Basic Biographical Details

Name: James Carrick
Designation: Architect
Born: 28 January 1880
Died: 15 March 1940
Bio Notes: James Carrick was born on 28 January 1880 in Glasgow. In 1893 he was articled to Peter Macgregor Chalmers and he remained as assistant until he joined the office of James Kennedy Hunter in Ayr. In the following year, 1900, he joined James Miller's Glasgow office for experience helping with the Glasgow International Exhibition of 1901. He returned to Hunter's in 1903. During these periods he studied at Glasgow School of Art and at The Glasgow and West of Scotland Technical College under Charles Gourlay and Alexander McGibbon, becoming an assistant teacher of Building Construction at the Technical College from 1901 to 1903. In 1904 he made a study tour of medieval and other buildings in the North of England, visiting Carlisle, Hexham, Newcastle, Durham, York, Ripon, Selby, Fountains and Kirkstall. Later travels took him to France, Spain, Italy, Egypt and India.

As an assistant Carrick had a larger-than-usual role in Hunter's office, particularly after his return from Miller's in 1903, an album of photographs preserved within the practice recording projects for which he had executive responsibility. His role in the others during his time as chief assistant are unknown. That role increased significantly when he became associate-in-charge rather than partner (a very early instance of such an arrangement) in 1910, and he was admitted LRIBA on 19 December of that year, his proposers being Hunter himself, James Miller and Henry Edward Clifford. He also taught Architecture and Building Construction at Ayr Academy from 1906 to 1910.

Carrick was on war service from 1915 to 1919 and reached the rank of Captain of the Royal Artillery (later becoming a Major in the Territorials). He returned to his previous position in Hunter's office in 1920. When Hunter retired in 1928, Carrick left to set up practice on his own account, Hunter's practice being continued by his assistants Henry Sloan McNair and Andrew Douglas as James K Hunter Architects.

Carrick's son, James Andrew Carrick, born on 33 April 1911 and apprenticed to James Miller whilst studying at the Glasgow School of Architecture, joined his father's practice in 1931 or 1932 and was taken into partnership in 1934 under the style of J & J A Carrick. He had spent a month in England in 1930 to study ecclesiastical architecture, and in 1931 had won the Alexander Thomson travelling studentship, which he used for a three-month study tour of Rome and Northern Italy two years later; and in 1932 he had been runner-up for the Grissell Medal. He had obtained his diploma and passed the professional practice exam in summer 1933, enabling him to be admitted ARIBA on 4 December that year, his proposers being Andrew Graham Henderson, John Keppie and James Archibald Morris, an old friend of his father's. In 1934, the same year he was taken into partnership, he spent a month studying Greek buildings in Sicily and Southern Italy as Bourdon Memorial Student.

The elder Carrick was an excellent Arts and Crafts architect, mainly in an English Tudor-Jacobean idiom close in style to Miller's work. In the younger Carrick's hands the direction of the practice quickly changed, although traditional Arts and Crafts could still be provided according to the tastes of the client. The son was a significant modernist, as can be seen at Gourock and Rothesay Pavilions and to a lesser degree at Ayr Ice Rink, but his career was curtailed by the Second World War.

Carrick senior was a prominent member of the Ayr Rotary Club and was also a member of the Ayr Attractions Committee, being responsible for the architectural work for the Ayrshire Pageant 'some years ago'.

The elder Carrick died suddenly on 15 March 1940, his son resuming business after the war and continuing the practice alone thereafter. The elder Carrick left moveable estate of £9955 1s 2d. And was survived by his widow Susan Andrew Cunningham (whom he had married on 1 June 1906) who died on 30 July 1979 in her ninety-sixth year and his son and daughter.

Private and Business Addresses

The following private or business addresses are associated with this architect:
 AddressTypeDate fromDate toNotes
Item 1 of 5Kingarth/92, St Leonards Road, Ayr, Ayrshire, ScotlandPrivate/businessBefore 1910After 1914 
Item 2 of 525, Wellington Square, Ayr, Ayrshire, ScotlandBusiness1926 * Is listed at this address in 1939-40 RIBA Kalander
Item 3 of 5Wellington House/7, Alloway Place, Ayr, Ayrshire, ScotlandBusiness19291940 
Item 4 of 5Martins, Alloway, Ayrshire, ScotlandPrivate1930 *1939 
Item 5 of 525, Welldyke Avenue, Ayr, Ayrshire, ScotlandPrivate1933 * Address given in RSA for this year. Uncertain if home address or error?

* earliest date known from documented sources.


Employment and Training

Employers

The following individuals or organisations employed or trained this architect (click on an item to view details):
 NameDate fromDate toPositionNotes
Item 1 of 5James Kennedy Hunter4 March 1889February 1900AssistantReturned as assistant in 1903
Item 2 of 5Peter Macgregor Chalmers4 June 1893March 1899ApprenticeRemained as assistant
Item 3 of 5James Miller10 February 19003 November 1903Assistant 
Item 4 of 5James Kennedy Hunter3 November 19031915Assistant 
Item 5 of 5J & J A Carrick19341940Partner 

Employees or Pupils

The following individuals were employed or trained by this architect (click on an item to view details):
 NameDate fromDate toPositionNotes
Item 1 of 2James Andrew Carrick1931 or 19321934Assistant(?) 
Item 2 of 2William Archibald Park Jack19331934Assistant 

RIBA

RIBA Proposers

The following individuals proposed this architect for RIBA membership (click on an item to view details):
 NameDate proposedNotes
Item 1 of 6George Arthur Boswell6 February 1939for Fellowship
Item 2 of 6Henry Edward Clifford19 December 1910for Licentiateship
Item 3 of 6Andrew Graham Henderson6 February 1939for Fellowship
Item 4 of 6James Kennedy Hunter19 December 1910for Licentiateship
Item 5 of 6James Lochhead6 February 1939for Fellowship
Item 6 of 6James Miller19 December 1910for Licentiateship

RIBA Proposals

This architect proposed the following individuals for RIBA membership (click on an item to view details):
 NameDate proposedNotes
Item 1 of 2Thomas Findlay Lyon (Professor)16 April 1940For Associateship
Item 2 of 2John Frederick ('Fred') Torry12 December 1939For Associateship

Buildings and Designs

This architect was involved with the following buildings or structures from the date specified (click on an item to view details):
 Date startedBuilding nameTown, district or villageIslandCity or countyCountryNotes
Item 1 of 119 2 Chapel Park RoadAyr AyrshireScotlandDate unknown
Item 2 of 119 KnowltonAyr AyrshireScotlandDate unknown
Item 3 of 119 The CroftAyr AyrshireScotlandDate unknown
Item 4 of 1191898Glenluce Abbey  WigtownshireScotlandRestoration - as assistant to P Macgregor Chalmers
Item 5 of 1191898St Bride's ChurchPartick GlasgowScotlandAs assistant to P Macgregor Chalmers
Item 6 of 1191899Black Clauchrie  AyrshireScotlandBilliard room: as assistant to James Kennedy Hunter
Item 7 of 1191900Glasgow International Exhibition of 1901Kelvingrove GlasgowScotlandAs assistant to James Miller
Item 8 of 1191901Central Station Hotel  GlasgowScotlandExtension - as assistant to James Miller
Item 9 of 1191901Glasgow Royal Infirmary  GlasgowScotlandAs assistant to James Miller
Item 10 of 1191903Belleisle CottagesAlloway AyrshireScotlandCarrick as assistant to James Kennedy Hunter
Item 11 of 1191903Dunskey HousePortpatrick WigtownshireScotlandAs assistant to James Kennedy Hunter
Item 12 of 1191904Ayr Pavilion, Low GreenAyr AyrshireScotlandAs assistant to James Kennedy Hunter
Item 13 of 1191904GlenfairnAyr AyrshireScotlandAlterations and extensions, including billiard room - as assistant to James Kennedy Hunter
Item 14 of 1191905Carnegie Free Library, MayboleMaybole AyrshireScotlandAs assistant to James Kennedy Hunter
Item 15 of 1191905Gordon BuildingsAyr AyrshireScotlandAs assistant to James Kennedy Hunter.
Item 16 of 1191905Montgomerie HouseTarbolton (near) AyrshireScotlandInternal reconstruction: as assistant to James Miller
Item 17 of 1191905Portpatrick HotelPortpatrick WigtownshireScotlandAs assistant to James Kennedy Hunter
Item 18 of 1191905Shops and dwelling housesAyr AyrshireScotlandAs assistant to James Kennedy Hunter
Item 19 of 1191905Villa, 2 Corsehill RoadAyr AyrshireScotlandCarrick as assistant to James Kennedy Hunter
Item 20 of 119c. 1905Shop and dwelling, 145 High StreetAyr AyrshireScotlandAs assistant to James Kennedy Hunter
Item 21 of 1191906The Red HouseAyr AyrshireScotlandAdditions - as assistant to James Kennedy Hunter
Item 22 of 119After 1906Ayr County HospitalAyr AyrshireScotlandAs assistant to James Kennedy Hunter
Item 23 of 1191908Biggart Memorial Home for Cripple ChildrenPrestwick AyrshireScotlandAdditions - as assistant to James Kennedy Hunter
Item 24 of 1191908StonegarthPrestwick AyrshireScotlandas assistant to James Kennedy Hunter
Item 25 of 1191908Templetonburn HouseCrookedholm (by), Kilmarnock AyrshireScotlandExtension - as assistant to James Kennedy Hunter
Item 26 of 1191909Ayr Grammar SchoolAyr AyrshireScotlandMajor reconstruction and extension - as assistant to James Kennedy Hunter
Item 27 of 1191910High Greenan  AyrshireScotlandCarrick as assistant to James Kennedy Hunter. May have been responsible for design.
Item 28 of 1191910St John's TowerAyr AyrshireScotlandRestoration. Miller's house removed for restoration of tower. Carrick as assistant to James Kennedy Hunter
Item 29 of 119After 1910Cottage for G D Fraser   Scotland 
Item 30 of 1191912Lanfine  AyrshireScotland'Buildings of Scotland' gives 1912-13
Item 31 of 1191912The CroftDalry AyrshireScotland 
Item 32 of 1191920Houses 6-28 George's AvenueAyr AyrshireScotland 
Item 33 of 1191920War Memorial, Memorial parkMaybole AyrshireScotland 
Item 34 of 119c. 1920CenotaphAyr AyrshireScotland 
Item 35 of 1191921Craigie HouseAyr AyrshireScotlandAlterations by Carrick when working in Hunter's office?
Item 36 of 119c. 1921Brae of AuchendraneMaybole (near) AyrshireScotlandLow south wing added - as assistant to James Kennedy Hunter and perhaps responsible for design
Item 37 of 1191924Village HallMinishant AyrshireScotlandConversion of woollen mill to village hall
Item 38 of 1191926Hollybush  AyrshireScotlandReconstruction
Item 39 of 1191926Treesbank MansionKilmarnock AyrshireScotlandAlmost complete rebuilding - Carrick in Hunter's office
Item 40 of 1191929Ayr County HospitalAyr AyrshireScotlandAlterations (Carrick on his own account)
Item 41 of 1191929Ayrshire Yeomanry Headquarters  AyrshireScotland 
Item 42 of 1191929Castlehill Estate  AyrshireScotlandGeneral surveying and architectural work
Item 43 of 1191929Drill Hall and other work for Territorial Army AssociationAyr AyrshireScotland 
Item 44 of 1191929Drill Hall and other work for Territorial Army AssociationGlengarnock AyrshireScotland 
Item 45 of 1191929Drill Hall and other work for Territorial Army AssociationCumnock AyrshireScotland 
Item 46 of 1191929Martnaham Lodge  AyrshireScotlandAlterations and additions
Item 47 of 1191929Memorial Cairn to Wallace and BurnsLeglenwood AyrshireScotland 
Item 48 of 1191930sSeafield House and lodgeAyr AyrshireScotlandCasualty and Outpatients' Departments
Item 49 of 1191930Bakery and restaurantAyr AyrshireScotlandAlterations
Item 50 of 1191930Beattock HouseBeattock DumfriesshireScotlandAlterations and additions
Item 51 of 1191930Bus StationAyr AyrshireScotlandAlterations
Item 52 of 1191930Fleury Mang Tea HouseAyr AyrshireScotland 
Item 53 of 1191930House for 'Martins'Alloway AyrshireScotland 
Item 54 of 1191930House for J W RobertsonAyr AyrshireScotland 
Item 55 of 1191930TanneryAyr AyrshireScotlandAlterations
Item 56 of 1191931Granary premisesAyr AyrshireScotland 
Item 57 of 1191931House for Mrs HunterAyr AyrshireScotland 
Item 58 of 1191931Irvine and Fullarton Co-operative Society LimitedIrvine AyrshireScotland 
Item 59 of 1191931RosemountAyr AyrshireScotland 
Item 60 of 1191931Union Bank of ScotlandAyr AyrshireScotlandAlterations
Item 61 of 119193224 Dalblair RoadAyr AyrshireScotlandAlterations to Garage
Item 62 of 1191932Furniture warehouseAyr AyrshireScotlandAlterations
Item 63 of 1191932House for A M McConnelAyr AyrshireScotland 
Item 64 of 1191932Private residence, AllowayAlloway AyrshireScotland 
Item 65 of 1191932Private residence, Longbank DriveAyr AyrshireScotland 
Item 66 of 1191932Showrooms and Auction Rooms for James WillsAyr AyrshireScotland 
Item 67 of 1191932St Quivox RC Church and HallPrestwick AyrshireScotland 
Item 68 of 1191933FairholmeAlloway AyrshireScotland 
Item 69 of 1191933House for N G NapierAlloway AyrshireScotland 
Item 70 of 1191933House for W CampbellAyr AyrshireScotland 
Item 71 of 1191933MartinsAlloway AyrshireScotland 
Item 72 of 1191933NetherbyAlloway AyrshireScotland 
Item 73 of 1191933Private residenceAyr AyrshireScotland 
Item 74 of 1191933Scottish Episcopal Church, WallacetownAyr AyrshireScotland 
Item 75 of 1191934Building and décor for the Pageant of AyrAyr AyrshireScotland 
Item 76 of 1191934Coatbridge Public Baths, swimming pool and clinicCoatbridge LanarkshireScotlandCompetition design - not placed
Item 77 of 1191934DouneAlloway AyrshireScotland 
Item 78 of 1191934Hall and offices for Ancient Order of ForestersAyr AyrshireScotland 
Item 79 of 1191934HolmhillAlloway AyrshireScotland 
Item 80 of 1191934House for J HendrieAlloway AyrshireScotland 
Item 81 of 1191934House for Miss DobbieAlloway AyrshireScotland 
Item 82 of 1191934House for Mrs CunninghamAlloway AyrshireScotland 
Item 83 of 1191934House for Mrs PopplewellAyr AyrshireScotland 
Item 84 of 1191934House for R W GordonSymington AyrshireScotland 
Item 85 of 1191934House for T McBurnieAlloway AyrshireScotland 
Item 86 of 1191934Nairn ParkAlloway AyrshireScotland 
Item 87 of 1191934New shop frontAyr AyrshireScotland 
Item 88 of 1191934OakshawAlloway AyrshireScotland 
Item 89 of 1191934RedbraeAlloway AyrshireScotland 
Item 90 of 1191934Shop front at H MacdonaldsAyr AyrshireScotland 
Item 91 of 1191934Stair HouseTarbolton AyrshireScotlandRestoration and reconditioning
Item 92 of 1191935Birch HillsAlloway AyrshireScotland 
Item 93 of 1191935Cambusdoon FeuingCambusdoon AyrshireScotland 
Item 94 of 1191935Cragburn PavilionGourock RenfrewshireScotland 
Item 95 of 1191935CraigwellAlloway AyrshireScotland 
Item 96 of 1191935Private residenceAyr AyrshireScotland 
Item 97 of 1191935The HirselAlloway AyrshireScotland 
Item 98 of 1191936Cottage at Glen TachurPinwherry AyrshireScotlandAlterations
Item 99 of 1191936GlencarseAlloway AyrshireScotland 
Item 100 of 1191936Holy Trinity ChurchAyr AyrshireScotlandRepairs after fire damage
Item 101 of 1191936KirkhillColmonell AyrshireScotlandAlterations
Item 102 of 1191936Private residenceHigh Corton, near Ayr AyrshireScotland 
Item 103 of 1191936Private residenceAlloway AyrshireScotland 
Item 104 of 1191936Rothesay PavilionRothesayBute ScotlandWon competition to secure job (plus £200 premium)
Item 105 of 1191936Shoe storeAyr AyrshireScotlandAlterations and shop front
Item 106 of 1191936St John's Mission ChurchAyr AyrshireScotland 
Item 107 of 1191937Ayr Ice RinkAyr AyrshireScotland 
Item 108 of 1191937Ayr Town HallAyr AyrshireScotlandAdditions
Item 109 of 1191937Enterkine HouseStair (near) AyrshireScotlandNew chauffeur's house
Item 110 of 1191937Ottoline Drive, feuing at Darley WoodTroon AyrshireScotland 
Item 111 of 1191937Villa, Ottoline DriveTroon AyrshireScotland 
Item 112 of 119c. 1937Kirkcaldy Town HallKirkcaldy FifeScotlandDesign drawn
Item 113 of 1191938Auchinleck Barony ChurchAuchinleck AyrshireScotlandAlterations after fire
Item 114 of 1191938Castle, Enterkine Estate  AyrshireScotlandRe-building
Item 115 of 1191938DoonholmAyr AyrshireScotlandReconditioning of several staff cottages
Item 116 of 119c. 1938Davidson Memorial Cottage HospitalGirvan AyrshireScotlandExtension to right
Item 117 of 119c. 1938Luton Town Hall and Municipal BuildingsLuton BedfordshireEnglandDesigns
Item 118 of 1191939Shop premisesAyr AyrshireScotlandAlterations
Item 119 of 119c. 1939Queen's HallDunoon ArgyllScotlandDesigns

References

Bibliographic References

The following books contain references to this architect:
 Author(s)DateTitlePartPublisherNotes
Item 1 of 3Johnston, W T2003Artists of Scotland Officina Publications CDROM 
Item 2 of 3RIBA1939The RIBA Kalendar 1939-1940 London: Royal Institute of British Architects 
Item 3 of 3Who's Who in Architecture1914    

Periodical References

The following periodicals contain references to this architect:
 Periodical NameDateEditionPublisherNotes
Item 1 of 2Builder29 April 1940  p394 (Obituary)
Item 2 of 2Scotsman18 March 1940  p3 Obituary

Archive References

The following archives hold material relating to this architect:
 SourceArchive NameSource Catalogue No.Notes
Item 1 of 1RIBA Archive, Victoria & Albert MuseumRIBA Nomination Papers L v6 no342 (microfiche reel 31); F no3528 (box 25)