Basic Biographical Details
|Name: ||David Mackenzie II (or David McKenzie II) |
|Designation: ||Architect |
|Born: ||14 July 1832 |
|Died: ||25 January 1875 |
|Bio Notes: ||David Mackenzie was born at Bridgend, Perth on 14 July 1832, the third son of William Macdonald Mackenzie, City Architect of Perth, and his wife Jean Davidson. He was articled to his father from 1849 until 1854 and remained with him until his death in straitened circumstances in February 1856. Andrew Heiton having succeeded to the post of City Architect, William Mackenzie’s widow then attempted to continue his private practice with her son David’s assistance, but towards the end of his executry circumstances obliged him to sell it to David Smart in 1858. Jean, her sons David and Alexander (a plumber) and her daughters Jane Ann and Jessie then moved to Liverpool where her second son William had held a post in the municipal water office since at least 1853 with her youngest son James Stalker Mackenzie (b. 1840) as his assistant. But in that same year James died and David succeeded to his place in Liverpool’s Water Office, where by his own 1872 account he spent twelve months. |
Early in 1860 Mackenzie left Liverpool to become principal assistant to Dundee’s Town’s Architect William Scott, lodging with Mr and Mrs Murdoch, grocers, in Nethergate: he had perhaps also inherited whatever was left of his uncle David Mackenzie I’s practice, particularly in relation to his Chapelshade development.
In Scott’s office Mackenzie assisted with the building of Dundee’s Sheriff Court in 1861-63 and probably designed the Western Poorshouse of 1862 and the very accomplished Gothic gates and lodges of Dundee’s Eastern Necropolis in 1862-63. In 1864 Mackenzie commenced independent practice in Dundee, continuing to assist Scott with the winding down of his private practice in 1864-65: and in that same year, 1864, his brother William died in Liverpool and it fell to him to provide his mother and sisters with a home after his brother’s estate was wound up. By 1866 they were living in Garland Place, a newly built – and still incomplete – gothic terrace of main-door houses and flats which may have been to Mackenzie’s design.
Mackenzie’s ten years of practice in Dundee were initially fairly successful, partly through Scott’s influence and partly through what seem to have been good Free Church, Independent (i.e. Congregational) and Wesleyan connections. As early as 1864 he designed a large block of business chambers and flats on Ward Road in a subtly understated gothic manner based on what he had seen in Liverpool; in 1869 the Gaelic Free Church, astylar Renaissance over shops like a Liverpool office block; in 1871 he completed the Albert Institute broadly to George Gilbert Scott’s design; and in 1871 he won the competition for the municipal offices behind the Town House, probably with Scott’s support. He did not, however, succeed Scott as Town’s Architect in 1872, William Alexander, the son of Charles
Alexander proprietor of the Dundee Courier, being appointed. His practice appears to have been rather less prosperous thereafter.
Mackenzie died unmarried at 24 Garland Place on 25 January 1875, predeceasing his mother who died the following year. The Mackenzie family retained the Garland Place house, David’s aunt Matilda returning from her failed marriage to her cousin John Davidson in Argentina to housekeep there for her eldest brother George (b. 5 August 1795) in the 1880s.
Mackenzie should not be confused with his uncle, David Mackenzie II, born in 1805.
Private and Business Addresses
|The following private or business addresses are associated with this architect:|
| ||Address||Type||Date from||Date to||Notes|
|24, Garland Place, Dundee, Scotland||Private|| ||1875||Place of death|
|Perth, Perthshire, Scotland||Private||1832||1857(?)||Place of birth|
|Liverpool, England||Private/business||1857 *|| || |
|Nethergate, Dundee, Scotland||Private||1861|| || |
|19, High Street, Dundee, Scotland||Business||1865 *|| || |
|41, Reform Street, Dundee, Scotland||Business||1869||1875|| |
* earliest date known from documented sources.
Employment and Training
* earliest date known from documented sources.
Employees or Pupils
|The following individuals were employed or trained by this architect (click on an item to view details):|
| ||Name||Date from||Date to||Position||Notes|
|James Hutton||c. 1870||1875||Apprentice|| |
Buildings and Designs
|This architect was involved with the following buildings or structures from the date specified (click on an item to view details):|
| ||Date started||Building name||Town, district or village||Island||City or county||Country||Notes|
| ||Tenements for Crystal, Ann Street|| || ||Dundee||Scotland||Date unknown|
| ||Tenements, Kyd Street|| || ||Dundee||Scotland||Date unknown|
|c. 1860||Craigbank, 10 Dudhope Street|| || ||Dundee||Scotland||Uncertain whether by David Mackenzie I or II|
|c. 1860||Villa, 12 Dudhope Street|| || ||Dundee||Scotland||Uncertain whether by David Mackenzie I or II|
|1862||Eastern Necropolis|| || ||Dundee||Scotland||Layout, walls, gates, railings and lodge house - as assistant to William Scott, Town's Architect|
|1862||West Poorhouse|| || ||Dundee||Scotland||Original building, as assistant to William Scott, Town's Architect|
|1865||Large block of office buildings|| || ||Dundee||Scotland|| |
|1866||Ward Road Wesleyan Church|| || ||Dundee||Scotland|| |
|1868||Independent Congregational Church, Kilnburn||Newport|| ||Fife||Scotland|| |
|c. 1868||Terrace of four houses|| || ||Dundee||Scotland|| |
|1869||Gaelic Free Church|| || ||Dundee||Scotland|| |
|1869||Russell Congregational Chapel||Hawkhill|| ||Dundee||Scotland||According to DMW|
|1871||Albert Institute|| || ||Dundee||Scotland||Extension - central unit (based on design by George Gilbert Scott) and Free Library|
|1871||Dundee Town House|| || ||Dundee||Scotland||Won competition to secure job for extension (City Chambers) - £50 premium|
|The following books contain references to this architect:|
|Architects Engineers and Building Trades Directory||1868||Architect's, Engineer's and Building Trades' Directory|| ||London, Wyman|| |
|British Architectural Library, RIBA||2001||Directory of British Architects 1834-1914|| || || |
|Post Office Directories|| || || || || |
|Scotlands People Website|| ||Wills & Testaments|| || ||Dundee Sheriff Court Sc45/31/27|
|The following periodicals contain references to this architect:|
| ||Periodical Name||Date||Edition||Publisher||Notes|
|Dundee Advertiser||31 May 1872|| || ||Submission for the post of Town's Architect|
|Dundee Courier||29 January 1875|| || || |