Basic Biographical Details

Name: James Hutton
Designation: Architect
Born: c. 1853(?)
Died: 11 August 1901
Bio Notes: James Hutton was born in Dundee about 1853 (census records show his age in 1881 as 28). He was articled to David Mackenzie in Dundee c.1870 and about the time of Mackenzie's death in 1875 moved to Glasgow to work for Horatio Kelson Bromhead. He returned to commence independent practice in Dundee at 62 Commercial Street in 1880. In 1882 he won the competition for St John's Free Church, Dundee and designed Montpelier House for the Town Clerk, Sir Thomas Thornton; but the severe recession following the City of Glasgow Bank liquidation of 1878-81 resulted in him seeking a place in the Burgh Engineer's Office where he was engaged on the detailed planning and design of Whitehall Street and Crescent, under the supervision of William Mackison. He resumed wholly independent practice after his work on these streets was complete. Whether he was the partner of William Knox in the Edinburgh practice of Knox & Hutton is doubtful as no obvious connection between them is identifiable, and the practice title of Knox & Hutton was not used in the Dundee directories or on Hutton's drawings.

Hutton was married to Margaret and they had at least two sons and three daughters. In 1881 they lived in Dundee. Ann McKenna was the head of the household but it is not clear who precisely she was. They then moved to Longforgan.

Hutton drowned in a rescue attempt while on holiday in Montrose on 11 August 1901. Earlier that year he had entered into a partnership with Edward Tough who continued the practice.

Private and Business Addresses

The following private or business addresses are associated with this architect:
 AddressTypeDate fromDate toNotes
Item 1 of 362, Commercial Street, Dundee, ScotlandBusiness1880Early 1880s 
Item 2 of 381, Arbroath Road, Dundee, ScotlandPrivate1881  
Item 3 of 3Cedar Villa, Longforgan, Perthshire, ScotlandPrivateBefore 1883  

Employment and Training

Employers

The following individuals or organisations employed or trained this architect (click on an item to view details):
 NameDate fromDate toPositionNotes
Item 1 of 5David Mackenzie II (or David McKenzie II)c. 18701875Apprentice 
Item 2 of 5Horatio Kelson Bromhead1875Early 1880sAssistant 
Item 3 of 5Dundee Burgh Engineer's Office/Dundee City Engineer's OfficeEarly 1880s1884DraughtsmanWorking under William Mackison, Burgh Engineer
Item 4 of 5William MackisonEarly 1880s1884DraughtsmanIn Dundee Burgh Engineer's Office
Item 5 of 5Hutton & Tough19011901Partner 

Employees or Pupils

The following individuals were employed or trained by this architect (click on an item to view details):
 NameDate fromDate toPositionNotes
Item 1 of 2William Finlaysonc. 1884c. 1888Apprentice 
Item 2 of 2Edward Tough1893c. 1898ApprenticeLater partner

Buildings and Designs

This architect was involved with the following buildings or structures from the date specified (click on an item to view details):
 Date startedBuilding nameTown, district or villageIslandCity or countyCountryNotes
Item 1 of 221879Three houses, Norwood Terrace  DundeeScotland 
Item 2 of 221880Beechwood Terrace  DundeeScotland 
Item 3 of 221880Dundee Dyeworks, fireproof 3-storey northern section, boiler house and drying room  DundeeScotland 
Item 4 of 221880(?)Masonic hallForfar AngusScotland 
Item 5 of 221881Nethergate, extension of building for MacDonald and Muir  DundeeScotland 
Item 6 of 221881Working Menís DwellingsLeith EdinburghScotlandArchitectural Competition. Awarded third premium of £25
Item 7 of 221882Building in Dudhope Street  DundeeScotland 
Item 8 of 221882Montpelier House  DundeeScotland 
Item 9 of 221882St John's Free Church  DundeeScotland 
Item 10 of 22c. 1883Whitehall Crescent  DundeeScotlandAssisted Mackison with planning and detail of design
Item 11 of 221885Whitehall Street  DundeeScotlandAssisted Mackison with planning and detail of design
Item 12 of 22c. 1890BrantwoodInvergowrie Perthshire/AngusScotland 
Item 13 of 22c. 1890People's Palace  BristolEngland 
Item 14 of 221891Cottages in Lynnewood PlaceMaryfield DundeeScotland 
Item 15 of 221892Houses in Upper Constitution Street  DundeeScotland 
Item 16 of 221892People's Palace Theatre  DundeeScotland 
Item 17 of 221893Studio for G and G Taylor, photographers  DundeeScotland 
Item 18 of 2218951-5 Station TerraceInvergowrie Perthshire/AngusScotland 
Item 19 of 22c. 1895Houses, corner of Seafield Road and Magdalen Yard Road  DundeeScotland 
Item 20 of 221896All Souls Episcopal ChurchInvergowrie Perthshire/AngusScotlandPulpit and font - designed (?) and superintended installation
Item 21 of 22Late 1800sHam-na-vok, Lagganlackie, RowanbankInvergowrie Perthshire/AngusScotland 
Item 22 of 221900ElginaBroughty Ferry DundeeScotland 

References

Bibliographic References

The following books contain references to this architect:
 Author(s)DateTitlePartPublisherNotes
Item 1 of 2Dundee Yearbook1901    
Item 2 of 2Post Office Directories     

Periodical References

The following periodicals contain references to this architect:
 Periodical NameDateEditionPublisherNotes
Item 1 of 1Builder24 August 1901  p177 Obituary

Archive References

The following archives hold material relating to this architect:
 SourceArchive NameSource Catalogue No.Notes
Item 1 of 1Professor David M Walker personal archiveProfessor David M Walker, notes and collection of archive material Personal information from the late George Hutton, Dundee City Engineer (Hutton's second son) and Frank Thomson