Basic Site Details

Name: Gosford House
City or county: East Lothian
Country: Scotland
Status: A listed
Grid ref:

Building Type Classification

The building is classified under the following categories:
 ClassificationOriginal classification?Notes
Item 1 of 1Mansion house  


The following date-based events are associated with this building:
 FromToEvent typeNotes
Item 1 of 121791c. 1800Build/constructionStables built in c. 1790
Item 2 of 121800 Design exhibitedDrawing of west front exhibited at Royal Academy
Item 3 of 12Before 1800 Build/constructionLandscape designer
Item 4 of 12c. 1810 Destruction/demolitionWings demolished.
Item 5 of 12c. 1810 Plans drawn upRobert Reid drew up scheme for rebuilding. Not extecuted
Item 6 of 12April 1821June 1821 Unexecuted proposals for alterations and additions
Item 7 of 1218861890 Reconstruction and new wings
Item 8 of 1218861895Design exhibited 
Item 9 of 121895 Design exhibitedStairhall as completed
Item 10 of 12c. 1940  Central block gutted
Item 11 of 12c. 1950  North wing unroofed
Item 12 of 121951 ReconstructionSouth wing rehabilitated.


Design and Construction

The following individuals or organisations have carried out design/construction work. Where architects or practices worked together, matching letters appear beside their names in the Partnership Group column.
 NameRolePartnership GroupFromToNotes
Item 1 of 8Robert Adam C1791c. 1800Buildings of Scotland puts start date at 1790. Also notes stables said to be done by Adam c. 1790
Item 2 of 8Thomas Harrison B17941798Works. In 1793 Lord Wemyss paid a draughtsman 5 guineas for copying 'some of Mr Harrison's plans' and in 1794 he paid Harrison £31 10s for alteration Robert Adam's plans for Gosford House which was under construction since 1791.
Item 3 of 8A Tod F1800 Drawing of west front
Item 4 of 8James Ramsay DBefore 1800 Employed as landscape designer
Item 5 of 8Robert Reid Ec. 1810 Design for rebuilding
Item 6 of 8(Sir) Robert Smirke  1821 Unexecuted proposals for alterations and additions
Item 7 of 8Henry Denison Walton A18861890Reconstruction and new wings - as assistant to William Young
Item 8 of 8William Young A18861890Reconstruction and new wings


The following individuals or organisations have commissioned work on this building/design:
Item 1 of 4Charteris, Francis, titular Earl of WemyssClient for Robert Adam building
Item 2 of 4Wemyss, 6th Earl ofSmirke & Billings work
Item 3 of 4Wemyss, 7th Earl of 
Item 4 of 4Wemyss, 9th Earl ofYoung work

Related Buildings, Structures and Designs

Child Structures

This structure or site has the following component or child structures (click on an item to view details):
 Building NameNotes
Item 1 of 1Gosford House, north and west lodgesWest lodge is A listed and north lodges B listed


Bibliographic References

The following books contain references to this building:
Item 1 of 7Academy Architecture1895   p35
Item 2 of 7Baker, Sonia2009The Country Houses, Castles and Mansions of East Lothian Stenlake, Catrinepp 36-7
Item 3 of 7Colvin, Howard2008A Biographical Dictionary of British Architects 1600-1840 London: YUP. 4th editionInformation about Ramsay per Professor A A Tait
Item 4 of 7Graves, Algernon1905The Royal Academy of Arts: a complete dictionary of exhibitors and their works…1905-6London: Graves and Bell1886, no 1716 (staircase); 1892, no 1790 ('Gosford'); 1895, no 1595 (hall)
Item 5 of 7McWilliam, Colin1978Lothian (The Buildings of Scotland)  pp 222, 224
Item 6 of 7Richardson, G1802New Vitruvius BritannicusI & II volume 1, plates 43-50
Item 7 of 7Royal Academy1800    

Periodical References

The following periodicals contain references to this building:
 Periodical NameDateEditionPublisherNotes
Item 1 of 5Building News12 August 1887   
Item 2 of 5Building News12 September 1892   
Item 3 of 5Country Life21 October 1971  p1050
Item 4 of 5Country Life4 November 1971   
Item 5 of 5Trans… of the Edinburgh Architectural Association v1Edinburgh: Edinburgh Architectural Associationp120-124

Archive References

The following archives hold material relating to this building:
 SourceArchive nameSource catalogue no.Notes
Item 1 of 3Historic Environment ScotlandListed Buildings Register6533Gosford House with Screen Walls and Garden Statuary
Item 2 of 3RIBA Archive, Victoria & Albert MuseumRIBA Nomination Papers Henry Denison Walton: L v21 no1653; William Young: F v10 p75 (microfiche 108/E2)
Item 3 of 3Wemyss Estate, GosfordPlans Collection Robert Smirke: unexecuted proposals for alterations and additions. (Also many other plans and drawings)