Basic Biographical Details

Name: Rowand Anderson Kininmonth & Paul
Designation: Architectural practice
Started: 1946
Ended: 1976
Bio Notes: William Hardie Kininmonth was born in Forfar on 8 November 1904, the son of John Kininmonth and his wife Isabella McLean Hardie. He was educated at Dunfermline High School and George Watson's College and was articled to William N Thomson of Leith. While there he studied at Edinburgh College of Art 1924-29 under John Begg and at Heriot-Watt College, for some of this time also working as an assistant in the office of Rowand Anderson & Paul (1925-29). From there he obtained a place in the office of Sir Edwin Lutyens in London where he renewed his friendship with a former contemporary at Edinburgh College of Art, Basil Spence, who was three years younger. From 1929 to 1930 he attended classes at London University working in an atelier there.

Kininmonth was awarded the RIBA Diploma in 1931 and was placed second in the Rowand Anderson Silver medal competition. He returned to Edinburgh in 1910 but Paul could not afford to re-employ him. He did, however, offer him a room in his office. It had only a drawings board and a telephone but it enabled him to form a partnership with his friend and colleague in Lutyens' office, Basil Urwin Spence as Kininmonth & Spence in October 1931. It specialised in presentation work for other practices as well as original design work, supplemented by teaching at Edinburgh College of Art. Kininmonth and Spence's practice was immediately successful, Kininmonth's own modernist house at 46A Dick Place (1933) acting as an excellent advertisement. In 1934 Paul offered Kininmonth a partnership but he felt he had to decline unless Spence ws taken into partnership as well. Paul accepted this proposal and the Kininmonth & Spence partnership merged into Paul's as Rowand Anderson & Paul & Partners. Kininmonth and Spence continued teaching although by that date business had significantly recovered. This arrangement continued until June 1938 when Paul died. From 1939 to 1941 Kininmonth held the post of senior lecturer in design at Edinburgh College of Art. In 1942 he was called up and served with the Royal Engineers in Algeria, Tunisia, Sicily and Italy.

On their return from war service Kininmonth and Spence found that there was little work on offer. Spence left the practice in 1946 to found Basil Spence & Partners. Kininmonth continued the Rowand Anderson partnership as Rowand Anderson Kininmonth & Paul. During the post-war years of this partnership Ian C Gordon, William Gray Leslie and Richard Gale Ewing were partners, but the latter two did most of the design work. In 1963 Thomas Duncan was assumed into partnership and Alex Somerville in 1976. Later that year the firm split into two with one part remaining at Rutland Square and Gordon, Duncan and Somerville moving away.

Kininmonth was President of the RSA from 1969 to 1972 and was knighted in the latter year. He died in Edinburgh in August 1988.

Private and Business Addresses

The following private or business addresses are associated with this architectural practice:
 AddressTypeDate fromDate toNotes
Item 1 of 216, Rutland Square, Edinburgh, ScotlandBusiness1964 *  
Item 2 of 2Forres House, Forres, Morayshire, ScotlandBusiness1964 * Branch office?

* earliest date known from documented sources.

Employment and Training

Employees or Pupils

The following individuals were employed or trained by this architectural practice (click on an item to view details):
 NameDate fromDate toPositionNotes
Item 1 of 17John Edgar Alexander Baikie  Assistant Architect 
Item 2 of 17James Beveridge1946November 1946ApprenticeBegan apprenticeship in this office but quickly moved to join Spence instead
Item 3 of 17(Sir) William Hardie Kininmonth 19461976Partner 
Item 4 of 17Hamish Eadie Burden1950 * Architect 
Item 5 of 17Thomas White19501954Apprentice 
Item 6 of 17Hamish Eadie BurdenAfter 19501983Partner 
Item 7 of 17Ian Charles Gordon19511958Assistant 
Item 8 of 17Thomas White19571959Assistant 
Item 9 of 17Ian Charles Gordon19581968Partner 
Item 10 of 17Ian Mitchell Dunsire1960s   
Item 11 of 17Jack McRoberts1960s Architect 
Item 12 of 17William Gray Leslie1963(?) Partner 
Item 13 of 17Thomas Hynd Duncanc. 1963 Partner 
Item 14 of 17James Westwood TaylorBefore 1965 *After 1970Architect 
Item 15 of 17Richard Gale Ewingc. 1971(?) Partner 
Item 16 of 17Andrew P K Wright1972 Architect 
Item 17 of 17Alexander Deegan Somerville1976 Partner 

* earliest date known from documented sources.

Buildings and Designs

This architectural practice was involved with the following buildings or structures from the date specified (click on an item to view details):
 Date startedBuilding nameTown, district or villageIslandCity or countyCountryNotes
Item 1 of 721945Battery HospitalDunbar East LothianScotlandScheme for renewal or new buildings?
Item 2 of 721945Buildings for the Forestry Commission  Inverness-shireScotland 
Item 3 of 721945Buildings for the Forestry Commission  MorayshireScotland 
Item 4 of 721945Elsie Inglis Memorial Hospital  EdinburghScotlandScheme for new buildings?
Item 5 of 721945Hotels  MorayshireScotlandRenovations
Item 6 of 721945Houses for the Scottish Veterans Garden City Association  MorayshireScotland 
Item 7 of 721945Housing for Dunbar Town CouncilDunbar East LothianScotland 
Item 8 of 721945Housing for Duns Town CouncilDuns BerwickshireScotland 
Item 9 of 721945Housing for Forres Town CouncilForres MorayshireScotland 
Item 10 of 721945Housing for Linlithgow Town CouncilLinlithgow West LothianScotland 
Item 11 of 721945New Club  EdinburghScotlandScheme for alterations or new building
Item 12 of 721945Scotsman Buildings  EdinburghScotlandScheme for redevelopment?
Item 13 of 721947Fettes College, Library  EdinburghScotlandProposal
Item 14 of 72Before 1947George Watson's College, library  EdinburghScotlandProposal
Item 15 of 72Before 1947Nelsons Publishing Works  EdinburghScotlandProposal for work on Nelsons
Item 16 of 721949University of Edinburgh, King's Buildings, Chemistry Building  EdinburghScotlandReported as Rowand Anderson & Partners. New first floor addition.
Item 17 of 721950Fettes College, Concert Hall  EdinburghScotlandHall flanked by two rubbly ranges
Item 18 of 721951Daniel Stewart's Hospital  EdinburghScotlandSix additional classrooms - now (2014) known as the Dornoch classroom block.
Item 19 of 721951(?)King's Theatre  EdinburghScotlandAs Rowand Anderson, Kininmonth & Paul. For demolition and reconstruction work
Item 20 of 721951New North Bridge Buildings  EdinburghScotlandPrepared plans for strengthening internal structure of Patrick Thomson's store
Item 21 of 721951Premises, 88 Princes Street  EdinburghScotlandPrepared plans for conversion of premises
Item 22 of 721952Fettes College, Dalmeny House  EdinburghScotlandPlans for post-fire restoration work
Item 23 of 721952Pollock Halls of Residence  EdinburghScotlandHolland Hall and Fraser Hall
Item 24 of 721953Renfrew Airport TerminalRenfrew RenfrewshireScotland 
Item 25 of 721954Adam House  EdinburghScotland 
Item 26 of 721956Castlehill HousingForres MorayshireScotland 
Item 27 of 721956Drylaw Parish ChurchDrylaw EdinburghScotland 
Item 28 of 721957Town HallElgin MorayshireScotland 
Item 29 of 7225 September 1959Scottish Division Headquarters, National Coal Board  Edinburgh, MidlothianScotlandper Builder p324
Item 30 of 721960sLiberton Secondary SchoolLiberton EdinburghScotland 
Item 31 of 721960Bruntsfield HouseBruntsfield EdinburghScotlandAlterations for incorporation into James Gillespie's High School
Item 32 of 721960James Gillespie's High School for Girls  EdinburghScotland 
Item 33 of 721960Lauriston House  EdinburghScotland 
Item 34 of 727 October 1960Meldrum House  EdinburghScotlandarchitects
Item 35 of 72c. 1960Leanach of Culloden, House, servants' cottages and cattle courts  Inverness-shireScotlandRepair and re-roofing od Old Leanach Cottage in conjunction with Alexander Cullen
Item 36 of 72c. 1960Moncreiffe HouseBridge of Earn PerthshireScotland 
Item 37 of 721961Renfrew Airport TerminalRenfrew RenfrewshireScotlandExtension to terminal building, cost 230,000.
Item 38 of 721961Scottish Provident Offices  EdinburghScotland 
Item 39 of 7214 April 1961Castlehill East HousingForres MorayshireScotlandaccepting tender applications on all trades basis for project per Builder p730
Item 40 of 721962Linlithgow Town Hall Linlithgow West LothianScotlandRecasting of interior
Item 41 of 721962Lister Institute  EdinburghScotland 
Item 42 of 721962Muirhouse Development Phase II     
Item 43 of 721962University of Edinburgh Students' Union  EdinburghScotlandSubstantial 3-storey, 3-bay, rectangular-plan Modernist style extension to SW by Jack McRoberts of Rowand Anderson, Kinninmonth and Paul, 1962 (Blyth & Blyth, structural engineers; Arnott McLeod & Co, contractors).
Item 44 of 721962University of Edinburgh, Student's Union  Edinburgh Extension
Item 45 of 721963Nicol Street housingKirkcaldy FifeScotland 
Item 46 of 721963West Port Housing SchemeLinlithgow West LothianScotland 
Item 47 of 721964Brucefield ChurchWhitburn West LothianScotland 
Item 48 of 721964Craigsbank Parish Church  EdinburghScotland 
Item 49 of 721964Linlithgow Town Centre Redevelopment (CDA)Linlithgow West LothianScotland 
Item 50 of 721964Mary Erskine School  EdinburghScotland 
Item 51 of 721964Philiphaugh House (new)  SelkirkshireScotland 
Item 52 of 721965Church, Bingham BroadwayDuddingston GlasgowScotland 
Item 53 of 721965Opera House site  EdinburghScotlandArt Deco scheme for opera house
Item 54 of 721967Crown OfficeElgin MorayshireScotlandWon third prize in competition.
Item 55 of 721967Kippenross HouseDunblane StirlingshireScotlandReduction of wings to width of original house
Item 56 of 721967Post Graduate School of Medicine  EdinburghScotland 
Item 57 of 72After 1967Daniel Stewart's Hospital  EdinburghScotlandAdditions proposed in 1967, including hall.
Item 58 of 721969Brunton Hall and municipal officesMusselburgh East LothianScotland 
Item 59 of 721969Millbank redevelopmentWhitburn West LothianScotland 
Item 60 of 721969Pollock Halls of Residence  EdinburghScotlandFurther development - large group of 5-storey towers.
Item 61 of 721969RAF LossiemouthLossiemouth MorayshireScotland 
Item 62 of 72197184 George Street  Edinburgh Reconstruction into offices
Item 63 of 721972Town HallElgin MorayshireScotlandExtension
Item 64 of 721973Incorporation of Shoemakers premisesLinlithgow West LothianScotlandRestoration
Item 65 of 721973Public bathsWhitburn West LothianScotland 
Item 66 of 721974Housing, The VennelLinlithgow West LothianScotland 
Item 67 of 72Before 1975Livery Street redevelopmentBathgate West LothianScotland 
Item 68 of 72Before 1975Pre-war housingLinlithgow West LothianScotlandImprovements
Item 69 of 72Before 1975Pre-war housing improvementsBathgate West LothianScotland 
Item 70 of 72Before 1975Pre-war housing upgradingWhitburn West LothianScotland 
Item 71 of 72Before 1975Telephone engineering centreLivingston West LothianScotland 
Item 72 of 72Before 1975Touch Neighbourhood CentreDunfermline FifeScotland 


Bibliographic References

The following books contain references to this architectural practice:
Item 1 of 7Bailey, Rebecca M1996Scottish architects' papers: a source book Edinburgh: The Rutland Pressp124
Item 2 of 7Glendinning, M, MacInnes, R and MacKechnie, A1996A History of Scottish Architecture  p552
Item 3 of 7Glendinning, Miles1997Rebuilding Scotland: The Postwar Vision, 1945-75  Tuckwell Press Ltdp4 Pollock Halls; Adam House (Examination Hall); Drylaw Church
pp35-6, 150, 164 Scottish Provident Offices
pp74-5, 151 Martello Court
p163 Pollock Halls
Item 4 of 7Glendinning, Miles and Muthesius, Stefan1994Tower Block: Modern Public Housing in England, Scotland, Wales, and Northern Ireland Yale University Press: New Haven and LondonMartello Court: p43, p215, p216, p321, p326
p380 Gazetteer 2
p238 Photograph
Item 5 of 7Municipal Annual1964Scottish Municipal Annual1964-1965  
Item 6 of 7RIBA1975RIBA Directory of practices   
Item 7 of 7Willis, Peter1977New architecture in Scotland  p11 Scottish Provident Offices
p84-7 The New Club

Periodical References

The following periodicals contain references to this architectural practice:
 Periodical NameDateEditionPublisherNotes
Item 1 of 7Builder26 October 1951  p570
Item 2 of 7Builder7 December 1951  p813
Item 3 of 7Builder4 May 1951  p640
Item 4 of 7Builder6 June 1952  p865
Item 5 of 7Builder10 January 1964  p96
Item 6 of 7Builder23 October 1964  p902
Item 7 of 7Builder11 December 1964  p1284