Basic Site Details

Name: Garden Village, Gretna
Town, district or village: Gretna Green
City or county: Dumfriesshire
Country: Scotland
Grid ref:
Notes: See also Garden Village, Eastriggs

The chief township at Gretna included housing for men and women munition workers together with, laundry, bakery, and central kitchen for distributing food to the hostels, and mess rooms for the factory hands. The subsidiary township of Eastriggs provided accommodation for labour living near the western end of the munitioms factory, and not far from Dornock Station

Architect Raymond Unwin FRIBA.
Chief Assistant architect S. B. Russell. FRIBA.
Resident architect Courtney M. Crickmer, F.R.I.B.A.,
Others. C E Simmons, Geoffrey Lucas, H A Saul, R. S. Bowers, A. O Cave and Harold Burgess.

Subject to the necessary criticism and co-ordination of the designs, ... the principle adopted was to leave the individual architects as free a hand as possible with their designs and individual buildings. The result, therefore, is largely one of co-operative effort on the part of the number of architects, most of whom were in private practice previous to the outbreak of the war. [Building News 2 October 1918]

Building Type Classification

The building is classified under the following categories:
 ClassificationOriginal classification?Notes
Item 1 of 1Garden(?)  


The following date-based events are associated with this building:
 FromToEvent typeNotes
Item 1 of 119161918  


Design and Construction

The following individuals or organisations have carried out design/construction work. Where architects or practices worked together, matching letters appear beside their names in the Partnership Group column.
 NameRolePartnership GroupFromToNotes
Item 1 of 8Courtenay Melville CrickmerArchitect 19161918Resident architect, with masterplan by Unwin
Item 2 of 8Samuel Bridgman RussellArchitect 19161918Chief assistant to Unwin
Item 3 of 8Bowland Brockman MoffatArchitectA19161918As member of the team under the leadership of Crickmer.
Item 4 of 8James Milroy WilsonDraughtsmanA19161918As member of the team under the leadership of Crickmer.
Item 5 of 8John SlackArchitectA19161918 
Item 6 of 8John Wayland Benwell A19161918As member of the team under the leadership of Crickmer.
Item 7 of 8Raymond UnwinArchitectA19161918Masterplan - With Crickmer
Item 8 of 8Robert Weir SchultzArchitect c. 1917c. 1918Some housing


The following individuals or organisations have commissioned work on this building/design:
Item 1 of 1Ministry of Munitions 

Related Buildings, Structures and Designs

Child Structures

This structure or site has the following component or child structures (click on an item to view details):
 Building NameNotes
Item 1 of 5148-171 Central Avenue 
Item 2 of 52-32 Canberra Road 
Item 3 of 523-33 Canberra Road 
Item 4 of 530-52 and 54-68 Victory AvenueNos 30-52 are C Listed
Item 5 of 556-60 Annan Road 


Bibliographic References

The following books contain references to this building:
Item 1 of 5Gifford, John1996Dumfries and Galloway (The Buildings of Scotland)  p333
Item 2 of 5Ottewill, David1979Robert Weir Schultz (1860-1951): An Arts and Crafts Architect Architectural History v22, 1979, pp87-115p101
Item 3 of 5Rosenburg, Lou2016Scotland's Homes fit for Heroes: Garden City Influences on the Development of Scottish Working Class Housing, 1900-1939 Scottish Centre for Conservation Studies: The Word Bankpp149-152
Item 4 of 5Weaver, Lawrence1919Country Life Book of Cottages   
Item 5 of 5Whitham, David1989State Housing and the Great War In Rodger, Richard: Scottish Housing in the Twentieth Century 

Periodical References

The following periodicals contain references to this building:
 Periodical NameDateEditionPublisherNotes
Item 1 of 5Builder3 January 1919  p25 and supplement p xvi-xxiv (photographs)
Item 2 of 5Building News23 January 1918  p283 and illustrations
Item 3 of 5Building News2 October 1918  p232 and illustrations
Item 4 of 5Building News16 October 1918  p255 and illustrations
Item 5 of 5Building News13 November 1918  p332 and illustrations

Archive References

The following archives hold material relating to this building:
 SourceArchive nameSource catalogue no.Notes
Item 1 of 1Courtesy of Wilson's granddaughter, Patricia Mirrlees.Information via Joan Richardson Sent November 2013.