© All rights reserved. Edinburgh and the Lothians at the opening of the twentieth century / by A. Eddington. Contemporary biographies / edited by W.T. Pike 

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Basic Biographical Details

Name: Peter Lyle Barclay Henderson
Designation: Architect, Engineer
Born: 1848
Died: 2 June 1912
Bio Notes: Peter Lyle Barclay Henderson was born in Edinburgh in 1848, son of Barclay Henderson and Mary Lyle. His father was engineer of the Edinburgh Gas Light Company's Works and his parentage probably determined the predominantly industrial nature of his practice. He was educated at Moray House and by private tuition, and in 1863 he was articled to Charles Leadbetter and James W Smith who were civil engineers as well as architects, concurrently studying at Edinburgh School of Art. He commenced independent practice at Oxford Street, Edinburgh in 1873 (according to his nomination papers: Pike gives 1881) and in 1875 married Helen Smart, daughter of James Aikman. He was admitted FRIBA on 3 December 1906, his proposers being Hippolyte Jean Blanc, also a brewer's architect, James Macintyre Henry, and Colin B Cownie, the then secretary of the Edinburgh Architectural Association.

Henderson was essentially a brewer's and licensed trade architect with fourteen major clients in that field, but some of his work, particularly Mackay's St Leonard's Brewery, had considerable merit. He took an active part in public life: he was for three years moderator of Edinburgh High Constables and was a member of the Merchant Company, but failed to secure election to the Town Council in 1890. He was 'well known in Masonic circles, having attained to the 31st Degree of Scottish Masonry and been for three years Right Worshipful Master of the Lodge of Edinburgh'.

Henderson died at Colinton on 2 June 1912. His wife had predeceased him; he was survived by a son and four daughters.

Private and Business Addresses

The following private or business addresses are associated with this architect, engineer:
 AddressTypeDate fromDate toNotes
Item 1 of 854, Frederick Street, Edinburgh, ScotlandBusiness   
Item 2 of 821, Oxford Street, Edinburgh, ScotlandBusiness(?)c. 1876  
Item 3 of 84, Park Street, Edinburgh, ScotlandBusinessc. 1877c. 1878 
Item 4 of 815, Archibald Place, Edinburgh, ScotlandBusinessc. 1880c. 1882 
Item 5 of 8122, George Street, Edinburgh, ScotlandBusinessc. 1883c. 1912 
Item 6 of 815, Archibald Place, Edinburgh, ScotlandPrivatec. 1889  
Item 7 of 85, Suffolk Road, Edinburgh, ScotlandPrivatec. 1903c. 1908 
Item 8 of 81, Woodhall Terrace, Juniper Greeen, Edinburgh, ScotlandPrivatec. 1909 From this date onwards

Employment and Training


The following individuals or organisations employed or trained this architect, engineer (click on an item to view details):
 NameDate fromDate toPositionNotes
Item 1 of 1Leadbetter & Smith1863 Apprentice 

Employees or Pupils

The following individuals were employed or trained by this architect, engineer (click on an item to view details):
 NameDate fromDate toPositionNotes
Item 1 of 4Alexander Lorne CampbellNovember 1886c. November 1890Apprentice 
Item 2 of 4Alexander Lorne Campbellc. November 1890c. May 1891Draughtsman 
Item 3 of 4William Erskine ThomsonNovember 1891December 1896Apprentice 
Item 4 of 4John Wilson Paterson19031907Apprentice 


RIBA Proposers

The following individuals proposed this architect, engineer for RIBA membership (click on an item to view details):
 NameDate proposedNotes
Item 1 of 2Hippolyte Jean Blanc3 December 1906for Fellowship
Item 2 of 2James Macintyre Henry3 December 1906for Fellowship

Buildings and Designs

This architect, engineer was involved with the following buildings or structures from the date specified (click on an item to view details):
 Date startedBuilding nameTown, district or villageIslandCity or countyCountryNotes
Item 1 of 661878Women's Medical Class Rooms, Minto House  EdinburghScotlandNos 18-20 : following Cousin-Lessels design
Item 2 of 661880Torloisk House MullArgyllScotlandAdditions
Item 3 of 661881Slatefield Brewery  GlasgowScotland 
Item 4 of 66188212-17 Earlston Place, London Road  EdinburghScotland 
Item 5 of 661882Crown Brewery  GlasgowScotland 
Item 6 of 661882Glendouglas House  LanarkshireScotlandAdditions
Item 7 of 661882Viewfield Baptist ChurchDunfermline FifeScotland 
Item 8 of 66188341 Marchmont Crescent  EdinburghScotland 
Item 9 of 661883Edinburgh Wholesale Meat Market  EdinburghScotlandWon in competition
Item 10 of 661883Sidegate BreweryHaddington East LothianScotland 
Item 11 of 661883Tenement, 41 Argyle Park Terrace  EdinburghScotland 
Item 12 of 661884Prestonpans BreweryPrestonpans East LothianScotlandAdditions
Item 13 of 66c. 1885(?)Old Abbey TavernOld Town EdinburghScotland 
Item 14 of 661886Bull's Close, Canongate  EdinburghScotlandAlterations?
Item 15 of 661888Edinburgh & Leith Brewery  EdinburghScotlandReconstruction
Item 16 of 661888Juniper Green SchoolJuniper Green EdinburghScotland 
Item 17 of 661888Murray's Craigmillar Park Brewery and CottagesCraigmillar EdinburghScotland 
Item 18 of 661889Aikman's Boot Factory  EdinburghScotland 
Item 19 of 661889Anchor Brewery  GlasgowScotland 
Item 20 of 661889Edinburgh Gas Light Company Offices  EdinburghScotlandAlterations as gas offices
Item 21 of 661889St Leonard's Brewery  EdinburghScotland 
Item 22 of 661890475-479 Lawnmarket  EdinburghScotlandRebuilding incorporating older fabric
Item 23 of 661892Park Brewery  DundeeScotlandLarge buildings
Item 24 of 661894Deuchars & Co BreweryDuddingston EdinburghScotland 
Item 25 of 661894Halls, Junction Road UP ChurchLeith EdinburghScotland 
Item 26 of 661894Public House, Lawnmarket  EdinburghScotlandPublic house formed from ground and first floors
Item 27 of 661894St Andrews Episcopal Church, TullypowrieStrathtay PerthshireScotlandStone chancel added to iron church.
Item 28 of 661895Home Brewery for George Dalrymple  GlasgowScotlandAdditions
Item 29 of 661895Tenement and public house, 283-287 Causewayside  EdinburghScotland 
Item 30 of 661895TheatreStockbridge EdinburghScotlandOriginal ice rink and theatre?
Item 31 of 661896Lundin Links Golf ClubhouseLundin Links FifeScotland 
Item 32 of 661896Somerville & Co BreweryDuddingston EdinburghScotland 
Item 33 of 661896Tenements, shops and public bar, 1-7 Angle Park Terrace  EdinburghScotlandAlterations
Item 34 of 66c. 1896(?)Moncreiffe Island Golf ClubhousePerth PerthshireScotlandPossibly responsible, but may be by Maclaren & Mackay
Item 35 of 66c. 1896(?)Villas, Barnhill EstateKinnoull PerthshireScotlandPossibly responsible, but may be by Maclaren & Mackay
Item 36 of 66c. 1896(?)Villas, Bellwood EstatePerth PerthshireScotlandPossibly responsible, but may be by Maclaren & Mackay
Item 37 of 661897Blyth and Cameron BreweryCraigmillar EdinburghScotland 
Item 38 of 661897Bonded warehouse, Mitchell StreetLeith EdinburghScotland 
Item 39 of 661897North British BreweryDuddingston EdinburghScotland 
Item 40 of 661897Thornbush BreweryInverness Inverness-shireScotlandMaltings
Item 41 of 66189811-15 Victoria Street  EdinburghScotlandAdditional two/three storeys at rear
Item 42 of 66189837-45 Rose Street  EdinburghScotland 
Item 43 of 661898Shop in block of 266-270 Morrison Street  EdinburghScotlandShop
Item 44 of 66Before 1898Central Bar, Leith StationLeith EdinburghScotlandOriginal pub (also Central Bar) - demolished c.1898
Item 45 of 66189937-41 Nicolson Street  EdinburghScotland 
Item 46 of 661899Central Bar, Leith StationLeith EdinburghScotlandNew pub on same site
Item 47 of 661899Masonic Temple   EdinburghScotlandChapter room
Item 48 of 661899McIntyre's drapery stores  EdinburghScotland 
Item 49 of 661899Menzies & Co publishing warehouse  EdinburghScotland 
Item 50 of 661900Aitken's BreweryFalkirk StirlingshireScotland 
Item 51 of 661900Lundin Links HotelLundin Links FifeScotland 
Item 52 of 66190129-33 South StreetBo'ness / Borrowstouness West LothianScotland 
Item 53 of 661901Masonic LodgeBathgate West LothianScotland 
Item 54 of 661901Pentland BreweryCraigmillar EdinburghScotland 
Item 55 of 661901Public House, 127-132 High Street  EdinburghScotland 
Item 56 of 661901Tenement, 29-33 South StreetFalkirk StirlingshireScotland 
Item 57 of 661901Two blocks of tenements, Carrubber's CloseOld Town EdinburghScotlandAlterations to no 33 High Street to form The Mitre public house
Item 58 of 661902Baberton Golf ClubhouseJuniper Green EdinburghScotlandSeemingly placed second in the competition
Item 59 of 661902George Watson's Ladies College  EdinburghScotlandExtension
Item 60 of 661902Jenners Workshop and Abbotsford Arms  EdinburghScotlandExtended to provide Abbotsford Bar at nos 3-5
Item 61 of 661903Public LibraryInnerleithen PeeblesshireScotland 
Item 62 of 661903Tweedside InnPeebles PeeblesshireScotlandDemolition and rebuilding
Item 63 of 661904Carnegie Public LibraryKinross Kinross-shireScotlandWith Mr Brown Inspector of Works
Item 64 of 661905Townhill Carnegie Library and BathsDunfermline FifeScotland 
Item 65 of 661905Young Men's Christian Association InstituteLeslie FifeScotlandExtensive additions
Item 66 of 661910(?)Cochrane's Golfball Factory  EdinburghScotlandProbably responsible (see Notes)


Bibliographic References

The following books contain references to this architect, engineer:
Item 1 of 5Barnard 'Noted Breweries Advertisement' Barnard 'Noted Breweries Advertisement'   
Item 2 of 5Kenna and Mooney1983People's Palaces   
Item 3 of 5Pearson, Lynn1999British Breweries   
Item 4 of 5Pike Edinburgh and the Lothians at the turn of the 20th century   
Item 5 of 5Pride, Glen L1999The Kingdom of Fife2nd EditionThe Rutland Pressp176

Periodical References

The following periodicals contain references to this architect, engineer:
 Periodical NameDateEditionPublisherNotes
Item 1 of 1National Guardian25 October 1895  Article on his achievements in breweries and pubs

Archive References

The following archives hold material relating to this architect, engineer:
 SourceArchive NameSource Catalogue No.Notes
Item 1 of 1RIBA Archive, Victoria & Albert MuseumRIBA Nomination Papers F no1156 (microfilm reel 12)


© All rights reserved. Edinburgh and the Lothians at the opening of the twentieth century / by A. Eddington. Contemporary biographies / edited by W.T. Pike 

© All rights reserved. Edinburgh and the Lothians at the opening of the twentieth century / by A. Eddington. Contemporary biographies / edited by W.T. Pike