Basic Site Details

Name: Bangour Village Asylum
Town, district or village: Uphall
City or county: West Lothian
Country: Scotland
Parish:  
Status: B listed
Grid ref:
Notes: Competition assessed by W W Robertson of the Office of Works.

Cost of Blanc's final scheme: £267,000.

Drawings for Bangour by Thomson & Sandilands seen by A G Lochhead, 1960, at Thomson McCrea & Sanders.

Alternative Names

The following alternative names are associated with this building/design:
 NameCurrent name?Notes
Item 1 of 3Bangour Military Hospital  
Item 2 of 3Bangour Village HospitalYes 
Item 3 of 3Edinburgh District Asylum Alternative original name

Building Type Classification

The building is classified under the following categories:
 ClassificationOriginal classification?Notes
Item 1 of 1Psychiatric hospital  

Events

The following date-based events are associated with this building:
 FromToEvent typeNotes
Item 1 of 818981906Construction 
Item 2 of 81898 Competition held 
Item 3 of 81899  Won competition for design of administration block
Item 4 of 81901 Design exhibited 
Item 5 of 81904 Contract offeredKitchens
Item 6 of 81915  Operating theatres for Military Hospital
Item 7 of 81934  Extension
Item 8 of 819691972Alteration/conversionImprovements including kitchen and ward upgrade

People

Design and Construction

The following individuals or organisations have carried out design/construction work. Where architects or practices worked together, matching letters appear beside their names in the Partnership Group column.
 NameRolePartnership GroupFromToNotes
Item 1 of 27Charles Henry GreigArchitectE1897 Competition design for asylum, entered jointly with his employer, John Eaglesham - not successful, though was awarded a premium
Item 2 of 27John EagleshamArchitectE18971898Competition design for asylum, entered jointly with his assistant, Charles Henry Greig - not successful, though was awarded a premium
Item 3 of 27Alan Keith RobertsonArchitectA18981906(?)Asylum - as assistant to Hippolyte Jean Blanc
Item 4 of 27Hippolyte Jean BlancArchitectA18981906Won competition and secured job - for Asylum. Kitchens 1904.
Item 5 of 27Hugh Dykes SimpsonArchitectA18981899Asylum - as assistant to Hippolyte Jean Blanc
Item 6 of 27James Davidson CairnsArchitectA18981906Asylum - as assistant to Hippolyte Jean Blanc
Item 7 of 27David McArthyArchitectC1898 Won competition for design of administration block - and awarded first premium, but not the job
Item 8 of 27John WatsonArchitectC1898 Won competition for design of administration block - and awarded first premium, but not the job
Item 9 of 27McArthy & WatsonArchitectural practiceC1898 Won competition for design of administration block - and awarded first premium, but not the job
Item 10 of 27John ThomsonArchitectD1898 Competition design for asylum - not successful, though was awarded a premium
Item 11 of 27Robert Douglas SandilandsArchitectD1898 Competition design for asylum - not successful, though was awarded a premium
Item 12 of 27Thomson & SandilandsArchitectural practiceD1898 Competition design for asylum - not successful, though was awarded a premium
Item 13 of 27Alfred Lightly MacGibbonArchitectF1898 Competition design for asylum - not successful, though was awarded a premium
Item 14 of 27MacGibbon & RossArchitectural practiceF1898 Competition design for asylum - not successful, though was awarded a premium
Item 15 of 27Thomas RossArchitectF1898 Competition design for asylum - not successful, though was awarded a premium
Item 16 of 27James ChristieArchitectA18991900Asylum - as assistant to Hippolyte Jean Blanc
Item 17 of 27John Manuel (junior)ArchitectA18991904Asylum - as assistant to Hippolyte Jean Blanc
Item 18 of 27Douglas Pairman HallArchitectA19031906Asylum - as assistant to Hippolyte Jean Blanc
Item 19 of 27James Alexander ArnottArchitectA1904(?)1906(?)Asylum - as assistant to Hippolyte Jean Blanc
Item 20 of 27James Jerdan & SonArchitectural practiceB1915 Operating theatres
Item 21 of 27John JerdanArchitectB1915 Operating theatres
Item 22 of 27Ebenezer James MacRaeArchitect 1934 Extension
Item 23 of 27James P HoptonArchitectS19691972Improvements including kitchen and ward upgrade
Item 24 of 27John Malcolm McIntosh (Mackintosh)ArchitectS19691972Improvements including kitchen and ward upgrade
Item 25 of 27Robert Yule FergusArchitectS19691972Improvements including kitchen and ward upgrade
Item 26 of 27Scott & McIntoshArchitectural practiceS19691976Improvements including kitchen and ward upgrade
Item 27 of 27Walter Scott S19691972Improvements including kitchen and ward upgrade

Clients

The following individuals or organisations have commissioned work on this building/design:
 NameNotes
Item 1 of 1Edinburgh Lunacy Board 

Related Buildings, Structures and Designs

Child Structures

This structure or site has the following component or child structures (click on an item to view details):
 Building NameNotes
Item 1 of 15Bangour General Hospital, Burns UnitCost of addition and alterations £52,000
Item 2 of 15Bangour Hospital, occupational therapy unit 
Item 3 of 15Bangour Village Church 
Item 4 of 15Bangour Village Hospital, dormitory block (Villa 10) 
Item 5 of 15Bangour Village Hospital, dormitory block (Villa 18) 
Item 6 of 15Bangour Village Hospital, dormitory block (Villa 19) 
Item 7 of 15Bangour Village Hospital, dormitory block (Villa 20) 
Item 8 of 15Bangour Village Hospital, dormitory block (Villa 21) 
Item 9 of 15Bangour Village Hospital, dormitory block (Villa 7) 
Item 10 of 15Bangour Village Hospital, dormitory block (Villa 8) 
Item 11 of 15Bangour Village Hospital, dormitory block (Villa 9) 
Item 12 of 15Bangour Village Hospital, Honeysuckle Cottage 
Item 13 of 15Bangour Village Hospital, hospital block with wards 3, 4 and 5 
Item 14 of 15Bangour Village Hospital, Nurses' Home 
Item 15 of 15Bangour Village Hospital, power station complex 

References

Bibliographic References

The following books contain references to this building:
 Author(s)DateTitlePartPublisherNotes
Item 1 of 14Academy Architecture1899 part 1 p85 (McArthy & Watson Ist premiated design)
Item 2 of 14Academy Architecture1906 Part 2 p62
Item 3 of 14Darragh, Alison2011Prison or Palace? Heaven or Hell? An architectural and social study of the development of public lunatic asylums in Scot Unpublished PhD thesis, University of St Andrewsvol 2, pp 272, 292-3, 294-5, 296-9
vol 3, pp 58-61
Item 4 of 14Harper, Roger H1983Victorian Architectural Competitions: An Index to British and Irish Architectural Competitions… London: Mansell Publishing 
Item 5 of 14Hendrie, F and Macleod, D A D1991The Bangour Story   
Item 6 of 14J K and A M1916Edinburgh War Memorial Hospital, Bangour Edinburgh Medical Journal, March 1916, pp3-17 
Item 7 of 14Keay, J1911Bangour Village Journal of Mental Science, April 1911, 57, pp408-411 
Item 8 of 14McWilliam, Colin1978Lothian (The Buildings of Scotland)  p90
Item 9 of 14RIBA1975RIBA Directory of practices   
Item 10 of 14RIBA1981Directory of Practices 1981   
Item 11 of 14Richardson, HarrietN.D.Scottish Hospitals Survey Unpublished typescript (copy in DMW Archive)Listed as Bangour Village Hospital
Item 12 of 14RSA1899   668 (McArthy & Watson)
Item 13 of 14RSA1901   618 (Blanc)
Item 14 of 14Who's Who in Architecture1914   Gives McArthy & Watson's placing as second; states that Charles Henry Greig submitted design in partnership with John Eaglesham

Periodical References

The following periodicals contain references to this building:
 Periodical NameDateEditionPublisherNotes
Item 1 of 8Architect and Building News1934Jul-Dec p254
Item 2 of 8British Architect18 January 1901  p41. Cost reduction on the doctor's house required by Commissioners of Lunacy
Item 3 of 8British Architect17 June 1904  pviii
Item 4 of 8Builder13 August 1898LXXV p124
Item 5 of 8Edinburgh Medical JournalMarch 1916   
Item 6 of 8Lancet13 October 1906  p1031
Item 7 of 8RIBA Journal10 November 1906 London: Royal Institute of British Architects 
Item 8 of 8RIBA Journal21 March 1908Vol XV, no 10London: Royal Institute of British Architectspp309-26: 'Bangour Village Asylum', article by H J Blanc

Archive References

The following archives hold material relating to this building:
 SourceArchive nameSource catalogue no.Notes
Item 1 of 4Historic Environment ScotlandListed Buildings Register6588This covers the former administration block and wards 1 & 2
Item 2 of 4RIBA Archive, Victoria & Albert MuseumRIBA Nomination Papers James Alexander Arnott: L v3 no172 (microfilm reel 30); James Davidson Cairns: L v16 no1166; James Christie: L v16 no1180; Douglas Pairman Hall: L v18 no1312; John Manuel: L v25 no2022; Hugh Dykes Simpson: L v20 no1587
Item 3 of 4Shona Adam, Granddaughter of John JerdanJames Jerdan & Son Office Ledger  
Item 4 of 4West Lothian CouncilWest Lothian ArchivesD 14Photograph from about 1906.