Basic Biographical Details

Name: John Wilson Paterson
Designation: Architect
Born: 1887
Died: 31 May 1969
Bio Notes: John Wilson Paterson was born in 1887, the son of William Paterson. He was educated at George Watson's College and articled to the brewery architect Peter Lyle Henderson from 1903 to 1907, during which period he attended Heriot-Watt College and Edinburgh College of Art. In 1908-09 he was assistant to Allan E L Clark (possibly of London) from whose office he obtained a place in the Office of Works, Edinburgh, in 1909, working under its principal architect and surveyor in Scotland William Thomas Oldrieve. In the following year (1910) his younger brother, William Paterson (born c.1889) also joined the office, the other assistants at that time being James Cumming Wynnes and Herbert Ryle, both of whom were considerably older. William Paterson had been articled in 1904 to the hotel specialist James Macintyre Henry, best known as the architect of Midlothian County Buildings, and had attended Leith Technical School and Edinburgh College of Art.

Both brothers sat the RIBA's qualifying exam. John passed in 1911 and was admitted ARIBA on 4 December of that year, his proposers being Oldrieve, Henry and John Watson of McArthy & Watson and previously an assistant in Rowand Anderson's office. William passed the qualifying exam in 1913 and won the Pugin studentship in the same year. Drawings of Seton Chapel, Hampton Court and Heckington Church Lincolnshire exhibited at the RSA in 1912 and 1914 appear to relate to that award. William was admitted ARIBA in 1914, his proposers being Henry, Watson and Oldrieve.

John Wilson Paterson survived the down-sizing of the Edinburgh Office of Works on Oldrieve's retirement; his involvement in the Holyrood Palace Works in 1910-1913 probably helped: Oldrieve's successor was Cecil John William Simpson, previously head of the Office's Far Eastern Division.

Wilson Paterson was appointed MBE in 1920 and in the same year he married Elizabeth Robertson Doig, daughter of Hercules Doig. He succeeded Simpson in 1922 and between that date and his retirement in 1943 he and his office were responsible for great numbers of refined post office and telephone exchange buildings which have never been catalogued. He was appointed MVO in 1926 and CVO in 1936, mainly for his work on the palace and at Edinburgh Castle.

John Wilson Paterson retired in 1943. After the Second World War he commenced private practice independently from his brother William. By about 1960 he was the senior partner in the practice Miller & Black, presumbly in charge of the Edinburgh branch. He would appear to have retained this position until about the time of his death.

William Paterson died c.1955; John Wilson Paterson on 31 May 1969.

Private and Business Addresses

The following private or business addresses are associated with this architect:
 AddressTypeDate fromDate toNotes
Item 1 of 66, Manor Place, Edinburgh(?)  here in 1959 per Builder
Item 2 of 6Verbena Villa, Sciennes Gardens, Edinburgh, ScotlandPrivate1911 *  
Item 3 of 641, St Alban's Road, Edinburgh, ScotlandPrivatec. 1920c. 1922 
Item 4 of 611, Abinger Gardens, Edinburgh, ScotlandPrivatec. 1923c. 1950 
Item 5 of 61, Murrayfield Drive, Edinburgh, ScotlandPrivate(?)1960 *  
Item 6 of 66, Melville Crescent, Edinburgh, ScotlandBusiness1964 *  

* earliest date known from documented sources.


Employment and Training

Employers

The following individuals or organisations employed or trained this architect (click on an item to view details):
 NameDate fromDate toPositionNotes
Item 1 of 5Peter Lyle Barclay Henderson19031907Apprentice 
Item 2 of 5Allan E L Clark19081909Assistant 
Item 3 of 5H M Office of Works (later Ministry of Works, Department of the Environment and Property Services Agency)19091922AssistantIn Edinburgh office
Item 4 of 5H M Office of Works (later Ministry of Works, Department of the Environment and Property Services Agency)19221943Chief ArchitectIn Edinburgh office
Item 5 of 5Miller & BlackBefore 1960 Partner 

Employees or Pupils

The following individuals were employed or trained by this architect (click on an item to view details):
 NameDate fromDate toPositionNotes
Item 1 of 4John HoustonAfter 1922Before 1943AssistantIn H M Office of Works, Edinburgh
Item 2 of 4John Watt19301931AssistantIn H M Office of Works, Edinburgh
Item 3 of 4George HayOctober 19331937AssistantIn H M Office of Works, Edinburgh
Item 4 of 4(Dr) Frederic ('Eric') Robert Stevenson August 1935August 1936AssistantIn H M Office of Works, Edinburgh

RIBA

RIBA Proposers

The following individuals proposed this architect for RIBA membership (click on an item to view details):
 NameDate proposedNotes
Item 1 of 3James Macintyre Henry4 December 1911for Associateship
Item 2 of 3William Thomas Oldrieve (sometimes William Thomas Oldgrieve)4 December 1911for Associateship
Item 3 of 3John Watson4 December 1911for Associateship

RIBA Proposals

This architect proposed the following individuals for RIBA membership (click on an item to view details):
 NameDate proposedNotes
Item 1 of 1John Stone Craig11 November 1947For Licentiateship

Buildings and Designs

This architect was involved with the following buildings or structures from the date specified (click on an item to view details):
 Date startedBuilding nameTown, district or villageIslandCity or countyCountryNotes
Item 1 of 841910Palace of Holyroodhouse  EdinburghScotlandInterior work (under supervision of W T Oldrieve), working as assistant in Office of Works (as architect for Scotland in Office of Works)
Item 2 of 84c. 1921War Memorial GatewayFortrose Ross and CromartyScotlandSketch design (provided sketch in private practice)
Item 3 of 841922Arbroath Abbey and abbey buildingsArbroath AngusScotlandGradual restoration of Abbot's House and Guesthouse range. With John Wilson Paterson as Chief Architect.
Item 4 of 841922St Oran's Chapel IonaArgyllScotlandConsolidation - as architect for Scotland in the Office of Works
Item 5 of 841923Jedburgh AbbeyJedburgh RoxburghshireScotlandRestoration
Item 6 of 841923Telephone Exchange  EdinburghScotlandAs architect for Scotland, in H M Office of Works
Item 7 of 841924Inchcolm AbbeyInchcolm FifeScotlandProposed restoration and repairs
Item 8 of 841924Morningside Telephone ExchangeMorningside EdinburghScotlandPaterson as architect for Scotland
Item 9 of 841924National Library of Scotland  EdinburghScotlandUnexecuted scheme for new building - as architect for Scotland in H M Office of Works
Item 10 of 841924Scottish Office buildingsCalton Hill EdinburghScotlandOutline scheme drawn up (unexecuted) - as architect for Scotland in H M Office of Works
Item 11 of 841925Saughton Prison  EdinburghScotlandAs architect for Scotland
Item 12 of 841926Post OfficeJedburgh RoxburghshireScotlandArchitect responsible is not known, but Paterson was in charge of H M Office of Works at this time.
Item 13 of 841927Leven and Methil Employment ExchangeLeven FifeScotlandAs Chief Architect in H M Office of Works
Item 14 of 841927Oronsay Priory OronsayArgyllScotlandRepairs as architect for Scotland in the Office of Works
Item 15 of 841927Palace of Holyroodhouse  EdinburghScotlandPanelling and ceiling in Throne Room (as architect for Scotland in Office of Works)
Item 16 of 841927Unemployment Benefit OfficeLeith EdinburghScotlandPaterson as architect for Scotland in H M Office of Works
Item 17 of 841928Edinburgh Castle, United Services Museum  EdinburghScotlandInterior remodelled (as architect for Scotland in the Office of Works)
Item 18 of 841928Old Glencairn Parish ChurchKirkland DumfriesshireScotlandProposals for reconstruction in vestry of parish church - not executed. [This information is not contained in Gifford but must be from D M Walker].
Item 19 of 841928Queen Mary's HouseJedburgh RoxburghshireScotlandPreservation and restoration (Paterson as architect for Scotland)
Item 20 of 841928Telephone Exchange  GlasgowScotlandPaterson as architect for scotland in HM Offfice of Works
Item 21 of 841929Auld Brig o' DoonAlloway AyrshireScotlandRepaired and re-surfaced bridge.
Item 22 of 841929Post officeTroon AyrshireScotlandAs chief architect with HM Office of Works
Item 23 of 841929Scottish Office buildingsCalton Hill EdinburghScotlandScheme I (unexecuted) - as architect for Scotland in H M Office of Works, in collaboration with A J Pitcher and Sir Richard Allison
Item 24 of 841929St Drostan's Parish ChurchMarkinch FifeScotlandRepairs to steeple and tower- as Chief Architect?
Item 25 of 841930sViewforth HouseStirling StirlingshireScotlandRear wing - with Paterson as architect for Scotland
Item 26 of 841930Employment Exchange  GlasgowScotlandAs architect for Scotland
Item 27 of 841930Scottish Office buildingsCalton Hill EdinburghScotlandScheme II (unexecuted), including sheriff court
Item 28 of 841930Telephone ExchangeColinton EdinburghScotlandAs chief architect in HM Office of Works
Item 29 of 84c. 1930Carstairs PrisonCarstairs LanarkshireScotlandAs architect for Scotland
Item 30 of 84c. 1930Palace of Holyroodhouse  EdinburghScotlandEvening Drawing Room and King's Wardrobe, panelling (as architect for Scotland in Office of Works)
Item 31 of 841931Inchcolm AbbeyInchcolm FifeScotlandWeather vane on chapter house added - with Paterson as architect for Scotland in thr Office of Works
Item 32 of 841931John Rennie MemorialEast Linton East LothianScotland 
Item 33 of 841931New Abbey, Sarcophagus Monument to Devorgilla  KirkcudbrightshireScotland 
Item 34 of 841933Crombie Castle  AberdeenshireScotlandDrew up plans for reinstating dormerheads and turrets - but partial restoration by another architect
Item 35 of 841933Princes Street  EdinburghScotland 
Item 36 of 841934Dunfermline AbbeyDunfermline FifeScotlandImprovements on Durie Bay (Nave)- as consultant to Shearer and architect of the Office of Works
Item 37 of 841934Edinburgh Industrial Museum  EdinburghScotlandBrighton Street extension (as architect for Scotland)
Item 38 of 841934Post OfficeOban ArgyllScotlandAs architect for Scotland in HM Office of Works
Item 39 of 841934Sheriff Courthouse  EdinburghScotlandIn conjunction with A J Pitcher of the London Office of Works (as architect for Scotland)
Item 40 of 841935Abbey Strand buildings  EdinburghScotlandRestoration (as architect for Scotland in Office of Works)
Item 41 of 841935Employment ExchangeDunfermline FifeScotlandPaterson as architect for Scotland in HM Office of Works
Item 42 of 841935Greyfriars ConventInverkeithing FifeScotlandAs chief architect in the Office of Works
Item 43 of 841935Labour Exchange  DundeeScotlandRear wing added - as Chief Architect with the Office of Works
Item 44 of 841935Post OfficeLangholm DumfriesshireScotlandAs architect for Scotland in H M Office of Works
Item 45 of 841936Employment ExchangeStornowayLewisRoss and CromartyScotlandAs architect for Scotland
Item 46 of 841936Melrose Abbey, Commendator's HouseMelrose RoxburghshireScotlandRestoration - J Wilson Paterson and/or J Smith Richardson responsible (sources vary)
Item 47 of 841936Post OfficeMethil FifeScotlandAs Chief Architect in H M Offive of Works
Item 48 of 841936Postal and Engineering Garage  GlasgowScotlandAs architect for Scotland in H M Office of Works
Item 49 of 841936Telephone ExchangeNewport-on-Tay FifeScotlandAs Chief Architect in HM Office of Works
Item 50 of 841937Argyllshire Telephone ExchangeInveraray ArgyllScotlandAs architect to HMOW.
Item 51 of 841937Cranstonhill Labour Exchange  GlasgowScotlandAs architect for Scotland in HM Office of Works
Item 52 of 841937Douglas Telephone Exchange  GlasgowScotland3 bays added - as Architect for Scotland in H M Office of Works
Item 53 of 841937Eileach an Naoimh Monastery, beehive cells Eilean an Naoimh, GarvellachsArgyllScotlandConsolidation work - as architect in charge of the Office of Works
Item 54 of 841937Employment ExchangeForfar AngusScotlandAs Chief Architects with HM Office of Works
Item 55 of 841937Post OfficeLochgelly FifeScotlandAs chief architect in Office of Works
Item 56 of 841937Telephone ExchangeBuckhaven and Methil FifeScotlandAs Chief Architect in H M Office of Works
Item 57 of 841937Telephone Exchange, High StreetCowdenbeath FifeScotlandAs Architect for Scotland in H M Office of Works
Item 58 of 841937Telephone ExchnageGovanhill GlasgowScotland 
Item 59 of 841937Telephone House  GlasgowScotlandAs Architect for Scotland in H M Office of Works
Item 60 of 841938Dunfermline Post OfficeDunfermline FifeScotlandAddition of garage
Item 61 of 841938Employment ExchangeSelkirk SelkirkshireScotlandAs Architect for Scotland in H M Office of Works
Item 62 of 841938Post officeStevenston AyrshireScotlandAs architect with HM Office of Works
Item 63 of 841938Telephone ExchangeOban ArgyllScotlandWith H M Office of Works
Item 64 of 841938Telephone ExchangeSelkirk SelkirkshireScotlandAs Architect for Scotland in H M Office of Works
Item 65 of 841938Telephone ExchangeTayport FifeScotlandAs Chief Architect in HM Office of Works
Item 66 of 841939Edinburgh Castle, St Margaret's Chapel  EdinburghScotlandRestoration. J Wilson Paterson in charge of H M Office of Works (including timber studded door in round arched openong)
Item 67 of 841939Omoa Combination PoorhouseCleland LanarkshireScotland 
Item 68 of 841940Glasgow Pollok Automatic Telephone Exchange  GlasgowScotlandAs Chief Architect in HM Office of Works
Item 69 of 841940National Library of Scotland  EdinburghScotlandFurther involvement?
Item 70 of 841940Royal Air Force StationLeuchars FifeScotlandLarge extensions
Item 71 of 841942Broughty Castle  DundeeScotlandAt SE corner of tower house addition of brick built defence post - as chief architect with HM Office of Works
Item 72 of 841947Hinchelwoods, Glenpark Road  GlasgowScotlandAssumed sole partner
Alterations and additions
Item 73 of 841948Redhall, Parkhhouse RoadBarrhead RenfrewshireScotlandAlterations and additions
Item 74 of 841956Murrayfield Parish Church Hall  EdinburghScotlandPaterson in private practice
Item 75 of 841956Panmure House, Little Lochend Close  EdinburghScotlandRestoration - in private practice?
Item 76 of 841956Scottish National Zoological Park, Children's FarmCorstorphine EdinburghScotlandPaterson in private practice
Item 77 of 841958Riddle's Court and Close, 322-328 Lawnmarket and 5-6 Victoria Terrace  EdinburghScotlandRestoration as flats - Wilson in private practice
Item 78 of 841959Swanston VillageSwanston EdinburghScotlandPaterson in private practice - restoration
Item 79 of 8413 February 1959Police (Lothians and Peebles Joint Police) Headquarters  Edinburgh, MidlothianScotlandper Builder p345
Item 80 of 8426 February 1960Midlothian County Council Buildings, Lawnmarket and Melbourne Place  Edinburgh, MidlothianScotlandassessor of competition per Builder p403
Item 81 of 84c. 1962St Mary's ChurchHaddington East LothianScotlandJ Wilson Paterson in private practice. First scheme for restoration of choir transepts and central tower; commission passed to I G Lindsay & Partners after his death
Item 82 of 841964Riddle's Court and Close, 322-328 Lawnmarket and 5-6 Victoria Terrace  EdinburghScotlandReconstruction as education rooms for Edinburgh Corporation - Wilson in private practice
Item 83 of 84Late 1960sMulti-storey housingAlbion GlasgowScotlandPerhaps involved?
Item 84 of 84Late 1960sWorkshop for W & T AveryDunfermline FifeScotlandMay be involved if before 1969.

References

Bibliographic References

The following books contain references to this architect:
 Author(s)DateTitlePartPublisherNotes
Item 1 of 9British Architectural Library, RIBA2001Directory of British Architects 1834-1914   
Item 2 of 9Municipal Annual1964Scottish Municipal Annual1964-1965  
Item 3 of 9Post Office Directories     
Item 4 of 9Pride, Glen L1999The Kingdom of Fife2nd EditionThe Rutland Pressp36
Item 5 of 9RIBA1939The RIBA Kalendar 1939-1940 London: Royal Institute of British Architects 
Item 6 of 9RIBA1968Directory 1968-1969   
Item 7 of 9RIBA1970RIBA Directory 1970   
Item 8 of 9Scottish Biographies1938  E J Thurston (pub.) 
Item 9 of 9Who's Who in Architecture1914    

Periodical References

The following periodicals contain references to this architect:
 Periodical NameDateEditionPublisherNotes
Item 1 of 3Builder13 February 1959  p345
Item 2 of 3Building13 June 1969v216 pp24 & 89 - obituary
Item 3 of 3Scotsman2 June 1969  Obituary

Archive References

The following archives hold material relating to this architect:
 SourceArchive NameSource Catalogue No.Notes
Item 1 of 2Professor David M Walker personal archiveProfessor David M Walker, notes and collection of archive material Personal information from George Hay and W T Johnston
Item 2 of 2RIBA Archive, Victoria & Albert MuseumRIBA Nomination Papers A v20 no2239 (microfilm reel 21)