Basic Site Details

Name: Kingseat Asylum
Town, district or village: New Machar
City or county: Aberdeenshire
Country: Scotland
Grid ref:
Notes: Cost: 98,533 plus site cost 12,942.

Built when the accommodation at the Royal Cornhill Asylum became insufficient.

Information about Mackinnon work from obituary. Check.

Contractor: E Gould. Tender 26,985 for masonry accepted in January 1901.

[From the extensive description of progress of the work given in the Builder of 27 September (taken from the Aberdeen Journal) it is apparent that works on the various buildings on the site was being phased, hence the apparent discrepancies in tendering etc.]

Alternative Names

The following alternative names are associated with this building/design:
 NameCurrent name?Notes
Item 1 of 4Aberdeen District Asylum  
Item 2 of 4District Asylum for Aberdeen alternative original name
Item 3 of 4Kingseat HospitalYes 
Item 4 of 4Kingseat Mental Hospital  

Building Type Classification

The building is classified under the following categories:
 ClassificationOriginal classification?Notes
Item 1 of 1Psychiatric hospital  


The following date-based events are associated with this building:
 FromToEvent typeNotes
Item 1 of 101899 Build/constructionDate given for villas and cottages scattered over grounds
Item 2 of 1019011904Construction 
Item 3 of 10January 1901  First sod cut
Item 4 of 1014 September 1901 Foundation stone 
Item 5 of 101902 Design exhibited 
Item 6 of 1016 May 1904 Opened 
Item 7 of 101914 AdditionNew block (cost 12,000) and hospital villa (cost 6,500)
Item 8 of 101921  Attendants' cottages
Item 9 of 1019231926Build/constructionTwo new villas (and perhaps other work), cost 40,000. Additions opened Novermber 1926.
Item 10 of 1028 July 1999 Closed 


Design and Construction

The following individuals or organisations have carried out design/construction work. Where architects or practices worked together, matching letters appear beside their names in the Partnership Group column.
 NameRolePartnership GroupFromToNotes
Item 1 of 6Alexander Marshall Mackenzie  19011904 
Item 2 of 6Arthur Hay Livingstone Mackinnon  1914 New block (cost 12,000) and hospital villa (cost 6,500)
Item 3 of 6Robert Robb Gall  1921 Attendants' cottages
Item 4 of 6Gall & Hay B19231926Two new villas (male and female, 60 patients each); additions to nurses' home
Item 5 of 6George Morrison Hay B19231926Two new villas (male and female, 60 patients each); additions to nurses' home
Item 6 of 6Robert Robb Gall B19231926Two new villas (male and female, 60 patients each); additions to nurses' home


The following individuals or organisations have commissioned work on this building/design:
Item 1 of 2Aberdeen City District Board of Controlfor 1920s work
Item 2 of 2City and District Lunacy Board 1901 work


Bibliographic References

The following books contain references to this building:
Item 1 of 4Darragh, Alison2011Prison or Palace? Heaven or Hell? An architectural and social study of the development of public lunatic asylums in Scot Unpublished PhD thesis, University of St Andrewsvol 2, pp 294-5, (recreation hall) pp 300-303;
vol 3, pp 16-18
Item 2 of 4Richardson, HarrietN.D.Scottish Hospitals Survey Unpublished typescript (copy in DMW Archive)Listed as Kingseat Hospital
Item 3 of 4RSA1902   557
Item 4 of 4Sharples, J, Walker, D W and Woodworth, M2015The Buildings of Scotland: Aberdeenshire South and Aberdeen London and New Haven: Yale University Presspp83, 692

Periodical References

The following periodicals contain references to this building:
 Periodical NameDateEditionPublisherNotes
Item 1 of 10Aberdeen Daily JournalSeptember 1901  Check date
Item 2 of 10Architect and Building News12 November 1926   
Item 3 of 10British Architect11 January 1901  pix- tenders
Item 4 of 10British Medical Journal24 November 1906   
Item 5 of 10Builder18 May 1901  p501- tenders
Item 6 of 10Builder27 September 1901  p277 - foundation stone
Item 7 of 10Builder1914CVI p624
Item 8 of 10Builder1914CVII p388
Item 9 of 10Building News4 January 1901  p4
Item 10 of 10Building News18 January 1901  p89 - first sod cut

Archive References

The following archives hold material relating to this building:
 SourceArchive nameSource catalogue no.Notes
Item 1 of 1RIBA Archive, Victoria & Albert MuseumRIBA Nomination Papers Robert Robb Gall: F no2425 (microfilm reel 34); George Morrison Hay: F no2540 (box 8)