Basic Biographical Details

Name: George Turnbull Ewing
Designation: Architect
Born: c. 1852
Died: 10 December 1925
Bio Notes: George Turnbull Ewing was born in c.1852, the second son of Robert Ewing, farmer, tenant of Fintalich and Concraig on the Baroness Willoughby d’Eresby’s Drummond Castle estate. He was articled to Andrew Heiton II in Perth c.1868-73, and was probably employed in the Drummond Castle estate office at the end of his articles, remodelling Drummond Castle for the Baroness from 1878 onwards.

Ewing was in independent practice in Crieff by 1881 when he received his first major new–build commission, the Free Church at Comrie. He was a Free Churchman himself, later designing his own congregation’s church at Muthill in 1895. In the following year, 1882, he was appointed architect for the new parish church at Crieff, superseding James Majoribanks MacLaren who had won the competition. Its Dunblane-inspired architecture was probably derived from MacLaren’s design as it had nothing at all in common with the French gothic of his Comrie church. Thereafter most of Ewing’s business was related to the feuing of Crieff where he designed a great many houses and villas.

In 1884 Ewing bought Lintibert on the Drummond Castle estate having previously been its tenant. There he had his house and office for the local estate business until 1891 when it was renamed Beechlea and let to a widow, Esther Purves. In 1899 he became factor as well as architect to the Drummond Castle estate in succession to W H Curr, moving house and office to the factor’s house at Pitkellony, Muthill. He remained factor to the estate until his death from a heart attack on 10 December 1925. He left very substantial moveable estate of £30,843 8s 5d, and was survived by his widow, four sons and four daughters. The engineer and physicist Sir Alfred Ewing, then principal of Edinburgh University, was his cousin.

Ewing was prominent in Perthshire public life. He was a JP: at the time of his death he had been a county councillor for twenty-five years, and for part of that period he was convenor of the Finance Board. Until his retirement from it in 1924 he had been a parish councillor for a similar twenty five year period and was a member of the Muthill School Board until the County Council took over; and he was a governor of Morrison’s Academy where his sons were educated. His interests were cricket, curling, bowling and St John’s Masonic Lodge at Muthill of which he was for a time Master.

Of Ewing’s four sons, Harry Ewing became an engineer and emigrated to the USA; George Hedley Ewing was a banker in London; and James Douglas Ewing went to Java. The practice was continued by Ewing’s eldest son Charles Turnbull Ewing, born in 1880 and educated at Morrison's Academy, Crieff and at the University of Glasgow (1896-98). He was articled to John James Burnet from 1899 to 1903, remaining as assistant until 1905 and taking classes at Glasgow School of Art and Glasgow Technical College. Thereafter he worked with his father for a time before securing London experience with Sir Aston Webb, from whose office he returned in 1910 to become principal assistant in his father's practice. He was a very skilful Burnetian designer, and commenced practice as a principal in 1910, though his father remained factor to the Drummond Estate.

Private and Business Addresses

The following private or business addresses are associated with this architect:
 AddressTypeDate fromDate toNotes
Item 1 of 3Crieff, Perthshire, ScotlandPrivate/businessc. 18771899 
Item 2 of 3Lintibert, Culdees (near), Perthshire, ScotlandPrivate/business18831890 
Item 3 of 3Pitkellony, Muthill, Perthshire, Scotland(?)Private1899 *1925NB there is a conflict of information as the Episcopal Church at Comrie is supposed to have been designed by Robert T N Speir with 'Mr Ewing of Comrie' suggesting he had an office here as well. However other sources e.g. The Builder give this address.

* earliest date known from documented sources.


Employment and Training

Employers

The following individuals or organisations employed or trained this architect (click on an item to view details):
 NameDate fromDate toPositionNotes
Item 1 of 1G T & C T Ewing1910(?) Partner 

Employees or Pupils

The following individuals were employed or trained by this architect (click on an item to view details):
 NameDate fromDate toPositionNotes
Item 1 of 5John Garvie1883(?)1886(?)Assistant 
Item 2 of 5William Finlaysonc. 18901910Assistant(?) 
Item 3 of 5William Baillie18911895Apprentice 
Item 4 of 5Charles Turnbull Ewing19051906DraughtsmanAgain after 1909
Item 5 of 5Charles Turnbull Ewing19091910(?)Principal Assistant 

Buildings and Designs

This architect was involved with the following buildings or structures from the date specified (click on an item to view details):
 Date startedBuilding nameTown, district or villageIslandCity or countyCountryNotes
Item 1 of 361877Burrelton SchoolBurrelton PerthshireScotland 
Item 2 of 361878Comrie Free ChurchComrie PerthshireScotland 
Item 3 of 361878Drummond Castle  PerthshireScotlandAlterations and remodelling
Item 4 of 361879Comrie Free Church HallComrie PerthshireScotland 
Item 5 of 361879Dundurn Parish ChurchSt Fillans PerthshireScotland 
Item 6 of 361880Pitkellony Lodge   ScotlandAdditions
Item 7 of 36c. 1880Pitkellony HouseMuthill PerthshireScotlandRemodelling of factor's house of the Drummond Castle estate
Item 8 of 361881Commercial Bank of Scotland, ComrieComrie PerthshireScotlandRepairs
Item 9 of 361881St Michael's ChurchCrieff PerthshireScotlandDisplaced MacLaren
Item 10 of 361882Plas Penaeldroch, Pont y PantDolwyddelan  Wales 
Item 11 of 361883DalkennethLoch Earn PerthshireScotland 
Item 12 of 361884Episcopal ChurchComrie PerthshireScotlandWorking drawings and supervision of design by Robert Thomas Napier Speir
Item 13 of 361888Episcopal ChurchComrie PerthshireScotlandChurch lengthened
Item 14 of 361888Moray InstituteBlackford PerthshireScotland 
Item 15 of 361888St Angus Episcopal ChurchLochearnhead PerthshireScotland 
Item 16 of 36After 1890Ancaster HotelComrie PerthshireScotland 
Item 17 of 36After 1890Balhousie CastlePerth PerthshireScotlandAdditions
Item 18 of 36After 1890Trossachs InnCallander PerthshireScotlandProbably 1891 additions
Item 19 of 36After 1890Villas and cottagesCrieff PerthshireScotland 
Item 20 of 361891St James the Less Mission ChargeSpringburn GlasgowScotlandExtension
Item 21 of 361893Ancaster Arms HotelCallander PerthshireScotland 
Item 22 of 361894Dunalistair HotelKinloch Rannoch PerthshireScotland 
Item 23 of 361895Muthill Free ChurchMuthill PerthshireScotland 
Item 24 of 361896Auchterarder Library and InstituteStrathearn PerthshireScotland 
Item 25 of 361897Episcopal ChurchComrie PerthshireScotlandLengthening of nave again
Item 26 of 361897Parish ChurchMadderty PerthshireScotlandBuilding Gothicised and reconstructed
Item 27 of 361899Drummond Castle  PerthshireScotlandAddition
Item 28 of 361900Cromlix HouseDunblane PerthshireScotlandAdditions
Item 29 of 361901Castle of Innerpeffray  PerthshireScotlandRestoration
Item 30 of 361901Unionist ClubCrieff PerthshireScotland 
Item 31 of 361908Comrie Primary SchoolComrie PerthshireScotland 
Item 32 of 361908The House of RossComrie PerthshireScotlandBased on a sketch by Mrs Maclagan, the client
Item 33 of 361909 or 1910BungalowSt Fillans PerthshireScotland 
Item 34 of 361909 or 1910ShopCrieff PerthshireScotland 
Item 35 of 361909 or 1910VillaCrieff PerthshireScotland 
Item 36 of 361914The House of RossComrie PerthshireScotlandRebuilt with alterations after fire

References

Bibliographic References

The following books contain references to this architect:
 Author(s)DateTitlePartPublisherNotes
Item 1 of 2Jamieson, Fiona1993Drummond Castle Gardens   
Item 2 of 2Measurers\' Companion1911The Scottish Architects' and Measurers' Companion  Gives Pitkellony House address

Periodical References

The following periodicals contain references to this architect:
 Periodical NameDateEditionPublisherNotes
Item 1 of 1Strathearn Herald12 December 1925   

Archive References

The following archives hold material relating to this architect:
 SourceArchive NameSource Catalogue No.Notes
Item 1 of 2Courtesy of Margaret LyeInformation to D M Walker Sent August 2008
Item 2 of 2RIBA Archive, Victoria & Albert MuseumRIBA Nomination Papers L v1 no79 (microfilm reel 29); F no2351 (microfilm reel 17) (William Finlayson's paper giving details of jobs and time spans)