Basic Site Details

Name: House of Falkland
Town, district or village: Falkland
City or county: Fife
Country: Scotland
Status: A Listed
Grid ref:
Notes: Modelling of seagulls in Lady Margaret Crichton Stuart's bedroom by George Jack, 1895

Alternative Names

The following alternative names are associated with this building/design:
 NameCurrent name?Notes
Item 1 of 2Nuthill  
Item 2 of 2St Ninian's RC SchoolYes 

Building Type Classification

The building is classified under the following categories:
 ClassificationOriginal classification?Notes
Item 1 of 1House  


The following date-based events are associated with this building:
 FromToEvent typeNotes
Item 1 of 1418391844 Original building. Also some garden work
Item 2 of 141840s  Advised on original interior (carried out by D R Hay & Co)
Item 3 of 1418891890 Remodelling of entrance hall; interior work of chapel
Item 4 of 14November 1890  Alterations to hall corridor
Item 5 of 141892  Redecoration of Marquess of Bute's study (with painting by H W Lonsdale)
Item 6 of 14July 1893  Decorative glazing of drawing room (executed by H W Lonsdale)
Item 7 of 1418951897 Refitting of Chapel (replacement of uncompleted work by William Frame)
Item 8 of 141896  Decorative glazing of dining room; first-floor corridor (with plasterwork by Tugwell); refitting of Italian bedroom
Item 9 of 141896  Chapel completed by this time
Item 10 of 14c. 1896  Boudoir (enrichment of William Burn's scheme); refitting of dressing room; refitting of Lady Margaret's bedroom
Item 11 of 141897  Refitting of Scottish Dressing Room
Item 12 of 141898  Decoration of main stair (executed by H W Lonsdale)
Item 13 of 1419001901 Refitting of Chapel Passage
Item 14 of 141922  Proposed new tennis court and buildings


Design and Construction

The following individuals or organisations have carried out design/construction work. Where architects or practices worked together, matching letters appear beside their names in the Partnership Group column.
 NameRolePartnership GroupFromToNotes
Item 1 of 7William BurnArchitect 18391844Original building
Item 2 of 7Alexander RoosArchitect 1840s Advised on original interior (carried out by D R Hay & Co), laid out parterres and repaired new bridge at pleasure grounds
Item 3 of 7William FrameArchitect 18891890Remodelling of entrance hall of house; interior work of chapel executed but subsequently dismantled and later re-erected by R Weir Schultz in archepiscopal chapel at Greenhill, Edinburgh. Dismissed from Falkland October 1890. (According to Hannah he was unwell in 1889 and had difficulty breathing and in November 1889 was dismissed for drunkenness)
Item 4 of 7Robert Weir SchultzArchitect 18901901Major alterations (see 'Event' for full list - Weir Schultz responsible for all work within this timeframe)
Item 5 of 7George Washington Henry JackArchitect 1895 Seagulls in Lady Margaret Crichton Stuart's bedroom
Item 6 of 7Gillespie & ScottArchitectural practiceB1922 Proposed new tennis court and buildings
Item 7 of 7James ScottArchitectB1922 Proposed new tennis court and buildings


The following individuals or organisations have commissioned work on this building/design:
Item 1 of 3Bute, 3rd Marquess of1890-1900 alterations
Item 2 of 3Crichton-Stuart, Lord NinianFor chapel of 1912-13
Item 3 of 3Tyndall-Bruce, OnesiphorusOriginal building and garden work

Related Buildings, Structures and Designs

Child Structures

This structure or site has the following component or child structures (click on an item to view details):
 Building NameNotes
Item 1 of 4Falkland House, with garden buildings and landscape elementsBuckie House and Summerhouse demolished.

House - Jacobethan style
Item 2 of 4House of Falkland, bridge over Maspie BurnMason John Fernie
Item 3 of 4House of Falkland, Crichton-Stewart Memorial ChapelIn grounds of House of Falkland. Left unfinished in 1916 (dated).
Item 4 of 4House of Falkland, Curling Clubhouse 


Bibliographic References

The following books contain references to this building:
Item 1 of 10Carruthers, Annette2013The Arts and Crafts Movement in Scotland: a history  pp113-115
Item 2 of 10Colvin, H M Introducing Alexander Roos Gow, I and Rowan, A (eds): Scottish Country Houses 1600-1914, pp276-284 
Item 3 of 10Derek Carter Associates2001Historic Landscape survey and Restoration Plan for the House of Falkland Designed Landscape Project   
Item 4 of 10Gaimster, Amy2006George Jack 1855-1931, architect and designer-craftsman Waltham Forest, William Morris Galleryp10
Item 5 of 10Garnier, Richard2006Alexander Roos c1810-1881 Georgian Society Journal, vol XV, pp11-68p58
Item 6 of 10Gifford, John1988Fife (The Buildings of Scotland)  pp221-5
Item 7 of 10Historic Scotland Lists     
Item 8 of 10Mackintosh, C1853The book of the garden2v Volume 2, pp618-619
Item 9 of 10Stamp, Gavin1981Robert Weir Schultz, Architect, and his work for the Marquesses of Bute  London: The Curwen Press / Mount Stuartpp25, 27, 28, 29 & 30 (Robert Weir Schultz work)
Item 10 of 10Taylor, Kristina and Peel, Robert1021Passion, plants and patronage: 300 years of Bute Family Landscapes Artifice Booksp127

Periodical References

The following periodicals contain references to this building:
 Periodical NameDateEditionPublisherNotes
Item 1 of 1Country Life31 December 2014  pp34-40. Article by Gavin Stamp.

Archive References

The following archives hold material relating to this building:
 SourceArchive nameSource catalogue no.Notes
Item 1 of 5Historic Environment ScotlandListed Buildings Register31352Chapel
Item 2 of 5Historic Environment ScotlandListed Buildings Register8763House
Item 3 of 5Mount StuartBute Archives Account book (Robert Weir Schultz work)
Item 4 of 5National Archives of Scotland (formerly SRO)Gifts and deposits GD 152/53, 152/57 - 58, GD 152/137 and GD 152/204
Item 5 of 5St Andrews University LibraryJames Gillespie and Scott Archive Bundle no 1684