Basic Biographical Details

Name: George Washington Henry Jack
Designation: Architect
Born: 8 August 1855
Died: 15 December 1931
Bio Notes: George Washington Henry Jack was born on 8 August 1855 at Long Island, New York, where his father, James Pattison Jack, was an engraver, descended from Paisley weavers, who had married Chistiana Wilhelmina Reid, a pianist, and emigrated in 1853. On his father's death in September 1860 his mother brought him and his younger brother to Glasgow where he was educated at St David's School and articled to Horatio Kelson Bromhead in 1869. In Bromhead's office he became lifelong friends with Thomas Hamilton Crawford and William Hackstoun, through whom he was later to become part of James Marjoribanks MacLaren's circle. At the end of his indentures he moved to London and after a short engagement with Charles George Vinall he joined the office of Philip Webb in 1880, continuing his practice after Webb's retirement in 1900. While in Webb's office he began to design furniture for Morris & Co and began to carve in wood and model in clay under the guidance of Laurence Turner, his activities in time extending to mosaics and stained glass. He taught wood-carving at the Central School of Arts and Crafts and from 1900 at the Royal College of Art, both under Lethaby, and published 'Woodcarving, Design and Workmanship' in 1903.

In 1902 Jack entered into partnership with Crawford, by then an artist engraver, but this proved unworkable and was amicably dissolved in 1907; during the years 1906-07 they were assisted by Jack's nephew James Frederick Semple Jack (born 1887). The practice was closed during the First World War when Jack was working in the LCC Architects Department where he remained until 1919. Thereafter his practice was chiefly concerned with memorials and church furnishing. Jack was a member of the Art Workers' Guild for twenty-five years and one of the original members of the Arts and Crafts Society and a regular exhibitor for many years. Jack married his cousin Annie Christian Gray in 1888. They had twin daughters, Margery and Jessie, born 1894. In his later years he was severely affected by bronchial asthma which limited his ability to carve. He died on 15 December 1931at Fairlie, Station Road, Church End, Finchley which he had bought in 1902 and was house, office and workshop.

Private and Business Addresses

The following private or business addresses are associated with this architect:
 AddressTypeDate fromDate toNotes
Item 1 of 124, Station Road, Church End, Finchley, London, EnglandPrivate/business(?)1910 *  

* earliest date known from documented sources.

Employment and Training


The following individuals or organisations employed or trained this architect (click on an item to view details):
 NameDate fromDate toPositionNotes
Item 1 of 3Horatio Kelson Bromheadc. 1870c. 1875Apprentice 
Item 2 of 3Philip Speakman Webb18801900AssistantContinued the practice after 1900.
Item 3 of 3Jack & Crawford19021907Partner 

Buildings and Designs

This architect was involved with the following buildings or structures from the date specified (click on an item to view details):
 Date startedBuilding nameTown, district or villageIslandCity or countyCountryNotes
Item 1 of 12 10 and 12 Palace CourtBayswater LondonEnglandStonecarving
Item 2 of 12c. 1873Design for a country church   Scotland 
Item 3 of 12c. 1873Design for a Gothic marine villa   ScotlandWatercolour signed by Jack - probably Bromhead's design
Item 4 of 12c. 1873Design for a lodge house   Scotland 
Item 5 of 121892Morar LodgeMorar Inverness-shireScotlandRemodelling
Item 6 of 121893Astley Village HallArisaig Inverness-shireScotland(for Philip Webb)
Item 7 of 121895House of FalklandFalkland FifeScotlandSeagulls in Lady Margaret Crichton Stuart's bedroom
Item 8 of 12c. 19001-8 New BuildingsArisaig Inverness-shireScotlandAttribution by Mary Miers
Item 9 of 12c. 1900Church of ScotlandArisaig Inverness-shireScotlandInterior refurnished
Item 10 of 121902Faire-na-SquirArisaig Inverness-shireScotland 
Item 11 of 121910Astley Village HallArisaig Inverness-shireScotlandNorth west wing
Item 12 of 121930War MemorialBraes of Arisaig Inverness-shireScotland 


Bibliographic References

The following books contain references to this architect:
Item 1 of 4Beauty's Awakening Beauty's Awakening: The Centenary Exhibition of the Art Workers' Guild Brighton Museum September -November 1984, Royal Pavilion Brighton 
Item 2 of 4British Architectural Library, RIBA2001Directory of British Architects 1834-1914   
Item 3 of 4Clarke, Amy2004George Jack, Master Woodcarver of the Arts & Crafts Movementno 28pp83-107 
Item 4 of 4Gaimster, Amy2006George Jack 1855-1931, architect and designer-craftsman Waltham Forest, William Morris Gallery 

Periodical References

The following periodicals contain references to this architect:
 Periodical NameDateEditionPublisherNotes
Item 1 of 3ArtistJanuary 1899  'George Jack, Architect and Art Worker'
Item 2 of 3Builder15 January 1932v142 p133 - obituary
Item 3 of 3RIBA Journal6 February 1932v39London: Royal Institute of British Architectsp278 - obituary by T Hamilton Crawford