Basic Site Details

Name: St Leonard's Church and manse
Town, district or village: St Andrews
City or county: Fife
Country: Scotland
Status: B listed
Grid ref:
Notes: ST. ANDREWS.—The new church of the Parish of St. Leonards was opened on the 28th ult. The building has been erected to accommodate 500 persons, and has cost about £5,000. It is designed in the Norman style, and consists of a nave, terminated by a large semicircular vaulted apse, and a side aisle, terminated by a smaller apse used as a baptistery. The nave is separated from the aisle by a richly-decorated stone arcade. The church is entered by a finely -sculptured porch, and there is a large square tower, the base of which contains the organ. The usual vestry and session-house accommodation are also provided. The church has been built of dressed ashlar stonework, both externally and internally. The roofs are of pitch pine, open to the ridge, and are covered with green slates. The floors are of red tiles, and the pews are of oak, many of the bench-ends being carved. The communion-table, pulpit, and minister's desks are all of oak, richly carved. The font—brought from the Old College Church—is of marble. The church will be lighted by inverted incandescent gas-brackets. Three memorial windows have been gifted to the church. The work was designed by Mr. P. MacGregor Chalmers, architect, Glasgow, with whom has been associated as his local representative Mr. David Henry, architect. [Building News 5 August 1904 page 200]

Builder: William Ness. Cost: c. £5,000. Gillespie & Scott work needs to be checked for date and precise nature

Building Type Classification

The building is classified under the following categories:
 ClassificationOriginal classification?Notes
Item 1 of 1Church  

Street Addresses

The following street addresses are associated with this building:
 AddressMain entrance?Notes
Item 1 of 2Donaldson GardensYes 
Item 2 of 2Hepburn GardensYes 


The following date-based events are associated with this building:
 FromToEvent typeNotes
Item 1 of 519021904  
Item 2 of 528 July 1904 Opened 
Item 3 of 51909  New manse
Item 4 of 51912  Additions?
Item 5 of 519641966Build/constructionAlterations and additions


Design and Construction

The following individuals or organisations have carried out design/construction work. Where architects or practices worked together, matching letters appear beside their names in the Partnership Group column.
 NameRolePartnership GroupFromToNotes
Item 1 of 12David HenryArchitectA19021904Supervised building for Peter Macgregor Chalmers
Item 2 of 12Hall & HenryArchitectural practiceA19021904David Henry supervised building for Peter Macgregor Chalmers
Item 3 of 12Peter Macgregor ChalmersArchitectA19021904Building supervised by David Henry
Item 4 of 12Gillespie & ScottArchitectural practiceC1909 New manse
Item 5 of 12James Ross GillespieArchitectC1909 New manse
Item 6 of 12James ScottArchitectC1909 New manse
Item 7 of 12Gillespie & ScottArchitectural practiceB1912 Additions?
Item 8 of 12James Ross GillespieArchitectB1912 Additions?
Item 9 of 12James ScottArchitectB1912 Additions?
Item 10 of 12Frank PrideArchitectD19641966Alterations and additions
Item 11 of 12Glen Lorimer PrideArchitectD19641966Alterations and additions
Item 12 of 12Walker & PrideArchitectural practiceD19641967Alterations and additions


Bibliographic References

The following books contain references to this building:
Item 1 of 4Edinburgh Architectural Association1907Edinburgh Architectural Association Exhibition Catalogue Edinburgh 
Item 2 of 4Frew, J (ed.)1984Building for a New Age St Andrews: Crawford Centre for the Arts, University of St Andrews (undated but pub. 1984)p43, 51
Item 3 of 4Frew, John1978St Andrews Western Suburbs Three Decades of Historical Notes, p106p15
Item 4 of 4Gifford, John1988Fife (The Buildings of Scotland)  p384

Periodical References

The following periodicals contain references to this building:
 Periodical NameDateEditionPublisherNotes
Item 1 of 3Builder1902LXXXIII p 259
Item 2 of 3BuilderEarly 1914CVI p 277 - obituary of David Henry
Item 3 of 3Building News5 August 1904LXXXVII p 200

Archive References

The following archives hold material relating to this building:
 SourceArchive nameSource catalogue no.Notes
Item 1 of 6Courtesy of Glen PrideInformation sent to DMW Sent 2006
Item 2 of 6Historic Environment ScotlandListed Buildings Register40925 
Item 3 of 6Messrs Walker & Pride architectsDavid Henry, 'Business Book, 1884-1914'  
Item 4 of 6Messrs Walker & Pride architectsPlan collection  
Item 5 of 6National Archives of Scotland (formerly SRO)Kirk Session Records CH 2/1132/11, p 739
Item 6 of 6St Andrews University LibraryJames Gillespie and Scott Archive Bundles nos 49, 604, 929