Basic Site Details

Name: Crichton Royal Institution, main buildings
Town, district or village: Dumfries
City or county: Dumfriesshire
Country: Scotland
Parish:  
Status:  
Grid ref:
Notes:  

Alternative Names

The following alternative names are associated with this building/design:
 NameCurrent name?Notes
Item 1 of 2Crichton HallYes 
Item 2 of 2Crichton Royal HospitalYesSince c1943

Building Type Classification

The building is classified under the following categories:
 ClassificationOriginal classification?Notes
Item 1 of 1Hospital  

Events

The following date-based events are associated with this building:
 FromToEvent typeNotes
Item 1 of 7   Additions
Item 2 of 718351839Build/construction 
Item 3 of 7June 1835  Foundation stone laid
Item 4 of 71852  East wing added
Item 5 of 718671871 Completion of Burn's original building and partial remodelling.
Item 6 of 718991902 Alterations and additions
Item 7 of 719231926 Rear wing extended for board room and nurses' residence

People

Design and Construction

The following individuals or organisations have carried out design/construction work. Where architects or practices worked together, matching letters appear beside their names in the Partnership Group column.
 NameRolePartnership GroupFromToNotes
Item 1 of 8John DavidsonArchitect   Additions to both main buildings
Item 2 of 8William BurnArchitectB18351839Designed original buildings
Item 3 of 8William McGowanArchitect, Builder 1852 East wing
Item 4 of 8William Lambie Moffatt (originally William Lambie Moffat)Architect 18671871Completion of Burn's original building and partial remodelling.
Item 5 of 8Arthur George Sydney MitchellArchitectA18991902Alterations and additions
Item 6 of 8George WilsonArchitectA18991902Alterations and additions
Item 7 of 8Sydney Mitchell & WilsonArchitectural practiceA18991902Alterations and additions
Item 8 of 8James FlettArchitect 19231926Rear wing extended for board room and nurses' residence

Clients

The following individuals or organisations have commissioned work on this building/design:
 NameNotes
Item 1 of 1Crichton, Mrs 

Related Buildings, Structures and Designs

Child Structures

This structure or site has the following component or child structures (click on an item to view details):
 Building NameNotes
Item 1 of 35Crichton Royal Institution, administration block 
Item 2 of 35Crichton Royal Institution, Artesian Well 
Item 3 of 35Crichton Royal Institution, block for disturbed, violent and pauper lunatics 
Item 4 of 35Crichton Royal Institution, Browne House 
Item 5 of 35Crichton Royal Institution, central therapeutical and recreational building 
Item 6 of 35Crichton Royal Institution, closed wards 
Item 7 of 35Crichton Royal Institution, closed wards 
Item 8 of 35Crichton Royal Institution, Crichton House 
Item 9 of 35Crichton Royal Institution, Crichton Memorial ChurchThe Church was opened on 15 October 1897, construction having taken 8 years
Item 10 of 35Crichton Royal Institution, day accommodation for patients sleeping at farm 
Item 11 of 35Crichton Royal Institution, Dudgeon House 
Item 12 of 35Crichton Royal Institution, Electricity Station 
Item 13 of 35Crichton Royal Institution, farm 
Item 14 of 35Crichton Royal Institution, Hillhead HouseCHECK: is this correct? Extracted from bio. Reference??
Item 15 of 35Crichton Royal Institution, Hospice 
Item 16 of 35Crichton Royal Institution, hospital for men 
Item 17 of 35Crichton Royal Institution, Laundry 
Item 18 of 35Crichton Royal Institution, laundry annexe for female pauper patients 
Item 19 of 35Crichton Royal Institution, Low Lodge 
Item 20 of 35Crichton Royal Institution, main buildings 
Item 21 of 35Crichton Royal Institution, Male and Female Hospitals 
Item 22 of 35Crichton Royal Institution, male convalescent ward 
Item 23 of 35Crichton Royal Institution, Male Observation Villa 
Item 24 of 35Crichton Royal Institution, male observation villa 
Item 25 of 35Crichton Royal Institution, male pauper infirmary 
Item 26 of 35Crichton Royal Institution, male pauper infirmary 
Item 27 of 35Crichton Royal Institution, Medical Superintendent's House 
Item 28 of 35Crichton Royal Institution, Nurses' Home 
Item 29 of 35Crichton Royal Institution, poorhouse 
Item 30 of 35Crichton Royal Institution, Solway House 
Item 31 of 35Crichton Royal Institution, Southern Counties AsylumFunds contributed by Dumfriesshire, Wigtownshire and the Stewartry of Kirkcudbright and by public subscription.

McGowan visited English workhouses with the committee before finalising design.

Moffatt paid 1138 5s 6d.
Item 32 of 35Crichton Royal Institution, stable block 
Item 33 of 35Crichton Royal Institution, Upper Brownhall Lodge 
Item 34 of 35Crichton Royal Institution, women's observation villa 
Item 35 of 35Holiday home for the Crichton Royal Hospital 

Parent Structure and Site

This structure is related to the following parent structure or site (click the item to view details):
 Building nameNotes
Item 1 of 1Crichton Royal Institution, main buildings 

References

Bibliographic References

The following books contain references to this building:
 Author(s)DateTitlePartPublisherNotes
Item 1 of 5Darragh, Alison2011Prison or Palace? Heaven or Hell? An architectural and social study of the development of public lunatic asylums in Scot Unpublished PhD thesis, University of St Andrewsvol 1, pp 75-6, 156-89
vol 2, pp 204-5, 267 (infirmary), 282 (farm), 292-3 (chapel), 328-9 (garden)
vol 3, pp 43-5
Item 2 of 5Easterbrook, C C1940The Chronicle of Crichton Royal (1833-1936) Dumfries 
Item 3 of 5Gifford, John1996Dumfries and Galloway (The Buildings of Scotland)  p256
Item 4 of 5Richardson, HarrietN.D.Scottish Hospitals Survey Unpublished typescript (copy in DMW Archive) 
Item 5 of 5Turner, G B1980The Chronicle of Crichton Royal 1937-1971 Cumbria 

Periodical References

The following periodicals contain references to this building:
 Periodical NameDateEditionPublisherNotes
Item 1 of 2RIBA Journal11 November 1911 London: Royal Institute of British ArchitectsObituary
Item 2 of 2RIBA Transactions1870  p125-128. List of Burn's work compiled by T L Donaldson

Archive References

The following archives hold material relating to this building:
 SourceArchive nameSource catalogue no.Notes
Item 1 of 4Dumfries & Galloway Health Board ArchivesDumfries & Galloway Health Board Archives Plans
Item 2 of 4Historic Environment ScotlandListed Buildings Register3839 
Item 3 of 4National Monuments Record of Scotland/NMRS, RCAHMSSydney Mitchell & Wilson Collection SMW 1880/1/28-30
Item 4 of 4RIBA Archive, Victoria & Albert MuseumRIBA Drawings Collection