Basic Site Details

Name: Dalkeith House
City or county: Midlothian
Country: Scotland
Parish:  
Status:  
Grid ref:
Notes:  

Building Type Classification

The building is classified under the following categories:
 ClassificationOriginal classification?Notes
Item 1 of 4House  
Item 2 of 4Estate building  
Item 3 of 4Coach house  
Item 4 of 4Stable  

Events

The following date-based events are associated with this building:
 FromToEvent typeNotes
Item 1 of 1017021710ReconstructionRemodelled
Item 2 of 1017411742Build/constructionStables, coachhouses, gardener's cottage and bridge over the South Esk. 'Buildings of Scotland' notes date of stables and coach house as 1740.
Item 3 of 1017511753RepairRepair and refacing
Item 4 of 101775 AdditionProposed addition of wings
Item 5 of 101786 AdditionBow window to library added. Also unexecuted designs for an entrance gate and lodges.
Item 6 of 101792 Build/constructionBridge over River Esk in grounds (Montagu Bridge)
Item 7 of 101794 Build/constructionEntrance gates from Dalkeith
Item 8 of 1018121817ProposedAlteations/
Item 9 of 101834 Plans drawn upSketches for alterations
Item 10 of 101973 RestorationRestoration of interior and reinstatement of entrance

People

Design and Construction

The following individuals or organisations have carried out design/construction work. Where architects or practices worked together, matching letters appear beside their names in the Partnership Group column.
 NameRolePartnership GroupFromToNotes
Item 1 of 14James SmithArchitect, EngineerG17021710Remodelled
Item 2 of 14William AdamArchitectD17411742Stables, coachhouses, gardener's cottage and bridge over the South Esk. 'Buildings of Scotland' notes construction date of stables and coach house as 1740. Home Farm built over former Smeaton House credited to William Adam under name East Park
Item 3 of 14John AdamArchitectA17511753Repair and refacing
Item 4 of 14James CraigArchitectE1775 Proposed addition of wings
Item 5 of 14James PlayfairArchitectT1786 Addition of bow window to library. Also unexecuted designs for an entrance gate and lodges.
Item 6 of 14James AdamArchitectB1792 Bridge over River Esk in grounds (Montagu Bridge)
Item 7 of 14R & J AdamArchitectural practiceB1792 Bridge over River Esk in grounds (Montagu Bridge)
Item 8 of 14Robert AdamArchitectB1792 Bridge over River Esk in grounds (Montagu Bridge)
Item 9 of 14James AdamArchitectC1794 Entrance gates from Dalkeith
Item 10 of 14R & J AdamArchitectural practiceC1794 Entrance gates from Dalkeith
Item 11 of 14Robert AdamArchitectC1794 Entrance gates from Dalkeith
Item 12 of 14William AtkinsonArchitectU18121817GD224/669/36
Item 13 of 14Thomas LiddellArchitectF1834 Sketches for alterations
Item 14 of 14Walter Schomberg Hepburne ScottArchitect 1973 Restoration of interior and reinstatement of entrance

Clients

The following individuals or organisations have commissioned work on this building/design:
 NameNotes
Item 1 of 3Buccleuch, 2nd Duke ofClient for William Adam work
Item 2 of 3Buccleuch, 3rd Duke ofClient for James Playfair and Robert Adam work
Item 3 of 3Buccleuch, Duchess AnneCleint for 1702-10 remodelling

References

Bibliographic References

The following books contain references to this building:
 Author(s)DateTitlePartPublisherNotes
Item 1 of 3Adam, William1820Vitruvius Scoticus  Plates 23-24
Item 2 of 3Colvin, Howard2008A Biographical Dictionary of British Architects 1600-1840 London: YUP. 4th edition 
Item 3 of 3McWilliam, Colin1978Lothian (The Buildings of Scotland)  pp159-162

Periodical References

The following periodicals contain references to this building:
 Periodical NameDateEditionPublisherNotes
Item 1 of 5Country Life7 January 1911   
Item 2 of 5Country Life19 April 1984   
Item 3 of 5Country Life26 April 1984   
Item 4 of 5Country Life3 May 1984   
Item 5 of 5Georgian Group Journal201624 pp1-22

Archive References

The following archives hold material relating to this building:
 SourceArchive nameSource catalogue no.Notes
Item 1 of 9Bowhill, SelkirkshireDrawings Drawings of proposed addition to Dalkeith House.
Item 2 of 9National Archives of Scotland (formerly SRO)Gifts and depositsGD 224/337/4GD 224/379/7. 'Accounts and legal papers relating to claim by John Adam, Architect, as representing his late father, William Adam, Architect, against the representatives of the late Francis, [2nd] Duke of Buccleuch, for payment for building a bridge, stables and other offices at Dalkeith "and for other works performed there' etc
Item 3 of 9National Archives of Scotland (formerly SRO)Gifts and depositsGD 224/625/1Work by Smith
Item 4 of 9National Archives of Scotland (formerly SRO)Gifts and depositsGD224/669/36Plans, working drawings by Atkinson.
Item 5 of 9National Archives of Scotland (formerly SRO)Gifts and depositsGD 224/1085/1Record of Craig dining at Dalkeith House in January and February 1776.
Item 6 of 9National Archives of Scotland (formerly SRO)Register House PlansRHP 14446 
Item 7 of 9National Monuments Record of Scotland/NMRS, RCAHMSNMRS Photographic Archive Copies of drawings held in Buccleuch Collections at Bowhill.-
Item 8 of 9Scottish National GalleryPrint Room drawings Drawing signed by Robert Adam and dated 1791.
Item 9 of 9Soane MuseumSoane Museum Collectionli, 62Drawing of gates, signed by James Adam and dated 1794. Soane portfolio of Playfair work has drawings of bow window.