Basic Biographical Details

Name: James Scott Hay
Designation: Architect
Born: 1871
Died: 21 January 1929
Bio Notes: James Scott Hay was born in Edinburgh in 1871 and served his apprenticeship in an as yet unidentified Edinburgh practice. In 1896 or 1897 he moved to Kilmarnock to become an assistant to Gabriel Andrew, commencing independent practice at 9 John Dickie Street in 1898 where after a number of years the practice became James Hay & Partners. In May 1920 he took his then chief assistant Gabriel Steel (born 1888) into partnership, the firm becoming Hay & Steel.

Hay and Steel are believed to have fallen out in the early 1920s over plans for Galston Town House, and thereafter Steel practised from the main address at 13 West George Street, Kilmarnock, whilst Hay appears to have practised from his house, 'Dunscaig', 19 Racecourse Road, Ayr.

Hay's wife Adelaide Maud Jaffe died in November 1928 and a broken-hearted Hay died at Dunscaig only two months later, on 21 January 1929 at the age of fifty-four, leaving moveable estate of 9,368 0s 9d. He was buried at Ayr Cemetery. Steel continued the practice as sole partner thereafter.

Private and Business Addresses

The following private or business addresses are associated with this architect:
 AddressTypeDate fromDate toNotes
Item 1 of 59, John Dickie Street, Kilmarnock, Ayrshire, ScotlandPrivate1898 Not listed in local directories until 1901
Item 2 of 5Caxton Chambers, Kilmarnock, Ayrshire, ScotlandBusiness1907 *  
Item 3 of 5Bank Street, Kilmarnock, Ayrshire, ScotlandBusiness1911 *  
Item 4 of 513, West George Street, Kilmarnock, Ayrshire, ScotlandBusinessBefore 19241929(?) 
Item 5 of 5Dunscaig/19, Racecourse Road, Ayr, Ayrshire, ScotlandPrivate/business1929 *  

* earliest date known from documented sources.

Employment and Training


The following individuals or organisations employed or trained this architect (click on an item to view details):
 NameDate fromDate toPositionNotes
Item 1 of 3Gabriel Andrew1896 or 18971898Assistant 
Item 2 of 3James Hay & PartnersBefore 1898May 1920Partner 
Item 3 of 3Hay & SteelMay 19201929Partner 

Employees or Pupils

The following individuals were employed or trained by this architect (click on an item to view details):
 NameDate fromDate toPositionNotes
Item 1 of 5Gabriel Steel19081911Assistant 
Item 2 of 5Gabriel Steel1911May 1920Chief AssistantWith the exception of war service
Item 3 of 5William Eric Attenburrow Hurcomb10 October 1919 Apprentice 
Item 4 of 5William Eric Attenburrow Hurcomb1920s Assistant 
Item 5 of 5William Eric Attenburrow HurcombEarly 1920s Improver 

Buildings and Designs

This architect was involved with the following buildings or structures from the date specified (click on an item to view details):
 Date startedBuilding nameTown, district or villageIslandCity or countyCountryNotes
Item 1 of 311900Post office and tenements in Ayr StreetTroon AyrshireScotland 
Item 2 of 31c. 190010 Glebe RoadGalston AyrshireScotland 
Item 3 of 311902Tenement with shops, Titchfield StreetKilmarnock AyrshireScotland 
Item 4 of 311903Municipal Golf CourseTroon AyrshireScotland 
Item 5 of 311903Nurses' home, Barassie StreetTroonAyrshireScotland  
Item 6 of 311905Barassie Golf ClubBarassie AyrshireScotland 
Item 7 of 311906Orangefield HousePrestwick (near) AyrshireScotlandAdditions/alterations
Item 8 of 311907DunaltonTroon AyrshireScotland 
Item 9 of 311907Masonic HallHurlford AyrshireScotland 
Item 10 of 311909AuchenheathKilmarnock AyrshireScotland 
Item 11 of 311909Kirklandside HospitalKilmarnock AyrshireScotlandNamed as architect in 1909
Item 12 of 311911Unionist ClubStewarton AyrshireScotland 
Item 13 of 311913Frognal HouseDundonald AyrshireScotlandRebuilding
Item 14 of 311915Villa, Crosbie RoadTroon AyrshireScotlandAlterations
Item 15 of 311919Villa, Crosbie RoadTroon AyrshireScotlandAlterations
Item 16 of 311920s(?)1 Holmes RoadKilmarnock AyrshireScotland 
Item 17 of 311920s(?)101 Dundonald RoadKilmarnock AyrshireScotland 
Item 18 of 311920Local Authority housing schemeKilmarnock AyrshireScotland 
Item 19 of 311920Monument (commemorating the place where Burns bade farewell to Highland Mary)Mauchline AyrshireScotland 
Item 20 of 311923War MemorialDarvel AyrshireScotland 
Item 21 of 311924Bus StationAyr AyrshireScotland 
Item 22 of 311925Galston Municipal Offices and Council ChambersGalston AyrshireScotland 
Item 23 of 311925Old ManseKilmaurs AyrshireScotlandExtension
Item 24 of 311926St Ninian's Episcopal ChurchPrestwick AyrshireScotland 
Item 25 of 31192712 Glasgow RoadKilmarnock AyrshireScotland 
Item 26 of 311927EllislandAyr AyrshireScotlandExtension
Item 27 of 311927WestlandsNewmilns AyrshireScotland 
Item 28 of 311928Old School near Episcopal ChurchAyr AyrshireScotlandConverted to hall
Item 29 of 311929Fenwick Parish Church  AyrshireScotland 
Item 30 of 311931Offices and garage for LMS Railway CoGreenock RenfrewshireScotland 
Item 31 of 311945Catrine MillCatrine AyrshireScotland 


Bibliographic References

The following books contain references to this architect:
Item 1 of 2Close, Robert1992Ayrshire and Arran, an Illustrated Architectural Guide Edinburgh: RIASp 129
Item 2 of 2Measurers\' Companion1911The Scottish Architects' and Measurers' Companion   

Archive References

The following archives hold material relating to this architect:
 SourceArchive NameSource Catalogue No.Notes
Item 1 of 1Professor David M Walker personal archiveProfessor David M Walker, notes and collection of archive material Information from Craig W J McLelland, who worked for Hay & Steel between 1979 and 1985; year of birth from research by Iain Paterson