Basic Biographical Details

Name: Wheeler & Sproson
Designation: Architectural practice
Started: 1954
Bio Notes: Anthony Wheeler established his practice as H Anthony Wheeler in 1952 with an office in Sailor's Walk in Kirkcaldy. In 1954 he took Frank Sproson into partnership and the practice became Wheeler & Sproson. An Edinburgh office was opened in 1964. Donald McInnes was taken into partnership in 1965, Andrew Weir in 1967, Alan Clark and William McLeod in 1975.

The practice won 19 Saltire Awards and Commendations and 12 Civic Trust Awards and Commendations

Private and Business Addresses

The following private or business addresses are associated with this architectural practice:
 AddressTypeDate fromDate toNotes
Item 1 of 5Sailor's Walk/441-7, High Street, Kirkcaldy, FifeBusiness1952After 1975 
Item 2 of 536a, Castle Street, Edinburgh, ScotlandBusiness1964 *  
Item 3 of 520, Albany Street, Edinburgh, ScotlandBusiness1968 Branch office
Item 4 of 5118, Hanover Street, Edinburgh, ScotlandBusiness1976 Became HQ in 1982
Item 5 of 5Osborne House, East Fergus Place, Kirkcaldy, Fife, ScotlandBusiness1988 Kirkcaldy practice

* earliest date known from documented sources.

Employment and Training

Employees or Pupils

The following individuals were employed or trained by this architectural practice (click on an item to view details):
 NameDate fromDate toPositionNotes
Item 1 of 10Alan J Clark  Assistant 
Item 2 of 10Richard Mercer Blaikie1950s(?)Before 1967Assistant(?) 
Item 3 of 10(Sir) Harry Anthony Wheeler (or simply Sir Anthony Wheeler)1954 Partner 
Item 4 of 10Frank Sproson19541982Partner 
Item 5 of 10Donald McInnes1964After 1975Partner 
Item 6 of 10Andrew Glen Weir1967After 1975Partner 
Item 7 of 10William Hughes McLeod1975 Partner 
Item 8 of 10Alan James Clark1975 Partner 
Item 9 of 10A JohnsonLate 1970s Architect 
Item 10 of 10P J McCormickLate 1970sEarly 1980sArchitect 

Buildings and Designs

This architectural practice was involved with the following buildings or structures from the date specified (click on an item to view details):
 Date startedBuilding nameTown, district or villageIslandCity or countyCountryNotes
Item 1 of 126 Boots the ChemistSt Andrews FifeScotlandAlterations and additions
Item 2 of 126 Development for the British Sailor's Society with residential accommodationGrangemouth StirlingshireScotland 
Item 3 of 126 Development for the British Sailor's Society with residential accommodationGreenock RenfrewshireScotland 
Item 4 of 126 Falkland PalaceFalkland FifeScotlandConversion of part of the Palace into private quarters for Major Crichton Stuart.
Item 5 of 126 Group of cottagesFalkland FifeScotland 
Item 6 of 126 Housing development in Broad StreetCowdenbeath FifeScotland 
Item 7 of 126 Stirling Road housing (42 houses)Milnathort Kinross-shireScotland 
Item 8 of 126 The reading room cottageFalkland FifeScotlandConversion to electricity substation
Item 9 of 1261954Burntisland redevelopment (including 128 houses)Burntisland FifeScotland 
Item 10 of 1261954Sailor's WalkKirkcaldy FifeScotlandMajor repairs
Item 11 of 1261954The Bowery housing estateLeslie FifeScotland 
Item 12 of 1261955Somerville Square and Somerville Street RedevelopmentBurntisland FifeScotland 
Item 13 of 126After 1955116 houses for Leslie Town CouncilLeslie FifeScotland 
Item 14 of 1261957Lochgelly Central Area redevelopment (including 308 houses and 2 Laundrettes)Lochgelly FifeScotland 
Item 15 of 1261957Priory AcresSt Andrews FifeScotland 
Item 16 of 1261957Villa, 34 Southerton RoadKirkcaldy FifeScotland 
Item 17 of 1261 February 1957Farm Manager's House, Tullis Russell & CoMarkinch FifeScotlandBuilder p252
Item 18 of 1261958Dysart redevelopment (including 162 houses)Dysart FifeScotland 
Item 19 of 1261960s17th century buildings, PittenweemPittenweem FifeScotland 
Item 20 of 1261960s263 housesGalashiels SelkirkshireScotland 
Item 21 of 1261960sH M Detention Centre and Staff housingAlloa ClackmannanshireScotland 
Item 22 of 1261960sMarried quarters for MPBWRosyth FifeScotland 
Item 23 of 1261960sResearch laboratory and offices for Tullis RussellMarkinch FifeScotland 
Item 24 of 1261960St Columba's Church and hallsGlenrothes FifeScotland 
Item 25 of 12619615, 6, 7 Rumford and 54 High StreetCrail FifeScotlandRestoration (one of the first buildings restored under the National Trust's Little Houses Scheme). Nos 5 & 6 Rumford made into one house.
Item 26 of 1261962Housing development, PrinlawsLeslie Fife  
Item 27 of 1261962Kinghorn redevelopmentKinghorn FifeScotland 
Item 28 of 1261962The Gyles housingPittenweem FifeScotlandRestoration and new buildings
Item 29 of 1261963Houses in School PlaceUphall West LothianScotland 
Item 30 of 1261964Hill Court HousingSouth Queensferry West LothianScotland 
Item 31 of 1261964Housing, Oxgangs Avenue, Oxgangs Drive and Oxgangs Place  EdinburghScotland 
Item 32 of 1261964Married officers quarters for MPBWElgin MorayshireScotland 
Item 33 of 1261964Married quarters for MPBWRhu DunbartonshireScotland 
Item 34 of 1261964Married quarters, CoulportCoulport ArgyllScotland 
Item 35 of 1261964Royal Navy Base, Married quarters for MPBWFaslane ArgyllScotland 
Item 36 of 1261964Torbain Parish ChurchKirkcaldy FifeScotland 
Item 37 of 1261964Whitburn AcademyWhitburn West LothianScotland 
Item 38 of 1261965Boghall Parish ChurchBathgate West LothianScotland 
Item 39 of 1261965Housing development, Langlee EstateGalashiels SelkirkshireScotland 
Item 40 of 1261965RNAS Pinefield, BarracksElgin MorayshireScotlandMarried quarters
Item 41 of 1261965Springfield Housing Development (144 houses), West BarnsDunbar East LothianScotland 
Item 42 of 1261965The AnchorageDysart  FifeScotlandRestoration and new houses
Item 43 of 1261966Bannockburn Heritage CentreStirling StirlingshireScotland 
Item 44 of 1261966Youth and Community CentreBlackburn West LothianScotland 
Item 45 of 1261967Balbirnie Paper MillMarkinch FifeScotlandAlterations to water purification plant; new research and physics laboratory added; alterations to offices
Item 46 of 1261967Grangemouth Central Area redevelopment with shopping centreGrangemouth StirlingshireScotland 
Item 47 of 1261967The TowersDysart FifeScotlandRestoration as housing
Item 48 of 126Before 1967West Fife Infectious Diseases HospitalDunfermline FifeScotlandExtension
Item 49 of 1261968Adamson HospitalCupar FifeScotlandAlterations
Item 50 of 1261968Blackburn Town CentreBlackburn West LothianScotland 
Item 51 of 1261968Broxburn Old Town redevelopment (250 houses)Broxburn West LothianScotland 
Item 52 of 1261968Fife and Kinross District AsylumSpringfield, Cupar FifeScotlandPsychiatric inpatient unit for adolescents. administration and central blocks, classrooms and dormitory wing
Item 53 of 1261968Four houses, AbronhillCumbernauld LanarkshireScotland 
Item 54 of 1261968Macdonalds buildingsCulross FifeScotland 
Item 55 of 1261968West ChurchCowdenbeath Fife Scotland 
Item 56 of 1261968Wood's HospitalUpper Largo FifeScotlandConversion into Cottage housing
Item 57 of 126c. 1968St John's Church, LangleeGalashiels SelkirkshireScotland 
Item 58 of 1261969370 houses for Cumbernauld Development Corporation, Abronhill 4Cumbernauld LanarkshireScotland 
Item 59 of 1261969Forth Road BridgeFirth of Forth   Garages for service vehicles added to administration block
Item 60 of 126Before 1969University of St Andrews, Students' UnionSt Andrews FifeScotland 
Item 61 of 126Early 1960sHousing in old Buckhaven (180 houses)Buckhaven FifeScotland 
Item 62 of 126Late 1960s(?)Housing for SSHACulross FifeScotland 
Item 63 of 1261960s or 1970sStaff housing for Tullis Russell, CadhamMarkinch|Glenrothes Fife  
Item 64 of 1261970sAberdeen Royal InfirmaryForesterhill Aberdeen Staff housing added
Item 65 of 1261970sBoots the ChemistBroughty Ferry AngusScotland 
Item 66 of 1261970sEducational Centre for the Chartered Accountants of Scotland  EdinburghScotland 
Item 67 of 1261970sFactoryCowdenbeath FifeScotland 
Item 68 of 1261970sFactoryInverkeithing FifeScotland 
Item 69 of 1261970sHousing for Local AuthorityBuckhaven FifeScotland 
Item 70 of 1261970sHousing for SSHAGrangemouth StirlingshireScotland 
Item 71 of 1261970sHousing for SSHA  DundeeScotland 
Item 72 of 1261970sHousing for SSHA  AberdeenScotland 
Item 73 of 1261970sHousing for SSHAKinghorn FifeScotland 
Item 74 of 1261970sLocal Authority housingKirkcaldy FifeScotland 
Item 75 of 1261970sLocal Authority HousingGrangemouth StirlingshireScotland 
Item 76 of 1261970sLocal Authority HousingSt Monans FifeScotland 
Item 77 of 1261970sLocal Authority HousingStrathmiglo FifeScotland 
Item 78 of 1261970sLocal Authority housing- Howden FLivingston West LothianScotland 
Item 79 of 1261970s(?)Ninewells Hospital and Medical School  DundeeScotlandStaff housing. In the RIBA Directory of 1975 this is given as 'nurses' quarters for SSHA'. Unclear if this is actually an error for ERHB or SERHB.
Item 80 of 1261970sPremises of James D BruceDunfermline FifeScotlandReconstruction?
Item 81 of 1261970sSheltered housing for Royal British LegionGlenrothes FifeScotland 
Item 82 of 1261970sSheltered housing for the Church ArmyKirkcaldy FifeScotland 
Item 83 of 1261970sSheltered housing for Viewpoint Housing AssociationLivingston West LothianScotland 
Item 84 of 1261970sShopping centreStenhousemuir StirlingshireScotland 
Item 85 of 1261970sTelephone exchangeDunfermline FifeScotland 
Item 86 of 1261970sTelephone ExchangeGrangemouth StirlingshireScotland 
Item 87 of 1261970Bank of ScotlandCowdenbeath FifeScotland 
Item 88 of 1261970Houstoun HouseUphall West LothianScotlandConversion into hotel
Item 89 of 1261971Housing, BorrowfieldMontrose AngusScotland 
Item 90 of 1261972Edinburgh College of Art, Hunter Building  EdinburghScotland 
Item 91 of 1261972St John's ChurchGalashiels SelkirkshireScotland 
Item 92 of 1261974Hawthornbank House  EdinburghScotland 
Item 93 of 1261974Housing, Harbour PlaceBurntisland FifeScotlandRestoration
Item 94 of 1261975Wood's HospitalUpper Largo FifeScotlandRestoration
Item 95 of 126Before 1975Alliance Building SocietyDunfermline FifeScotland 
Item 96 of 126Before 1975Alliance Building SocietyKirkcaldy FifeScotland 
Item 97 of 126Before 1975Factories for Fife County CouncilHillend FifeScotland 
Item 98 of 126197643-67 High StreetDysart Fife Reconstruction of group of historic buildings and conversion into flats.
Item 99 of 1261976Boots the ChemistBerwick-upon-Tweed NorthumberlandEngland 
Item 100 of 1261976Housing, Old Farm Court, for Viewpoint Housing AssociationColinton EdinburghScotland 
Item 101 of 1261976St Peter's Episcopal ChurchKirkcaldy FifeScotland 
Item 102 of 1261976Tower BlockDysart Fife  
Item 103 of 1261977Bank of ScotlandDunfermline FifeScotland 
Item 104 of 1261978Housing for Viewpoint Housing AssociationColinton EdinburghScotland 
Item 105 of 1261978Path HouseKirkcaldy FifeScotlandRestoration and conversion of 17th century house into nurses' home
Item 106 of 1261979Tourist Information CentreStranraer WigtownshireScotland 
Item 107 of 126Late 1970sSt George's Free Church  EdinburghScotlandAlterations
Item 108 of 126Late 1970sTourist Information CentreJedburgh RoxburghshireScotland 
Item 109 of 1261980sBannockburn Heritage CentreBannockburn (Whins of Milton) StirlingshireScotland 
Item 110 of 1261980Bell's Brewery  EdinburghScotlandAlterations and additions
Item 111 of 1261980Sandport Industrial Estate, factoryLeith EdinburghScotland 
Item 112 of 1261981Sheltered housing, WoodthorpeColinton EdinburghScotland 
Item 113 of 126Before 1981Boots The Chemist ShopDunfermline FifeScotland 
Item 114 of 126Before 1981Forth Park HouseKirkcaldy FifeScotlandAlterations including new Maternity wing
Item 115 of 126Before 1981Kirkcaldy Burgh Infectious Diseases HospitalKirkcaldy FifeScotlandAlterations including new A & E Department and cafeteria for visitors
Item 116 of 126c. 1981Kinmount HouseAnnan DumfriesshireScotlandConversion of N range of stable to house
Item 117 of 1261983Flats, Broughton Road  EdinburghScotland 
Item 118 of 1261983Free ChurchBurntisland FifeScotlandConversion to sheltered housing
Item 119 of 1261983Royal BankDunfermline FifeScotland 
Item 120 of 126c. 1983Viewpoint sheltered housingSt Andrews FifeScotland 
Item 121 of 1261984Glamis House (Cheshire Home)Glenrothes FifeScotland 
Item 122 of 1261986Block of buildings 34 High Street  EdinburghScotlandRedevelopment for Castlerock Housing Association
Item 123 of 1261986Community outdoor and education centreLinlighgow West LothianScotland 
Item 124 of 1261988Heriot-Watt University, Riccarton Campus, Students' UnionRiccarton MidlothianScotland 
Item 125 of 1261991Heriot-Watt University, Riccarton Campus, Leonard Horner Hall  MidlothianScotland 
Item 126 of 1261993New HallSt Andrews Fife  


Bibliographic References

The following books contain references to this architectural practice:
Item 1 of 7Bailey, Rebecca M1996Scottish architects' papers: a source book Edinburgh: The Rutland Pressp140
Item 2 of 7Glendinning, Miles1997Rebuilding Scotland: The Postwar Vision, 1945-75  Tuckwell Press Ltdp14 The Bowery, Leslie; Somerville Street, Burntisland; Dysart Housing, Pittenweem Housing; Old Buckhaven
p34-5 Cumbernauld Housing
p35-6 Stirling Road
p38 Torbain Parish Church
p156 Dysart Redevelopment
Item 3 of 7Glendinning, Miles and Muthesius, Stefan1994Tower Block: Modern Public Housing in England, Scotland, Wales, and Northern Ireland Yale University Press: New Haven and Londonp381 Gazetteer 2
Item 4 of 7Miles Glendinning, Diane Watters, David Whitham Docomomo Scotland Leaflet  p228 Image of Forth Road Bridge and Dysart Housing Scheme
Item 5 of 7Municipal Annual1964Scottish Municipal Annual1964-1965  
Item 6 of 7Pride, Glen L1999The Kingdom of Fife2nd EditionThe Rutland Pressp46, p55, p61, p82, p135, p146, p157
Item 7 of 7Willis, Peter1977New architecture in Scotland  p8 Dysart Redevelopment
p92-5 Ninewells Hospital

Periodical References

The following periodicals contain references to this architectural practice:
 Periodical NameDateEditionPublisherNotes
Item 1 of 5Architects Journal14 February 1962  p338 Dysart Housing Scheme
Item 2 of 5Architectural ReviewApril 1967  p277-9 Dysart Housing Scheme
Item 3 of 5Builder20 November 1964  p1074
Item 4 of 5Housing ReviewAugust 1967  7/8-1962 p107-10 Dysart Housing Scheme
Item 5 of 5Municipal Journal20 December 1953  p2759, Bowery Development