Basic Biographical Details

Name: Rowand Anderson & Paul
Designation: Architectural practice
Started: 1903
Ended: 1934
Bio Notes: Arthur Forman Balfour Paul ('Baffy' to his friends and to his staff) was born in Edinburgh on 7 August 1875, the son of Sir James Balfour Paul, Lyon King of Arms. He was educated at Edinburgh Academy from 1885 to 1892 and was articled to Sir Robert Rowand Anderson from 1892 to 1896, remaining as a draughtsman until 1897 and studying at the School of Applied Art under Frank Worthington Simon and Stewart Henbest Capper. His travels in these early years included a short sketching tour in Belgium and Holland in 1895 and a three-month tour of England in 1897. In 1898 he obtained a place in John Belcher's office in London, staying there for a year and studying at the LCC School of Art before returning to Edinburgh to commence practice on his own account from home at 30 Heriot Row. Following the dissolution of the Anderson, Simon & Crawford partnership Sir Rowand Anderson invited him to return to his practice as partner in 1903. Paul joined the Edinburgh Architectural Association in the same year and it was on the recommendation of that association and of its President, James Bow Dunn, that he was admitted LRIBA in the mass intake of 20 July 1911.

The partnership was interrupted by the First World War. Paul was a keen territorial who had joined the London Scottish as a piper when with Belcher. He was commissioned as a major in the Royal Engineers and served with distinction in France, being awarded the MC and the Croix de Guerre with Gold Star. Anderson continued the practice, albeit in failing health, with some help from Alexander Lorne Campbell.

Paul resumed partnership in 1919 and became sole partner, Anderson having finally retired: Lorne Campbell was Anderson's executor and he, not Paul, as has been stated, designed the memorial cottage to Lady Anderson at Colinton. Crucially for the practice Paul retained the feuing of the Fettes Trust and Braid estates, providing a flow of business which saw it through a lean period. In 1931 Paul, whose office was managed by John McClure Anderson, offered William Kininmonth a post as one of the three assistant draughtsmen at 12 a month. Kininmonth declined unless his friend Basil Spence, then recently returned to Edinburgh from Lutyens's office, could come as well. The practice was at a low ebb and Paul suggested that that they might share the post at 12 a month. This arrangement was accepted in October as it enabled Kininmonth and Spence to form their own independent partnership. This had some success: it enabled Paul to make them both partners in 1934; although in a somewhat unique arrangement the practice of Kininmonth & Spence continued in parallel for medium sized commissions Paul did not want to take on. It also enabled them to take on as an assistant Alan Reiach, previously of Lorimer and Matthews' office. The name became Rowand Anderson Paul & Partners and remained so until 1946 when Spence left to set up his own practice, although Paul had died on 3 June 1938. He was then living at Peffermill House, Craigmillar. He was survived by his wife, Jane Prichard Montgomerie Fleming, and left moveable estate of 24,365 18s 10d.

Private and Business Addresses

The following private or business addresses are associated with this architectural practice:
 AddressTypeDate fromDate toNotes
Item 1 of 116, Rutland Square, Edinburgh, ScotlandBusiness19031931 

Employment and Training

Employees or Pupils

The following individuals were employed or trained by this architectural practice (click on an item to view details):
 NameDate fromDate toPositionNotes
Item 1 of 31Peter Reid19031903 or December 1904Apprentice 
Item 2 of 31James Straton Ferrier19031904Apprentice 
Item 3 of 31Burnett Napier Henderson Orphoot19031904Assistant 
Item 4 of 31William Meek Page19031905Chief Assistant 
Item 5 of 31Sydney Houghton Miller1903c. 1907Apprentice 
Item 6 of 31Owen Keith Beattie1903Late 1908 or early 1909Assistant 
Item 7 of 31James Gillespie19031916Chief Assistant 
Item 8 of 31(Sir) Robert Rowand Anderson1903c. 1919Partner 
Item 9 of 31Arthur Forman Balfour Paul19031934PartnerFirm then became Rowand Anderson, Paul & Partners
Item 10 of 31James Straton Ferrier19041905Assistant 
Item 11 of 31Samuel DavidsonApril 1904c. 1909Apprentice 
Item 12 of 31Thomas Lumsden Taylor19051906Assistant 
Item 13 of 31Sydney George Follett19061908Draughtsman 
Item 14 of 31Sydney Houghton Millerc. 1907Before 1909Assistant 
Item 15 of 31Lockhart Fraser MillerOctober 1909August 1914Apprentice 
Item 16 of 31Samuel Davidsonc. 1909April 1911Junior Draughtsman 
Item 17 of 31James Spalding BennetOctober 1912Mid 1914Junior Assistant 
Item 18 of 31James Lovat Hosack Fraserc. 1913(?) Assistant 
Item 19 of 31James Spalding BennetMay 1919After March 1921Senior Assistant 
Item 20 of 31William Brindle HalleyJuly 1919June 1921Assistant(?) 
Item 21 of 31Edward Henry Anthony Blount1 November 19191923Apprentice 
Item 22 of 31Lockhart Fraser Miller19201921Assistant 
Item 23 of 31Edward Henry Anthony Blount1923March 1925Assistant 
Item 24 of 31William Brindle HalleyJanuary 1923December 1924Assistant(?) 
Item 25 of 31John Burn MoffatAfter 1925Before 1930Assistant 
Item 26 of 31Edward Henry Anthony BlountJanuary 1926July 1929Assistant 
Item 27 of 31David Maxtone Craig19291931Junior Draughtsman 
Item 28 of 31George Lancaster1930 *   
Item 29 of 31(Sir) William Hardie Kininmonth 19311934Draughtsman 
Item 30 of 31(Sir) Basil Urwin Spence19311934  
Item 31 of 31William Gordon Dey19331934ApprenticeDuring 'year out'

* earliest date known from documented sources.

Buildings and Designs

This architectural practice was involved with the following buildings or structures from the date specified (click on an item to view details):
 Date startedBuilding nameTown, district or villageIslandCity or countyCountryNotes
Item 1 of 651877St Columba's Parish ChurchBurntisland FifeScotlandRestoration
Item 2 of 651903Culross Abbey ChurchCulross FifeScotlandRestoration
Item 3 of 651903Dunblane Cathedral HallsDunblane PerthshireScotland 
Item 4 of 651903Queen Victoria Memorial and triumphal arch at east end of The Mall  LondonEnglandUnsuccessful competition entry
Item 5 of 65After 1903Edinburgh Royal Infirmary  EdinburghScotlandAdditions
Item 6 of 65After 1903University of Edinburgh, Medical School and McEwan Hall  EdinburghScotlandReconstruction of Medical School
Item 7 of 65c. 1903University College, main block  DundeeScotlandDesign for the new main block - not built
Item 8 of 651904Dunfermline AbbeyDunfermline FifeScotlandReseating, heating and ventilation
Item 9 of 651904Keir HouseDunblane PerthshireScotlandGarden house (building dated 1904) and sundial (dated 1906)
Item 10 of 651905Archers' Hall  EdinburghScotlandWork continued in partnership
Item 11 of 651905Edinburgh Royal Infirmary, Old Surgical Hospital  EdinburghScotlandRemodelling for the University of Edinburgh
Item 12 of 651905Kincairn HouseDunblane PerthshireScotlandAlterations
Item 13 of 651905Old High School  EdinburghScotlandRemodelling for the University of Edinburgh
Item 14 of 651905University College, Engineering and Physics buildings  DundeeScotland 
Item 15 of 651906Cottage for the Rev Robert WeirColinton EdinburghScotland 
Item 16 of 651906Music Hall and Assembly Rooms  EdinburghScotlandAdditions
Item 17 of 651906Newtyle Parish Church, Earl of Wharncliffe MemorialNewtyle AngusScotland 
Item 18 of 651907St Cuthbert's Parish Church, Alexander Ballantine memorial tablet  EdinburghScotland 
Item 19 of 651908Cameron ManseCameron FifeScotlandAlterations
Item 20 of 651908Surgeons' Hall  EdinburghScotlandReconstruction and additions, including West Museum (a.k.a. Barclay Museum, now Fellows' Hall)
Item 21 of 651909Dunblane Cathedral, Stirling of Keir MemorialDunblane PerthshireScotland 
Item 22 of 651910Dollar Academy, Science LaboratoryDollar ClackmannanshireScotland 
Item 23 of 651910Govan Old Parish ChurchGovan GlasgowScotlandLengthening of chancel
Item 24 of 651910Greenhill CottageBruntsfield EdinburghScotlandNew ward block added - A F B Paul responsible
Item 25 of 651910Sweetheart Abbey  DumfriesshireScotlandConsolidation
Item 26 of 6519114 Heriot Row  EdinburghScotlandAlterations
Item 27 of 651911Dunfermline AbbeyDunfermline FifeScotlandRepairs to stonework
Item 28 of 651911Edinburgh Academy, dining hall block  EdinburghScotland 
Item 29 of 651911Edinburgh Academy, Main Hall  EdinburghScotlandInternal alterations - addition of columns in hall
Item 30 of 651911Fettes College, new sanatorium  EdinburghScotland 
Item 31 of 651912Keir HouseDunblane PerthshireScotlandChapel (mosaics by Boris Anrep)
Item 32 of 651912St George's School for Girls  EdinburghScotland 
Item 33 of 651912St Michaels and All Angels Episcopal Church HallHelensburgh DunbartonshireScotlandNew hall
Item 34 of 651913McNeil House, Kinellan Road  EdinburghScotland 
Item 35 of 651913University College, Engineering and Physics buildings  DundeeScotlandHarris Building (Engineering laboratory)
Item 36 of 651914Broomhill House  Inverness-shireScotland 
Item 37 of 65191531 and 33 WestgateNorth Berwick East LothianScotlandAdditions
Item 38 of 651915St Michaels and All Angels Episcopal ChurchHelensburgh DunbartonshireScotlandWooden porch - Balfour supervised installation
Item 39 of 651919SS Ascania, ship interior     
Item 40 of 651919SS Ausonia, ship interior     
Item 41 of 651919University of Edinburgh, King's Buildings, Chemistry Building  EdinburghScotland 
Item 42 of 65After 1919Grey HouseMurrayfield EdinburghScotlandSurvey of and alterations to house; garage; garden buildings
Item 43 of 651920sNorthfieldColinton EdinburghScotlandAlterations? (Plans including electrics, lighting and gas points.)
Item 44 of 651920War MemorialLoanhead MidlothianScotland 
Item 45 of 65c. 1920Kilellan (or Killellan) Old ManseKirkton Farm (near) RenfrewshireScotlandExtensive restoration
Item 46 of 65c. 1920Ladies Caledonian Club, Charlotte Square  EdinburghScotlandAlterations
Item 47 of 65c. 1920Scottish Rugby Union War memorial   Scotland 
Item 48 of 651923Culross Abbey ChurchCulross FifeScotlandAlterations to pulpit - Paul responsible
Item 49 of 651923Rankine House  EdinburghScotland 
Item 50 of 6519267 Charlotte Square  EdinburghScotlandAlterations
Item 51 of 651926Bowland HouseWhitehill MidlothianScotlandFurther extensions to east
Item 52 of 651926Cakemuir CastleCrichton MidlothianScotlandModernisation
Item 53 of 651927Wester Finlarig and lodgeDulnain Bridge Inverness-shireScotland 
Item 54 of 65192822 Kinnear Road  EdinburghScotland 
Item 55 of 651928Fettes College, Kimmerghame House  EdinburghScotland 
Item 56 of 651929Murrayfield Parish ChurchMurrayfield EdinburghScotlandNorth transept and chancel completed to Crawford's design but with addition of organ chamber
Item 57 of 651929Saltoun Hall  East LothianScotlandAlterations - new dining room
Item 58 of 651930St Margaret'sGullane East LothianScotlandAlterations and additions
Item 59 of 651930St Michaels and All Angels Episcopal ChurchHelensburgh DunbartonshireScotlandHeightening of tower
Item 60 of 651931Eigg Lodge EiggInverness-shireScotlandRebuilding after fire
Item 61 of 651932Mayfield Free ChurchMayfield EdinburghScotlandPulpit
Item 62 of 651934Church of Scotland, Chalmers Street  EdinburghScotland 
Item 63 of 651934Deaconess Hospital  EdinburghScotlandReconstruction, addition of a floor to the original block, and Lord Sands Memorial Wing
Item 64 of 651934Dumfries HouseCumnock (near) AyrshireScotlandChapel dismantled and space in basement converted to library and on first floor into dining room
Item 65 of 65Before 1934(?)Cowan House  EdinburghScotlandAlterations - exact date unknown, may have been done under the name of Rowand Anderson Paul & Partners


Currently, there are no references for this architectural practice. The information has been derived from: the British Architectural Library / RIBA Directory of British Architects 1834-1914; Post Office Directories; and/or any sources listed under this individual's works.