Basic Biographical Details

Name: James Macintyre Henry
Designation: Architect
Born: 1852
Died: 18 September 1929
Bio Notes: James Macintyre Henry was born in Dunkeld in 1852, the fourth son of the large family of William Henry, innkeeper, and his wife Isabella. He had Atholl estate connections. He was articled to Andrew Heiton of Perth in 1866 and remained with him until 1872, but thereafter moved to Edinburgh, having secured a place in the office of David Bryce, then engaged on Blair Castle for the Seventh Duke. After Bryce's death he moved to the office of Charles Hay, perhaps with a view to partnership, and carried out at least one small job on his own before formally setting up practice on his own account in 1883. His travels prior to that date had included a month in France, a month in Italy and visits to ecclesiastical and secular buildings of importance in Scotland and England.

Henry's conservative temperament is best expressed in the words of Thomas Forbes Maclennan: 'His practice was varied, subject to considerable fluctuations and not without its worries, but he rarely was flustered and never in a hurry. He had a sound knowledge of materials and methods of construction but was slow to adopt new materials or new methods. He had not the knack of persuading a client to spend more money, but rather a flair for finding means to reduce cost… he could rarely be persuaded to write a letter offering his services even if he had the plans in the office of the building which had been destroyed by fire or which was otherwise the subject of a building project.' These qualities seem to have endeared him to some clients, particularly Sir James Gibson Craig of Riccarton: the result of the competition for Midlothian County Buildings was overturned and the commission given to him although the design he had sent in had been ranked fourth by the assessor, Walter Wood Robertson.

In 1905 Henry took Thomas Forbes Maclennan into partnership, Maclennan having been largely responsible (according to John Ross McKay's obituary) for the design of the Midlothian County Buildings. Maclennan (born 1873) had been educated at George Watson's College, Heriot-Watt College and the School of Art, and had served his articles with Leadbetter & Fairley before joining Henry in 1894. He passed the qualifying exam in 1902 and although no London classes are mentioned in his nomination papers, he was able to call on the London architects John Slater and Edward Augustus Gruning, together with Richard Phene Spiers, head of the RA Schools, as proposers when he was admitted ARIBA on 2 March 1903. In 1907 he married Euphemia Anderson, daughter of John Cathles, Secretary of the North British Railway Company, a match which probably brought useful connections. He took a rather more active part in public life than Henry. He joined the Queen's Edinburgh Rifles in 1890, was President of the Edinburgh Architectural Association 1914-18, and during the First World War he served on the Architects' War Committee and volunteered for service as sub-lieutenant in a Royal Engineers Signal Company in 1917. After the war he was one of the founders of the Royal Incorporation of Architects in Scotland, of which he was later president.

Henry's role from the time of the commencement of his partnership with Maclennan seems to have been more as practice manager. He was Dean of Guild from 1912 to 1917. He died on 18 September 1929, leaving very substantial moveable estate of £19,075 7s 0d. Maclennan thereafter ran the practice with junior partners, including J C Cunningham and his own daughter, Mrs E L Westwater.

Private and Business Addresses

The following private or business addresses are associated with this architect:
 AddressTypeDate fromDate toNotes
Item 1 of 65, Wilton Road, Edinburgh, ScotlandPrivate  Perhaps at time of death
Item 2 of 64, Charlotte Place, Edinburgh, ScotlandBusinessc. 1881c. 1883 
Item 3 of 613, Frederick Street, Edinburgh, ScotlandBusinessc. 1884c. 1896 
Item 4 of 67, South Charlotte Street, Edinburgh, ScotlandBusinessc. 1897c. 1929From about 1905 in partnership with McLennan
Item 5 of 615, Moston Terrace, Edinburgh, ScotlandPrivateBefore 1901c. 1909From about 1905 in partnership with McLennan
Item 6 of 647, Mayfield Road, Edinburgh, ScotlandPrivatec. 1910  

Employment and Training

Employers

The following individuals or organisations employed or trained this architect (click on an item to view details):
 NameDate fromDate toPositionNotes
Item 1 of 5Andrew Heiton (junior)18661870Apprentice 
Item 2 of 5Andrew Heiton (junior)18701872Assistant 
Item 3 of 5David Bryce18721876Assistant 
Item 4 of 5John Charles Hay18761883Assistant 
Item 5 of 5Henry & Maclennan19051929Partner 

Employees or Pupils

The following individuals were employed or trained by this architect (click on an item to view details):
 NameDate fromDate toPositionNotes
Item 1 of 5Thomas Forbes Maclennanc. 1894c. 1895Assistant 
Item 2 of 5Thomas Forbes Maclennanc. 18951904Chief Assistant 
Item 3 of 5James Smith Richardsonc. 1899c. 1903Apprentice 
Item 4 of 5Archibald Kirkwood Dodds19021905Apprentice 
Item 5 of 5William PatersonNovember 1904December 1910(?)Apprentice 

RIBA

RIBA Proposers

The following individuals proposed this architect for RIBA membership (click on an item to view details):
 NameDate proposedNotes
Item 1 of 4Hippolyte Jean Blanc2 March 1903for Fellowship
Item 2 of 4John Bryce II (or John Bryce (junior))2 March 1903for Fellowship
Item 3 of 4(Sir) John James Burnet2 March 1903for Fellowship
Item 4 of 4Alexander Hunter Crawford2 March 1903for Fellowship

RIBA Proposals

This architect proposed the following individuals for RIBA membership (click on an item to view details):
 NameDate proposedNotes
Item 1 of 8Frank James Chambers Carruthers3 December 1906for Fellowship
Item 2 of 8Peter Lyle Barclay Henderson3 December 1906for Fellowship
Item 3 of 8Alexander Hay Lamont5 March 1906for Associateship
Item 4 of 8Thomas Forbes Maclennan1 December 1924for Fellowship
Item 5 of 8John Wilson Paterson4 December 1911for Associateship
Item 6 of 8William PatersonEarly 1914for Associateship
Item 7 of 8Thomas Reid PeacockMid 1921for Fellowship
Item 8 of 8John Watson3 December 1906for Fellowship

Buildings and Designs

This architect was involved with the following buildings or structures from the date specified (click on an item to view details):
 Date startedBuilding nameTown, district or villageIslandCity or countyCountryNotes
Item 1 of 811878Portobello Old Parish ChurchPortobello EdinburghScotlandAddition
Item 2 of 811884Tigh-an-RudhaArdrishaig ArgyllScotland 
Item 3 of 811885House near ObanOban ArgyllScotland 
Item 4 of 811885Towerbank SchoolPortobello EdinburghScotlandOriginal school
Item 5 of 811886BeachboroughPortobello EdinburghScotlandAddition of billaird room
Item 6 of 811887Dunkeld Cathedral ManseDunkeld PerthshireScotlandReconstruction and enlargement
Item 7 of 811887Innerleithen Parish ChurchInnerleithen PeeblesshireScotlandAddition of chancel and pulpit
Item 8 of 811887Innerleithen Parish Church HallInnerleithen PeeblesshireScotland 
Item 9 of 811888Bruar LodgeGlen Bruar PerthshireScotlandAddition
Item 10 of 811888New Palace Hotel and shops below  EdinburghScotlandReconstructed from existing houses
Item 11 of 811889St Michael's Parish ChurchInveresk MidlothianScotlandInterior refitting (including pulpit) and additions including projecting stair and organ bays: won in limited competition
Item 12 of 811889St Michael's Parish Church HallInveresk MidlothianScotland 
Item 13 of 811891Balmoral Hotel  EdinburghScotlandInternal remodelling including dining room, subsequently absorbed by New Club, but survived demolition of club
Item 14 of 811891MidfieldRosewell MidlothianScotlandEntrance gates and lodge
Item 15 of 811896House at North Berwick for Mrs E JenkinsonNorth Berwick East LothianScotland 
Item 16 of 811896New Royal British Hotel  EdinburghScotland 
Item 17 of 811896Oranmore HouseNorth Berwick East LothianScotland 
Item 18 of 811896Royal Hotel and cinema  EdinburghScotlandAlterations and additions
Item 19 of 811896Tantallon Golf ClubhouseNorth Berwick East LothianScotland 
Item 20 of 811897Main Point House, West Port  EdinburghScotlandConversion to bar
Item 21 of 811897Swimming bathsSouth Queensferry West LothianScotland 
Item 22 of 811898Bemersyde  EdinburghScotlandNew house?
Item 23 of 811898Café Royal  EdinburghScotlandInteriors for Charles Clark
Item 24 of 811898Dunkeld House  PerthshireScotland 
Item 25 of 811898Middleton HouseGorebridge (near) MidlothianScotlandAdditions and interiors for Edward Moss; new stable court, sewage scheme and electric lighting. Linking blocks to end pavilions raised and balustraded steps added.
Item 26 of 811898Millhills HouseCrieff PerthshireScotlandAlterations and additions
Item 27 of 811898StablesNorth Berwick East LothianScotland 
Item 28 of 811899Midlothian County Council Buildings  EdinburghScotlandPlaced fourth in competition but was selected for the job
Item 29 of 811899Rutherford & Co's Public Bar, 3 Drummond Street  EdinburghScotland 
Item 30 of 81c. 1900Middleton HallUphall West LothianScotlandLargely reconstructed? This may in fact refer to Middleton House, nr Gorebridge
Item 31 of 811901Business Premises, Rose Street  EdinburghScotland 
Item 32 of 811901Dwelling House, Gordon Terrace  EdinburghScotland 
Item 33 of 811901Gibson Craig Memorial HallCurrie MidlothianScotland 
Item 34 of 811902Haddon's Court  EdinburghScotlandNorth side
Item 35 of 811903Blair CastleBlair Atholl PerthshireScotlandAlterations
Item 36 of 811903Villa, 99 Colinton Road  EdinburghScotland 
Item 37 of 811904Blair CastleBlair Atholl PerthshireScotlandRoofing of well house court and charter room
Item 38 of 811904Post office buildingsPenicuik MidlothianScotland 
Item 39 of 811905Blair CastleBlair Atholl PerthshireScotlandAddition to south wing
Item 40 of 811905School at New ElginNew Elgin MorayshireScotlandUnsuccessful competition entry
Item 41 of 811906Lockerbie House   ScotlandAlterations and additions
Item 42 of 811906Main Point House, West Port  EdinburghScotlandAdditional storey at canted bay
Item 43 of 811906Royal Blind Asylum  EdinburghScotlandProposed additions of two storeys, not carried out but does appear to have done some extensions and reconstruction
Item 44 of 811906Scottish Horse HQ and Public HallBlair Atholl PerthshireScotland 
Item 45 of 811907Birmingham Council House extension and Art Galleries  BirminghamEnglandCompetition design for extension - not successful
Item 46 of 811907Blair CastleBlair Atholl PerthshireScotlandProposed addition to library
Item 47 of 811907Newington Free Church  EdinburghScotlandRefronting
Item 48 of 811907Newington UF Church  EdinburghScotlandNew front and chancel
Item 49 of 811907St Andrews Parish ChurchNorth Berwick East LothianScotlandTower and porch added
Item 50 of 811908Blair CastleBlair Atholl PerthshireScotlandNew porch to wing; armoury
Item 51 of 811908Perth Town HallPerth PerthshireScotlandCompetition design placed third by J J Burnet
Item 52 of 811909Balnacraig House and LodgePerth PerthshireScotlandBilliard room
Item 53 of 811909Millhills HouseCrieff PerthshireScotlandAdditions and remodelling; steading
Item 54 of 811911Corner site with shops, High StreetNorth Berwick East LothianScotland 
Item 55 of 811911Free ChurchCorstorphine EdinburghScotlandAdded transepts
Item 56 of 811911Meal MillsBonnington EdinburghScotlandRebuilding after fire
Item 57 of 811912Edinburgh Royal Lunatic Asylum  EdinburghScotlandNurses home, new quadrangular pavilion
Item 58 of 811912Lochbuie House Mull ScotlandAlterations
Item 59 of 811913Birnam HotelBirnam PerthshireScotlandRebuilding after fire
Item 60 of 811914Chesterknowes  RoxburghshireScotland 
Item 61 of 811914Haddon's Court  EdinburghScotlandEast side
Item 62 of 811914Wester RiddellLilliesleaf SelkirkshireScotland 
Item 63 of 811915Glenegadale HouseInverleith EdinburghScotland 
Item 64 of 811915Mary Murray HospitalPrestonpans East LothianScotlandAdditions
Item 65 of 811916Scottish Veterans Garden City, Earl Haig GardensTrinity EdinburghScotland1st and 3rd phases
Item 66 of 811916Scottish Veterans' Garden Cities Association Settlement, Kitchener CrescentLongniddry East LothianScotland 
Item 67 of 811919LawersComrie PerthshireScotlandAlterations for Captain Rockey
Item 68 of 811920Welfare buildings and hosiery factory for Munro & Co LtdRestalrig EdinburghScotlandExtension to factory and new welfare buildings
Item 69 of 811921Chamber of Commerce  EdinburghScotlandAlterations, furnishing and decoration
Item 70 of 811921OrchillDunblane PerthshireScotlandRestoration after fire
Item 71 of 811922Premises for John Croall & Sons  EdinburghScotlandAlterations?
Item 72 of 811923Café Royal  EdinburghScotlandAmerican bar at NW corner
Item 73 of 811923New Grange Works  EdinburghScotlandExtension
Item 74 of 81Before 1923DyeworksSlateford EdinburghScotlandAdditions
Item 75 of 81Before 1923Gas Meter Works  EdinburghScotland 
Item 76 of 81Before 1923Gas Meter Works  EdinburghScotland 
Item 77 of 81Before 1923SkinworksGalashiels SelkirkshireScotland 
Item 78 of 811925Millhills HouseCrieff PerthshireScotlandGarden works
Item 79 of 811928House for Miss Margaret WhiteGreenbank EdinburghScotland 
Item 80 of 811928Roxburghe Hotel  EdinburghScotlandShopfront
Item 81 of 811929Open Air Swimming PoolNorth Berwick East LothianScotland 

References

Bibliographic References

The following books contain references to this architect:
 Author(s)DateTitlePartPublisherNotes
Item 1 of 2Post Office Directories     
Item 2 of 2Who's Who in Architecture1923    

Periodical References

The following periodicals contain references to this architect:
 Periodical NameDateEditionPublisherNotes
Item 1 of 3Builder4 October 1929  Obituary
Item 2 of 3RIAS Quarterly1929Autumn/WinterRoyal Incorporation of Architects in Scotland (RIAS)p77 Tribute by T F Maclennan
Item 3 of 3RIBA Journal23 November 1929 London: Royal Institute of British ArchitectsObituary, p67

Archive References

The following archives hold material relating to this architect:
 SourceArchive NameSource Catalogue No.Notes
Item 1 of 1RIBA Archive, Victoria & Albert MuseumRIBA Nomination Papers F v14 p77 no895 (microfilm reel 11)