Basic Biographical Details

Name: Gilbert Marshall Mackenzie
Designation: Architect
Born: 1890 or 1891
Died: 21 April 1916
Bio Notes: Gilbert Marshall Mackenzie was born in 1890 or 1891, the son of Alexander Marshall Mackenzie, and educated at Charterhouse rather than in Aberdeen. Gilbert was articled to his father's Aberdeen office in 1909 but left in the same year for the University of Cambridge, probably to read modern languages in preparation for study at the Atelier Gromort in Paris in 1911. (According to his RIBA obituary he was awarded the degree of BA from Cambridge.) He returned to the London office in 1912 without taking the Diplôme du Gouvernement, recalled to assist his brother Alexander George Robertson Mackenzie with Australia House, and passed the qualifying exam in 1913 without completing any apprenticeship and little more than a year's practical experience in total. He was admitted ARIBA in the latter year, his proposers being his father, his brother, and another professional friend of his brother's, Herbert Austen Hall. He was made a partner in the London office at some after this and before the outbreak of war.

The Mackenzies suffered severely in the First World War. The long-deferred Canada House project was cancelled, the Union Club and the Royal College of Physicians being eventually bought for the purpose and the commission given to Septimus Warwick. The practice but they won the competition for Australia House, also in Aldwych, a few years later. The lay assessors were headed by the sculptor Bertram Mackennal and were advised by J S Murdoch, formerly an assistant in Burnet's office and later Chief Architect in Canberra.

Gilbert was a special reserve in the Seaforth Highlanders before the war and served in the First Battalion during the war and reached the rank of Captain. While serving in France he drew and painted life in the trenches. He was with the British Expeditionary Force in the Retreat from Mons and was wounded at Ypres in May 1915 before joining the Metropolitan Relief Force. Subsequently was sent to Mesopotamia where he was killed in action near Kut on 21 April 1916.

Private and Business Addresses

The following private or business addresses are associated with this architect:
 AddressTypeDate fromDate toNotes
Item 1 of 5Aberdeen, ScotlandPrivate1890 or 18911909 
Item 2 of 5Cambridge, Cambridgeshire, EnglandPrivate19091911 
Item 3 of 5Paris, FrancePrivate1911 *  
Item 4 of 51, Victoria Street, Westminster, London, EnglandBusiness1913 *  
Item 5 of 542, Cumberland Mansions, Bayswater Square, London, EnglandPrivate1913 *  

* earliest date known from documented sources.

Employment and Training


The following individuals or organisations employed or trained this architect (click on an item to view details):
 NameDate fromDate toPositionNotes
Item 1 of 2A Marshall Mackenzie & Son19091909Apprentice 
Item 2 of 2A Marshall Mackenzie & Son19131914Assistant 


RIBA Proposers

The following individuals proposed this architect for RIBA membership (click on an item to view details):
 NameDate proposedNotes
Item 1 of 3Herbert Austen Hall1913for Associateship
Item 2 of 3Alexander George Robertson Mackenzie1913for Associateship
Item 3 of 3Alexander Marshall Mackenzie1913for Associateship

Buildings and Designs

This architect was involved with the following buildings or structures from the date specified (click on an item to view details):
 Date startedBuilding nameTown, district or villageIslandCity or countyCountryNotes
Item 1 of 31912Coull HouseAboyne AberdeenshireScotlandAs apprentice/assistant to A Marshall Mackenzie & Son - with AGR Mackenzie, largely responsible for design; for A Marshall Mackenzie
Item 2 of 31912Ladyhill House and LodgeBieldside AberdeenScotlandAs apprentice/assistant to A Marshall Mackenzie & Son - with AGR Mackenzie, largely responsible for design; for A Marshall Mackenzie
Item 3 of 31913Australia HouseAldwych LondonEnglandAs assistant to A Marshall Mackenzie & Son


Bibliographic References

The following books contain references to this architect:
Item 1 of 1British Architectural Library, RIBA2001Directory of British Architects 1834-1914   

Periodical References

The following periodicals contain references to this architect:
 Periodical NameDateEditionPublisherNotes
Item 1 of 3Architect and Builder's Journal14 June 1916  Obituary, p252
Item 2 of 3RIBA Journal6 May 1916v23London: Royal Institute of British ArchitectsObituary p226
Item 3 of 3RIBA Journal20 May 1916v23London: Royal Institute of British ArchitectsObituary p243 (photograph)

Archive References

The following archives hold material relating to this architect:
 SourceArchive NameSource Catalogue No.Notes
Item 1 of 1RIBA Archive, Victoria & Albert MuseumRIBA Nomination Papers A v21 no2429 (microfilm reel 21)