Basic Biographical Details

Name: Peddie & Washington Browne
Designation: Architectural practice
Started: Late 1895 or early 1896
Ended: 1907
Bio Notes: John More Dick Peddie (born 1853), who had been practising alone since the death of his former partner Charles George Hood Kinnear in 1894, took George Washington Browne (also born 1853) into partnership late in 1895 or early in 1896. This formalised the loose relationship that had existed between Browne and Kinnear & Peddie for some years; some of the details of their Caledonian Station, 1890, suggest his hand. The immediate catalyst seems to have been a surge in branch bank building, particularly for the British Linen Bank. As Kinnear & Peddie's South Charlotte Street office had belonged to Kinnear, the new partnership moved to much larger premises at 8 Albyn Place late in 1896 or early in 1897.

The Peddie & Washington Browne partnership was hugely successful, enabling Browne to build a very sophisticated neo-Jacobean house, The Limes, in Blackford Road, and even accommodate Peddie's brother Walter Lockhart Dick Peddie as third partner in 1898. But soon thereafter Walter became ill and emigrated to British Columbia in the hope of recovery. He died there in 1902 and was not replaced. From about 1905 the partnership began to drift apart, although Peddie and Browne were to remain in formal partnership until 1907 and share the same office at 8 Albyn Place until 1908. Peddie had in fact been taking his side of the practice in a more Beaux-Arts and neo-Georgian direction, perhaps influenced by Frank Worthington Simon at the School of Applied Art, and began hiring some very accomplished assistants to help him do it. Of these the most important were John Wilson and James Forbes Smith. Born in 1877, Wilson had been articled to the school architect Robert Wilson and had worked under Wilson's brilliant assistant and successor, John Alexander Carfrae. Whilst in Peddie & Washington Browne's employ he published a major folio on the Petit Trianon in 1907. Smith was a year older than Wilson, born 1876 and articled to George Beattie & Son in 1891. He had obtained a place in Rowand Anderson's office at the end of his articles and had spent three years with him, concurrently taking classes at Anderson's Edinburgh School of Applied Art under Professor Frank Worthington Simon, Stewart Henbest Capper and John Watson. The date at which he joined Peddie's office is not precisely known, but was probably 1897, just slightly ahead of Wilson, and while in the office he distinguished himself by winning the Pugin Silver Medal in 1900, enabling him to travel.

Peddie continued as sole partner for some two years after the dissolution of the partnership with Browne, taking Forbes Smith into partnership in 1909.

(See separate entries on Peddie & Forbes Smith and on the individual partners for later practice history.)

Private and Business Addresses

The following private or business addresses are associated with this architectural practice:
 AddressTypeDate fromDate toNotes
Item 1 of 23, South Charlotte Street, Edinburgh, ScotlandBusinessLate 1895 or early 1896Late 1896 or early 1897 
Item 2 of 28, Albyn Place, Edinburgh, ScotlandBusinessLate 1896 or early 18971907 

Employment and Training

Employees or Pupils

The following individuals were employed or trained by this architectural practice (click on an item to view details):
 NameDate fromDate toPositionNotes
Item 1 of 24Cecil Scott Burgess18911895Draughtsman 
Item 2 of 24James Edwin Forbes18921896ApprenticeUnder Browne
Item 3 of 24George Donaldson Macniven1894c. 1898Apprentice 
Item 4 of 24James Alexander Arnottc. 1895May 1898Assistant 
Item 5 of 24Walter Lockhart Dick PeddieLate 1895 or early 18961898Assistant(?) 
Item 6 of 24George Washington BrowneLate 1895 or early 18961907Partner 
Item 7 of 24John More Dick PeddieLate 1895 or early 18961907Partner 
Item 8 of 24Ramsay Traquair18971899Assistant 
Item 9 of 24James Forbes Smithc. 18971907Assistant 
Item 10 of 24Walter Lockhart Dick Peddie18981901Partner 
Item 11 of 24George Wittet18981902Assistant 
Item 12 of 24John Wilson18981903Assistant 
Item 13 of 24James Herbert Belfrage1899Before 1902Assistant 
Item 14 of 24James Ferriganc. 1899c. 1904Apprentice 
Item 15 of 24Burnett Napier Henderson Orphoot19001903Apprentice 
Item 16 of 24Arthur James Marshall19001904Assistant 
Item 17 of 24George Donaldson Macnivenc. 19001903Draughtsman 
Item 18 of 24Robert Russell Prenticec. 1900c. 1905Apprentice 
Item 19 of 24Norman Aitken DickJune 19011905Apprentice 
Item 20 of 24David John Chisholm1 September 19011907Apprentice 
Item 21 of 24John Wilson19031907Senior Assistant 
Item 22 of 24George Patrick Houston Watson1904c. 1909Apprentice 
Item 23 of 24John Alistair Ross1904 or 19051906Assistant(?) 
Item 24 of 24Robert Stirling Reid19071909Draughtsman 

Buildings and Designs

This architectural practice was involved with the following buildings or structures from the date specified (click on an item to view details):
 Date startedBuilding nameTown, district or villageIslandCity or countyCountryNotes
Item 1 of 1901895Bakery  EdinburghScotland 
Item 2 of 1901895British Linen BankNewcastleton RoxburghshireScotland 
Item 3 of 1901895Forfar British Linen BankForfar AngusScotland 
Item 4 of 1901895House in WestgateNorth Berwick East LothianScotland 
Item 5 of 1901895Kilmory CastleLochgilphead ArgyllScotlandAlterations
Item 6 of 1901895North Berwick Golf ClubhouseNorth Berwick East LothianScotlandAdditions
Item 7 of 1901895The LodgeNorth Berwick East LothianScotlandMinor alterations
Item 8 of 190c. 1895Pinkieburn HouseMusselburgh MidlothianScotlandLibrary and additions
Item 9 of 1901896137-138 Princes Street  EdinburghScotlandPlans for alterations drawn up
Item 10 of 1901896Abington ChurchAbington LanarkshireScotlandAttributed to Peddie
Item 11 of 1901896Advocates' Library  EdinburghScotlandBookstack building - Browne mainly responsible
Item 12 of 1901896Comely Bank Cemetery, lodge and gateComely Bank EdinburghScotland 
Item 13 of 1901896House, Abbey FeusNorth Berwick East LothianScotlandAlterations
Item 14 of 1901896House, CambuscairnCambuscairn DumfriesshireScotland 
Item 15 of 1901896House, Point GarryNorth Berwick East LothianScotlandAdditions
Item 16 of 1901896Longmore Hospital for IncurablesNewington EdinburghScotlandLarge W addition (approximately matching earlier E addition), boiler house and laundry block to rear, chapel and mortuary block to W
Item 17 of 1901896Longmore Hospital for IncurablesNewington EdinburghScotlandMinor internal alterations
Item 18 of 1901896Milton LodgeNorth Berwick East LothianScotland 
Item 19 of 1901896Newmills House and stablesBalerno MidlothianScotlandAdditions and alterations
Item 20 of 1901896Royal Blind Asylum Workshop  EdinburghScotlandAlterations
Item 21 of 1901896Scottish Equitable Life Assurance Company office  EdinburghScotlandRebuilding
Item 22 of 1901896Standard Life Assurance Co  EdinburghScotlandNew building erected
Item 23 of 1901896The Limes  EdinburghScotlandDesign exhibited
Item 24 of 19018971-7 Old Abbey RoadNorth Berwick East LothianScotland 
Item 25 of 1901897143-146 Princes Street  EdinburghScotlandAlterations
Item 26 of 1901897(?)Aros House MullArgyllScotlandAdditions
Item 27 of 1901897British Linen BankDumbarton DunbartonshireScotland 
Item 28 of 1901897British Linen BankMelrose RoxburghshireScotland 
Item 29 of 1901897British Linen BankRenfrew RenfrewshireScotland 
Item 30 of 1901897Catherine LodgeMusselburgh MidlothianScotlandAlterations
Item 31 of 1901897Church buildings, Victoria Terrace  EdinburghScotlandAlterations
Item 32 of 1901897CottageNorth Berwick East LothianScotland 
Item 33 of 1901897CraighouseCraiglockhart EdinburghScotlandGate lodge (attributed to Peddie & Washington Browne by D C Mays; no documentary evidence of this is known)
Item 34 of 1901897Falkirk British Linen BankFalkirk StirlingshireScotlandProbably by Browne alone
Item 35 of 1901897Glenforsa HouseGrulineMullArgyllScotlandAdditions
Item 36 of 1901897Invereil HouseDirleton East LothianScotlandHouse with coach house and lodge
Item 37 of 1901897Model housing, Philpingstone RoadBo'ness / Borrowstouness West LothianScotland 
Item 38 of 1901897Muirfield Golf CourseGullane East LothianScotlandGolf clubhouse
Item 39 of 1901897Ochiltree Parish ChurchOchiltree AyrshireScotlandAlterations
Item 40 of 1901897Pant WellSelkirk SelkirkshireScotlandRebuilding
Item 41 of 1901897Premises, KirkcudbrightKirkcudbright KirkcudbrightshireScotlandAlterations and additions
Item 42 of 1901897Senior SchoolWest Calder MidlothianScotlandDesign exhibited
Item 43 of 190189819 York Place  EdinburghScotlandAlterations
Item 44 of 190189897-98 Princes Street/1-5 Frederick Street  EdinburghScotlandAlterations
Item 45 of 1901898British Linen BankPerth PerthshireScotland 
Item 46 of 1901898Caledonian Hotel  EdinburghScotlandFormation of hotel over station, incorporating Kinnear & Peddie's Caledonian Station
Item 47 of 1901898Carnegie LibraryJedburgh RoxburghshireScotland 
Item 48 of 1901898Hill GardensCoupar Angus PerthshireScotland 
Item 49 of 1901898KirkhillGorebridge MidlothianScotlandAlterations and additions
Item 50 of 1901898Lainshaw HouseStewarton AyrshireScotlandAlterations
Item 51 of 1901898National Bank of Scotland  GlasgowScotlandWon in competition and secured job
Item 52 of 1901898North Berwick, feuingNorth Berwick East LothianScotland 
Item 53 of 1901898St Mark's Unitarian Chapel  EdinburghScotlandAlterations
Item 54 of 1901898The KnollNorth Berwick East LothianScotlandBrowne appears to have been responsible
Item 55 of 19018992 Chester Street  EdinburghScotlandAlterations
Item 56 of 190189927 Walker Street  EdinburghScotlandAlterations and additions
Item 57 of 190189932 Abercromby Place  EdinburghScotlandAlterations and additions
Item 58 of 190189960 George Street  EdinburghScotlandAlterations
Item 59 of 1901899Abbey SchoolNorth Berwick East LothianScotlandAlterations and additions
Item 60 of 1901899British Linen BankThurso CaithnessScotland 
Item 61 of 1901899Cargilfield School  EdinburghScotland 
Item 62 of 1901899Cheylesmore LodgeNorth Berwick East LothianScotland 
Item 63 of 1901899Cottages for A B BachLoch Awe ArgyllScotland 
Item 64 of 1901899Harwood, Bonchester BridgeHawick RoxburghshireScotlandAlterations proposed but not executed
Item 65 of 1901899Kirkden ManseKirkden AngusScotlandAlterations and additions
Item 66 of 1901899Ladybank Free ChurchLadybank FifeScotlandPulpit
Item 67 of 1901899LangleesBiggar LanarkshireScotlandHouse and stables
Item 68 of 1901899Makerstoun ManseMakerstoun RoxburghshireScotlandDesign - not built
Item 69 of 1901899Redford House, workmen's cottagesColinton EdinburghScotland 
Item 70 of 1901899Royal Bank of Scotland  DundeeScotlandBrowne mainly responsible
Item 71 of 1901899Selkirk ManseManse SelkirkshireScotlandAlterations and new offices
Item 72 of 1901899Sickness and Accident Assurance  EdinburghScotlandAlterations
Item 73 of 1901899WinterfieldDunbar East LothianScotlandAlterations
Item 74 of 190190011 Randolph Crescent  EdinburghScotlandAlterations
Item 75 of 190190026 St Andrew Square  EdinburghScotlandAlterations
Item 76 of 190190033, 36, 38 40 Melville Street  EdinburghScotlandAlterations to attic
Item 77 of 1901900Buchanan LodgeNorth Berwick East LothianScotlandReconstruction of former Buchanan Lodge
Item 78 of 1901900Commercial Union  EdinburghScotlandAlterations
Item 79 of 1901900Crieff British Linen BankCrieff PerthshireScotlandMay be about 1905
Item 80 of 1901900House for E CarmoycheMorningside EdinburghScotland 
Item 81 of 1901900New house near Craigcrook Castle on south  EdinburghScotland 
Item 82 of 1901900North British and Mercantile Insurance Office BuildingLeeds YorkshireEngland 
Item 83 of 1901900Royal Maternity and Simpson Memorial Hospital  EdinburghScotlandAlterations and additions
Item 84 of 1901900Villa for Alfred J Bell  EdinburghScotland 
Item 85 of 1901900WarehouseLeith EdinburghScotlandAttribution
Item 86 of 1901900WinterfieldDunbar East LothianScotlandStables
Item 87 of 190c. 190044 Northumberland Street  EdinburghScotlandAlterations
Item 88 of 190c. 1900House for Dr Turner LawsonNorth Berwick East LothianScotland 
Item 89 of 190190129 Chester Street  EdinburghScotlandAlterations
Item 90 of 19019019-18 South Bridge  EdinburghScotlandAlterations
Item 91 of 1901901Ayr British Linen BankAyr AyrshireScotland 
Item 92 of 1901901Braidfoot  EdinburghScotlandAlterations
Item 93 of 1901901Dunbar Parish ChurchDunbar East LothianScotlandAlterations for organ
Item 94 of 1901901Free Church Assembly Hall  EdinburghScotlandReconstruction for union of Free and UP churches as UF Church
Item 95 of 1901901Free High Church and Free Church College  EdinburghScotlandFurther alterations
Item 96 of 1901901InchgarryNorth Berwick East LothianScotlandAlterations and additions
Item 97 of 1901901Langshawbush HouseMoffat Dumfriesshire Additions
Item 98 of 1901901Longmore Hospital for IncurablesNewington EdinburghScotlandNew building to E which included new shops, nurses' accomodation and belvidere with link to old E wing.
Item 99 of 1901901Palmerston Place UP Church  EdinburghScotlandPulpit and organ case
Item 100 of 1901901Rosehall UP ChurchNewington EdinburghScotlandAlterations
Item 101 of 1901901Town Hall and Public LibraryBo'ness / Borrowstouness West LothianScotlandExecuted job
Item 102 of 190190211 Gloucester Place  EdinburghScotlandAlterations
Item 103 of 190190212 Belgrave CrescentDean EdinburghScotlandAlterations
Item 104 of 1901902137-138 Princes Street  EdinburghScotlandAlterations
Item 105 of 190190215 Lynedoch Place  EdinburghScotlandAlterations
Item 106 of 190190219 Drumsheugh Gardens  EdinburghScotlandAlterations
Item 107 of 1901902Buchanan LodgeNorth Berwick East LothianScotlandFurther work
Item 108 of 1901902Colstoun HouseHaddington (near) East LothianScotlandAlterations and additions
Item 109 of 1901902House, Garscube TerraceMurrayfield EdinburghScotlandProposed (not built?) stable and coachman's house
Item 110 of 1901902KaimendNorth Berwick East LothianScotlandAlterations and additions
Item 111 of 1901902Kirkwood HouseLockerbie DumfriesshireScotlandAlterations
Item 112 of 1901902Library with art galleryCastle Douglas KirkcudbrightshireScotlandBrowne responsible
Item 113 of 1901902North British and Mercantile Company building  DublinEire 
Item 114 of 1901902North British and Mercantile Offices  EdinburghScotlandDesigns for new building, or alterations to old? - secured commission for new building in 1904
Item 115 of 1901902Shop for Bell Donaldson  EdinburghScotlandAlterations
Item 116 of 1901902Stirling StationStirling StirlingshireScotlandUnexecuted design for new building
Item 117 of 1901903137-138 Princes Street  EdinburghScotlandFurther alterations
Item 118 of 190190332 Abercromby Place  EdinburghScotlandFurther work
Item 119 of 190190356 George Street  EdinburghScotlandAlterations
Item 120 of 19019037 Cromwell RoadNorth Berwick East LothianScotlandAlterations
Item 121 of 19019038 Eton Terrace  EdinburghScotlandAlterations
Item 122 of 1901903Burnside HouseForfar AngusScotlandAlterations
Item 123 of 1901903Colinton glebe feuingColinton EdinburghScotland 
Item 124 of 1901903Dalreach LodgeTummel Bridge PerthshireScotlandReconstruction - completing work by Leonard
Item 125 of 1901903Golspie Technical College Drummuie HouseGolspie SutherlandScotland 
Item 126 of 1901903House for G N ChristieNorth Berwick East LothianScotland 
Item 127 of 1901903Liberton HospitalLiberton EdinburghScotlandAlso lodge
Item 128 of 1901903Lintalee HouseJedburgh RoxburghshireScotlandAlterations and additions to house and walled garden
Item 129 of 1901903MichelstonStow MidlothianScotlandAlterations and additions
Item 130 of 1901903Milton Bridge ManseMilton Bridge MidlothianScotland 
Item 131 of 1901903RedholmNorth Berwick East LothianScotlandExtension and new gates
Item 132 of 1901903St Cuthbert's ManseColinton EdinburghScotlandAddition
Item 133 of 190Before 1903Scottish Provident Institution  GlasgowScotland 
Item 134 of 1901904Abbot's CroftNorth Berwick East LothianScotlandAlso gates and lodge
Item 135 of 1901904Arnot House  Fife/Kinross-shireScotlandAdditions
Item 136 of 1901904Dalton Parish ManseDalton DumfriesshireScotland 
Item 137 of 1901904DormontDalton (near) DumfriesshireScotlandHouse and stables
Item 138 of 1901904Drygrange HouseMelrose RoxburghshireScotlandSummer House added
Item 139 of 1901904FairknoweNorth Berwick East LothianScotland 
Item 140 of 1901904House, Ravelston Park  EdinburghScotlandAddition
Item 141 of 1901904Lennel HouseColdstream BerwickshireScotlandRemodelling and stables
Item 142 of 1901904New Inverawe HouseNew Inverawe, Tirvane ArgyllScotlandAdditions and alterations
Item 143 of 1901904Offices and shops, Gordon Street and West Nile Street  GlasgowScotlandAlterations
Item 144 of 1901904Orton House  MorayshireScotlandAlterations
Item 145 of 1901904Poltalloch HouseLochgilphead ArgyllScotlandAdditions and alterations
Item 146 of 1901904Scottish Amicable Building  GlasgowScotlandAlterations
Item 147 of 1901904SpringfieldNorth Berwick East LothianScotland 
Item 148 of 1901904Swinton HouseSwinton BerwickshireScotlandAdditions
Item 149 of 1901904Swinton ManseSwinton BerwickshireScotlandAdditions
Item 150 of 1901904Tweedie Homes, Hailes EstateJuniper Green EdinburghScotland 
Item 151 of 19019054 Eton Terrace  EdinburghScotlandAlterations
Item 152 of 190190549 Eton Terrace  EdinburghScotlandAdditions
Item 153 of 1901905Barnton Park, feuingBarnton EdinburghScotland 
Item 154 of 1901905British Linen Bank  EdinburghScotland 
Item 155 of 1901905Carriden Parish Church (former)  MidlothianScotlandAlterations to old church
Item 156 of 1901905Drylaw Mains Farmhouse  EdinburghScotland 
Item 157 of 1901905Dundonald CastleDundonald AyrshireScotlandConsolidation
Item 158 of 1901905Kelso Public LibraryKelso RoxburghshireScotland 
Item 159 of 1901905Morningside Road Savings Bank  EdinburghScotlandAlterations
Item 160 of 1901905Rose Street UP Church  EdinburghScotlandConversion to offices
Item 161 of 1901905Savings Bank, Montrose Terrace  EdinburghScotlandAlterations
Item 162 of 1901905St Andrews Boat Club, boathouseCraiglockhart EdinburghScotland 
Item 163 of 190May 1905Rospletha  EdinburghScotlandFeu plan drawn up
Item 164 of 190190619 York Place  EdinburghScotlandAlterations
Item 165 of 190190621 Grosvenor Crescent  EdinburghScotlandAlterations
Item 166 of 19019063, 7, 9 Thistle Street  EdinburghScotlandAdditions and alterations
Item 167 of 1901906Alloa British Linen BankAlloa ClackmannanshireScotland 
Item 168 of 1901906Buchanan LodgeNorth Berwick East LothianScotlandMotor house and servants bedrooms
Item 169 of 1901906Coldstream Parish ChurchColdstream BerwickshireScotlandComplete rebuilding
Item 170 of 1901906Cowhill TowerHolywood DumfriesshireScotlandProposed alterations and additions
Item 171 of 1901906Drygrange HouseMelrose RoxburghshireScotlandLodge and gates (also gates in walled garden)
Item 172 of 1901906Edinburgh Municipal Art College  EdinburghScotland 
Item 173 of 1901906Invereil HouseDirleton East LothianScotlandAdditions
Item 174 of 1901906Muirfield Golf CourseGullane East LothianScotlandExtension with staff quarters to west and increased changing room and laundry facilities to east.
Item 175 of 1901906QueenshillRingford (near), Kirkcudbright KirkcudbrightshireScotland 
Item 176 of 1901906Royal Victoria Hospital, dispensary  EdinburghScotland 
Item 177 of 190c. 1906Double cottage at LibertonLiberton EdinburghScotland 
Item 178 of 190190715 Gloucester Place  EdinburghScotlandAdditional storey added
Item 179 of 1901907Bathgate AcademyBathgate West LothianScotlandAdditions
Item 180 of 1901907County BuildingsCupar FifeScotlandCompetition design for extension to east - not successful
Item 181 of 1901907Grangemouth British Linen BankGrangemouth StirlingshireScotlandDesign exhibited
Item 182 of 1901907Inveresk Mills, officesInveresk MidlothianScotland 
Item 183 of 1901907Kirroughtree HouseMinnigaff Kirkcudbrightshire?ScotlandMajor reconstruction
Item 184 of 1901907Largs British Linen BankLargs AyrshireScotland 
Item 185 of 1901907North Berwick Golf ClubhouseNorth Berwick East LothianScotlandAddition of second storey
Item 186 of 1901907Northcliff cottagesNorth Queensferry FifeScotland 
Item 187 of 1901907Old Parish ChurchArngask PerthshireScotlandAddition of bellcote
Item 188 of 1901907Shop Front, 132 Princes Street  EdinburghScotlandAlterations
Item 189 of 1901907Stobo Castle  PeeblesshireScotlandTerraces, stairs, summer house and alterations
Item 190 of 1901907Tummel Bridge UF Church  PerthshireScotlandAlterations

References

Bibliographic References

The following books contain references to this architectural practice:
 Author(s)DateTitlePartPublisherNotes
Item 1 of 3Bailey, Rebecca M1996Scottish architects' papers: a source book Edinburgh: The Rutland Presspp133-4
Item 2 of 3Mays, Deborah A Profile of Sir George Washington Browne Architectural History 111, The Age of Mackintosh 
Item 3 of 3Walker, David W2002Peddie and Kinnear Unpublished PhD thesis, University of St Andrews, 2002