Basic Site Details

Name: Inveraray Castle
Town, district or village: Inveraray
City or county: Argyll
Country: Scotland
Parish:  
Status:  
Grid ref:
Notes: There is no mention of the work by Eustace Balfour in Cosh & Lindsay's book on Inveraray.

Building Type Classification

The building is classified under the following categories:
 ClassificationOriginal classification?Notes
Item 1 of 1Country House  

Events

The following date-based events are associated with this building:
 FromToEvent typeNotes
Item 1 of 2017201722Build/constructionTemporary pavilion. Unexecuted scheme for adding wings to old castle.
Item 2 of 2017441761Construction 
Item 3 of 20Before 1746 Plans drawn upDesigns for rebuilding 'in the castle stile', as a polygonal fort with fosse and covered way.
Item 4 of 2017701772Alterations and additionsInterior rearranged
Item 5 of 2017721785ConstructionSecond phase
Item 6 of 201777 Alterations and additionsAlterations to windows on main floor
Item 7 of 2017821789RefurbishmentRedecoration of principal rooms.
Item 8 of 2018011804Plans drawn upFor landscaping
Item 9 of 2018061807Plans drawn upVarious works- not executed.
Item 10 of 201848  Design for garden layout and new approaches
Item 11 of 20Before 1870  Garden layout modified
Item 12 of 201871  Glazed ironwork porch erected
Item 13 of 2018771879 Proposed remodelling; scheme reduced to bedrooms in the attics and conical roofs at the towers
Item 14 of 20c. 1877  Fire damaged centre part of house
Item 15 of 2018791880Alterations and additionsFit out and other improvements after retirement of Anthony Salvin (then 80) and his son Anthony, due to the latter's ill-health in 1879: this probably included some restoration work to the fire-damaged Morris, Adam and Mylne interiors.
Item 16 of 20c. 1930c. 1950 Alterations to form private apartments
Item 17 of 20c. 1956 Build/constructionBridge to SE private entrance of castle
Item 18 of 2019601962Restoration 
Item 19 of 201970s Won award or awardsRestoration work
Item 20 of 2019751978RestorationRestoration after fire, including metal truss roof with space for archive store and caretaker's flat.

People

Design and Construction

The following individuals or organisations have carried out design/construction work. Where architects or practices worked together, matching letters appear beside their names in the Partnership Group column.
 NameRolePartnership GroupFromToNotes
Item 1 of 27Alexander McGillArchitectM17201722Temporary pavilion of lodging for 2nd Duke of Argyll. Also unexecuted designs for adding wings to old castle.
Item 2 of 27William AdamArchitectA17451748Supervised construction to designs by Roger Morris
Item 3 of 27Roger MorrisArchitectD17451760 
Item 4 of 27Dugal CampbellArchitectKBefore 1746 Designs for rebuilding 'in the castle stile', as a polygonal fort with fosse and covered way.
Item 5 of 27William MylneArchitect, EngineerX17701772Interior rearranged
Item 6 of 27Robert Mylne V1777 Alterations to windows on main floor
Item 7 of 27Robert Mylne W17821789Redecoration of principal rooms
Item 8 of 27Michael CarmichaelArchitect, BuilderT17991800Emplyed as a builder on Castle.
Item 9 of 27Alexander Nasmyth U18011804Acted as landscape consultant for the 5th Duke of Argyll
Item 10 of 27Joseph BonomiArchitectS18061807Various unexecuted designs for works including Charry Park
Item 11 of 27William Andrews NesfieldArchitect, Landscape architect 1848 Design for garden layout and new approaches
Item 12 of 27Matthew Digby WyattArchitect 1871 Glazed ironwork porch erected
Item 13 of 27Anthony SalvinArchitectB18771879Proposed remodelling; scheme reduced to bedrooms in the attics and conical roofs at the towers
Item 14 of 27Anthony Salvin (junior)ArchitectB18771879Proposed remodelling; scheme reduced to bedrooms in the attics and conical roofs at the towers
Item 15 of 27Colonel Eustace James Anthony BalfourArchitectJ18791880Completed fit out and other improvements after retirement of Anthony Salvin (then 80) and his son Anthony, due to the latter's ill-health in 1879: this probably included some restoration work to the fire-damaged Morris, Adam and Mylne interiors.
Item 16 of 27Ian Gordon LindsayArchitectCc. 1930c. 1950Alterations to form private apartments
Item 17 of 27Orphoot, Whiting & LindsayArchitectural practiceCc. 19331940Alterations to form private apartments - continued by Lindsay under subsequent partnership
Item 18 of 27Orphoot & LindsayArchitectural practiceC1945c. 1950Alterations to form private apartments - begun by Lindsay under previous partnership
Item 19 of 27Ian Gordon LindsayArchitectOc. 1956 Bridge to SE private entrance of castle
Item 20 of 27David Robertson CollinArchitectG19601962Minor restoration - as assistant with Ian G Lindsay & Partners
Item 21 of 27Ian G Lindsay & PartnersArchitectural practiceG19601962Minor restoration work
Item 22 of 27Ian Gordon LindsayArchitectG19601962Minor restoration work
Item 23 of 27John Herdman ReidArchitectG19601962Minor restoration work
Item 24 of 27Crichton Walker Lang H19751978Restoration after 1973 fire. Job architect
Item 25 of 27Ian G Lindsay & PartnersArchitectural practiceH19751978Restoration after 1973 fire.
Item 26 of 27James Ian Haig MarshallArchitectH19751978Restoration after fire
Item 27 of 27John Herdman ReidArchitectH19751978Restoration after fire

Clients

The following individuals or organisations have commissioned work on this building/design:
 NameNotes
Item 1 of 8Argyll, 10th Duke ofClient for Orphoot, Whiting & Lindsay work
Item 2 of 8Argyll, 11th Duke ofClient for Orphoot, Whiting & Lindsay work
Item 3 of 8Argyll, 2nd Duke ofClient for McGill temporary pavilion
Item 4 of 8Argyll, 3rd Duke ofClient for William Adam/Roger Morris work
Item 5 of 8Argyll, 5th DukeClient for Robert Mylne work and Nasmyth work
Item 6 of 8Argyll, 6th Duke ofBonomi works
Item 7 of 8Argyll, 8th Duke ofClient for Salvin work and Balfour work
Item 8 of 8Argyll, Duke ofClient for garden work

References

Bibliographic References

The following books contain references to this building:
 Author(s)DateTitlePartPublisherNotes
Item 1 of 7Allen, Nic (ed.) Scottish Architects in Conservation  p67
Item 2 of 7Allibone, Jill Anthony Salvin: pioneer of Gothic Revival Architecture   
Item 3 of 7Balfour, Frances1930Ne Obliviscaris: Dinna Forget  p219, 246
Item 4 of 7Colvin, Howard2008A Biographical Dictionary of British Architects 1600-1840 London: YUP. 4th edition 
Item 5 of 7Cosh, Mary and Lindsay, Ian G Inveraray Castle with the Dukes of Argyll  pp32, 46, 311, 338, 339 etc (page 45 and fig 19 for Dugal Campbell designs).

pp25-6, 350-1, n62 for temporary pavilion for 2nd Duke

pp200, 208-16 (for Robert Mylne work) and p196 for William Mylne work
Item 6 of 7RIBA1981Directory of Practices 1981   
Item 7 of 7Walker, F A2000Argyll and Bute (The Buildings of Scotland)  p314, 315, 320 (Salvin & Nesfield work) and work by Wyatt

Archive References

The following archives hold material relating to this building:
 SourceArchive nameSource catalogue no.Notes
Item 1 of 6Courtesy of David CollinInformation sent to Dictionary Sent May 2013
Item 2 of 6Historic Environment ScotlandListed Buildings Register11552 
Item 3 of 6Inveraray CastleInveraray Castle Archives General Accounts
Item 4 of 6Inveraray CastleInveraray Castle drawings Nesfield work (Copies in NMRS)
Item 5 of 6National Monuments Record of Scotland/NMRS, RCAHMSIan G Lindsay Collection IGL/W131/1 (plan of 1806 with annotations of area to form private apartments)
Item 6 of 6RIBA Archive, Victoria & Albert MuseumRIBA Drawings Collection