Basic Site Details

Name: Panorama
City or county: Glasgow
Country: Scotland
Status: C listed
Grid ref:
Notes: Cast-iron façade supplied by Walter MacFarlane & Co

An application by Associated British Cinemas Limited to reconstruct the premises occupied by the Waldorf dance hall in Sauchiehall Street for the purposes of a picture house has come before the Glasgow Dean of Guild Court. The proposed alterations include the erection of a new frontage. Mr Charles J McNair is architect for the work. [Builder 8 March 1929 p491]

Alternative Names

The following alternative names are associated with this building/design:
 NameCurrent name?Notes
Item 1 of 11ABC Regal 1967 Reopened as ABC1 October 1967
Item 2 of 11Cannon 1986
Item 3 of 11Diorama 1875
Item 4 of 11Hengler's Circus 1904
Item 5 of 11Hippodrome 1904 or1910? (Hengler's Circus)
Item 6 of 11Ice skating palace 1885
Item 7 of 11MGM CinemasYes1992
Item 8 of 11Panorama 1888
Item 9 of 11Regal Cinema 1929
Item 10 of 11The O2  
Item 11 of 11Waldorf Palais de Danse 1927

Building Type Classification

The building is classified under the following categories:
 ClassificationOriginal classification?Notes
Item 1 of 2Theatre  
Item 2 of 2Cinema From 1929

Street Addresses

The following street addresses are associated with this building:
 AddressMain entrance?Notes
Item 1 of 1304-334, Sauchiehall StreetYes 


The following date-based events are associated with this building:
 FromToEvent typeNotes
Item 1 of 111875  Initial building erected as Diorama
Item 2 of 111882  Building became a Panorama
Item 3 of 111885  Rebuilding as Ice Skating Palace
Item 4 of 111890  'new' panorma
Item 5 of 111904  Conversion into Hengler's Circus from Hippodrome (Buildings of Scotland says 1910)
Item 6 of 115 December 1904  Hengler took over Hippodrome from Arthur Hubner who owned the Hippodrome
Item 7 of 111911 Alterations and additionsMonir alterations to no 26
Item 8 of 111927  Partly demolished and rebuilt as Waldorf Palais de Danse
Item 9 of 111929  Conversion into Regal Cinema
Item 10 of 1113 November 1929  Reopened as Regal Cinema
Item 11 of 1119651967Alterations and additionsIncluding brown brick extension - ABC2 cinema. See also separate entry for ABC2.


Design and Construction

The following individuals or organisations have carried out design/construction work. Where architects or practices worked together, matching letters appear beside their names in the Partnership Group column.
 NameRolePartnership GroupFromToNotes
Item 1 of 10(Sir) Robert Rowand AndersonArchitect   Date uncertain until 'Buildings News' checked
Item 2 of 10James MillerArchitect 1910 Conversion into Hengler''s Circus (Peter gives 1904 as date when Hengler took over, 'Buildings of Scotland' 1910, but perhaps alterations date from 1910)
Item 3 of 10Charles Rennie MackintoshArchitectH1911 Minor alterations to no 26
Item 4 of 10Honeyman, Keppie & MackintoshArchitectural practiceH1911 Minor alterations to no 26
Item 5 of 10John KeppieArchitectH1911 Minor alterations (to no 26)
Item 6 of 10Neil Campbell DuffArchitect 1927 Part demolition and rebuilding as Waldorf Palais de Danse
Item 7 of 10Charles James McNairArchitect 1929 Conversion into Regal Cinema - includes centrepiece of façade (with canopy)
Item 8 of 10Cecil Jack FosterArchitectJ19631965Alterations and extension (ABC2 cinema)
Item 9 of 10Leslie C NortonArchitectJ19631965Alterations and extension (ABC2 cinema)
Item 10 of 10Leslie C Norton & C J FosterArchitectural practiceJ19631967Alterations and extension (ABC2 cinema)


The following individuals or organisations have commissioned work on this building/design:
Item 1 of 1Hengler, Charles 

Related Buildings, Structures and Designs

Child Structures

This structure or site has the following component or child structures (click on an item to view details):
 Building NameNotes
Item 1 of 1ABC2 Cinema, Sauchiehall StreetOpened in October 1967 in a large brick extension adjacent to the original cinema (re-named ABC1). The ABC2 cinema had 922 seats on a single level in stadium style, with a deeply curved screen, full 70mm facilities and and a fully licensed bar, built at a cost of approximately £250,000.

It is considered the first new cinema to open in Scotland after the Second World War.


Bibliographic References

The following books contain references to this building:
Item 1 of 6  M313
Item 2 of 6Peter, Bruce1996100 Years of Glasgow's Amazing Cinemas Edinburgh: Polygonp186
Item 3 of 6Peter, Bruce1999Scotland's Splendid Theatres: Architecture and Social History from the Reformation to the Present Day Edinburgh: Polygon (an imprint of Edinburgh University Press Ltd)p132, 186
Item 4 of 6Smith, Graeme2008The Theatre Royal: entertaining a Nation Glasgow Publications 
Item 5 of 6Walker, Brian Frank Matcham Theatre Architect  pp2, 158
Item 6 of 6Williamson, Riches, Higgs1990Glasgow (The Buildings of Scotland)  p242

Periodical References

The following periodicals contain references to this building:
 Periodical NameDateEditionPublisherNotes
Item 1 of 3Builder8 March 1929  p491 - Warrant granted by Dean of Guild Court
Item 2 of 3Building News LIII p532 (Anderson panorama)
Item 3 of 3RIAS Quarterly1932SpringRoyal Incorporation of Architects in Scotland (RIAS)p17

Archive References

The following archives hold material relating to this building:
 SourceArchive nameSource catalogue no.Notes
Item 1 of 2Historic Environment ScotlandListed Buildings Register51547 
Item 2 of 2Hunterian MuseumMackintosh Collection Job book (as HC Ltd)