Basic Site Details

Name: Barony Parochial Asylum
Town, district or village: Lenzie
City or county: Lanarkshire
Country: Scotland
Grid ref:
Notes: Cost: 17,398.

B Listed prior to partial demolition.

The listing for the site however remains live as some structures remain, although much reduced .These are the:

- Clocktower

- Admin Block

See Buildings at Risk register

The overall site is [2013] being redeveloped as a housing estate with the clocktower and aministration building being incorporated into the 900 homes Cala development called Woodilee Village. Much of the new build housing is already constructed.

Small lodge building associated with the original hospital site latterly in use as Larkfield Mental Health centre. It is now separated from the old hospital site following the construction of a new road. Buildings of Scotland refers to it as a Jacobean Lodge dated 1874 (p601)

Alternative Names

The following alternative names are associated with this building/design:
 NameCurrent name?Notes
Item 1 of 2Woodilee Asylum  
Item 2 of 2Woodilee HospitalYes 

Building Type Classification

The building is classified under the following categories:
 ClassificationOriginal classification?Notes
Item 1 of 1Asylum  

Street Addresses

The following street addresses are associated with this building:
 AddressMain entrance?Notes
Item 1 of 1Garngaber Avenue (off)Yes 


The following date-based events are associated with this building:
 FromToEvent typeNotes
Item 1 of 1218711875ConstructionBegan with linking blocks and wings
Item 2 of 12c. 1871  Competition held
Item 3 of 124 October 1872 Foundation stone 
Item 4 of 1222 October 1875 Opened 
Item 5 of 1218911892 Additions - two-storey central block and towers
Item 6 of 121898  Enlargements
Item 7 of 121900  Villa for children
Item 8 of 121902  Design for a village asylum - not built
Item 9 of 1219021904 Nurses' home and pathological unit
Item 10 of 121939  Extension to nurses' home; new reception house and sanatorium, operating theatre, dental surgery and laboratory
Item 11 of 12c. 1975 Alterations and additionsUpgrading and modernisation.
Item 12 of 122000 ClosedClosed and demolished


Design and Construction

The following individuals or organisations have carried out design/construction work. Where architects or practices worked together, matching letters appear beside their names in the Partnership Group column.
 NameRolePartnership GroupFromToNotes
Item 1 of 26Horatio Kelson BromheadArchitect 1871(?) Unsuccessful competition design
Item 2 of 26James RitchieArchitectA18711872Won competition and secured job - began with linking blocks and wings
Item 3 of 26James Salmon (senior)ArchitectA18711875Won competition and secured job - began with linking blocks and wings
Item 4 of 26Salmon, Son & RitchieArchitectural practiceA18711872Won competition and secured job - began with linking blocks and wings (completed under James Salmon & Son)
Item 5 of 26William Forrest SalmonArchitectA18711875Won competition and secured job - began with linking blocks and wings
Item 6 of 26James Salmon & SonArchitectural practiceA18721875Competition won under practice of Salmon, Son & Ritchie; completed under James Salmon & Son
Item 7 of 26James Salmon & SonArchitectural practiceB18911892Additions - two-storey central block and towers
Item 8 of 26William Forrest SalmonArchitectB18911892Additions - two-storey central block and towers
Item 9 of 26Andrew Francis Stewart BrydenArchitectE18991900Villa for children - as assistant
Item 10 of 26Clarke & Bell and R A BrydenArchitectural practiceE18991900Villa for children
Item 11 of 26Robert Alexander BrydenArchitectE18991900Villa for children
Item 12 of 26Robert Whitelaw CaldwellArchitectE18991900Villa for children - as assistant
Item 13 of 26Alexander SkirvingArchitect 1902 Farm colony
Item 14 of 26James Salmon & SonArchitectural practiceC1902 Design for a village asylum - not built
Item 15 of 26James Salmon (junior)ArchitectC1902 Design for a village asylum - not built
Item 16 of 26John Gaff GillespieArchitectC1902 Design for a village asylum - not built
Item 17 of 26William Forrest SalmonArchitectC1902 Design for a village asylum - not built
Item 18 of 26James Salmon & SonArchitectural practiceD1902November 1903Nurses' quarters and pathological unit
Item 19 of 26James Salmon (junior)ArchitectD19021904Nurses' quarters and pathological unit
Item 20 of 26John Gaff GillespieArchitectD19021904Nurses' quarters and pathological unit
Item 21 of 26William Forrest SalmonArchitectD19021904Nurses' quarters and pathological unit
Item 22 of 26Salmon, Son & GillespieArchitectural practice November 19031904Nurses' quarters and pathological unit
Item 23 of 26Archibald CrawfordArchitectKc. 1975 Upgrading and modernisation.
Item 24 of 26John Crowe McBrideArchitectKc. 1975 Upgrading and modernisation.
Item 25 of 26Watson, Salmond & GrayArchitectural practiceKc. 1975 Upgrading and modernisation.
Item 26 of 26William MacDonaldArchitectKc. 1975 Upgrading and modernisation.


The following individuals or organisations have commissioned work on this building/design:
Item 1 of 1Barony Parish of Glasgow 


Bibliographic References

The following books contain references to this building:
Item 1 of 10Buildings at Risk register Buildings at Risk register   
Item 2 of 10Darragh, Alison2011Prison or Palace? Heaven or Hell? An architectural and social study of the development of public lunatic asylums in Scot Unpublished PhD thesis, University of St Andrewsvol 1, frontispiece, p108;
vol 2, pp 239-41;
vol 3, pp 38-40
Item 3 of 10Gifford, John and Walker, Frank Arneil2002Stirling and Central Scotland (The Buildings of Scotland) New Haven and London: Yale University Pressp601
Item 4 of 10Glasgow Institute of Fine Arts1873   657
Item 5 of 10O'Donnell, Raymond2003The life and work of James Salmon architect, 1873-1924 Edinburgh: The Rutland Pressp137
Item 6 of 10RIBA1975RIBA Directory of practices   
Item 7 of 10Richardson, HarrietN.D.Scottish Hospitals Survey Unpublished typescript (copy in DMW Archive)Listed as Woodilee Hospital
Item 8 of 10Royal Glasgow Institute of the Fine Arts1905   435 (Salmon design for nurses' home and pathological block)
Item 9 of 10RSA1872   821
Item 10 of 10Sibbald, John, Sir1897On the plans of Modern Asylums for the Insane Poor   

Periodical References

The following periodicals contain references to this building:
 Periodical NameDateEditionPublisherNotes
Item 1 of 2Builders Journal28 December 1904   
Item 2 of 2Building News28 July 1871   

Archive References

The following archives hold material relating to this building:
 SourceArchive nameSource catalogue no.Notes
Item 1 of 6Ayrshire Archives (from February 2007)Darley- Hay Partnership archive James Salmon sketch plans
Item 2 of 6Greater Glasgow Health Board ArchivesGreater Glasgow Health Board Archives Plans (Woodilee Hospital Building Department)
Item 3 of 6Historic Environment ScotlandListed Buildings Register13075Lenzie, Woodilee Hospital Main Block with Towers
Item 4 of 6National Monuments Record of Scotland/NMRS, RCAHMSLetters from James Salmon Jun to Hugh Salmon (per Hugh's daughter Mrs Anne Francis, Christchurch, NZ Letter to Hugh Salmon 25 January 1903
Item 5 of 6RIBA Archive, Victoria & Albert MuseumRIBA Nomination Papers Andrew Francis Stewart Bryden: L v16 no1152; Robert Whitelaw Caldwell: L v23 no1873; James Salmon: F v5 p54, microfiche 88/G5; James Salmon (Junior): F v18 p11 no1180 (microfilm reel 12); William Forrest Salmon: F v5 p56, microfiche 89/A4
Item 6 of 6Strathclyde Regional Archives (Mitchell Library)Strathclyde Regional Archives D HEW 2 18(1)