Basic Site Details

Name: Culzean Castle Estate, Fountain Court, walls, orangery and shelter
City or county: Ayrshire
Country: Scotland
Status: A listed
Grid ref:
Notes: Includes Fountain Terrace walls, orangery and shelter

Fountain by Austin & Sealy and base by Smith & Co

Building Type Classification

The building is classified under the following categories:
 ClassificationOriginal classification?Notes
Item 1 of 1Estate building  


The following date-based events are associated with this building:
 FromToEvent typeNotes
Item 1 of 41778 Build/constructionTerrace Walls
Item 2 of 41792 Build/constructionOrangery (Buildings of Scotland)
Item 3 of 4c. 1837 Build/constructionOrangery (HS)
Item 4 of 41987 RestorationOrangery


Design and Construction

The following individuals or organisations have carried out design/construction work. Where architects or practices worked together, matching letters appear beside their names in the Partnership Group column.
 NameRolePartnership GroupFromToNotes
Item 1 of 8Robert AdamArchitectA1785 Incorporates earlier structures. Terrace walls
Item 2 of 8Thomas White F1792 Orangery added (Buildings of Scotland)
Item 3 of 8James ThomsonArchitectGc. 1792 Executed the orangery design. Possibly this Thomson who may have been the estate architect at Culzean. (Buildings of Scotland)
Item 4 of 8William ReidArchitectBc. 1837 Orangery (HS)
Item 5 of 8Charles ReidArchitectC1877 Unclear what he did
Item 6 of 8James Maitland WardropArchitectC1877 Unclear what he did
Item 7 of 8Wardrop & ReidArchitectural practiceC1877 Unclear of role
Item 8 of 8William Geoffrey JarvisArchitectD1987 Restoration of orangery


Bibliographic References

The following books contain references to this building:
Item 1 of 9Buxbaum, T1989Scottish Garden Buildings  p54
Item 2 of 9Close, Rob and Riches, Anne2012The Buildings of Scotland: Ayrshire & Arran New Haven and London: Yale University Pressp254
Item 3 of 9Colvin, H M1995A Biographical Dictionary of British Architects 1600-18403rd editionNew Haven and London: Yale University Press 
Item 4 of 9Cooper, S (ed)1996An Inventory of Ornamental Garden Buildings in Scotland   
Item 5 of 9Historic Scotland An inventory of gardens and designed landscapes in Scotland   
Item 6 of 9King, David2001The Complete Works of Robert & James Adam   
Item 7 of 9Moss, Michael2002The Magnificent Castle of Culzean and the Kennedy Family Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press 
Item 8 of 9Rowan, Alistair1985Designs for Castles and Country Villas   
Item 9 of 9Rykwert, J & A1985The Brothers Adam: The Men and The Style  p173

Archive References

The following archives hold material relating to this building:
 SourceArchive nameSource catalogue no.Notes
Item 1 of 1Historic Environment ScotlandListed Buildings Register51824