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Basic Site Details

Name: St Giles Cathedral
City or county: Edinburgh
Country: Scotland
Parish:  
Status: A listed
Grid ref:
Notes: CHECK Builder refs.

Alternative Names

The following alternative names are associated with this building/design:
 NameCurrent name?Notes
Item 1 of 2St Giles High Kirk  
Item 2 of 2St Giles Kirk  

Building Type Classification

The building is classified under the following categories:
 ClassificationOriginal classification?Notes
Item 1 of 1Cathedral  

Street Addresses

The following street addresses are associated with this building:
 AddressMain entrance?Notes
Item 1 of 1High StreetYes 

Events

The following date-based events are associated with this building:
 FromToEvent typeNotes
Item 1 of 2817961797Alterations and additions 
Item 2 of 281821 Plans drawn up 
Item 3 of 2818291833ReconstructionReconstruction of exterior
Item 4 of 281842  Refitting of the nave as St Giles West Parish Church
Item 5 of 281867  Original sketch scheme for restoration
Item 6 of 281868  First proposals for restoration including improvements to the choir 'as proposed by the Lord Provost'
Item 7 of 2818711874 Restoration of choir
Item 8 of 2823 March 1874 OpenedReopened after restoration
Item 9 of 2825 April 1874  Restoration of choir completed
Item 10 of 281878  Restoration of south transept
Item 11 of 281881  Restoration of nave and north transept. James Craig's work removed.
Item 12 of 281883  Vestry, session house west door, north door and screen in north transept.
Item 13 of 281884  Royal pew
Item 14 of 281889  Memorial chapel to Dr Chambers
Item 15 of 2818891891 Tracery in window of St John's Chapel
Item 16 of 281891  Ladies' vestry in choir
Item 17 of 28After 1900Before 1911 Organ case
Item 18 of 28c. 1907c. 1910 Pendulum room in tower altered
Item 19 of 281910  Communion table (altered and removed to War Memorial Chapel in Albany Aisle)
Item 20 of 28c. 1927c. 1930 Alterations to vestries etc
Item 21 of 28November 1930March 1931 Screen, minister's chair and kneeler for Moray Aisle
Item 22 of 281935  Elders' chairs
Item 23 of 2819391940 New organ case
Item 24 of 281940 Build/constructionOpen screens and ceiling in vestibule
Item 25 of 281946 Alterations and additionsWar memorial chapel furnishings and extensive alterations to sanctuary for State service at which HM the Queen received the Crown of Scotland
Item 26 of 2819771980Restoration 
Item 27 of 2819811982Build/constructionStone staircase at end of S aisle
Item 28 of 2819841989RestorationGeneral restoration and re-ordering of interior, including new central holy table and pews.

People

Design and Construction

The following individuals or organisations have carried out design/construction work. Where architects or practices worked together, matching letters appear beside their names in the Partnership Group column.
 NameRolePartnership GroupFromToNotes
Item 1 of 60James CraigArchitectZ1780 Refitting of High Church (i.e. choir) with Gothic pulpit, galleries etc.).
Item 2 of 60Robert BurnArchitect, MasonY17961797Alterations - mason work
Item 3 of 60John ChalmersArchitect, SurveyorO1821 Drew up plans and elevations.
Item 4 of 60William BurnArchitectX18291833Reconstruction of exterior
Item 5 of 60Thomas Brown IArchitect 1842 Refitting of the nave as St Giles West Parish Church
Item 6 of 60Robert MorhamArchitect 1867 Original sketch scheme for restoration
Item 7 of 60H M Office of Works (later Ministry of Works, Department of the Environment and Property Services Agency)Architectural practiceB1868 First proposals for restoration including improvements to the choir 'as proposed by the Lord Provost' (with Matheson as architect for Scotland in the Office of Works)
Item 8 of 60Robert MathesonArchitectB1868 First proposals for restoration including improvements to the choir 'as proposed by the Lord Provost' (Matheson as architect for Scotland in the Office of Works)
Item 9 of 60William HayArchitect 18711874Restoration of choir (included designs of statuettes on reredos)
Item 10 of 60George HendersonArchitectC1878 Restoration of south transept
Item 11 of 60Hay & HendersonArchitectural practiceC1878 Restoration of south transept
Item 12 of 60William HayArchitectC1878 Restoration of south transept
Item 13 of 60George HendersonArchitectD1881 Restoration of nave and north transept. .
Item 14 of 60Hay & HendersonArchitectural practiceD1881 Restoration of nave and north transept.
Item 15 of 60William HayArchitectD1881 Restoration of nave and north transept
Item 16 of 60George HendersonArchitectE1883 Vestry, session house, west door, north door, screen in north transept
Item 17 of 60Hay & HendersonArchitectural practiceE1883 Vestry, session house, west door, north door, screen in north transept
Item 18 of 60William HayArchitectE1883 Vestry, session house, west door, north door, screen in north transept
Item 19 of 60George HendersonArchitectF1884 Royal Pew
Item 20 of 60Hay & HendersonArchitectural practiceF1884 Royal Pew
Item 21 of 60William HayArchitectF1884 Royal Pew
Item 22 of 60David MacGibbonArchitectG1889 Memorial chapel to Dr Chambers
Item 23 of 60MacGibbon & RossArchitectural practiceG1889 Memorial chapel to Dr Chambers
Item 24 of 60Thomas RossArchitectG1889 Memorial chapel to Dr Chambers
Item 25 of 60David MacGibbonArchitectH18891891Tracery in window of St John's Chapel
Item 26 of 60MacGibbon & RossArchitectural practiceH18891891Tracery in window of St John's Chapel
Item 27 of 60Thomas RossArchitectH18891891Tracery in window of St John's Chapel
Item 28 of 60David MacGibbonArchitectI1891 Ladies' vestry in choir
Item 29 of 60MacGibbon & RossArchitectural practiceI1891 Ladies' vestry in choir
Item 30 of 60Thomas RossArchitectI1891 Ladies' vestry in choir
Item 31 of 60Joseph Marr JohnstonArchitect After 1900Before 1911Organ case
Item 32 of 60(Sir) Robert Stodart LorimerArchitectJc. 1907c. 1912Pendulum room in tower
Item 33 of 60(Sir) Robert Stodart LorimerArchitectK1910  
Item 34 of 60(Sir) Robert Stodart LorimerArchitectLc. 1912c. 1930Furniture, screen etc. for Albany Aisle and Chambers Aisle
Item 35 of 60(Sir) Robert Stodart LorimerArchitectMc. 19271929New vestries - apparently finished posthumously
Item 36 of 60John Fraser MatthewArchitectMc. 1927c. 1931New vestries
Item 37 of 60Lorimer & MatthewArchitectural practiceMc. 1927c. 1931New vestries
Item 38 of 60Lorimer & MatthewArchitectural practiceL1929c. 1930Furniture, screen etc. for Albany Aisle and Chambers Aisle
Item 39 of 60John Fraser MatthewArchitectNNovember 1930March 1931Sir John Findlay Memorial Screen, Dean's Chair/minister's chair, and kneeler for Moray Aisle
Item 40 of 60Lorimer & MatthewArchitectural practiceNNovember 1930March 1931Sir John Findlay Memorial Screen, Dean's Chair/minister's chair, and kneeler for Moray Aisle
Item 41 of 60Reginald Francis Joseph FairlieArchitect 1935 Elders' chairs
Item 42 of 60Alexander Esmé Gordon (or Esmé Gordon)ArchitectO19391940New organ case
Item 43 of 60James RobertsonArchitectO19391940New organ case
Item 44 of 60Robertson & GordonArchitectural practiceO19391940New organ case
Item 45 of 60Alexander Esmé Gordon (or Esmé Gordon)ArchitectU1940 Open screens and ceiling in vestibule
Item 46 of 60Alexander Esmé Gordon (or Esmé Gordon)ArchitectW1946 War memorial chapel furnishings and extensive alterations to sanctuary for State service at which HM the Queen received the Crown of Scotland
Item 47 of 60Gordon & DeyArchitectural practiceW1946 War memorial chapel furnishings and extensive alterations to sanctuary for State service at which HM the Queen received the Crown of Scotland
Item 48 of 60William Gordon DeyArchitectW1946 War memorial chapel furnishings and extensive alterations to sanctuary for State service at which HM the Queen received the Crown of Scotland
Item 49 of 60Andrew Stewart BrownArchitect, SurveyorA19771980Restoration
Item 50 of 60James Walter Thorburn Simpson A19771980Restoration
Item 51 of 60Simpson & BrownArchitectural practiceA19771980Restoration
Item 52 of 60Andrew Stewart BrownArchitect, SurveyorT19811982Stone staircase at end of S aisle
Item 53 of 60Bernard Feilden, Simpson & BrownArchitectural practiceT19811982Stone staircase at end of S aisle
Item 54 of 60Bernard Melchior Feilden (Sir)ArchitectT19811982Stone staircase at end of S aisle
Item 55 of 60James Walter Thorburn Simpson T19811982Stone staircase at end of S aisle
Item 56 of 60Simpson & BrownArchitectural practiceA19841989General restoration and re-ordering of interior, including new central holy table and pews.
Item 57 of 60Andrew Stewart BrownArchitect, SurveyorS19841989General restoration and re-ordering of interior, including new central holy table and pews.
Item 58 of 60Bernard Feilden, Simpson & BrownArchitectural practiceS1984 General restoration and re-ordering of interior
Item 59 of 60Bernard Melchior Feilden (Sir)ArchitectS19841989General restoration and re-ordering of interior. As consultant?
Item 60 of 60James Walter Thorburn Simpson S19841989General restoration and re-ordering of interior, including new central holy table and pews.

Clients

The following individuals or organisations have commissioned work on this building/design:
 NameNotes
Item 1 of 1Chambers, Lord Provost WilliamClient for original 1867 restoration scheme

Related Buildings, Structures and Designs

Child Structures

This structure or site has the following component or child structures (click on an item to view details):
 Building NameNotes
Item 1 of 27St Giles Cathedral, 5th Battalion Royal Scots First World War MemorialWith C d'O Pilkington Jackson, sculptor. B of S attributes the executed memorial to F C Mears, but drawings by Lorimer exist in the Lorimer Collection; several architects may have been asked to submit designs.
Item 2 of 27St Giles Cathedral, 94th (City of Edinburgh) HAA Regiment 2nd World War memorial 
Item 3 of 27St Giles Cathedral, Albany Chapel, memorial to the 416th Field Company of Royal EngineersSculptor Mr Fanindra Rose and enamels by Miss Kirkwood.
Item 4 of 27St Giles Cathedral, Archibald Marquess of Argyle Monument 
Item 5 of 27St Giles Cathedral, Chapel of the Order of the ThistleFinal cost: £25,735 2 9 - which exceeded the sum of £22,000 provided for the building and the £2,000 for the endowment.

1920s stonework by A Colville & Co.

East window by Douglas Strachan.

Seven windows by Louis Davis, with tracery lights by Karl Parsons.
Item 6 of 27St Giles Cathedral, Dempster Memorial 
Item 7 of 27St Giles Cathedral, Finlay Memorial 
Item 8 of 27St Giles Cathedral, General Sir John Ewart Memorial 
Item 9 of 27St Giles Cathedral, Lord Justice General Inglis Memorial 
Item 10 of 27St Giles Cathedral, Marquess of Montrose Monument 
Item 11 of 27St Giles Cathedral, Memorial to Alastair Hunter MacFarlaneNow in storage
Item 12 of 27St Giles Cathedral, Memorial to the 15th Royal Scots Battalion 
Item 13 of 27St Giles Cathedral, Memorial to the 17th Royal Scots Battalion 
Item 14 of 27St Giles Cathedral, Monument to ChalmersThis may refer to the monument to Thomas Chambers - tablet with portrait by Pilkington Jackson.
Item 15 of 27St Giles Cathedral, Monument to George Lorimer 
Item 16 of 27St Giles Cathedral, Monument to John Stuart BlackieStone panel with portrait, in south aisle.
Item 17 of 27St Giles Cathedral, Monument to Rev Robert Nisbet 
Item 18 of 27St Giles Cathedral, Ogilvie Memorial 
Item 19 of 27St Giles Cathedral, organ 
Item 20 of 27St Giles Cathedral, R S Lorimer MemorialRobert Blackwood surveyor worked in conjunction with Railton.
Item 21 of 27St Giles Cathedral, Royal Army Medical Corps Memorial 
Item 22 of 27St Giles Cathedral, Royal Scots Boer MemorialMemorial is signed.
Item 23 of 27St Giles Cathedral, Royal Scots Ist World War MemorialWith Pilkington Jackson, sculptor. Memorial for 4th and 16th Royal Scots
Item 24 of 27St Giles Cathedral, Scottish Ministers War Memorial 
Item 25 of 27St Giles Cathedral, screen and reredosIn south aisle of nave. Later removed to north side of crossing. Now in RMS
Item 26 of 27St Giles Cathedral, Shrine of Youth 
Item 27 of 27St Giles Cathedral, War Memorial to 6th Royal Scots 

References

Bibliographic References

The following books contain references to this building:
 Author(s)DateTitlePartPublisherNotes
Item 1 of 12Colvin, Howard2008A Biographical Dictionary of British Architects 1600-1840 London: YUP. 4th edition 
Item 2 of 12Cruft, K and Fraser, A (ed)1995James Craig 1744-1795  p110-112
Item 3 of 12Gifford, John, McWilliam, Colin and Walker, David M1984Edinburgh (The Buildings of Scotland) Harmondsworth: Penguin Books Ltdpp106-116
Item 4 of 12Glendinning, M, MacInnes, R and MacKechnie, A1996A History of Scottish Architecture  p595
Item 5 of 12History of the King's Works    v6 p254
Item 6 of 12Lees, J Cameron1889St Giles' Edinburgh  p402
Item 7 of 12Nuttgens, Patrick1959Reginald Fairlie 1883-1952: A Scottish Architect Edinburgh: Oliver & Boydp47
Item 8 of 12RSA1868   160 (for 1868 proposed work)
Item 9 of 12RSA1880   976
Item 10 of 12RSA1883   995
Item 11 of 12RSA1940   56 (organ case)
Item 12 of 12Simpson & Brown2012Simpson & Brown Architects:Thirty-five years in practice 1977-2012   

Periodical References

The following periodicals contain references to this building:
 Periodical NameDateEditionPublisherNotes
Item 1 of 10British Architect1891  Check date
Item 2 of 10Builder29 March 1873XXXI p250
Item 3 of 10Builder25 April 1874XXXII p350
Item 4 of 10Builder30 May 1874XXXII p455 CHECK
Item 5 of 10Builder22 February 1879XXXVII p211
Item 6 of 10BuilderLate 1880XXXIX p34 CHECK
Item 7 of 10Builder1890LVIII or LIX Check date
Item 8 of 10Builder5 August 1893LXV  
Item 9 of 10Building News1889  Check date
Item 10 of 10Peterhead SentinelBetween 1 June 1888 and 8   

Archive References

The following archives hold material relating to this building:
 SourceArchive nameSource catalogue no.Notes
Item 1 of 10Historic ScotlandListed Buildings Register27381 
Item 2 of 10National Archives of Scotland (formerly SRO)Register House Plans No numbers given in HS List. Plans of 1871 by William Hay
Item 3 of 10National Archives of Scotland (formerly SRO)Register House PlansRHP 6512/8-12 
Item 4 of 10National Library of ScotlandManuscript CollectionMS 502Earlier scehem for Craig work on St Giles (1777)
Item 5 of 10National Monuments Record of Scotland/NMRS, RCAHMSDrawings Collection Organ case for new organ by Henry Willis, designed by Esme Gordon. Now destroyed. Wooden model survives in NMRS Acc No 1999/107
Item 6 of 10National Monuments Record of Scotland/NMRS, RCAHMSHay and Henderson Collection HH10/1 (north screen); HH1/39-40
Item 7 of 10National Monuments Record of Scotland/NMRS, RCAHMSLorimer and Matthew Collection LOR E/114/1, LOR E/116, LOR E/353, LOR E/362
Item 8 of 10National Monuments Record of Scotland/NMRS, RCAHMSNMRS Architects Index  
Item 9 of 10Public Record OfficeOffice of Works RecordsMPD 193 
Item 10 of 10RIBA Archive, Victoria & Albert MuseumRIBA Nomination Papers Joseph Marr Johnston: L v18 no1372; John Fraser Matthew: L no3904 (box 18) & F no2945 (box 14); Alexander Esme Gordon: F no 5129 (Combined Box 58)