Basic Biographical Details

Name: J & J A Carrick
Designation: Architectural practice
Started: 1934
Ended: 1982
Bio Notes: James Carrick was born on 28 January 1880 in Glasgow. In 1893 he was articled to Peter Macgregor Chalmers and he remained as assistant until he joined the office of James Kennedy Hunter in Ayr. In the following year, 1900, he joined James Miller's Glasgow office for experience helping with the Glasgow International Exhibition of 1901. He returned to Hunter's in 1903. During these periods he studied at Glasgow School of Art and at The Glasgow and West of Scotland Technical College under Charles Gourlay and Alexander McGibbon, becoming an assistant teacher of Building Construction at the Technical College from 1901 to 1903. In 1904 he made a study tour of medieval and other buildings in the North of England, visiting Carlisle, Hexham, Newcastle, Durham, York, Ripon, Selby, Fountains and Kirkstall. Later travels took him to France, Spain, Italy, Egypt and India.

As an assistant Carrick had a larger-than-usual role in Hunter's office, particularly after his return from Miller's in 1903, an album of photographs preserved within the practice recording projects for which he had executive responsibility. His role in the others during his time as chief assistant are unknown. That role increased significantly when he became associate-in-charge rather than partner (a very early instance of such an arrangement) in 1910, and he was admitted LRIBA on 19 December of that year, his proposers being Hunter himself, James Miller and Henry Edward Clifford. He also taught Architecture and Building Construction at Ayr Academy from 1906 to 1910.

Carrick was on war service from 1915 to 1919 and reached the rank of Captain of the Royal Artillery, returning to his previous position in Hunter's office in 1920. When Hunter retired in 1928, Carrick left to set up practice on his own account, Hunter's practice being continued by his assistants Henry Sloan McNair and Andrew Douglas as James K Hunter Architects.

Carrick's son, James Andrew Carrick, born on 33 April 1911 and apprenticed to James Miller whilst studying at the Glasgow School of Architecture, joined his father's practice in 1931 or 1932 and was taken into partnership in 1934 under the style of J & J A Carrick. He had spent a month in England in 1930 to study ecclesiastical architecture, and in 1931 had won the Alexander Thomson travelling studentship, which he used for a three-month study tour of Rome and Northern Italy two years later; and in 1932 he had been runner-up for the Grissell Medal. He had obtained his diploma and passed the professional practice exam in summer 1933, enabling him to be admitted ARIBA on 4 December that year, his proposers being Andrew Graham Henderson, John Keppie and James Archibald Morris, an old friend of his father's. In 1934, the same year he was taken into partnership, he spent a month studying Greek buildings in Sicily and Southern Italy as Bourdon Memorial Student.

The elder Carrick was an excellent Arts and Crafts architect, mainly in an English Tudor-Jacobean idiom close in style to Miller's work. In the younger Carrick's hands the direction of the practice quickly changed, although traditional Arts and Crafts could still be provided according to the tastes of the client. The son was a significant modernist, as can be seen at Gourock and Rothesay Pavilions and to a lesser degree at Ayr Ice Rink, but his career was curtailed by the Second World War.

The elder Carrick died suddenly on 15 March 1940. The younger Carrick resumed practice after the war and was elected FRIBA in 1953, at which time he was still practising from Wellington Chambers. The practice continued operating in central and southern Scotland until 1982 when it merged with Cowie Torry and Partners and became Carrick Cowie and Torry. The new partnership took over the practice of T K Irving and Partners of Stranraer in 1985 and in 1999 changed its name to Carricks, James Andrew Carrick having died in 1989.

Private and Business Addresses

The following private or business addresses are associated with this architectural practice:
 AddressTypeDate fromDate toNotes
Item 1 of 2Wellington House/7, Alloway Place, Ayr, Ayrshire, ScotlandBusiness1934After 1964 
Item 2 of 23, Barns Street, Ayr, Ayrshire, ScotlandBusiness1980 *  

* earliest date known from documented sources.

Employment and Training

Employees or Pupils

The following individuals were employed or trained by this architectural practice (click on an item to view details):
 NameDate fromDate toPositionNotes
Item 1 of 12James Muir Austin  Architect 
Item 2 of 12James Carrick19341940Partner 
Item 3 of 12James Andrew Carrick19341982Partner 
Item 4 of 12Larmont Douglas Penman (junior)19351939Assistant 
Item 5 of 12(Miss) Janet Craig Stewart GilfillanJune 1935September 1935Apprentice(?)holiday work during diploma studies
Item 6 of 12(Miss) Janet Craig Stewart GilfillanJune 1936September 1936Apprentice(?)holiday work during diploma studies
Item 7 of 12(Miss) Janet Craig Stewart GilfillanJune 1937September 1937Apprentice(?) 
Item 8 of 12Clark Fyfe1938 Assistant 
Item 9 of 12James Walker Turner1970Before 1980Architect(?) 
Item 10 of 12Ronald Charles GrahamBefore 1970After 1980Partner(?) 
Item 11 of 12James Gardner HutchesonBefore 1975 *After 1980Partner 
Item 12 of 12Ronald R IrvingMid 1980s Partner 

* earliest date known from documented sources.

Buildings and Designs

This architectural practice was involved with the following buildings or structures from the date specified (click on an item to view details):
 Date startedBuilding nameTown, district or villageIslandCity or countyCountryNotes
Item 1 of 781930sSeafield House and lodgeAyr AyrshireScotlandCasualty and Outpatients' Departments
Item 2 of 781934Building and décor for the Pageant of AyrAyr AyrshireScotland 
Item 3 of 781934Coatbridge Public Baths, swimming pool and clinicCoatbridge LanarkshireScotlandCompetition design - not placed
Item 4 of 781934House for J HendrieAlloway AyrshireScotland 
Item 5 of 781934House for Miss DobbieAlloway AyrshireScotland 
Item 6 of 781934House for Mrs CunninghamAlloway AyrshireScotland 
Item 7 of 781934House for Mrs PopplewellAyr AyrshireScotland 
Item 8 of 781934House for R W GordonSymington AyrshireScotland 
Item 9 of 781934House for T McBurnieAlloway AyrshireScotland 
Item 10 of 781934Stair HouseTarbolton AyrshireScotlandRestoration and reconditioning
Item 11 of 78After 1934Burns MuseumAlloway AyrshireScotlandExtension
Item 12 of 78After 1934Council housingGirvan AyrshireScotland 
Item 13 of 78After 1934Farm buildings, BlackhillAyr (near) AyrshireScotland 
Item 14 of 78After 1934Farm buildings, BroomberryAyr (near) AyrshireScotland 
Item 15 of 78After 1934Farm buildings, Low KilphinBallantrae AyrshireScotland 
Item 16 of 78After 1934Farm buildings, WhitehillAyr (near) AyrshireScotland 
Item 17 of 78After 1934Souvenir Shop at Burns MonumentAlloway AyrshireScotland 
Item 18 of 78After 1934Villa, 1 Craigweil RoadAyr AyrshireScotlandExtensions
Item 19 of 781935Birch HillsAlloway AyrshireScotland 
Item 20 of 781935Cambusdoon FeuingCambusdoon AyrshireScotland 
Item 21 of 781935Cragburn PavilionGourock RenfrewshireScotland 
Item 22 of 781935CraigwellAlloway AyrshireScotland 
Item 23 of 781935Private residenceAyr AyrshireScotland 
Item 24 of 781935The HirselAlloway AyrshireScotland 
Item 25 of 781936Cottage at Glen TachurPinwherry AyrshireScotlandAlterations
Item 26 of 781936GlencarseAlloway AyrshireScotland 
Item 27 of 781936Holy Trinity ChurchAyr AyrshireScotlandRepairs after fire damage
Item 28 of 781936KirkhillColmonell AyrshireScotlandAlterations
Item 29 of 781936Private residenceHigh Corton, near Ayr AyrshireScotland 
Item 30 of 781936Private residenceAlloway AyrshireScotland 
Item 31 of 781936Rothesay PavilionRothesayBute ScotlandWon competition to secure job (plus £200 premium)
Item 32 of 781936Shoe storeAyr AyrshireScotlandAlterations and shop front
Item 33 of 781936St John's Mission ChurchAyr AyrshireScotland 
Item 34 of 781937Ayr Ice RinkAyr AyrshireScotland 
Item 35 of 781937Enterkine HouseStair (near) AyrshireScotlandNew chauffeur's house
Item 36 of 781937Ottoline Drive, feuing at Darley WoodTroon AyrshireScotland 
Item 37 of 781937Villa, Ottoline DriveTroon AyrshireScotland 
Item 38 of 781938Auchinleck Barony ChurchAuchinleck AyrshireScotlandAlterations after fire
Item 39 of 781938DoonholmAyr AyrshireScotlandReconditioning of several staff cottages
Item 40 of 78c. 1938Davidson Memorial Cottage HospitalGirvan AyrshireScotlandExtension to right
Item 41 of 78c. 1938Kirkcaldy Town HallKirkcaldy FifeScotlandDesign drawn
Item 42 of 78c. 1938Luton Town Hall and Municipal BuildingsLuton BedfordshireEnglandDesigns
Item 43 of 781939Shop premisesAyr AyrshireScotlandAlterations
Item 44 of 78After 1939(?)Ballochmyle HouseMauchline AyrshireScotlandAlterations
Item 45 of 78c. 1939Queen's HallDunoon ArgyllScotlandDesigns
Item 46 of 78c. 1950Sauchrie HouseSauchrie AyrshireScotlandRestoration
Item 47 of 781953Peden ChurchAuchinleck AyrshireScotland 
Item 48 of 781958Castlehill ChurchAyr AyrshireScotland 
Item 49 of 781960County Buildings and Sheriff CourtAyr AyrshireScotlandRoyal Scots Fusiliers Memorial in grounds
Item 50 of 781960Symington Parish ChurchSymington AyrshireScotlandLow Neo-Romanesque porch added
Item 51 of 781961St Cuthbert's ChurchMonkton and Prestwick AyrshireScotlandAlterations
Item 52 of 781962Warehouse for Hugh Lauder & Co LtdKilmarnock AyrshireScotlandExtension
Item 53 of 781963Ayr Racecourse and GrandstandsWallacetown AyrshireScotlandEglinton Stand and other buildings
Item 54 of 781963Ladyburn Factory, Offices and laboratories for Alginate Industries LtdGirvan AyrshireScotland 
Item 55 of 781963Racecourse building for Western Meeting ClubAyr AyrshireScotland 
Item 56 of 781967Fire StationIrvine    
Item 57 of 781968Ayrshire Lunatic AsylumAyr AyrshireScotlandAdditions and improvements (other than hostel)
Item 58 of 781968Clydesdale BankAyr AyrshireScotlandReconstruction of High Street branch
Item 59 of 781968Davidson Memorial Cottage HospitalGirvan AyrshireScotlandExtension
Item 60 of 781968Kelso Racecourse, stables and hostelKelso RoxburghshireScotland 
Item 61 of 781968Ladyburn Factory, Offices and laboratories for Alginate Industries LtdGirvan AyrshireScotlandFurther extension work
Item 62 of 781968Private housing for BovisAyr AyrshireScotland 
Item 63 of 781968Private housing for Bovis  EdinburghScotland 
Item 64 of 781968Private housing for Bovis  GlasgowScotland 
Item 65 of 781968Speculative HousingCunning Park, Ayr AyrshireScotland 
Item 66 of 781969Ayrshire Lunatic AsylumAyr AyrshireScotlandStaff hostel
Item 67 of 781969Speculative HousingRozelle, Ayr AyrshireScotland 
Item 68 of 781969Villa, 1 Craigweil RoadAyr AyrshireScotlandGymnasium and classrooms added. Also Assembly Hall which may be the same as the gymnasium?
Item 69 of 78After 1970Fire StationSkelmorlie AyrshireScotland 
Item 70 of 781971Kilkerran Estate, caravan park and leisure centreMaybole AyrshireScotland 
Item 71 of 781972Flats, Savoy Park areaAyr AyrshireScotland 
Item 72 of 781972Golf Clubhouse, BelleisleAyr AyrshireScotlandAlterations
Item 73 of 781974Ayr County HospitalAyr AyrshireScotlandAlterations
Item 74 of 781974Halifax Building Society branchAyr AyrshireScotlandAlterations
Item 75 of 781974Private House for Ambion ScotlandDrymen StirlingshireScotland 
Item 76 of 781983Airport ClubPrestwick AyrshireScotlandNew facade
Item 77 of 781984New ChurchAyr AyrshireScotlandconversion to dance studio
Item 78 of 781986Trustee Savings BankSaltcoats AyrshireScotland 


Bibliographic References

The following books contain references to this architectural practice:
Item 1 of 4Bailey, Rebecca M1996Scottish architects' papers: a source book Edinburgh: The Rutland Press 
Item 2 of 4Johnston, W T2003Artists of Scotland Officina Publications CDROM 
Item 3 of 4Municipal Annual1964Scottish Municipal Annual1964-1965  
Item 4 of 4Walker, Frank Arneil1986South Clyde Estuary: An Illustrated Architectural Guide to Inverclyde and Renfrew  p141

Archive References

The following archives hold material relating to this architectural practice:
 SourceArchive NameSource Catalogue No.Notes
Item 1 of 2Ayrshire ArchivesCarricks Practice Records  
Item 2 of 2RIBA Archive, Victoria & Albert MuseumRIBA Nomination Papers L v6 no342 (microfiche reel 31); F no3528 (box 25) (James Carrick)