Basic Site Details

Name: Crichton Royal Institution, Southern Counties Asylum
Town, district or village: Dumfries
City or county: Dumfriesshire
Country: Scotland
Status: Demolished
Grid ref:
Notes: Funds contributed by Dumfriesshire, Wigtownshire and the Stewartry of Kirkcudbright and by public subscription.

McGowan visited English workhouses with the committee before finalising design.

Moffatt paid 1138 5s 6d.

Alternative Names

The following alternative names are associated with this building/design:
 NameCurrent name?Notes
Item 1 of 3Crichton Royal HospitalYesSince c1943
Item 2 of 3Crichton Royal Institution, pauper asylum  
Item 3 of 3Grierson Hall from 1885

Building Type Classification

The building is classified under the following categories:
 ClassificationOriginal classification?Notes
Item 1 of 1Psychiatric hospital  


The following date-based events are associated with this building:
 FromToEvent typeNotes
Item 1 of 518481849Construction 
Item 2 of 518651868 Additions and alterations (wards, recreation hall and central tower, and improvements to the heating system in 'the old house' etc. Also new Turkish baths.
Item 3 of 5September 1870May 1871 Alterations to refractory wards, new airing courts etc
Item 4 of 51885 Alteration/conversionRenamed Grierson Hall and remodelled internally as nurses' home
Item 5 of 519141924Destruction/demolition 


Design and Construction

The following individuals or organisations have carried out design/construction work. Where architects or practices worked together, matching letters appear beside their names in the Partnership Group column.
 NameRolePartnership GroupFromToNotes
Item 1 of 3William McGowan A18481849 
Item 2 of 3William Lambie Moffatt (originally William Lambie Moffat)  18651870Additions and alterations (wards, recreation hall and central tower, and improvements to the heating system in 'the old house' etc. Also new Turkish baths
Item 3 of 3William Lambie Moffatt (originally William Lambie Moffat) CSeptember 1870May 1871Alterations to refractory wards, new airing courts etc

Related Buildings, Structures and Designs

Parent Structure and Site

This structure is related to the following parent structure or site (click the item to view details):
 Building nameNotes
Item 1 of 1Crichton Royal Institution, main buildings 


Bibliographic References

The following books contain references to this building:
Item 1 of 4Architects Engineers and Building Trades Directory1868Architect's, Engineer's and Building Trades' Directory London, Wyman 
Item 2 of 4Darragh, Alison2011Prison or Palace? Heaven or Hell? An architectural and social study of the development of public lunatic asylums in Scot Unpublished PhD thesis, University of St Andrewsvol 1, pp 76-7, 189-90
vol 3, pp 47-9
Includes photographs taken in 1895
Item 3 of 4Easterbrook, C C1940The Chronicle of Crichton Royal (1833-1936) Dumfries 
Item 4 of 4Richardson, HarrietN.D.Scottish Hospitals Survey Unpublished typescript (copy in DMW Archive) 

Archive References

The following archives hold material relating to this building:
 SourceArchive nameSource catalogue no.Notes
Item 1 of 1National Archives of Scotland (formerly SRO)William Lambie Moffatt Cash Book 1859-1881 GD 1/412/1 pp18-21