Basic Site Details

Name: Melrose District Asylum
Town, district or village: Melrose
City or county: Roxburghshire
Country: Scotland
Status: B listed
Grid ref:
Notes: Brown & Wardrop won the competition and secured the job, but Richardson attributes the final design to Peddie & Kinnear. It seems likely that the latter produced unsuccessful competition designs, although these have never been traced.

Cost of original building: 46,500.

In his Nomination Paper (1907) George Wilson says that his practice added 3 new blocks.

Only boiler house B listed.

Alternative Names

The following alternative names are associated with this building/design:
 NameCurrent name?Notes
Item 1 of 3Border Counties Asylum  
Item 2 of 3Dingleton HospitalYes 
Item 3 of 3Roxburgh Asylum  

Building Type Classification

The building is classified under the following categories:
 ClassificationOriginal classification?Notes
Item 1 of 1Psychiatric hospital  

Street Addresses

The following street addresses are associated with this building:
 AddressMain entrance?Notes
Item 1 of 1Dingleton RoadYes 


The following date-based events are associated with this building:
 FromToEvent typeNotes
Item 1 of 141869 Design exhibited 
Item 2 of 1418691872Build/construction 
Item 3 of 14June 1869 Foundation stone 
Item 4 of 14After 1869  Plans to remedy defects drawn up
Item 5 of 14May 1872 Opened 
Item 6 of 141895  Male hospital block added
Item 7 of 141898  Female hospital block added; dining and recreation hall extended
Item 8 of 141900  Laundry added
Item 9 of 141902  Further work on male hospital
Item 10 of 1419031908 Extensions, piggeries, etc.
Item 11 of 141931  Housing for hospital staff
Item 12 of 141936  Housing for hospital staff
Item 13 of 141939  Extensions
Item 14 of 141977 AdditionBoiler House


Design and Construction

The following individuals or organisations have carried out design/construction work. Where architects or practices worked together, matching letters appear beside their names in the Partnership Group column.
 NameRolePartnership GroupFromToNotes
Item 1 of 32Brown & WardropArchitectural practiceA18691872Won competition to secure job
Item 2 of 32James Maitland WardropArchitectA18691872Won competition to secure job
Item 3 of 32Thomas Brown IIArchitectA18691872Won competition to secure job
Item 4 of 32George BeattieArchitect, BuilderB1869 Competition designs
Item 5 of 32George Beattie & SonArchitectural practiceB1869 Competition designs
Item 6 of 32William Hamilton BeattieArchitectB1869 Competition designs
Item 7 of 32Charles George Hood KinnearArchitectC1869 Competition designs?
Item 8 of 32John Dick PeddieArchitectC1869 Competition designs?
Item 9 of 32Peddie & KinnearArchitectural practiceC1869 Competition designs?
Item 10 of 32William Lambie Moffatt (originally William Lambie Moffat)Architect After 1869 Drew up plans to 'remedy defects'
Item 11 of 32Sydney Mitchell & WilsonArchitectural practiceD1895 Male hospital block added
Item 12 of 32Arthur George Sydney MitchellArchitectE18951898Female hospital block added; dining and recreation hall extended
Item 13 of 32George WilsonArchitectE18951898Female hospital block added; dining and recreation hall extended
Item 14 of 32Sydney Mitchell & WilsonArchitectural practiceE18951898Female hospital block added; dining and recreation hall extended
Item 15 of 32Arthur George Sydney MitchellArchitectF1895 Male hospital block added
Item 16 of 32George WilsonArchitectF1895 Male hospital block added
Item 17 of 32Arthur George Sydney MitchellArchitectG1902 Further work on male hospital
Item 18 of 32George WilsonArchitectG1902 Further work on male hospital
Item 19 of 32Sydney Mitchell & WilsonArchitectural practiceG1902 Further work on male hospital
Item 20 of 32Arthur George Sydney MitchellArchitectH19031908Extensions, piggeries, etc.
Item 21 of 32George WilsonArchitectH19031908Extensions, piggeries, etc.
Item 22 of 32Sydney Mitchell & WilsonArchitectural practiceH19031908Extensions, piggeries, etc.
Item 23 of 32J & J HallArchitectural practiceJ1931 Housing for hospital staff
Item 24 of 32John Campbell HallArchitectJ1931 Housing for hospital staff
Item 25 of 32John HallArchitectJ1931 Housing for hospital staff
Item 26 of 32J & J HallArchitectural practiceK1936 Housing for hospital staff
Item 27 of 32John Campbell HallArchitectK1936 Housing for hospital staff
Item 28 of 32David John ChisholmArchitectI1939 Extensions
Item 29 of 32Dick Peddie, Todd & JamiesonArchitectural practiceI1939 Extensions
Item 30 of 32George Lindsay Auldjo JamiesonArchitectI1939 Extensions
Item 31 of 32William James Walker ToddArchitectI1939 Extensions
Item 32 of 32Charles Peter Womersley (known as Peter Womersley)Architect 1977 Boiler House


Bibliographic References

The following books contain references to this building:
Item 1 of 8Cruft, Kitty, Dunbar, John and Fawcett, Richard2006Borders (The Buildings of Scotland) New Haven and London: Yale University Pressp550
Item 2 of 8Darragh, Alison2011Prison or Palace? Heaven or Hell? An architectural and social study of the development of public lunatic asylums in Scot Unpublished PhD thesis, University of St Andrewsvol 3, pp 110-13
Item 3 of 8Glendinning, M, MacInnes, R and MacKechnie, A1996A History of Scottish Architecture  p603
Item 4 of 8Groome, Francis H Ordnance Gazetteer of Scotland (1882-85) Edinburgh, London & Glasgow: Thomas C Jack, Grange Publishing Works 
Item 5 of 8Miller, K1972The Story of a Community: Dingleton Hospital, Melrose, 1872-1972   
Item 6 of 8Richardson, HarrietN.D.Scottish Hospitals Survey Unpublished typescript (copy in DMW Archive)Attributes building to Peddie & Kinnear
Item 7 of 8RSA1869   724
Item 8 of 8Strang, Charles Alexander1994Borders and Berwick: An Illustrated Architectural Guide  p178

Periodical References

The following periodicals contain references to this building:
 Periodical NameDateEditionPublisherNotes
Item 1 of 2Border Advertiser17 May 1872   
Item 2 of 2Building News29 April 1870   

Archive References

The following archives hold material relating to this building:
 SourceArchive nameSource catalogue no.Notes
Item 1 of 6Edinburgh University LibraryAnderson Collection (Plans and drawings)  
Item 2 of 6Galashiels Local History LibraryGalashiels Local History Library R21/31.4 - 'Dingleton 1872-1972', booklet on centenary of the hospital
Item 3 of 6Historic Environment ScotlandListed Buildings Register51064Boiler house
Item 4 of 6National Archives of Scotland (formerly SRO)William Lambie Moffatt Cash Book 1859-1881 GD 1/412/1 p15
Item 5 of 6National Monuments Record of Scotland/NMRS, RCAHMSSydney Mitchell & Wilson Collection SMW 1890/28/4 (male hospital); SMW 1890/28/1-3, 5-7 (main block, female hospital and piggeries etc)
Item 6 of 6RIBA Archive, Victoria & Albert MuseumRIBA Nomination Papers George Wilson: F v19 p89 no 1396, microfolm reel 12