Basic Site Details

Name: Lennox Castle
Town, district or village: Lennoxtown
City or county: Stirlingshire
Country: Scotland
Parish:  
Status:  
Grid ref:
Notes: Provision is being made in the plans for the extensive buildings at Lennox Castle Hospital for a completely equipped theatre with stage and cinematographic apparatus. The architects are Messrs Wright and Wylie, 204 West Regent-street, Glasgow. [Builder 29 June 1934 Page 1131]

Cost of 1972 work 500,000

Cost of 1980s wards: 2million.

Original house - Norman style

Alternative Names

The following alternative names are associated with this building/design:
 NameCurrent name?Notes
Item 1 of 4Certified Mental Deficiency Institution After conversion and additions, post-1929.
Item 2 of 4Hospital for Mental Defectives After conversion and additions, post-1929.
Item 3 of 4Lennox Castle Certified Institution for Mental Defectives After conversion and additions, post-1929.
Item 4 of 4Lennox Castle HospitalYesAfter conversion and additions, post-1929.

Events

The following date-based events are associated with this building:
 FromToEvent typeNotes
Item 1 of 618371841Construction 
Item 2 of 619291936Alteration/conversionConversion of Lennox Castle into nurses' home, and addition of numerous blocks on the estate to form hospital. Also extensive buildings for a theatre/cinema in hospital grounds proposed as well as houses, chapel, dining halls, wards etc
Item 3 of 61949  240-bed building at Craigend Farm
Item 4 of 6Before 1970 Alterations and additionsSupporting architectural services in respect of engineering works.
Item 5 of 61972 Alterations and additionsAlterations - cost 500,000
Item 6 of 6After 1982Before 1990AdditionWard units

People

Design and Construction

The following individuals or organisations have carried out design/construction work. Where architects or practices worked together, matching letters appear beside their names in the Partnership Group column.
 NameRolePartnership GroupFromToNotes
Item 1 of 20D & J HamiltonArchitectural practiceA18371841Original mansion house
Item 2 of 20David HamiltonArchitectA18371841Original mansion house
Item 3 of 20John Baird the SecondArchitectA18371841Original mansion house - as assistant to D & J Hamilton
Item 4 of 20Alexander WrightArchitectB19291936Conversion of Lennox Castle into nurses' home, and addition of numerous blocks on the estate to form hospital. Also extensive buildings for a theatre/cinema in hospital grounds proposed.
Item 5 of 20Edward Grigg WylieArchitectB19291936Conversion of Lennox Castle into nurses' home, and addition of numerous blocks on the estate to form hospital. Also extensive buildings for a theatre/cinema in hospital grounds proposed.
Item 6 of 20Frederick Robert WylieArchitectB19291936Conversion of Lennox Castle into nurses' home, and addition of numerous blocks on the estate to form hospital. Also extensive buildings for a theatre/cinema in hospital grounds proposed.
Item 7 of 20John Eadie Waddel DallachyArchitectB19291933Conversion of Lennox Castle into nurses' home, and addition of numerous blocks on the estate to form hospital - as assistant to Wylie Wright & Wylie
Item 8 of 20Wylie, Wright & WylieArchitectural practiceB19291935Conversion of Lennox Castle into nurses' home, and addition of numerous blocks on the estate to form hospital. Also extensive buildings for a theatre/cinema in hospital grounds proposed.
Item 9 of 20Wylie, Shanks & WylieArchitectural practiceB19361936Conversion of Lennox Castle into nurses' home, and addition of numerous blocks on the estate to form hospital. Also extensive buildings for a theatre/cinema in hospital grounds proposed.
Item 10 of 20Alexander McAnally (sometimes misspelt McNally or Macannally)Architect 1949 240-bed buildings at Craigend Farm
Item 11 of 20Dennis John Richard GarnettArchitectDBefore 1970 Supporting architectural services in respect of engineering works.
Item 12 of 20Duncan Shearer BremnerArchitectDBefore 1970 Supporting architectural services in respect of engineering works.
Item 13 of 20John Armstrong LaneArchitectDBefore 1970 Supporting architectural services in respect of engineering works.
Item 14 of 20Lane Bremner & Garnett DBefore 1970 Supporting architectural services in respect of engineering works.
Item 15 of 20Dennis John Richard GarnettArchitectH1972 Alterations - cost 500,000
Item 16 of 20Duncan Shearer BremnerArchitectH1972 Alterations - cost 500,000
Item 17 of 20John Armstrong LaneArchitectH1972 Alterations - cost 500,000
Item 18 of 20Lane Bremner & Garnett H1972 Alterations - cost 500,000
Item 19 of 20(Professor) Charles Calthorpe RobertsonArchitectEAfter 1982Before 1990Ward units
Item 20 of 20The Charles Robertson PartnershipArchitectural practiceEAfter 1982Before 1990Ward units

Clients

The following individuals or organisations have commissioned work on this building/design:
 NameNotes
Item 1 of 4Glasgow CorporationClient for conversion into hospital, and new hospital blocks
Item 2 of 4Greater Glasgow Health BoardClient for 1980s ward units
Item 3 of 4Lennox, J L KincaidClient for David Hamilton building
Item 4 of 4Western Regional Hospital BoardClient for work from 1949

References

Bibliographic References

The following books contain references to this building:
 Author(s)DateTitlePartPublisherNotes
Item 1 of 11Cameron, J1892The Parish of Campsie Kirkintillochp162-4
Item 2 of 11Darragh, Alison2011Prison or Palace? Heaven or Hell? An architectural and social study of the development of public lunatic asylums in Scot Unpublished PhD thesis, University of St Andrewsvol 2, pp 303-6
vol 3, pp 107-9
Cites 'Lennox Castle' booklet produced for opening, 1936
Item 3 of 11Gifford, John and Walker, Frank Arneil2002Stirling and Central Scotland (The Buildings of Scotland) New Haven and London: Yale University Presspp591-5
Item 4 of 11Glasgow Corporation1936The Book of Lennox Castle Glasgow, c1936 
Item 5 of 11New Statistical Account of Scotland New Statistical Account of Scotland  viii, 244
Item 6 of 11RCAHMS Inventory of Stirlingshire  Vol 2, p358
Item 7 of 11RIBA1975RIBA Directory of practices   
Item 8 of 11Richardson, HarrietN.D.Scottish Hospitals Survey Unpublished typescript (copy in DMW Archive)Listed as Lennox Castle Hospital
Item 9 of 11Ritchie, A. L.1936Lennox Castle Mental Defectives' Institution City and Counties Publishing Co. Ltd.Subtitle: "A Historical Account of the Acquisition of Lennox Estate by Glasgow Corporation and a Complete and Detailed Narrative of the Building of a Million Pounds Hospital"
Item 10 of 11Royal Glasgow Institute of the Fine Arts1936   337
Item 11 of 11Watters, Diane1994David Hamilton's Lennox CsatleVArchitectural Heritage 

Periodical References

The following periodicals contain references to this building:
 Periodical NameDateEditionPublisherNotes
Item 1 of 7Architect and Building News1932Jan-June p322
Item 2 of 7Architect and Building News1935Jul-Dec p62
Item 3 of 7Builder29 June 1934  p113
Item 4 of 7Glasgow Herald15 May 1936  p12
Item 5 of 7Glasgow Herald29 September 1936  Illustration
Item 6 of 7RIBA JournalSeptember 1954 London: Royal Institute of British ArchitectsObituary of Wylie
Item 7 of 7Scotland on Sunday21 September 1997  p9 Photograph and article on official report of conditions in the hospital

Archive References

The following archives hold material relating to this building:
 SourceArchive nameSource catalogue no.Notes
Item 1 of 3DMW ArchiveResearch notes for 'Scottish Thirties' by Charles McKean  
Item 2 of 3Professor Charles Robertson's CVInformation sent from Professor Charles Robertson to Yvonne Hillyard, October 2010  
Item 3 of 3RIBA Archive, Victoria & Albert MuseumRIBA Nomination Papers Alexander McAnally: F no4570 (box 22); Edward Grigg Wylie: F no4241 (Combined Box 3); Frederick Robert Wylie: F no 4242 (Combined Box 3); Duncan S Bremner: F no7295 (Combined Box 183)