
Item 21 of 62Before 1975Cottages, BalguthrieLower Largo FifeScotlandRestoration of cottages
Item 22 of 62Before 1975DistilleryRothes MorayshireScotlandRecovery plant
Item 23 of 62Before 1975DrummochyLower Largo FifeScotland 
Item 24 of 62Before 1975Glendronach DistilleryForgue AberdeenshireScotlandRecovery plant
Item 25 of 62Before 1975Glenlossie DistilleryGlenlossie MorayshireScotlandRecovery plant added
Item 26 of 62Before 1975Kilrenny Town HallCellardyke FifeScotlandRestoration
Item 27 of 62Before 1975Local Authority Housing, Old Mill CourtLeven FifeScotland 
Item 28 of 62Before 1975Local Authority housing, Pitmedden WyndAuchtermuchty FifeScotland 
Item 29 of 62Before 1975Lundin Links Sports Club, squash courtsLundin Links FifeScotland 
Item 30 of 62Before 1975Montrave House and stablesSt Andrews? FifeScotlandConversion of stables into house
Item 31 of 62Before 1975Net HouseLower Largo FifeScotlandRestoration for dwelling house?
Item 32 of 62Before 1975Premises of James Donaldson & Son, Elm ParkLeven FifeScotlandOffices
Item 33 of 62Before 1975Royal Bank of ScotlandMethil FifeScotlandAlterations? New build?
Item 34 of 62Before 1975Royal Bank of Scotland and manager's houseBuckhaven FifeScotlandAlterations - probably internal
Item 35 of 62Before 1975Silver Tassie Public HouseLeven FifeScotland 
Item 36 of 62Before 1975The Steading for Mr CollierLundin Links FifeScotland 
Item 37 of 621977Inverewe Gardens, Visitor Centre  Ross and CromartyScotlandExtension
Item 38 of 621978Newington and St Leonard's ChurchNewington EdinburghScotlandPartner and job architect. Conversion to concert venue.
Item 39 of 62Late 1970s40 houses for Burgh of BiggarBiggar LanarkshireScotland 
Item 40 of 621980Snizort Parish ChurchKensaleyreSkyeInverness-shireScotlandRestoration. Partner in charge.
Item 41 of 621981Tolbooth Close developmentNewburgh FifeScotland 
Item 42 of 621981Towerwell HousingNewburgh FifeScotland 
Item 43 of 62Before 198198 housesLeven FifeScotlandModernisation of 98 houses
Item 44 of 62Before 1981A H McIntosh & Co FactoryKirkcaldy FifeScotlandExtension
Item 45 of 62Before 1981Anstruther Easter Town HallAnstruther Easter FifeScotlandRestoration
Item 46 of 62Before 1981Factory and offices for Velux Glenrothes FifeScotlandNew offices
Item 47 of 62Before 1981Factory of Fife Joinery LtdGlenrothes FifeScotlandExtension
Item 48 of 62Before 1981Fife and Kinross District AsylumSpringfield, Cupar FifeScotlandWard upgrade
Item 49 of 62Before 1981Health CentreKelty FifeScotland 
Item 50 of 62Before 1981Mount Melville HouseSt Andrews FifeScotlandWard upgrade
Item 51 of 62Before 1981Pittenweem Town HallPittenweem FifeScotlandRestoration
Item 52 of 62Before 1981Premises of James Donaldson & Son, Elm ParkLeven FifeScotlandAdvance workshops added
Item 53 of 62Before 1981Sheltered housingLeslie FifeScotland 
Item 54 of 62Before 1981Sheltered housingFalkland FifeScotland 
Item 55 of 62Before 1981St Margaret's Parish Church and Church CentreWoodside, Glenrothes FifeScotlandChurch Centre added
Item 56 of 62Before 1981Town HouseAuchtermuchty FifeScotlandRestoration
Item 57 of 62Before 1981Works for Henry Balfour & CoLeven FifeScotlandNew offices
Item 58 of 621984Fife Folk MuseumCeres FifeScotlandAlterations and addtitions - as partner
Item 59 of 621988Housing, Langlands TerraceKyle of Lochalsh Inverness-shireScotland 
Item 60 of 621990sCastle Buisness ParkStirling StirlingshireScotland 
Item 61 of 621993Housing, Balmacara SquareKyle of Lochalsh Inverness-shireScotland 
Item 62 of 621995Castle Business Park, The River HouseStirling StirlingshireScotland 

References

Bibliographic References

The following books contain references to this architect:
 Author(s)DateTitlePartPublisherNotes
Item 1 of 4Bailey, Rebecca M1996Scottish architects' papers: a source book Edinburgh: The Rutland Pressp114
Item 2 of 4Municipal Annual1964Scottish Municipal Annual1964-1965  
Item 3 of 4RIBA1961Kalendar 1960-61   
Item 4 of 4RIBA1994A Directory of RIBA Members   

Archive References

The following archives hold material relating to this architect:
 SourceArchive NameSource Catalogue No.Notes
Item 1 of 1Courtesy of Dr RollandInterview of Dr Larry Rolland by Neil Baxter 2011. Also information from Dr Rolland sent to Dictionary 2011.

Images

© All rights reserved. © and courtesy of RIAS 

© All rights reserved. © and courtesy of RIAS