Basic Biographical Details

Name: Gabriel Andrew
Designation: Architect
Born: 28 October 1851
Died: 3 July 1933
Bio Notes: Gabriel Andrew was born on 28 January 1851, the son of Alexander Andrew, master joiner. He was a pupil of William Railton and commenced business on his own account in Kilmarnock in 1875. He took William Newlands (born 1853) into partnership in 1880 as Andrew & Newlands. Newlands left the practice in 1889 due to ill health, spending several years in Cape Town and expecting never to return, but by 1895 he had recovered and had returned to Kilmarnock and to the partnership with Andrew. Around this date Gabriel became the 'retained architect' of Johnnie Walker & Sons. The firm's work in the late 1890s and early 1900s is quite an imaginative free Baroque.

Newlands suffered another bout of ill health around 1910, retiring from practice for eighteen months, but by the beginning of 1912 he had once more recommenced business, seemingly alone.

Andrew died at his home, Lochlea, 38 Kay Park Crescent, Kilmarnock on 3 July 1933, at the age of eighty-one. He left moveable estate of 2,066 8s 3d.

Private and Business Addresses

The following private or business addresses are associated with this architect:
 AddressTypeDate fromDate toNotes
Item 1 of 7Wellington Street, Kilmarnock, Ayrshire, ScotlandBusiness   
Item 2 of 7Lochlea/38, Kay Park Crescent, Kilmarnock, Ayrshire, ScotlandPrivate 1933 
Item 3 of 79, East George Street, Kilmarnock, Ayrshire, ScotlandBusiness18751883 
Item 4 of 7Croft Street, Ayrshire, ScotlandBusiness1883 In Messrs John Walker & Son's premises in Croft Street (Kilmarnock Standard)
Item 5 of 7Croft Street, Kilmarnock, Ayrshire, ScotlandBusiness1895 Office within the Johnnie Walker office which he himself had designed
Item 6 of 784, Portland Street, Kilmarnock, Ayrshire, ScotlandBusinessBefore 1900  
Item 7 of 737, Bank Street, Kilmarnock, Ayrshire, ScotlandBusiness1902 Office within Johnnie Walker building, designed by Andrew.

Employment and Training


The following individuals or organisations employed or trained this architect (click on an item to view details):
 NameDate fromDate toPositionNotes
Item 1 of 2William Atkinson Railtonc. 1866(?)Before 1875Apprentice 
Item 2 of 2Andrew & Newlands1880Before 1911(?)Partner 

Employees or Pupils

The following individuals were employed or trained by this architect (click on an item to view details):
 NameDate fromDate toPositionNotes
Item 1 of 2Thomas Smellie  Assistant 
Item 2 of 2James Scott Hay1896 or 18971898Assistant 

Buildings and Designs

This architect was involved with the following buildings or structures from the date specified (click on an item to view details):
 Date startedBuilding nameTown, district or villageIslandCity or countyCountryNotes
Item 1 of 51 High UF ManseKilmarnock AyrshireScotland 
Item 2 of 511879Kilmarnock Equitable Co-operative Society HeadquartersKilmarnock AyrshireScotland 
Item 3 of 511879Lorimer's LibraryTarbolton AyrshireScotland 
Item 4 of 51After 1880Co-operative Society BakeryAyr AyrshireScotland 
Item 5 of 51After 1880Co-operative Society BakeryTroon AyrshireScotland 
Item 6 of 51After 1880Large boarding House, St Meddan's StreetTroon AyrshireScotland 
Item 7 of 51After 1880Shops and warehouses for James Craig & SonsKilmarnock AyrshireScotland 
Item 8 of 51After 1880Shops and warehouses for John BoyleKilmarnock AyrshireScotland 
Item 9 of 511881Kilmaurs Maxwell and Kilmarnock United Free ChurchKilmaurs AyrshireScotlandRebuilding
Item 10 of 511881Scottish Wholesale Co-operative Society Grain StoreKilmarnock AyrshireScotland 
Item 11 of 51c. 1882Old ManseKilmaurs AyrshireScotlandExtension
Item 12 of 511883Buildings for Johnnie Walker in Croft StreetKilmarnock AyrshireScotland 
Item 13 of 511888Villa, Caledonia RoadSaltcoats AyrshireScotland 
Item 14 of 511889Kilmarnock Equitable Co-operative Society HeadquartersKilmarnock AyrshireScotlandExtension. (Buildings of Scotland gives 1886-7)
Item 15 of 511889Oddfellows Hall and premises for Portland Estate officeKilmarnock AyrshireScotland 
Item 16 of 511890Commercial Building, Portland StreetTroon AyrshireScotland 
Item 17 of 511890Kilmarnock Standard Printing officesKilmarnock AyrshireScotland 
Item 18 of 51c. 1890Office and commercial building, John Finnie StreetKilmarnock AyrshireScotland 
Item 19 of 511894Villa, 83 Dundonald RoadKilmarnock AyrshireScotland 
Item 20 of 511895Johnnie Walker's Bond and Hay & Goldberg's WarehouseKilmarnock AyrshireScotland 
Item 21 of 511895Villa, 82 Dundonald RoadKilmarnock AyrshireScotland 
Item 22 of 51c. 18951 Walker AvenueKilmarnock AyrshireScotland 
Item 23 of 51c. 1895Kilmarnock Equitable Co-operative Society, flats and shopsKilmarnock AyrshireScotland'Possibly' by Andrew, working under William Railton (HS)
Item 24 of 51c. 1896De Walden TerraceKilmarnock AyrshireScotland 
Item 25 of 51c. 1896Office for whisky bondsKilmarnock AyrshireScotland 
Item 26 of 511897Hurlford UP ChurchHurlford AyrshireScotland 
Item 27 of 511898Johnnie Walker's Bond and Hay & Goldberg's WarehouseKilmarnock AyrshireScotlandExtension
Item 28 of 511900Westgate Co-operative Society BuildingsNewmilns AyrshireScotland 
Item 29 of 511901Co-operative BuildingsGalston AyrshireScotland 
Item 30 of 511902Catrine Co-operative StoreCatrine AyrshireScotland 
Item 31 of 511902Dargai CottageTarbolton AyrshireScotland 
Item 32 of 511902Hurlford AcademyHurlford AyrshireScotland 
Item 33 of 511902Offices for Johnnie WalkerKilmarnock AyrshireScotland 
Item 34 of 511902Premises for Mackintosh and Reid, merchantsKilmarnock AyrshireScotland 
Item 35 of 511902Shop and dwellinghouse for James SmithKilmarnock AyrshireScotland 
Item 36 of 511902Tenements in Titchfield StreetKilmarnock AyrshireScotland 
Item 37 of 5119039 Riccarton RoadHurlford AyrshireScotland 
Item 38 of 511903Evelyn VillasKilmarnock AyrshireScotland 
Item 39 of 511903Pair of villas, 36 and 38 London RoadKilmarnock AyrshireScotlandAdditions to no 36 including green house, offices and entrance porch
Item 40 of 511903Premises for Messrs Smith Bros, stationersKilmarnock AyrshireScotland 
Item 41 of 511903The Laigh KirkKilmarnock AyrshireScotlandRenovations
Item 42 of 511904Free churchCrookedholm AyrshireScotlandRed sandstone hall added
Item 43 of 511904Kingsford Primary SchoolKingsford AyrshireScotlandAlterations
Item 44 of 51c. 190410 Loanhead StreetKilmarnock AyrshireScotland 
Item 45 of 51c. 19047 and 8 Howard Park DriveKilmarnock AyrshireScotland 
Item 46 of 51c. 1904Pair of villas, Loanhead StreetKilmarnock AyrshireScotland 
Item 47 of 511905Kilmarnock Equitable Co-operative Society BuildingKilmarnock AyrshireScotland 
Item 48 of 51c. 1905Kilmarnock Equitable Co-operative Society, flats and shopsKilmarnock AyrshireScotlandAlterations
Item 49 of 511907Johnnie Walker's Bond and Hay & Goldberg's WarehouseKilmarnock AyrshireScotlandExtension
Item 50 of 511907Kilmarnock Technical SchoolKilmarnock AyrshireScotland 
Item 51 of 51c. 1920Free High Church and hallsKilmarnock AyrshireScotlandHall to north - Buildings of Scotland attrribution


Bibliographic References

The following books contain references to this architect:
Item 1 of 3Close, Robert1992Ayrshire and Arran, an Illustrated Architectural Guide Edinburgh: RIASp105
Item 2 of 3Glendinning, M, MacInnes, R and MacKechnie, A1996A History of Scottish Architecture   
Item 3 of 3West High Church Kilmarnock1943West High Church, Kilmarnock 1843-1943 centenary sketch of the history of the church  Image of Gabriel Andrew p41

Periodical References

The following periodicals contain references to this architect:
 Periodical NameDateEditionPublisherNotes
Item 1 of 1Scotsman4 July 1933  p16 - death notice

Archive References

The following archives hold material relating to this architect:
 SourceArchive NameSource Catalogue No.Notes
Item 1 of 1Professor David M Walker personal archiveProfessor David M Walker, notes and collection of archive material Information from Craig McLelland, South Ayrshire Council.