Basic Site Details

Name: University of St Andrews, Chapel of St Salvator
Town, district or village: St Andrews
City or county: Fife
Country: Scotland
Parish:  
Status:  
Grid ref:
Notes: Pulpit by R R Anderson removed and taken to ***CHECK*** (ask John Frew).

Check whether George Paterson involved with this or St Leonard's.

Alternative Names

The following alternative names are associated with this building/design:
 NameCurrent name?Notes
Item 1 of 4St Salvator's ChapelYes 
Item 2 of 4St Salvator's Church  
Item 3 of 4St Salvator's College, Chapel of St SalvatorYes 
Item 4 of 4United College, Chapel of St SalvatorYes 

Building Type Classification

The building is classified under the following categories:
 ClassificationOriginal classification?Notes
Item 1 of 1Chapel  

Events

The following date-based events are associated with this building:
 FromToEvent typeNotes
Item 1 of 1714501460 Built
Item 2 of 1717591761Alterations and additionsAlterations to church
Item 3 of 171773 Alterations and additionsReplacement of vaiult by timber roof
Item 4 of 1718461849 Cloister behind chapel, and scheme for enclosure of area to south of chapel
Item 5 of 171851  Parapet wall on tower executed as designed by William Burn
Item 6 of 1718531854 Fitting of clock
Item 7 of 1718611863 Restoration, including window tracery and pinnacles on south front, and reseating -
Item 8 of 171864  Glazing of cloister (now reversed)
Item 9 of 1718691871 Forbes Memorial Stalls (canopied stalls for Principal and Masters)
Item 10 of 171888  Organ
Item 11 of 171900  Pulpit
Item 12 of 171905  Screen
Item 13 of 17August 1914  Unexecuted plans for refitting of chapel including addition of three traceried windows in north wall, arcading behind altar, redesigning of cloister, and construction of attached turreted examination hall to north
Item 14 of 1718 March 1921 Journal referenceAlterations 'as war memorial' - removal of plaster from walls, and insertion of arcade of pillars in apse, containing mosaic panels by Douglas Strachan behind communion table
Item 15 of 1719281931 Restoration, refurnishing and new fittings, including stone screen supporting west gallery (organ loft), and mosaic-decorated communion table. Also restoration of Kennedy Monument; and Second War Memorial; and new vestry at north-east corner.
Item 16 of 171933 Design exhibitedDesign for choir stalls and choir loft
Item 17 of 171948  Second World War Memorial

People

Design and Construction

The following individuals or organisations have carried out design/construction work. Where architects or practices worked together, matching letters appear beside their names in the Partnership Group column.
 NameRolePartnership GroupFromToNotes
Item 1 of 26George PatersonArchitectS17591761Alterations
Item 2 of 26James CraigArchitectT1773 Replacement of vault by timber roof.
Item 3 of 26H M Office of Works (later Ministry of Works, Department of the Environment and Property Services Agency)Architectural practiceB18461849Cloister behind chapel, and scheme for enclosure of area to south of chapel - with Nixon as Architect for Scotland
Item 4 of 26William NixonArchitectB18461848Cloister behind chapel, and scheme for enclosure of area to south of chapel - as Architect for Scotland in H M Office of Works
Item 5 of 26Robert MathesonArchitectB18481849Completed cloister behind chapel after Nixon's death - as Architect for Scotland in H M Office of Works
Item 6 of 26H M Office of Works (later Ministry of Works, Department of the Environment and Property Services Agency)Architectural practiceC1851 Parapet wall on tower (with Matheson as architect for Scotland in the Office of Works). Executed as designed by William Burn
Item 7 of 26Robert MathesonArchitectC1851 Parapet wall on tower (Matheson as architect for Scotland in the Office of Works). Executed as designed by William Burn
Item 8 of 26William BurnArchitect Before 1851 Design of parapet on tower - executed by Robert Matheson
Item 9 of 26H M Office of Works (later Ministry of Works, Department of the Environment and Property Services Agency)Architectural practiceD18531854Fitting of clock with Matheson as architect for Scotland in the Office of Works
Item 10 of 26Robert MathesonArchitectD18531854Fitting of clock (Matheson as architect for Scotland in the Office of Works
Item 11 of 26H M Office of Works (later Ministry of Works, Department of the Environment and Property Services Agency)Architectural practiceE18611863Restoration, including window tracery and pinnacles on south front, and reseating - with Matheson as Architect for Scotland
Item 12 of 26Robert MathesonArchitectE18611863Restoration, including window tracery and pinnacles on south front, and reseating - as Architect for Scotland in H M Office of Works
Item 13 of 26H M Office of Works (later Ministry of Works, Department of the Environment and Property Services Agency)Architectural practiceF1864 Glazing of cloister (now reversed) - with Matheson as Architect for Scotland
Item 14 of 26Robert MathesonArchitectF1864 Glazing of cloister (now reversed) - as Architect for Scotland in H M Office of Works
Item 15 of 26H M Office of Works (later Ministry of Works, Department of the Environment and Property Services Agency)Architectural practiceG18691871Forbes Memorial Stalls (canopied stalls for Principal and Masters) - with Matheson as Architect for Scotland
Item 16 of 26Robert MathesonArchitectG18691871Forbes Memorial Stalls (canopied stalls for Principal and Masters) - as Architect for Scotland in H M Office of Works
Item 17 of 26(Sir) Robert Rowand AndersonArchitectH1900 Pulpit
Item 18 of 26Anderson Simon & CrawfordArchitectural practiceH1900 Pulpit
Item 19 of 26(Sir) Robert Stodart LorimerArchitectI1905 Screen
Item 20 of 26Peter Macgregor ChalmersArchitectJAugust 1914 Unexecuted plans for refitting of chapel including addition of three traceried windows in north wall, arcading behind altar, redesigning of cloister, and construction of attached turreted examination hall to north
Item 21 of 26Peter Macgregor ChalmersArchitectK1921 Alterations 'as war memorial' - removal of plaster from walls, and insertion of arcade of pillars in apse, containing mosaic panels by Douglas Strachan behind communion table
Item 22 of 26(Sir) Robert Stodart LorimerArchitectL1928 Unexecuted proposals for refurbishment, including knocking down internal walls separating vestry and storeroom from main body of chapel and erecting wooden screen in their place
Item 23 of 26John Fraser MatthewArchitectL1928 Unexecuted proposals for refurbishment, including knocking down internal walls separating vestry and storeroom from main body of chapel and erecting wooden screen in their place
Item 24 of 26Lorimer & MatthewArchitectural practiceL1928 Unexecuted proposals for refurbishment, including knocking down internal walls separating vestry and storeroom from main body of chapel and erecting wooden screen in their place
Item 25 of 26Reginald Francis Joseph FairlieArchitectM19281931Restoration, refurnishing and new fittings, including stone screen supporting west gallery (organ loft), and mosaic-decorated communion table. Also restoration of Kennedy Monument; and Second War Memorial; and new vestry at north-east corner.
Item 26 of 26Reginald Francis Joseph FairlieArchitectN1948 Second World War Memorial

Clients

The following individuals or organisations have commissioned work on this building/design:
 NameNotes
Item 1 of 1Forbes, PrincipalClient for 1861-2 repairs; also bequeathed money for 1869-71 stalls for Principal and Masters

Related Buildings, Structures and Designs

Parent Structure and Site

This structure is related to the following parent structure or site (click the item to view details):
 Building nameNotes
Item 1 of 1University of St Andrews, St Salvator's CollegeSee separate entry for the Chapel of St Salvator, on the south side of the College site.

References

Bibliographic References

The following books contain references to this building:
 Author(s)DateTitlePartPublisherNotes
Item 1 of 10Cant, Ronald Gordon1950The College of St Salvator Edinburgh & London: Oliver and Boyd 
Item 2 of 10Cant, Ronald Gordon1967St Andrews Architects, II St Andrews Preservation Trust Annual Report, 1967p 12, 16
Item 3 of 10Colvin, Howard2008A Biographical Dictionary of British Architects 1600-1840 London: YUP. 4th edition 
Item 4 of 10Gifford, John1988Fife (The Buildings of Scotland)  pp376-7
Item 5 of 10Grater, AbigailN.D.The United College: architectural dev't of the Unit'd Coll' of St Salvator & St Leonard, Univ of St Andrews, 1747-1931 St Andrews: University of St Andrews (privately published, c.2001) 
Item 6 of 10Nuttgens, Patrick1959Reginald Fairlie 1883-1952: A Scottish Architect Edinburgh: Oliver & Boydpp 33 and 55; plates 35 & 36
Item 7 of 10Pride, Glen L1999The Kingdom of Fife2nd EditionThe Rutland Pressp122
Item 8 of 10Royal Glasgow Institute of the Fine Arts1933   327, 331
Item 9 of 10RSA1930   623
Item 10 of 10RSA1931   547

Periodical References

The following periodicals contain references to this building:
 Periodical NameDateEditionPublisherNotes
Item 1 of 1Architect18 March 1921CV p 192

Archive References

The following archives hold material relating to this building:
 SourceArchive nameSource catalogue no.Notes
Item 1 of 8Historic Environment ScotlandListed Buildings Register40771 
Item 2 of 8National Monuments Record of Scotland/NMRS, RCAHMSLorimer and Matthew Collection LOR S/4
Item 3 of 8National Monuments Record of Scotland/NMRS, RCAHMSNMRS Architects Index Second War Memorial
Item 4 of 8National Monuments Record of Scotland/NMRS, RCAHMSNMRS Photographic Archive F8302
Item 5 of 8National Records of Scotland (formerly SRO, later NAS)Ministry of Works files MW 5/146
Item 6 of 8NMRSNTS Culzean Collection Elevation by Craig of chapel. FID 158/6
Item 7 of 8St Andrews University LibraryPlans Collection UY 1381
Item 8 of 8St Andrews University LibraryUniversity of St Andrews Court Minutes United College minutes UC 400/2/699