Basic Site Details

Name: St Giles Cathedral
City or county: Edinburgh
Country: Scotland
Parish:  
Status: A listed
Grid ref:
Notes: CHECK Builder refs.

Alternative Names

The following alternative names are associated with this building/design:
 NameCurrent name?Notes
Item 1 of 2St Giles High Kirk  
Item 2 of 2St Giles Kirk  

Building Type Classification

The building is classified under the following categories:
 ClassificationOriginal classification?Notes
Item 1 of 1Cathedral  

Street Addresses

The following street addresses are associated with this building:
 AddressMain entrance?Notes
Item 1 of 1High StreetYes 

Events

The following date-based events are associated with this building:
 FromToEvent typeNotes
Item 1 of 321648 RepairRepair of crown spire
Item 2 of 321777 ProposedFor alterations by Craig
Item 3 of 321780 Alterations and additionsCraig awarded contract for alterations including refitting of High Church (i.e. choir) with Gothic pulpit, galleries etc
Item 4 of 3217961797Alterations and additions 
Item 5 of 321818 Plans drawn upProposals to remove the shops along the south side of the Cathedral. Complete 'reparation' of the Cathedral proposed.
Item 6 of 321821 Plans drawn up 
Item 7 of 3218291833ReconstructionReconstruction of exterior
Item 8 of 321842  Refitting of the nave as St Giles West Parish Church
Item 9 of 321867  Original sketch scheme for restoration
Item 10 of 321868  First proposals for restoration including improvements to the choir 'as proposed by the Lord Provost'
Item 11 of 3218711874 Restoration of choir
Item 12 of 3223 March 1874 OpenedReopened after restoration
Item 13 of 3225 April 1874  Restoration of choir completed
Item 14 of 321878  Restoration of south transept
Item 15 of 321881  Restoration of nave and north transept. James Craig's work removed.
Item 16 of 321883  Vestry, session house west door, north door and screen in north transept.
Item 17 of 321884  Royal pew
Item 18 of 321889  Memorial chapel to Dr Chambers
Item 19 of 3218891891 Tracery in window of St John's Chapel
Item 20 of 321891  Ladies' vestry in choir
Item 21 of 32After 1900Before 1911 Organ case
Item 22 of 32c. 1907c. 1910 Pendulum room in tower altered
Item 23 of 321910  Communion table (altered and removed to War Memorial Chapel in Albany Aisle)
Item 24 of 32c. 1927c. 1930 Alterations to vestries etc
Item 25 of 32November 1930March 1931 Screen, minister's chair and kneeler for Moray Aisle
Item 26 of 321935  Elders' chairs
Item 27 of 3219391940 New organ case
Item 28 of 321940 Build/constructionOpen screens and ceiling in vestibule
Item 29 of 321946 Alterations and additionsWar memorial chapel furnishings and extensive alterations to sanctuary for State service at which HM the Queen received the Crown of Scotland
Item 30 of 3219771980Restoration 
Item 31 of 3219811982Build/constructionStone staircase at end of S aisle
Item 32 of 3219841989RestorationGeneral restoration and re-ordering of interior, including new central holy table and pews.

People

Design and Construction

The following individuals or organisations have carried out design/construction work. Where architects or practices worked together, matching letters appear beside their names in the Partnership Group column.
 NameRolePartnership GroupFromToNotes
Item 1 of 62John Mylne juniorArchitectA1648 Repair of crown spire
Item 2 of 62James CraigArchitectZ17771781Various proposed alterations in 1777 - not executed. However Craig given contract in 1780 for various works including refitting of High Church (i.e. choir) with Gothic pulpit, galleries etc.).
Item 3 of 62Robert BurnArchitect, MasonY17961797Alterations - mason work
Item 4 of 62Archibald ElliotArchitectK1818 Proposals to remove the shops along the south side of the Cathedral. Complete 'reparation' of the Cathedral proposed.
Item 5 of 62John ChalmersArchitect, SurveyorO1821 Drew up plans and elevations.
Item 6 of 62William BurnArchitectX18291833Reconstruction of exterior
Item 7 of 62Thomas Brown IArchitect 1842 Refitting of the nave as St Giles West Parish Church
Item 8 of 62Robert MorhamArchitect 1867 Original sketch scheme for restoration
Item 9 of 62H M Office of Works (later Ministry of Works, Department of the Environment and Property Services Agency)Architectural practiceB1868 First proposals for restoration including improvements to the choir 'as proposed by the Lord Provost' (with Matheson as architect for Scotland in the Office of Works)
Item 10 of 62Robert MathesonArchitectB1868 First proposals for restoration including improvements to the choir 'as proposed by the Lord Provost' (Matheson as architect for Scotland in the Office of Works)
Item 11 of 62William HayArchitect 18711874Restoration of choir (included designs of statuettes on reredos)
Item 12 of 62George HendersonArchitectC1878 Restoration of south transept
Item 13 of 62Hay & HendersonArchitectural practiceC1878 Restoration of south transept
Item 14 of 62William HayArchitectC1878 Restoration of south transept
Item 15 of 62George HendersonArchitectD1881 Restoration of nave and north transept. .
Item 16 of 62Hay & HendersonArchitectural practiceD1881 Restoration of nave and north transept.
Item 17 of 62William HayArchitectD1881 Restoration of nave and north transept
Item 18 of 62George HendersonArchitectE1883 Vestry, session house, west door, north door, screen in north transept
Item 19 of 62Hay & HendersonArchitectural practiceE1883 Vestry, session house, west door, north door, screen in north transept
Item 20 of 62William HayArchitectE1883 Vestry, session house, west door, north door, screen in north transept
Item 21 of 62George HendersonArchitectF1884 Royal Pew
Item 22 of 62Hay & HendersonArchitectural practiceF1884 Royal Pew
Item 23 of 62William HayArchitectF1884 Royal Pew
Item 24 of 62David MacGibbonArchitectG1889 Memorial chapel to Dr Chambers
Item 25 of 62MacGibbon & RossArchitectural practiceG1889 Memorial chapel to Dr Chambers
Item 26 of 62Thomas RossArchitectG1889 Memorial chapel to Dr Chambers
Item 27 of 62David MacGibbonArchitectH18891891Tracery in window of St John's Chapel
Item 28 of 62MacGibbon & RossArchitectural practiceH18891891Tracery in window of St John's Chapel
Item 29 of 62Thomas RossArchitectH18891891Tracery in window of St John's Chapel
Item 30 of 62David MacGibbonArchitectI1891 Ladies' vestry in choir
Item 31 of 62MacGibbon & RossArchitectural practiceI1891 Ladies' vestry in choir
Item 32 of 62Thomas RossArchitectI1891 Ladies' vestry in choir
Item 33 of 62Joseph Marr JohnstonArchitect After 1900Before 1911Organ case
Item 34 of 62(Sir) Robert Stodart LorimerArchitectJc. 1907c. 1912Pendulum room in tower
Item 35 of 62(Sir) Robert Stodart LorimerArchitectK1910  
Item 36 of 62(Sir) Robert Stodart LorimerArchitectLc. 1912c. 1930Furniture, screen etc. for Albany Aisle and Chambers Aisle
Item 37 of 62(Sir) Robert Stodart LorimerArchitectMc. 19271929New vestries - apparently finished posthumously
Item 38 of 62John Fraser MatthewArchitectMc. 1927c. 1931New vestries
Item 39 of 62Lorimer & MatthewArchitectural practiceMc. 1927c. 1931New vestries
Item 40 of 62Lorimer & MatthewArchitectural practiceL1929c. 1930Furniture, screen etc. for Albany Aisle and Chambers Aisle
Item 41 of 62John Fraser MatthewArchitectNNovember 1930March 1931Sir John Findlay Memorial Screen, Dean's Chair/minister's chair, and kneeler for Moray Aisle
Item 42 of 62Lorimer & MatthewArchitectural practiceNNovember 1930March 1931Sir John Findlay Memorial Screen, Dean's Chair/minister's chair, and kneeler for Moray Aisle
Item 43 of 62Reginald Francis Joseph FairlieArchitect 1935 Elders' chairs
Item 44 of 62Alexander Esmé Gordon (or Esmé Gordon)ArchitectO19391940New organ case
Item 45 of 62James RobertsonArchitectO19391940New organ case
Item 46 of 62Robertson & GordonArchitectural practiceO19391940New organ case
Item 47 of 62Alexander Esmé Gordon (or Esmé Gordon)ArchitectU1940 Open screens and ceiling in vestibule
Item 48 of 62Alexander Esmé Gordon (or Esmé Gordon)ArchitectW1946 War memorial chapel furnishings and extensive alterations to sanctuary for State service at which HM the Queen received the Crown of Scotland
Item 49 of 62Gordon & DeyArchitectural practiceW1946 War memorial chapel furnishings and extensive alterations to sanctuary for State service at which HM the Queen received the Crown of Scotland
Item 50 of 62William Gordon DeyArchitectW1946 War memorial chapel furnishings and extensive alterations to sanctuary for State service at which HM the Queen received the Crown of Scotland
Item 51 of 62Andrew Stewart BrownArchitect, SurveyorA19771980Restoration
Item 52 of 62James Walter Thorburn Simpson A19771980Restoration
Item 53 of 62Simpson & BrownArchitectural practiceA19771980Restoration
Item 54 of 62Andrew Stewart BrownArchitect, SurveyorT19811982Stone staircase at end of S aisle
Item 55 of 62Bernard Feilden, Simpson & BrownArchitectural practiceT19811982Stone staircase at end of S aisle
Item 56 of 62Bernard Melchior Feilden (Sir)ArchitectT19811982Stone staircase at end of S aisle
Item 57 of 62James Walter Thorburn Simpson T19811982Stone staircase at end of S aisle
Item 58 of 62Simpson & BrownArchitectural practiceA19841989General restoration and re-ordering of interior, including new central holy table and pews.
Item 59 of 62Andrew Stewart BrownArchitect, SurveyorS19841989General restoration and re-ordering of interior, including new central holy table and pews.
Item 60 of 62Bernard Feilden, Simpson & BrownArchitectural practiceS1984 General restoration and re-ordering of interior
Item 61 of 62Bernard Melchior Feilden (Sir)ArchitectS19841989General restoration and re-ordering of interior. As consultant?
Item 62 of 62James Walter Thorburn Simpson S19841989General restoration and re-ordering of interior, including new central holy table and pews.

Clients

The following individuals or organisations have commissioned work on this building/design:
 NameNotes
Item 1 of 1Chambers, Lord Provost WilliamClient for original 1867 restoration scheme

Related Buildings, Structures and Designs

Child Structures

This structure or site has the following component or child structures (click on an item to view details):
 Building NameNotes
Item 1 of 27St Giles Cathedral, 5th Battalion Royal Scots First World War MemorialWith C d'O Pilkington Jackson, sculptor. B of S attributes the executed memorial to F C Mears, but drawings by Lorimer exist in the Lorimer Collection; several architects may have been asked to submit designs.
Item 2 of 27St Giles Cathedral, 94th (City of Edinburgh) HAA Regiment 2nd World War memorial 
Item 3 of 27St Giles Cathedral, Albany Chapel, memorial to the 416th Field Company of Royal EngineersSculptor Mr Fanindra Rose and enamels by Miss Kirkwood.
Item 4 of 27St Giles Cathedral, Archibald Marquess of Argyle Monument 
Item 5 of 27St Giles Cathedral, Chapel of the Order of the ThistleFinal cost: £25,735 2 9 - which exceeded the sum of £22,000 provided for the building and the £2,000 for the endowment.

1920s stonework by A Colville & Co.

East window by Douglas Strachan.

Seven windows by Louis Davis, with tracery lights by Karl Parsons.
Item 6 of 27St Giles Cathedral, Dempster Memorial 
Item 7 of 27St Giles Cathedral, Finlay Memorial 
Item 8 of 27St Giles Cathedral, General Sir John Ewart Memorial 
Item 9 of 27St Giles Cathedral, Lord Justice General Inglis Memorial 
Item 10 of 27St Giles Cathedral, Marquess of Montrose Monument 
Item 11 of 27St Giles Cathedral, Memorial to Alastair Hunter MacFarlaneNow in storage
Item 12 of 27St Giles Cathedral, Memorial to the 15th Royal Scots Battalion 
Item 13 of 27St Giles Cathedral, Memorial to the 17th Royal Scots Battalion 
Item 14 of 27St Giles Cathedral, Monument to ChalmersThis may refer to the monument to Thomas Chambers - tablet with portrait by Pilkington Jackson.
Item 15 of 27St Giles Cathedral, Monument to George Lorimer 
Item 16 of 27St Giles Cathedral, Monument to John Stuart BlackieStone panel with portrait, in south aisle.
Item 17 of 27St Giles Cathedral, Monument to Rev Robert Nisbet 
Item 18 of 27St Giles Cathedral, Ogilvie Memorial 
Item 19 of 27St Giles Cathedral, organ 
Item 20 of 27St Giles Cathedral, R S Lorimer MemorialRobert Blackwood surveyor worked in conjunction with Railton.
Item 21 of 27St Giles Cathedral, Royal Army Medical Corps Memorial 
Item 22 of 27St Giles Cathedral, Royal Scots Boer MemorialMemorial is signed.
Item 23 of 27St Giles Cathedral, Royal Scots Ist World War MemorialWith Pilkington Jackson, sculptor. Memorial for 4th and 16th Royal Scots
Item 24 of 27St Giles Cathedral, Scottish Ministers War Memorial 
Item 25 of 27St Giles Cathedral, screen and reredosIn south aisle of nave. Later removed to north side of crossing. Now in RMS
Item 26 of 27St Giles Cathedral, Shrine of Youth 
Item 27 of 27St Giles Cathedral, War Memorial to 6th Royal Scots 

References

Bibliographic References

The following books contain references to this building:
 Author(s)DateTitlePartPublisherNotes
Item 1 of 13Colvin, Howard2008A Biographical Dictionary of British Architects 1600-1840 London: YUP. 4th edition 
Item 2 of 13Cruft, K and Fraser, A (ed)1995James Craig 1744-1795  p110-112. Gives full details of documents relating to Craig work.
Item 3 of 13Gifford, John, McWilliam, Colin and Walker, David M1984Edinburgh (The Buildings of Scotland) Harmondsworth: Penguin Books Ltdpp106-116
Item 4 of 13Glendinning, M, MacInnes, R and MacKechnie, A1996A History of Scottish Architecture  p595
Item 5 of 13History of the King's Works    v6 p254
Item 6 of 13Lees, J Cameron1889St Giles' Edinburgh  p402
Item 7 of 13Mylne, R S The Master Masons to the Crown of Scotland  p144
Item 8 of 13Nuttgens, Patrick1959Reginald Fairlie 1883-1952: A Scottish Architect Edinburgh: Oliver & Boydp47
Item 9 of 13RSA1868   160 (for 1868 proposed work)
Item 10 of 13RSA1880   976
Item 11 of 13RSA1883   995
Item 12 of 13RSA1940   56 (organ case)
Item 13 of 13Simpson & Brown2012Simpson & Brown Architects:Thirty-five years in practice 1977-2012   

Periodical References

The following periodicals contain references to this building:
 Periodical NameDateEditionPublisherNotes
Item 1 of 11British Architect1891  Check date
Item 2 of 11Builder29 March 1873XXXI p250
Item 3 of 11Builder25 April 1874XXXII p350
Item 4 of 11Builder30 May 1874XXXII p455 CHECK
Item 5 of 11Builder22 February 1879XXXVII p211
Item 6 of 11BuilderLate 1880XXXIX p34 CHECK
Item 7 of 11Builder1890LVIII or LIX Check date
Item 8 of 11Builder5 August 1893LXV  
Item 9 of 11Building News1889  Check date
Item 10 of 11Peterhead SentinelBetween 1 June 1888 and 8   
Item 11 of 11Scots Magazine1 September 1818   

Archive References

The following archives hold material relating to this building:
 SourceArchive nameSource catalogue no.Notes
Item 1 of 11Edinburgh City ArchivesEdinburgh Town Council Minutes1780/02/23For later scheme by Craig.
Item 2 of 11Historic ScotlandListed Buildings Register27381 
Item 3 of 11National Archives of Scotland (formerly SRO)Register House Plans No numbers given in HS List. Plans of 1871 by William Hay
Item 4 of 11National Archives of Scotland (formerly SRO)Register House PlansRHP 6512/8-12 
Item 5 of 11National Library of ScotlandManuscript CollectionMS 502, 1-8Earlier scheme for Craig work on St Giles (1777)
Item 6 of 11National Monuments Record of Scotland/NMRS, RCAHMSDrawings Collection Organ case for new organ by Henry Willis, designed by Esme Gordon. Now destroyed. Wooden model survives in NMRS Acc No 1999/107
Item 7 of 11National Monuments Record of Scotland/NMRS, RCAHMSHay and Henderson Collection HH10/1 (north screen); HH1/39-40
Item 8 of 11National Monuments Record of Scotland/NMRS, RCAHMSLorimer and Matthew Collection LOR E/114/1, LOR E/116, LOR E/353, LOR E/362
Item 9 of 11National Monuments Record of Scotland/NMRS, RCAHMSNMRS Architects Index  
Item 10 of 11Public Record OfficeOffice of Works RecordsMPD 193 
Item 11 of 11RIBA Archive, Victoria & Albert MuseumRIBA Nomination Papers Joseph Marr Johnston: L v18 no1372; John Fraser Matthew: L no3904 (box 18) & F no2945 (box 14); Alexander Esme Gordon: F no 5129 (Combined Box 58)